Difference between revisions of "Timeline of 5G"

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The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:  
 
The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:  
  
* Which companies pioneer the technology development and network launch of the {{w|5G}} generation?
+
* What are some important milestones in the development of {{w|5G}}?
* Which countries and cities are the first to adopt 5G?
+
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Milestone".
 +
** You will see standout events like the first adoption of {{w|5G}} by a country.
 +
* Which are some developed network standards related to {{w|5G}}?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Network standard".
 +
** You will see a list of standards approved by {{w|3GPP}}, the {{w|standards organization}} that develops protocols for {{w|mobile telephony}}.
 +
* What are some of the many {{w|5G}} tests and trials conducted around the world?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Testing".
 +
* What are some important fundings and other events related to 5G R&D?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Research and development".
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* What are some notable partnerships between countries and organizations related to the development of {{w|5G}}?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Partnership".
 
* Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
 
* Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product launch".
 +
* Which are the most notable companies involved in the development and network launch of the {{w|5G}} generation?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Organization".
 +
** This will help you make sense of the most notable organizations given their number of occurrences.
 +
* Which countries are involved in the development and adoption of {{w|5G}} so far?
 +
** See the [[#Summary by country|Summary by country section]] in the big picture for an overview.
 +
** For more details, sort the full timeline by "Country/location". This will help you make sense of the countries most involved in the development and adoption of {{w|5G}} given their number of occurrences.
 +
* Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product".
 
* What are some indicative figures on 5G userbase and market penetration?
 
* What are some indicative figures on 5G userbase and market penetration?
 +
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Userbase".
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** You will see market penetration in pioneering countries.
  
 
==Big picture==
 
==Big picture==
 +
 +
=== Summary by year ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 17: Line 40:
 
| 2017 || 77 operators in 49 countries complete {{w|5G}} trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of {{w|5G NR}} specifications are approved by {{w|3GPP}}.<ref name="ddss"/>
 
| 2017 || 77 operators in 49 countries complete {{w|5G}} trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of {{w|5G NR}} specifications are approved by {{w|3GPP}}.<ref name="ddss"/>
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || "South Korea: Preview (Winter Olympics)" {{w|3GPP}} approves standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/>
+
| 2018 || A number of countries start launching limited {{w|5G}} networks in selected locations. {{w|Qatar}} launches its network, but {{w|5G}} mobiles are not available at the time. [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] launches commercial {{w|5G}} networks in {{w|Tampere}} and {{w|Tallinn}}. {{w|South Korea}} rolls out a {{w|5G}} trial at the {{w|2018 Winter Olympics}}.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First">{{cite web |title=The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/5g/definitions/5g-network-countries/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref> {{w|3GPP}} approves standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/>
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || The first countrywide commercial {{w|5G}} network deployment occurs in {{w|South Korea}}.<ref name="ddss"/>
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || 5G services are expected to be launched in many major cities.<ref name="capacitymedia.com">{{cite web|title=5G network infrastructure to reach $4.2bn in revenues by 2020 |url=https://www.capacitymedia.com/articles/3824126/5g-network-infrastructure-to-reach-42bn-in-revenues-by-2020 |website=capacitymedia.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> Global 5G wireless network infrastructure revenue is expected to reach US$4.2 billion by this year. 5G smartphone shipments are estimated to number at around 260 million units in the year.<ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/>
 +
|-
 +
| 2021 || By this year, mobile and network communications applications, products, and services would be built mostly around {{w|5G}}. Smartphone shipments using this technology are estimated to number at around 540 million units in the year.<ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw">{{cite web |title=Chinese 5G Smartphone Users Outperform Korean Users Following 5G Commercial Launch in November |url=https://en.ctimes.com.tw/DispNews.asp?O=HK3CA6XZ7ZYSAA00NZ |website=en.ctimes.com.tw |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref>
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Summary by country ===
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! Key country !! {{w|5G}} development
 +
|-
 +
| {{w|South Korea}} || {{w|South Korea}} is recognized as the world's first country to roll out {{w|5G}} on a large scale. {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]], and {{w|LG Uplus}} are South Korean companies involved in the development and deployment of the technology.
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || Commercial {{w|5G}} networks begin deployment in a number of countries, including {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|China}}, and the {{w|United Arab Emirates}}.<ref name="ddss"/>
+
| {{w|China}} || China is considered to be a leading country in telecommunications, as Japan was when it pioneered {{w|3G}} in the early 2000s, and the {{w|United States}} in 2011 when the country dominated the launch of {{w|4G}}. As of December 2019, China has the largest {{w|5G}} userbase in the world.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means">{{cite web |title=China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means |url=https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612617/china-is-racing-ahead-in-5g-heres-what-it-means/ |website=technologyreview.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/> 5G deployment is strongly backed by the government. {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Unicom}}, and {{w|China Telecom}} are major {{w|5G}} network players.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/>  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 ||
+
| {{w|United States}} || The {{w|United States}} is considered to be a well advanced country in terms of {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> It is the leader in spectrum efficiency, permitting the repurposing of broadcast spectrum for {{w|broadband}}.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First"/> {{w|AT&T}}, {{w|Verizon}}, {{w|Sprint Corporation}}, and {{w|T-Mobile US}} are important players in this country.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/>
 +
|-
 +
| {{w|Japan}} || Japan is considered to be among the top 5G network developers. {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|SoftBank}}, and {{w|KDDI}} stand among the top players developing {{w|5G}} in the country.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First"/>   
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
 +
=== Summary of all cellular network generations ===
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
! Time period !! Cellular network generation !! Development summary
+
! Time period !! Cellular network generation !! Operating {{w|cellular frequencies}} !! Speed !! Development summary
 
|-
 
|-
| 1979–1991 || {{w|1G}} || Exclusive period of the first generation of wireless cellular technology, starting with the first commercially automated cellular network launched in {{w|Japan}} by {{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} (NTT) in 1979. In 1981, the {{w|Nordic Mobile Telephone}} system simultaneously launches in {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Norway}} and {{w|Sweden}}.
+
| 1979–1991 || {{w|1G}} || 800 [[w:Hertz|MHz]]<ref name="zseries.ins"/>–1900 [[w:Hertz|MHz]]<ref name="sdd">{{cite web |title=What frequency is 5G? |url=https://www.verizon.com/about/our-company/5g/what-frequency-5g |website=verizon.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || Maximum 2.4 Kbps<ref name="lifewire.coms">{{cite web |title=1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, & 5G Explained |url=https://www.lifewire.com/1g-vs-2g-vs-2-5g-vs-3g-vs-4g-578681 |website=lifewire.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || Exclusive period of the first generation of wireless cellular technology, which features and supports voice only.<ref name="zseries.ins"/> It starts with the first commercially automated cellular network launched in {{w|Japan}} by {{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} (NTT) in 1979. In 1981, the {{w|Nordic Mobile Telephone}} system simultaneously launches in {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Norway}} and {{w|Sweden}}.
 
|-
 
|-
| 1991–onwards || {{w|2G}} || Second generation cellular network lifetime, first commercially launched on the {{w|GSM}} standard in {{w|Finland}} by {{w|Radiolinja}}.
+
| 1991<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>–onwards || {{w|2G}} || {{w|GSM}}: 900MHZ, 1800MHz. {{w|CDMA}}: 800MHz<ref name="zseries.ins">{{cite web |title=Generations in Telecommunication (1G, 2G, 3G, 4G) |url=https://www.zseries.in/telecom%20lab/telecom%20generations/#.XjrW22j0mUk |website=zseries.in |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || 50 Kbps<ref name="lifewire.coms"/> || Second generation cellular network lifetime, which features multiple users on single channel, and supports voice and data.<ref name="zseries.ins"/> It is first commercially launched on the {{w|GSM}} standard in {{w|Finland}}<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?">{{cite web |title=What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G? |url=https://www.verizon.com/about/our-company/5g/difference-between-3g-4g-5g |website=verizon.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> by {{w|Radiolinja}}.
 
|-
 
|-
| 2000–onwards|| {{w|3G}} || Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/worlds-first-3g-phone-network-goes-live/|title=World's first 3G phone network goes live|last=Charny|first=Ben|date=2001-10-01|website=ZDNet|language=en|archive-date=2001-10-01|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.theregister.co.uk/2001/10/01/worlds_first_3g_network_live/|title=World's first 3G network live today|last=McCarthy|first=Kieren|date=2001-10-01|website=theregister.co.uk|language=en|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.itu.int/itunews/issue/2003/06/thirdgeneration.html|title=THE EVOLUTION TO 3G MOBILE — STATUS REPORT|date=2003-07-29|website=itu.int|access-date=12 December 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1572372.stm|title=First 3G mobiles launched in Japan|date=2001-10-01|access-date=12 December 2019|language=en-GB}}</ref>
+
| 1998<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>–onwards || {{w|3G}} || 2100 MHz<ref name="zseries.ins"/> || 2 Mbps on stationary or non-moving devices and 384 Kbps on devices in moving vehicles<ref name="lifewire.coms"/><ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/> || Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/worlds-first-3g-phone-network-goes-live/|title=World's first 3G phone network goes live|last=Charny|first=Ben|date=2001-10-01|website=ZDNet|language=en|archive-date=2001-10-01|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.theregister.co.uk/2001/10/01/worlds_first_3g_network_live/|title=World's first 3G network live today|last=McCarthy|first=Kieren|date=2001-10-01|website=theregister.co.uk|language=en|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.itu.int/itunews/issue/2003/06/thirdgeneration.html|title=THE EVOLUTION TO 3G MOBILE — STATUS REPORT|date=2003-07-29|website=itu.int|access-date=12 December 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1572372.stm|title=First 3G mobiles launched in Japan|date=2001-10-01|access-date=12 December 2019|language=en-GB}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| 2009–onwards || {{w|4G}} || Fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first-release {{w|Long Term Evolution}} (LTE) standard commercially deployed in {{w|Oslo}} and {{w|Stockholm}} in 2009.
+
| 2009–onwards || {{w|4G}} || 600 [[w:Hertz|MHz]]–2.5 [[w:Hertz|GHz]]<ref name="sdd"/> || Maximum 400 Mbps<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/> || 500 times faster than {{w|3G}}<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>, the fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology starts with the first-release {{w|Long Term Evolution}} (LTE) standard commercially deployed in {{w|Oslo}} and {{w|Stockholm}} in 2009.
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || {{w|5G}} || 5G is first deployed in {{w|South Korea}}, followed by the {{w|United States}}.  
+
| 2019 || {{w|5G}} || Enables about 28 [[w:Hertz|GHz]]<ref name="sdd"/> || Maximum in the theoretical range 10 Gbps<ref name="What Is 5G, and How Fast Will It Be?">{{cite web |title=What Is 5G, and How Fast Will It Be? |url=https://www.howtogeek.com/340002/what-is-5g-and-how-fast-will-it-be/ |website=howtogeek.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref>–20 Gbps<ref name="lifewire.coms"/> || 5G is first deployed in {{w|South Korea}} on a national basis.
 +
|-
 +
| 2030 || {{w|6G}} || ? || 1 Tbps?<ref name="6G">{{cite web |title=6G: SPEEDS COULD INCREASE UP TO 1 TB/S, 8000 TIMES THE SPEED OF 5G |url=https://www.gizchina.com/2020/01/31/6g-speeds-could-increase-up-to-1-tb-s-8000-times-the-speed-of-5g/ |website=gizchina.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|NTT Docomo}} aims to launch {{w|6G}} on a commercial basis by 2030.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO Releases White Paper Promoting 6G Communication System |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2020/0124_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=24 January 2020}}</ref> {{w|China}} has already two working groups overseeing research around 6G.<ref name="6G"/> 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
  
{| class="wikitable"
+
== Visual data ==
! Key country !! {{w|5G}} development
+
 
 +
The table and image below illustrate the evolution of worldwide wireless infrastructure revenue forecast in millions of dollars across different segments, for the years 2018 to 2021.<ref name="capacitymedia.com"/>
 +
{| class="sortable wikitable"
 +
! Year !! {{w|5G}} !! {{w|2G}} !! {{w|3G}} || [[W:LTE (telecommunication)|LTE]] and {{w|4G}} !! {{w|Small Cell}}s !! Mobile Core
 
|-
 
|-
| {{w|South Korea}} || {{w|South Korea}} is recognized as the world's first country to roll out {{w|5G}}.
+
| 2018 || 612.9 || 1503.1 || 5578.4 || 20454.7 || 4785.6 || 4599
 
|-
 
|-
| {{w|China}} ||
+
| 2019 || 2211.4 || 697.5 || 3694 || 19322.4 || 5378.4 || 4621
 
|-
 
|-
| {{w|United States}} ||
+
| 2020 || 4176 || 406.5 || 2464.3 || 18278.2 || 5858.1 || 4787.3 
 
|-
 
|-
| {{w|Japan}} ||
+
| 2021 || 6805.6 || 285.2 || 1558 || 16352.7 || 6473.1 || 5009.5
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}
 +
[[File:Wireless Infrastructure Revenue Forecast, Worldwide, 2018-2021 (in millions of dollars).png|thumb|center|500px]]
 +
 +
=== Wikipedia Views ===
 +
 +
The image below shows pageviews of the {{w|Wikipedia}} page {{w|5G}} since December 2007 for [[w:Desktop computer|desktop]], and since July 2015 (see red line) for [[w:Mobile web|mobile-web]] and [[w:Mobile app|mobile-app]].<ref>{{cite web |title=Wikipedia views |url=https://wikipediaviews.org/displayviewsformultiplemonths.php?page=5G&allmonths=allmonths&language=en&drilldown=human |website=wikipediaviews.org |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref>
 +
[[File:5G Wikipedia Views across devices.png|500px|thumb|center]]
 +
 +
 +
The image below shows pageviews of the {{w|Wikipedia}} pages {{w|1G}}, {{w|2G}}, {{w|3G}}, {{w|4G}}, and {{w|5G}} from July 2015 onward.<ref>{{cite web |title=Wikipedia views |url=https://wikipediaviews.org/displayviewsformultiplemonths.php?pages[0]=1G&pages[1]=2G&pages[2]=3G&pages[3]=4G&pages[4]=5G&allmonths=allmonths-api&language=en&drilldown=human |website=wikipediaviews.org |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref>
 +
[[File:1G-5G Wikipedia Views.png|500px|thumb|center]]
 +
 +
=== Google Trends ===
 +
 +
The image shows {{w|Google Trends}} data comparing all generations of wireless technology for digital cellular networks.<ref>{{cite web |title=Google Trends |url=https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?date=all&q=%2Fm%2F0c41j8y,%2Fm%2F02g9ds,%2Fm%2F01pqj_,%2Fm%2F01pqkx,%2Fm%2F04gt_7 |website=trends.google.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref>
 +
[[File:1G-5G Google Trends.png|800px|thumb|center]]
  
 
==Full timeline==
 
==Full timeline==
Line 79: Line 140:
 
| 2013 || November 6 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into {{w|R&D}} for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.<ref name="Huawei plans $600m investment in 5G">{{cite news|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/huawei-plans-600m-investment-in-10gbps-5g-network-8924124.html|title=Huawei plans $600m investment in 10Gbps 5G network |date=6 November 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019|location=London|work=The Independent|first=Jochan|last=Embley}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
| 2013 || November 6 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into {{w|R&D}} for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.<ref name="Huawei plans $600m investment in 5G">{{cite news|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/huawei-plans-600m-investment-in-10gbps-5g-network-8924124.html|title=Huawei plans $600m investment in 10Gbps 5G network |date=6 November 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019|location=London|work=The Independent|first=Jochan|last=Embley}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || July || Policy || {{w|FCC}} || The United States {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} (FCC) frees up vast amounts of {{w|bandwidth}} in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://wireless.engineering.nyu.edu/fcc-spectrum-frontier-proposal-updated/|title=FCC Spectrum Frontier Proposal {{!}} NYU WIRELESS|date=2016-07-15|work=NYU WIRELESS|access-date=2017-05-18}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2013 || || {{w|Research and development}} || || Chinese companies begin conducting research on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2015 || March || Notable report || {{w|Next Generation Mobile Networks}} || The {{w|Next Generation Mobile Networks}} (NGMN) alliance publishes its {{w|5G}} {{w|White Paper}}, a set of operator requirements intended to guide the development of future technology platforms and related standards.<ref name="5G White Paper">{{cite web |title=5G White Paper |url=https://www.ngmn.org/work-programme/5g-white-paper.html |website=ngmn.org |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || May 24 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Nokia}} || In a trial jointly conducted with {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|NTT Docomo}} announces having achieved the world's first wireless real-time transmission of 8K video deploying radio access technology for 5G mobile communications systems.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Nokia Achieves World's First Real Time 8K Video Transmission Using 5G Radio Access Technology |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0524_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || June 13 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Ericsson}}|| {{w|NTT Docomo}} and {{w|Ericsson}} announce successful completion of a joint {{w|Proof of Concept}} (PoC) of dynamic network slicing technology for {{w|5G}} core networks. {{w|NTT Docomo}} is responsible the network slice creation and selection functions, and Ericsson developed technologies to perform network slice lifecycle and service management.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Ericsson Perform Successful Proof of Concept of Dynamic 5G Network Slicing |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0613_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=25 January 2020}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || July || Infrastructure || {{w|FCC}} || The United States {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} (FCC) frees up vast amounts of {{w|bandwidth}} in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://wireless.engineering.nyu.edu/fcc-spectrum-frontier-proposal-updated/|title=FCC Spectrum Frontier Proposal {{!}} NYU WIRELESS|date=2016-07-15|work=NYU WIRELESS|access-date=2017-05-18}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2016 || || Testing || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} starts conducting 5G field trials with mmWave spectrum.<ref name="ddss">{{cite web |title=The 5G era in the US |url=https://www.gsmaintelligence.com/research/?file=4cbbdb475f24b3c5f5a93a2796a4aa28&download |website=gsmaintelligence.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2016 || || Testing || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} starts conducting 5G field trials with mmWave spectrum.<ref name="ddss">{{cite web |title=The 5G era in the US |url=https://www.gsmaintelligence.com/research/?file=4cbbdb475f24b3c5f5a93a2796a4aa28&download |website=gsmaintelligence.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || || Testing || || Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || The U.S. {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} announces a US$400 million funding dedicated to research on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu">{{cite web |title=USA, Japan, South Korea and China are the leading countries in terms of 5G readiness. A number of Gulf countries claim to have launched 5G mid-2018. |url=https://5gobservatory.eu/5g-trial/major-international-5g-trials-and-pilots/#1535642860743-279857b2-8e18 |website=5gobservatory.eu |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2017 || January || Testing || {{w|Turkcell}} || {{w|Turkcell}}, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with {{w|Ericsson}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 
| 2017 || January || Testing || {{w|Turkcell}} || {{w|Turkcell}}, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with {{w|Ericsson}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || March 10 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Mobitel}} || Sri Lankan National Mobile Service Provider {{w|Mobitel}} partners with {{w|Ericsson}} with the signing of the 5G Island of Innovation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to bring 5G to Sri Lanka.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Mobitel & Ministry of Telecommunication and Digital Infrastructure partners with Ericsson for the first 5G Island of Innovation in South Asia |url=https://www.mobitel.lk/press-releases/mobitel-ministry-telecommunication-and-digital-infrastructure-partners-ericsson-first |website=mobitel.lk |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Sri Lanka}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || March || Testing || {{w|Telenor}} || Norwegian telecommunications provider {{w|Telenor}} successfully tests {{w|5G}} in {{w|Norway}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=The first steps towards 5G in Norway |url=https://www.telenor.com/the-first-steps-towards-5g-in-norway/ |website=telenor.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || May || Infrastructure || {{w|Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)}}, {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC}}, [[w:Zain Group (Zain)|Zain]] || The Saudi [[w:Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)|Communications and Information Technology Commission]] awards 160 MHz of additional IMT spectrum in 700 MHz, 800 MHz, and 1800 MHz bands to mobile operators {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC}} and [[w:Zain Group (Zain)|Zain]].<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2017 || August || || Telecom Regulatory Authority of India || The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a {{w|PDF}}[https://main.trai.gov.in/sites/default/files/presentations_&_cv/Day-2_24Aug2017/Session3_spectrum%20Plg/5G%20spectrum%20stratergy_Bharat%20Bhatia.pdf] that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|India}}
 
| 2017 || August || || Telecom Regulatory Authority of India || The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a {{w|PDF}}[https://main.trai.gov.in/sites/default/files/presentations_&_cv/Day-2_24Aug2017/Session3_spectrum%20Plg/5G%20spectrum%20stratergy_Bharat%20Bhatia.pdf] that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|India}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || August || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Softbank}} || {{w|Softbank}} and {{w|Ericsson}} in Japan perform {{w|5G}} trials using 4.5 GHz frequencies.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || September || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Irancell}} || Iranian telecommunications {{w|Irancell}} and {{w|Ericsson}} perform their first {{w|5G}} test in {{w|Tehran}} and announce that 5G would be available in Iran in 2020.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Iran}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || The U.S. {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} makes available an additional 1700 MHz of high band spectrum for flexible terrestrial wireless use in the 24 GHz (24.25-24.45/24.74-25.25 GHz) and 47 GHz (47.2-48.2 GHz) bands.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2017 || Late year || Network launch || {{w|América Móvil}} || Mexican telecommunications company {{w|América Móvil}} announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a {{w|5G}} release.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Mexico}}
 
| 2017 || Late year || Network launch || {{w|América Móvil}} || Mexican telecommunications company {{w|América Móvil}} announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a {{w|5G}} release.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Mexico}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2017 || December || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
| 2017 || December || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || December || Testing || {{w|KDDI}}, {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|KDDI}} and {{w|Samsung}} in Japan complete a successful {{w|5G}} demo on a train moving at over 100km/h.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2018 || March || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
| 2018 || March || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2018 || May || Network launch || {{w|STC Group}} || {{w|STC Group}} launches its first live 5G network in {{w|Saudi Arabia}} (The first in the {{w|MENA}} region) after completing the testing and trial phase.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC launches commercial 5G services in Saudi Arabia |url=http://www.arabnews.com/node/1515081/corporate-news |website=arabnews.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 
| 2018 || May || Network launch || {{w|STC Group}} || {{w|STC Group}} launches its first live 5G network in {{w|Saudi Arabia}} (The first in the {{w|MENA}} region) after completing the testing and trial phase.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC launches commercial 5G services in Saudi Arabia |url=http://www.arabnews.com/node/1515081/corporate-news |website=arabnews.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || May || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} achieves a {{w|5G}} field trial at 28GHz, involving a 5G base station and a car travelling at around 293km/h.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2018 || June || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
| 2018 || June || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || June || Network launch || [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] || Finnish telecom operator [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] launches the world’s first commercial {{w|5G}} networks in {{w|Tampere}} and {{w|Tallinn}}.<ref name="Race To 5G">{{cite web |title=Race To 5G: What We know About 5G From Countries That Have Already Started Adopting It |url=https://startupeuropenews.eu/race-to-5g-what-we-know-about-5g-from-countries-that-have-already-started-adopting-it/ |website=startupeuropenews.eu |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://www.epressi.com/tiedotteet/telekommunikaatio/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g.html?customer=657 |website=epressi.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa launches world’s first commercial 5G |url=https://www.goodnewsfinland.com/elisa-launches-world-s-first-commercial-5g/ |website=goodnewsfinland.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://elisaautomate.com/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g/ |website=elisaautomate.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa 'First' to Launch Commercial 5G Network with 5G-ready Subscription Plan |url=https://www.thefastmode.com/services-and-innovations/12871-elisa-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-with-5g-ready-subscription-plan |website=thefastmode.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Estonia}}
+
| 2018 || June || Milestone (network launch) || [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] || Finnish telecom operator [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] launches the world’s first commercial {{w|5G}} networks and starts selling subscriptions in {{w|Tampere}} and {{w|Tallinn}}.<ref name="Race To 5G">{{cite web |title=Race To 5G: What We know About 5G From Countries That Have Already Started Adopting It |url=https://startupeuropenews.eu/race-to-5g-what-we-know-about-5g-from-countries-that-have-already-started-adopting-it/ |website=startupeuropenews.eu |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://www.epressi.com/tiedotteet/telekommunikaatio/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g.html?customer=657 |website=epressi.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa launches world’s first commercial 5G |url=https://www.goodnewsfinland.com/elisa-launches-world-s-first-commercial-5g/ |website=goodnewsfinland.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://elisaautomate.com/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g/ |website=elisaautomate.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa 'First' to Launch Commercial 5G Network with 5G-ready Subscription Plan |url=https://www.thefastmode.com/services-and-innovations/12871-elisa-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-with-5g-ready-subscription-plan |website=thefastmode.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Estonia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || July || || {{w|Ericsson}}, Telefónica Telecom|| {{w|Ericsson}} and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a {{w|5G}} data transfer of 27 Gbps in {{w|Bogotá}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Colombia}}
+
| 2018 || June || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone Spain}} || {{w|Vodafone Spain}} launches {{w|5G}} trials in {{w|Madrid}}, {{w|Valencia}}, {{w|Seville}}, and {{w|Barcelona}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|Spain}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || June || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Smart Communications}} || Filipino wireless communications provider {{w|Smart Communications}} announces the launch of 5G TehnoLab, their 5G innovation lab.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Philippines}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || July || || {{w|Ericsson}}, Telefónica Telecom || {{w|Ericsson}} and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a {{w|5G}} data transfer of 27 Gbps in {{w|Bogotá}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Colombia}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || July || Network launch || {{w|Ooredoo}} || {{w|Doha}}–based {{w|Ooredoo}} announces launch of its 5G commercial network in {{w|Qatar}}. The company states it is waiting for manufacturers to produce 5G capable devices as these are not ready at the time.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Qatar}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2018 || September || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
| 2018 || September || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
Line 112: Line 207:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Turkcell}} || Turkish mobile phone operator {{w|Turkcell}} trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with {{w|Samsung}} in {{w|Istanbul}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Turkcell}} || Turkish mobile phone operator {{w|Turkcell}} trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with {{w|Samsung}} in {{w|Istanbul}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Smart Communications}} || {{w|Smart Communications}} rolls out their first 5G cell sites in the Philippines.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Philippines}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|StarHub}} || Singaporean telecommunications provider {{w|StarHub}} announces, in partnership with {{w|Nokia}}, the completion of their first outdoor pilot of {{w|5G}} on the 3.5 GHz frequency band in {{w|Singapore}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Singapore}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || November || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|MTN Group}} || South African mobile telecommunications company {{w|MTN Group}} partners with {{w|Ericsson}} to deploy a fixed wireless access {{w|5G}} site in {{w|Midrand}}, South Africa.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=MTN, Ericsson and Netstar record 5G first for South Africa |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2018/11/mtn-and-ericsson-5g-south-africa-with-midrand |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Telenor}} || Norwegian {{w|Telenor}} launches three {{w|5G}} base stations in {{w|Kongsberg}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=5G First Steps |url=https://www.telenor.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Telenor-5G-presentation-at-Sparebank1-lunch-meeting.pdf |website=telenor.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || November 29 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Toyota}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} and {{w|Toyota}} announce having successfully controlled the Toyota-developed T-HR31 humanoid robot in trials using {{w|5G}} under a test environment with control from a remote location (a distance of approximately 10 kilometers) using 5G in an area between two points.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Toyota Conduct Successful Remote Control of T-HR3 Humanoid Robot Using 5G |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2018/1129_01.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || December || Testing || [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]], {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|KTH Royal Institute of Technology}} || [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]], {{w|Ericsson}}, and {{w|KTH Royal Institute of Technology}} launch {{w|5G}} testbed in {{w|Stockholm}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|Sweden}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2018 || December || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2018 || December || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
Line 117: Line 224:
 
| 2018 || December || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Tigo}} || {{w|Ericsson}} announces that telecommunications company {{w|Tigo}} has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Honduras}}
 
| 2018 || December || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Tigo}} || {{w|Ericsson}} announces that telecommunications company {{w|Tigo}} has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Honduras}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || February || Technology milestone || || A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.<ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor performs first 5G surgery |url=https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/02/28/business/tech/doctor-performs-first-5g-surgery/#.XUofy_L0mUk |website=japantimes.co.jp |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor uses 5G to direct surgery live from a stage at Mobile World Congress |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/27/tech/5g-surgery-mobile-world-congress/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
+
| 2018 || December || Testing || {{w|Telia Company}} || {{w|Telia Company}} opens its first 5G test network in {{w|Norway}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G HITS NORWAY: THE WORLD'S FIRST 5G CINEMA |url=https://www.teliacompany.com/en/news/news-articles/2018/5g-hits-norway-the-worlds-first-5g-cinema/ |website=teliacompany.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Norway}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || December || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Telefónica Germany}} || Broadband telecom provider {{w|Telefónica Germany}} announces that, in collaboration with {{w|Nokia}}, they finished building their "Early 5G Innovation Cluster" in {{w|Berlin}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=New cellular sites will enable developing and testing new 5G services |url=https://www.telefonica.de/news/press-releases-telef%C3%B3nica-germany/2018/12/nokia-and-telefonica-germany-built-up-joint-early-5g-innovation-cluster-in-berlin-new-cellular-sites-will-enable-developing-and-testing-new-5g-services.html?tree_id=6662;_tree_local_url_part=%2Fnews%2F6181%2Fnokia-and-telefonica-germany-built-up-joint-early-5-g-innovation-cluster-in-berlin-new-cellular-sites-will-enable-developing-and-testing-new-5-g-services |website=telefonica.de |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> ||{{w|Germany}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || February || Milestone (technology) || Hospital Clinic Barcelona || A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.<ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor performs first 5G surgery |url=https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/02/28/business/tech/doctor-performs-first-5g-surgery/#.XUofy_L0mUk |website=japantimes.co.jp |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor uses 5G to direct surgery live from a stage at Mobile World Congress |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/27/tech/5g-surgery-mobile-world-congress/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || February || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Saudi Telecom Company}} || {{w|Nokia}} and {{w|Saudi Telecom Company}} sign deal for {{w|5G}} network launch and early rollout of services in {{w|Saudi Arabia}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia and Saudi Telecom Co. (STC) sign deal for 5G network launch and early rollout of services |url=https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2019/02/25/nokia-and-saudi-telecom-co-stc-sign-deal-for-5g-network-launch-and-early-rollout-of-services/ |website=nokia.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || February || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Telecom Egypt}} || {{w|Telecom Egypt}} and {{w|Nokia}} agree to introduce a {{w|5G}} network in Egypt.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telecom Egypt and Nokia sign Memorandum of Understanding to introduce 5G network and test use cases |url=https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2019/02/28/telecom-egypt-and-nokia-sign-memorandum-of-understanding-to-introduce-5g-network-and-test-use-cases/ |website=nokia.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Egypt}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || March || Product launch || {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} || The {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.<ref>{{cite web |title=GSA launches first global database of commercial 5G devices |url=https://www.totaltele.com/502531/GSA-launches-first-global-database-of-commercial-5G-devices |website=totaltele.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||
 
| 2019 || March || Product launch || {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} || The {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.<ref>{{cite web |title=GSA launches first global database of commercial 5G devices |url=https://www.totaltele.com/502531/GSA-launches-first-global-database-of-commercial-5G-devices |website=totaltele.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || March || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|U Mobile}}, {{w|ZTE Corporation}}, {{w|Maxis Communications}} || Malaysian provider {{w|Maxis Communications}}, {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|U Mobile}}, and {{w|ZTE Corporation}} sign a {{w|memorandums of understanding}} to collaborate on 5G deployment in {{w|Malaysia}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Malaysia}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || March || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} activates its standards-based 5G network in {{w|Minneapolis}} and {{w|Chicago}}, before mobile 5G devices are available.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2019 || March || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} activates its standards-based 5G network in {{w|Minneapolis}} and {{w|Chicago}}, before mobile 5G devices are available.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || March 30 || Network launch || || {{w|Shanghai}} starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant {{w|China Mobile}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai world's first district with 5G coverage, broadband gigabit network |url=https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/shanghai-becomes-world-s-first-district-with-5g-coverage-119033000289_1.html |website=business-standard.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai's 5G network starts test runs |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/30/c_137936750.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}  
+
| 2019 || March 30 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}} || {{w|Shanghai}} starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant {{w|China Mobile}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai world's first district with 5G coverage, broadband gigabit network |url=https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/shanghai-becomes-world-s-first-district-with-5g-coverage-119033000289_1.html |website=business-standard.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai's 5G network starts test runs |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/30/c_137936750.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || April 3 || Milestone (network launch) || {{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]], {{w|LG Uplus}} || {{w|South Korea}} becomes the first country to adopt {{w|5G}} when three companies launch the world's first nationwide 5G mobile.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map">{{cite web |title=5G commercial network world coverage map |url=https://www.worldtimezone.com/5g.html |website=worldtimezone.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/5G-networks/South-Korea-to-seize-on-world-s-first-full-5G-network|title=South Korea to seize on world's first full 5G network|website=Nikkei Asian Review}}</ref> The three main telecommunication companies ({{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]] and {{w|LG Uplus}}) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://view.asiae.co.kr/news/view.htm?idxno=2019040610062165080|title=5G 첫날부터 4만 가입자…3가지 가입포인트 |trans-title=From the first day of 5G, 40,000 subscribers ... 3 subscription points |website=The Asia Business Daily|date=2019-04-06}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || April 3 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || Just hours later of {{w|5G}} launch in {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Verizon}} launches its 5G services in the {{w|United States}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://amp.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/us-dismisses-south-koreas-launch-of-world-first-5g-network-as-stunt|title=US dismisses South Korea's launch of world-first 5G network as 'stunt' - 5G - The Guardian|website=amp.theguardian.com}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || April 3 || Technology milestone || || {{w|South Korea}} becomes the first country to adopt {{w|5G}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/5G-networks/South-Korea-to-seize-on-world-s-first-full-5G-network|title=South Korea to seize on world's first full 5G network|website=Nikkei Asian Review}}</ref> Just hours later, {{w|Verizon}} launches its 5G services in the {{w|United States}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://amp.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/us-dismisses-south-koreas-launch-of-world-first-5g-network-as-stunt|title=US dismisses South Korea's launch of world-first 5G network as 'stunt' - 5G - The Guardian|website=amp.theguardian.com}}</ref> Back in South Korea, the three main telecommunication companies ({{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]] and {{w|LG Uplus}}) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://view.asiae.co.kr/news/view.htm?idxno=2019040610062165080|title=5G 첫날부터 4만 가입자…3가지 가입포인트 |trans-title=From the first day of 5G, 40,000 subscribers ... 3 subscription points |website=The Asia Business Daily|date=2019-04-06}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2019 || April 17 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G network in in 54 cities and communities in {{w|Switzerland}}. It is the first commercial {{w|5G}} in {{w|Europe}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/><ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Swisscom in European commercial 5G first |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/4/ericsson-and-swisscom-in-european-commercial-5g-first |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Swisscom in European Commercial 5G First |url=https://www.microwavejournal.com/articles/32137-ericsson-and-swisscom-in-european-commercial-5g-first |website=microwavejournal.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom Among the First with Commercial 5G in Europe — But is the Real Story Here About 2G and 3G? |url=https://blog-idcuk.com/swisscom-commercial-5g-in-europe/ |website=blog-idcuk.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || April || Product launch || {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Mu-Hyun |first1=Cho |title=Samsung begins mass production of its own 5G chips |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/samsung-begins-mass-production-of-its-own-5g-chips/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
| 2019 || April || Product launch || {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Mu-Hyun |first1=Cho |title=Samsung begins mass production of its own 5G chips |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/samsung-begins-mass-production-of-its-own-5g-chips/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
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|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Batelco}} || {{w|Batelco}} becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in {{w|Bahrain}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco launches first commercial 5G network in Bahrain |url=https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2019/06/05/batelco-launches-first-commercial-5g-network-in-bahrain/ |website=telegeography.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco 1st to Launch Commercial 5G Network in the Kingdom of Bahrain |url=http://batelco.com/news-media/batelco-1st-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain/ |website=batelco.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco first to launch commercial 5G in Bahrain |url=https://www.commsmea.com/business/19684-batelco-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-in-bahrain |website=commsmea.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Bahrain}}  
 
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Batelco}} || {{w|Batelco}} becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in {{w|Bahrain}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco launches first commercial 5G network in Bahrain |url=https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2019/06/05/batelco-launches-first-commercial-5g-network-in-bahrain/ |website=telegeography.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco 1st to Launch Commercial 5G Network in the Kingdom of Bahrain |url=http://batelco.com/news-media/batelco-1st-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain/ |website=batelco.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco first to launch commercial 5G in Bahrain |url=https://www.commsmea.com/business/19684-batelco-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-in-bahrain |website=commsmea.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Bahrain}}  
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} launches {{w|5G}} in {{w|Italy}} in five cities: {{w|Naples}}, {{w|Bologna}}, {{w|Milan}}, {{w|Turin}}, and {{w|Rome}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone it ‏ |url=https://twitter.com/VodafoneIT/status/1136234868919164935 |website=twitter.com |accessdate=22 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || June 6 || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} signs a deal with Russian network provider [[w:MTS (network provider)|MTS]] to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.<ref>{{cite web |title=China's Huawei signs deal to develop 5G network in Russia |url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/06/chinas-huawei-signs-deal-to-develop-5g-network-in-russia |website=theguardian.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei signs deal with Russian telecoms firm to develop 5G |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48537643 |website=bbc.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/07/business/huawei-russia-china-splinternet-intl/index.html|title=Huawei is building 5G in Russia and China. We may be seeing the start of the internet break up|first=James |last=Griffiths |department=Analysis |publisher=CNN}}</ref> || {{w|China}}, {{w|Russia}}
 
| 2019 || June 6 || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} signs a deal with Russian network provider [[w:MTS (network provider)|MTS]] to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.<ref>{{cite web |title=China's Huawei signs deal to develop 5G network in Russia |url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/06/chinas-huawei-signs-deal-to-develop-5g-network-in-russia |website=theguardian.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei signs deal with Russian telecoms firm to develop 5G |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48537643 |website=bbc.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/07/business/huawei-russia-china-splinternet-intl/index.html|title=Huawei is building 5G in Russia and China. We may be seeing the start of the internet break up|first=James |last=Griffiths |department=Analysis |publisher=CNN}}</ref> || {{w|China}}, {{w|Russia}}
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|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || June || Infrastructure || {{w|Qualcomm}} || American tech company {{w|Qualcomm}} starts construction of a 5G center in {{w|Taipei}}.<ref>{{Cite news |author=Huang Tzu-ti |date=27 April 2019 |title=Qualcomm 5G center breaks ground in Taiwan |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3733388 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> {{w|5G}} service is expected to be available in {{w|Taiwan}} by January 2020, according to Vice Premier {{w|Chen Chi-mai}}.<ref>{{Cite news |last=Drillsma |first=Ryan |date=19 April 2019 |title=5G could be available in Taiwan as early as January 2020 |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3683845 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Taiwan}}
 
| 2019 || June || Infrastructure || {{w|Qualcomm}} || American tech company {{w|Qualcomm}} starts construction of a 5G center in {{w|Taipei}}.<ref>{{Cite news |author=Huang Tzu-ti |date=27 April 2019 |title=Qualcomm 5G center breaks ground in Taiwan |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3733388 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> {{w|5G}} service is expected to be available in {{w|Taiwan}} by January 2020, according to Vice Premier {{w|Chen Chi-mai}}.<ref>{{Cite news |last=Drillsma |first=Ryan |date=19 April 2019 |title=5G could be available in Taiwan as early as January 2020 |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3683845 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Taiwan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || Late June || Userbase || || Over 1.6 million people are subscribed to {{w|5G}} in {{w|South Korea}}, accounting for 77 per cent of the global population of 5G users. At the time, there are 14 times as many South Koreans using 5G as there are Americans.<ref>{{cite web |title=South Koreans complain at poor quality of 5G network |url=https://www.ft.com/content/1ff639a4-a85a-11e9-984c-fac8325aaa04 |website=ft.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || July 9 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Monaco Telecom}} || {{w|Monaco Telecom}} launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer.<ref>{{Cite news|language=it|url=http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/tecnologia/tlc/2019/07/11/huawei-rete-5g-nel-principato-di-monaco_33bc4d3b-8ea3-47d0-bde2-ae21a001aac6.html|title=Huawei, rete 5G nel Principato di Monaco|work=[[w:Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata|ANSA]]|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://en.businesstimes.cn/articles/115150/20190711/monaco-telecom-rolls-out-full-5g-coverage-using-huawei-gear-in-european-first.htm|title=Monaco Telecom Rolls Out Full 5G Coverage Using Huawei Gear In European First|author=Charleston Lim|work=[[w:Business Times (China)|Business Times]]|location={{w|Beijing}}|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref> The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by {{w|Huawei}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei makes Monaco world's first fully 5G country |url=https://www.livemint.com/technology/tech-news/huawei-makes-monaco-world-s-first-fully-5g-country-1562761667431.html |website=livemint.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Monaco debuts Europe’s first nationwide 5G network using Huawei gear |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/07/10/monaco-debuts-europes-first-nationwide-5g-network-using-huawei-gear/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Principality of Monaco is world’s first country to have full, operational 5G coverage! |url=https://extendedmonaco.com/en/project/principality-of-monaco-is-worlds-first-country-to-have-full-operational-5g-coverage/ |website=extendedmonaco.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Monaco}}
 
| 2019 || July 9 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Monaco Telecom}} || {{w|Monaco Telecom}} launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer.<ref>{{Cite news|language=it|url=http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/tecnologia/tlc/2019/07/11/huawei-rete-5g-nel-principato-di-monaco_33bc4d3b-8ea3-47d0-bde2-ae21a001aac6.html|title=Huawei, rete 5G nel Principato di Monaco|work=[[w:Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata|ANSA]]|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://en.businesstimes.cn/articles/115150/20190711/monaco-telecom-rolls-out-full-5g-coverage-using-huawei-gear-in-european-first.htm|title=Monaco Telecom Rolls Out Full 5G Coverage Using Huawei Gear In European First|author=Charleston Lim|work=[[w:Business Times (China)|Business Times]]|location={{w|Beijing}}|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref> The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by {{w|Huawei}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei makes Monaco world's first fully 5G country |url=https://www.livemint.com/technology/tech-news/huawei-makes-monaco-world-s-first-fully-5g-country-1562761667431.html |website=livemint.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Monaco debuts Europe’s first nationwide 5G network using Huawei gear |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/07/10/monaco-debuts-europes-first-nationwide-5g-network-using-huawei-gear/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Principality of Monaco is world’s first country to have full, operational 5G coverage! |url=https://extendedmonaco.com/en/project/principality-of-monaco-is-worlds-first-country-to-have-full-operational-5g-coverage/ |website=extendedmonaco.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Monaco}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || July 16 || Network launch || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming service |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/sk-telecom-and-swisscom-launch-5g-roaming-service/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom, SK Telecom, Elisa and BICS claim world’s first 5G roaming services |url=http://telecoms.com/498535/swisscom-sk-telecom-elisa-and-bics-claim-worlds-first-5g-roaming-services/ |website=telecoms.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom Launches the World's First 5G Roaming Service With Swisscom |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/sk-telecom-launches-the-worlds-first-5g-roaming-service-with-swisscom/d/d-id/752800 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 
| 2019 || July 16 || Network launch || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming service |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/sk-telecom-and-swisscom-launch-5g-roaming-service/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom, SK Telecom, Elisa and BICS claim world’s first 5G roaming services |url=http://telecoms.com/498535/swisscom-sk-telecom-elisa-and-bics-claim-worlds-first-5g-roaming-services/ |website=telecoms.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom Launches the World's First 5G Roaming Service With Swisscom |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/sk-telecom-launches-the-worlds-first-5g-roaming-service-with-swisscom/d/d-id/752800 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || July 16 || Infrastructure || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} activates its first 25 {{w|5G}} base stations in {{w|Germany}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Das erste 5G-Handy-Netz ist da: Ab morgen auf den Smartphones |url=https://www.vodafone.de/newsroom/netz/5g-start-vodafone-startet-5g-in-deutschland/?icmp=newsroomblog:home |website=vodafone.de |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || July 18 || Product launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon launches its first 5G hotspot for $650 |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/18/20699111/verizon-5g-mifi-m1000-hotspot-650-expensive-data |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon's first 5G hotspot is $500 with a two-year contract |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/07/18/verizon-5g-hotspot-inseego-st-paul/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||  
 
| 2019 || July 18 || Product launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon launches its first 5G hotspot for $650 |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/18/20699111/verizon-5g-mifi-m1000-hotspot-650-expensive-data |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon's first 5G hotspot is $500 with a two-year contract |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/07/18/verizon-5g-hotspot-inseego-st-paul/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || July 26 || Infrastructure || {{w|Telecom Italia}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Telecom Italia}} and {{w|Vodafone}} agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.<ref>{{cite web |title=TIM, Vodafone agree merger of mobile masts, 5G partnership in Italy |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-vodafone-agree-merger-of-mobile-masts-5g-partnership-in-italy-idUSKCN1UL22R |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=TIM to announce towers deal, 5G partnership with Vodafone on July 26: source |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-to-announce-towers-deal-5g-partnership-with-vodafone-on-july-26-source-idUSKCN1UI272 |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
 
| 2019 || July 26 || Infrastructure || {{w|Telecom Italia}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Telecom Italia}} and {{w|Vodafone}} agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.<ref>{{cite web |title=TIM, Vodafone agree merger of mobile masts, 5G partnership in Italy |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-vodafone-agree-merger-of-mobile-masts-5g-partnership-in-italy-idUSKCN1UL22R |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=TIM to announce towers deal, 5G partnership with Vodafone on July 26: source |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-to-announce-towers-deal-5g-partnership-with-vodafone-on-july-26-source-idUSKCN1UI272 |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || July || Testing || {{w|Smart Axiata}} || {{w|Cambodian}} telecommunications service provider {{w|Smart Axiata}} showcases the Cambodia's first {{w|5G}} live trial.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Empowering Cambodia for the Future of Connectivity and Digital Lifestyle |url=https://www.smart.com.kh/5g-by-smart-first-live-trial-showcase-in-cambodia/ |website=smart.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Cambodia}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || August 5 || Product launch || {{w|ZTE}} || {{w|ZTE}} releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of {{w|Qualcomm}}’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Porter |first1=Jon |title=ZTE releases first 5G phone in China |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/8/5/20754503/zte-axon-10-pro-5g-china-release-date-news-features |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Yujie |first1=Xue |title=China’s First 5G Phone Owner Is a 78-Year-Old Retiree |url=http://www.sixthtone.com/news/1004393/chinas-first-5g-phone-owner-is-a-78-year-old-retiree |website=sixthtone.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
| 2019 || August 5 || Product launch || {{w|ZTE}} || {{w|ZTE}} releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of {{w|Qualcomm}}’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Porter |first1=Jon |title=ZTE releases first 5G phone in China |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/8/5/20754503/zte-axon-10-pro-5g-china-release-date-news-features |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Yujie |first1=Xue |title=China’s First 5G Phone Owner Is a 78-Year-Old Retiree |url=http://www.sixthtone.com/news/1004393/chinas-first-5g-phone-owner-is-a-78-year-old-retiree |website=sixthtone.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
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|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || August 13 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} launches 5G services in five Irish cities: {{w|Cork}}, {{w|Dublin}}, {{w|Galway}}, {{w|Limerick}} and {{w|Waterford}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches 5G services in Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford |url=https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2019/0813/1068557-vodafone-5g-launch/ |website=rte.ie |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
 
| 2019 || August 13 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} launches 5G services in five Irish cities: {{w|Cork}}, {{w|Dublin}}, {{w|Galway}}, {{w|Limerick}} and {{w|Waterford}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches 5G services in Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford |url=https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2019/0813/1068557-vodafone-5g-launch/ |website=rte.ie |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || August || Testing || {{w|Zong 4G}} || Pakistani mobile data network operator {{w|Zong 4G}} becomes the first company in Pakistan to test {{w|5G}} services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Pakistan}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || September 1 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} deploys 5G In {{w|Russia}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei Just Launched 5G In Russia With Putin's Support: 'Hello Splinternet' |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/09/01/hello-splinternet-huawei-deploys-5g-in-russia-with-putins-support/#1924f4c199d7 |website=forbes.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}  
 
| 2019 || September 1 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} deploys 5G In {{w|Russia}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei Just Launched 5G In Russia With Putin's Support: 'Hello Splinternet' |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/09/01/hello-splinternet-huawei-deploys-5g-in-russia-with-putins-support/#1924f4c199d7 |website=forbes.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}  
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|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || September 9 || Partnership || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|SK Telecom}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces partnership with {{w|SK Telecom}} to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung, SK Telecom Team for 8K TV Powered by 5G |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/samsung-sk-telecom-team-for-8k-tv-powered-by-5g/d/d-id/753975 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung and SK Telecom partner to build a 5G-capable 8K TV |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/09/samsung-and-sk-telecom-partner-to-develop-a-5g-capable-8k-tv/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
| 2019 || September 9 || Partnership || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|SK Telecom}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces partnership with {{w|SK Telecom}} to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung, SK Telecom Team for 8K TV Powered by 5G |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/samsung-sk-telecom-team-for-8k-tv-powered-by-5g/d/d-id/753975 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung and SK Telecom partner to build a 5G-capable 8K TV |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/09/samsung-and-sk-telecom-partner-to-develop-a-5g-capable-8k-tv/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || September 10 || Partnership || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Omron}}, {{w|Nokia}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} announces agreement with {{w|Omron}} and {{w|Nokia Networks}} to collaborate in trials of 5G mobile communication technology inside factories, "with the aim of significantly enhancing future manufacturing productivity". <ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO to Commence 5G Trials at Manufacturing Sites in Partnership with OMRON and Nokia |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2019/0910_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=24 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || September 16 || Acquisition || {{w|Qualcomm}} || {{w|Qualcomm}} announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between {{w|TDK}} and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm acquires RF360, hires staff to scale 5G |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20190917/5g/qualcomm-rf360-5g |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm buys out joint venture partner to boost content in 5G smartphones |url=https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/technology/story/2019-09-16/qualcomm-buys-out-joint-venture-partner-to-boost-content-in-5g-smartphones |website=sandiegouniontribune.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm pays TDK $3.1 billion to fully own 5G RF front-end venture |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/16/qualcomm-pays-tdk-3-1-billion-to-fully-own-5g-rf-front-end-venture/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm and TDK collaborate to deliver a more complete 4G/5G system |url=https://www.notebookcheck.net/Qualcomm-and-TDK-collaborate-to-deliver-a-more-complete-4G-5G-system.434889.0.html |website=notebookcheck.net |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> ||
 
| 2019 || September 16 || Acquisition || {{w|Qualcomm}} || {{w|Qualcomm}} announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between {{w|TDK}} and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm acquires RF360, hires staff to scale 5G |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20190917/5g/qualcomm-rf360-5g |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm buys out joint venture partner to boost content in 5G smartphones |url=https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/technology/story/2019-09-16/qualcomm-buys-out-joint-venture-partner-to-boost-content-in-5g-smartphones |website=sandiegouniontribune.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm pays TDK $3.1 billion to fully own 5G RF front-end venture |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/16/qualcomm-pays-tdk-3-1-billion-to-fully-own-5g-rf-front-end-venture/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm and TDK collaborate to deliver a more complete 4G/5G system |url=https://www.notebookcheck.net/Qualcomm-and-TDK-collaborate-to-deliver-a-more-complete-4G-5G-system.434889.0.html |website=notebookcheck.net |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> ||
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|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} launches pre-commercial 5G services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} launches pre-commercial 5G services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} rolls out {{w|5G}} in Germany in {{w|Berlin}}, {{w|Darmstadt}}, {{w|Munich}}, {{w|Bonn}}, and {{w|Cologne}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=5G goes live in five cities |url=https://www.telekom.com/en/media/media-information/archive/deutsche-telekom-5g-goes-live-in-five-cities-580574 |website=telekom.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || October 8 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] || {{w|Ericsson}} is selected by service provider [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telia Norway selects Ericsson as sole 5G RAN provider |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/10/telia-norway-selects-ericsson-as-sole-5g-ran-provider |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Telia picks Ericsson for 5G in Norway, plans to deploy spectrum sharing tech |url=https://www.fiercewireless.com/5g/telia-picks-ericsson-for-5g-norway-plans-to-deploy-spectrum-sharing-tech |website=fiercewireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 
| 2019 || October 8 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] || {{w|Ericsson}} is selected by service provider [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telia Norway selects Ericsson as sole 5G RAN provider |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/10/telia-norway-selects-ericsson-as-sole-5g-ran-provider |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Telia picks Ericsson for 5G in Norway, plans to deploy spectrum sharing tech |url=https://www.fiercewireless.com/5g/telia-picks-ericsson-for-5g-norway-plans-to-deploy-spectrum-sharing-tech |website=fiercewireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || October 11 || Network launch || {{w|BT Mobile}} || {{w|BT Mobile}} launches {{w|5G}} services in the {{w|United Kingdom}}, in 20 cities.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || October || Network launch || [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] || Irish broadband telecommunications company [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.<ref>{{cite web |title=100 additional locations will be covered in the 5G network in coming weeks |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191101/5g/eir-5g-in-ireland-ericssons-5g-core |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
 
| 2019 || October || Network launch || [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] || Irish broadband telecommunications company [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.<ref>{{cite web |title=100 additional locations will be covered in the 5G network in coming weeks |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191101/5g/eir-5g-in-ireland-ericssons-5g-core |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2019 || October || Testing || {{w|VEON}} || {{w|VEON}} launches a {{w|5G}} trial on a live network in {{w|Kazakhstan}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=VEON launches large-scale 5G trial on live network in Kazakhstan |url=https://www.veon.com/media/media-releases/2019/veon-launches-large-scale-5g-trial-on-live-network-in-kazakhstan/ |website=veon.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Kazakhstan}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || November 1 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}} || China state carriers {{w|China Mobile}} (CHL), {{w|China Telecom}} (CHA) and {{w|China Unicom}} (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.<ref>{{cite web |title=China races U.S. pressure as it launches massive 5G mobile network |url=https://www.marketwatch.com/story/china-races-us-pressure-as-it-launches-massive-5g-mobile-network-2019-11-01 |website=marketwatch.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China just launched the world's largest 5G network |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/11/01/tech/5g-china/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China switches on superfast 5G network |url=https://www.france24.com/en/business/20191101-china-switches-on-superfast-5g-network |website=france24.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
| 2019 || November 1 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}} || China state carriers {{w|China Mobile}} (CHL), {{w|China Telecom}} (CHA) and {{w|China Unicom}} (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.<ref>{{cite web |title=China races U.S. pressure as it launches massive 5G mobile network |url=https://www.marketwatch.com/story/china-races-us-pressure-as-it-launches-massive-5g-mobile-network-2019-11-01 |website=marketwatch.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China just launched the world's largest 5G network |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/11/01/tech/5g-china/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China switches on superfast 5G network |url=https://www.france24.com/en/business/20191101-china-switches-on-superfast-5g-network |website=france24.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
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| 2019 || December 3 || Network launch || {{w|T-Mobile}} || {{w|T-Mobile}} announces the launch of its nationwide 5G network in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile has launched nationwide 5G. Here's what that means |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/03/tech/tmobile-5g/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile 5G: It’s On! |url=https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191202005562/en/ |website=businesswire.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
 
| 2019 || December 3 || Network launch || {{w|T-Mobile}} || {{w|T-Mobile}} announces the launch of its nationwide 5G network in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile has launched nationwide 5G. Here's what that means |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/03/tech/tmobile-5g/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile 5G: It’s On! |url=https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191202005562/en/ |website=businesswire.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 10 || Technology milestone || {{w|Ericsson}} || Australian {{w|telecommunications company}} Optus claims to have made the world’s first {{w|5G}} data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in {{w|Sydney}} using kit from {{w|Ericsson}}. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.<ref>{{cite web |title=Optus completes 5G data call using 2.3 GHz spectrum |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191210/5g/optus-5g-data-call-using-2-3-ghz-spectrum |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
+
| 2019 || December 10 || Milestone (technology) || {{w|Ericsson}} || Australian {{w|telecommunications company}} Optus claims to have made the world’s first {{w|5G}} data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in {{w|Sydney}} using kit from {{w|Ericsson}}. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.<ref>{{cite web |title=Optus completes 5G data call using 2.3 GHz spectrum |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191210/5g/optus-5g-data-call-using-2-3-ghz-spectrum |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 11 || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}} || {{w|Nokia}} announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless {{w|LTE}} to industrial and government customers in {{w|Japan}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G and IoT comes to enterprises in Japan |url=https://www.smart-energy.com/industry-sectors/smart-grid/5g-and-iot-comes-to-enterprises-in-japan/ |website=smart-energy.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2019 || December 11 || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}} || {{w|Nokia}} announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless {{w|LTE}} to industrial and government customers in {{w|Japan}}. These five Nokia partners span multiple segments, including {{w|NS Solutions}} for factory IoT, {{w|Marubeni}} for global IoT, {{w|Internet Initiative Japan}} for Full {{w|MVNO}}, {{w|Equinix}} for multi-cloud and global data centers, and [[w:Hitachi|Hitachi Kokusai Electric]].<ref>{{cite web |title=5G and IoT comes to enterprises in Japan |url=https://www.smart-energy.com/industry-sectors/smart-grid/5g-and-iot-comes-to-enterprises-in-japan/ |website=smart-energy.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2019 || December 11 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} || {{w|South Korea}}n {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based {{w|Lidar}}, a cloud-based {{w|IoT}} platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Samsung partner on 5G autonomous ship |url=https://www.gigabitmagazine.com/mobile/sk-telecom-and-samsung-partner-5g-autonomous-ship |website=gigabitmagazine.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
| 2019 || December 11 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} || {{w|South Korea}}n {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based {{w|Lidar}}, a cloud-based {{w|IoT}} platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Samsung partner on 5G autonomous ship |url=https://www.gigabitmagazine.com/mobile/sk-telecom-and-samsung-partner-5g-autonomous-ship |website=gigabitmagazine.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
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| 2019 || December 11 || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} launches commercial 5G services in {{w|Hamburg}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Deutsche Telekom launches 5G services in Hamburg |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191211/5g/deutsche-telekom-launches-5g-services-hamburg |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
| 2019 || December 11 || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} launches commercial 5G services in {{w|Hamburg}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Deutsche Telekom launches 5G services in Hamburg |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191211/5g/deutsche-telekom-launches-5g-services-hamburg |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 || January 17 || Network launch || || Uganda trials network and becomes the first country in {{w|East Africa}} to adopt 5G technology.<ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda becomes East Africa’s first country to adopt 5G technology |url=https://www.pd.co.ke/news/world/uganda-becomes-east-africas-first-country-to-adopt-5g-technology-20815/ |website=pd.co.ke |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Uganda}}
+
| 2019 || December || Userbase || || Chinese {{w|5G}} {{w|smartphone}} users are reported to outperform South Korean users, following 5G commercial launch in November in China.<ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || January 16 || Infrastructure || Galaxy Space || 227-kilogram Yinhe–1 (Galaxy-1) technology verification satellite for Beijing-based communications satellite producer Galaxy Space launches. It is the first private 5G low-orbit broadband satellite China successfully puts in orbit.<ref>{{cite web |title=China Launches First Private 5G Low-orbit Broadband Satellite |url=https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/rest-of-the-world-news/china-launches-first-private-5g-low-orbit-broadband-satellite.html |website=republicworld.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China's first LEO 5G broadband satellite moves into orbit |url=http://www.ecns.cn/news/sci-tech/2020-01-17/detail-ifzsuknk2866270.shtml |website=ecns.cn |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || January 17 || Testing || {{w|ZTE Corporation}}, {{w|MTN Uganda}} || {{w|ZTE Corporation}} and {{w|MTN Uganda}} successfully roll out 5G technology trial in Uganda, which becomes the first country in {{w|East Africa}} to adopt 5G technology.<ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda becomes East Africa’s first country to adopt 5G technology |url=https://www.pd.co.ke/news/world/uganda-becomes-east-africas-first-country-to-adopt-5g-technology-20815/ |website=pd.co.ke |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda outsmarts, Kenya and Rwanda to become the first country in East Africa to roll out 5G technology |url=https://www.pulselive.co.ke/bi/tech/uganda-outsmarts-kenya-and-rwanda-and-rolls-the-first-5g-trial-in-east-africa/rvyzd4v |website=pulselive.co.ke |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Uganda}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || January 29 || || || The {{w|European Commission}} issues its guidance on {{w|5G}} and the role that "high-risk" vendors should play in networks. The non-binding EC recommendations call on member states to strengthen security requirements, assess the risk of suppliers, restrict suppliers considered to be high-risk, reveal exclusions for key assets considered as critical (such as the core network), set up a legal or regulatory framework to control the use of outsourced suppliers, and ensure governments get audit telecoms operators to provide detailed data on sourcing of 5G equipment.<ref name="5G: EU issues guidance on 'high-risk' suppliers">{{cite web |title=5G: EU issues guidance on 'high-risk' suppliers |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-51294691 |website=bbc.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || January || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Ericsson}} || {{w|Ericsson}} announces a new R&D site in France with up to 300 employees. The site would focus initially on 5G software development and security.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson Says It Will Now Open A 5G R&D Site In France |url=https://data-economy.com/ericsson-says-it-will-now-open-a-5g-rd-site-in-france/ |website=data-economy.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson to ramp European 5G with new R&D site in France |url=https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252477009/Ericsson-to-ramp-European-5G-with-new-RD-site-in-France |website=computerweekly.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson opens new R&D site in France |url=https://evertiq.com/news/47585 |website=evertiq.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|France}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || February 12 || Policy || {{w|Swiss Government}} || {{w|Switzerland}} places an indefinite moratorium on the rollout of {{w|5G}} over health concerns.<ref>{{cite web |title=Switzerland halts rollout of 5G over health concerns |url=https://www.ft.com/content/848c5b44-4d7a-11ea-95a0-43d18ec715f5 |website=ft.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || February 17 || Education || {{w|Nokia}} || Nokia launches a {{w|5G}} certification program with the purpose to train and certify business and technology professionals at communications service providers and enterprises.<ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia launches certification programme to boost enterprise 5G |url=https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252478698/Nokia-launches-certification-programme-to-boost-enterprise-5G |website=computerweekly.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia claims it’s breaking new ground with a 5G certification programme |url=https://www.telecomtv.com/content/5g/nokia-claims-it-s-breaking-new-ground-with-a-5g-certification-programme-37715/ |website=telecomtv.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2020 || June || Network launch || {{w|Viettel}} || Vietnamese telecommunication company {{w|Viettel}} plans to launch commercial {{w|5G}} mobile services by this time.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Vietnam's largest mobile carrier to launch commercial 5G services in June |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-viettel-5g/vietnams-largest-mobile-carrier-to-launch-commercial-5g-services-in-june-idUSKBN1ZG11Y |website=reuters.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Vietnam}}  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2020 || July || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to have {{w|5G}} base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com">{{cite web |title=NTT Docomo moves up Japan-wide 5G to June 2020, offers early access |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/19/ntt-docomo-moves-up-japan-wide-5g-to-june-2020-offers-early-access/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=18 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
| 2020 || July || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to have {{w|5G}} base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com">{{cite web |title=NTT Docomo moves up Japan-wide 5G to June 2020, offers early access |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/19/ntt-docomo-moves-up-japan-wide-5g-to-june-2020-offers-early-access/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=18 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
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| 2021 || Spring || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to reach a total of 10,000 {{w|5G}} base stations by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
| 2021 || Spring || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to reach a total of 10,000 {{w|5G}} base stations by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2024 || || Userbase || || 5G subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from {{w|GlobalData}}. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024 |url=https://www.5gradar.com/news/5g-subscriptions-will-reach-15-billion-by-2024 |website=5gradar.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Global 5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024, says GlobalData |url=https://www.globaldata.com/global-5g-subscriptions-will-reach-1-5-billion-by-2024-says-globaldata/?utm_source=AffiliateFuture&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=skimlinks&affc=9e1c727b-79b7-447e-b661-fa2187116e23 |website=globaldata.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref> ||
+
| 2023 || || Network launch || {{w|China Tower}} || State-owned telecommunication provider {{w|China Tower}} expects to reach {{w|5G}} national coverage by this year.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2024 || || Userbase || || {{w|5G}} subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from {{w|GlobalData}}. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024 |url=https://www.5gradar.com/news/5g-subscriptions-will-reach-15-billion-by-2024 |website=5gradar.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Global 5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024, says GlobalData |url=https://www.globaldata.com/global-5g-subscriptions-will-reach-1-5-billion-by-2024-says-globaldata/?utm_source=AffiliateFuture&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=skimlinks&affc=9e1c727b-79b7-447e-b661-fa2187116e23 |website=globaldata.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2024 || || || || A new study finds that total operator-billed revenue from {{w|5G}} {{w|IoT}} connections would reach US$8 billion by this year.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G Networks IoT Revenue to Reach $8 Billion by 2025, Research Forecast Shows |url=https://techstartups.com/2020/02/17/5g-networks-iot-revenue-reach-8-billion-2025-research-forecast-shows/ |website=techstartups.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}

Latest revision as of 13:22, 17 February 2020

This is a timeline of 5G, the fifth generation cellular network technology.

Sample questions

The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:

  • What are some important milestones in the development of 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Milestone".
    • You will see standout events like the first adoption of 5G by a country.
  • Which are some developed network standards related to 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Network standard".
    • You will see a list of standards approved by 3GPP, the standards organization that develops protocols for mobile telephony.
  • What are some of the many 5G tests and trials conducted around the world?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Testing".
  • What are some important fundings and other events related to 5G R&D?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Research and development".
  • What are some notable partnerships between countries and organizations related to the development of 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Partnership".
  • Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product launch".
  • Which are the most notable companies involved in the development and network launch of the 5G generation?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Organization".
    • This will help you make sense of the most notable organizations given their number of occurrences.
  • Which countries are involved in the development and adoption of 5G so far?
    • See the Summary by country section in the big picture for an overview.
    • For more details, sort the full timeline by "Country/location". This will help you make sense of the countries most involved in the development and adoption of 5G given their number of occurrences.
  • Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product".
  • What are some indicative figures on 5G userbase and market penetration?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Userbase".
    • You will see market penetration in pioneering countries.

Big picture

Summary by year

Key year Development summary
2017 77 operators in 49 countries complete 5G trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of 5G NR specifications are approved by 3GPP.[1]
2018 A number of countries start launching limited 5G networks in selected locations. Qatar launches its network, but 5G mobiles are not available at the time. Elisa launches commercial 5G networks in Tampere and Tallinn. South Korea rolls out a 5G trial at the 2018 Winter Olympics.[2] 3GPP approves standard frozen.[1]
2019 The first countrywide commercial 5G network deployment occurs in South Korea.[1]
2020 5G services are expected to be launched in many major cities.[3] Global 5G wireless network infrastructure revenue is expected to reach US$4.2 billion by this year. 5G smartphone shipments are estimated to number at around 260 million units in the year.[4]
2021 By this year, mobile and network communications applications, products, and services would be built mostly around 5G. Smartphone shipments using this technology are estimated to number at around 540 million units in the year.[4]

Summary by country

Key country 5G development
South Korea South Korea is recognized as the world's first country to roll out 5G on a large scale. Samsung, SK Telecom, KT, and LG Uplus are South Korean companies involved in the development and deployment of the technology.
China China is considered to be a leading country in telecommunications, as Japan was when it pioneered 3G in the early 2000s, and the United States in 2011 when the country dominated the launch of 4G. As of December 2019, China has the largest 5G userbase in the world.[5][4] 5G deployment is strongly backed by the government. China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Telecom are major 5G network players.[6]
United States The United States is considered to be a well advanced country in terms of 5G.[6] It is the leader in spectrum efficiency, permitting the repurposing of broadcast spectrum for broadband.[2] AT&T, Verizon, Sprint Corporation, and T-Mobile US are important players in this country.[6]
Japan Japan is considered to be among the top 5G network developers. NTT Docomo, SoftBank, and KDDI stand among the top players developing 5G in the country.[2]

Summary of all cellular network generations

Time period Cellular network generation Operating cellular frequencies Speed Development summary
1979–1991 1G 800 MHz[7]–1900 MHz[8] Maximum 2.4 Kbps[9] Exclusive period of the first generation of wireless cellular technology, which features and supports voice only.[7] It starts with the first commercially automated cellular network launched in Japan by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) in 1979. In 1981, the Nordic Mobile Telephone system simultaneously launches in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
1991[10]–onwards 2G GSM: 900MHZ, 1800MHz. CDMA: 800MHz[7] 50 Kbps[9] Second generation cellular network lifetime, which features multiple users on single channel, and supports voice and data.[7] It is first commercially launched on the GSM standard in Finland[10] by Radiolinja.
1998[10]–onwards 3G 2100 MHz[7] 2 Mbps on stationary or non-moving devices and 384 Kbps on devices in moving vehicles[9][10] Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.[11][12][13][14]
2009–onwards 4G 600 MHz–2.5 GHz[8] Maximum 400 Mbps[10] 500 times faster than 3G[10], the fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology starts with the first-release Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard commercially deployed in Oslo and Stockholm in 2009.
2019 5G Enables about 28 GHz[8] Maximum in the theoretical range 10 Gbps[15]–20 Gbps[9] 5G is first deployed in South Korea on a national basis.
2030 6G  ? 1 Tbps?[16] NTT Docomo aims to launch 6G on a commercial basis by 2030.[17] China has already two working groups overseeing research around 6G.[16]

Visual data

The table and image below illustrate the evolution of worldwide wireless infrastructure revenue forecast in millions of dollars across different segments, for the years 2018 to 2021.[3]

Year 5G 2G 3G LTE and 4G Small Cells Mobile Core
2018 612.9 1503.1 5578.4 20454.7 4785.6 4599
2019 2211.4 697.5 3694 19322.4 5378.4 4621
2020 4176 406.5 2464.3 18278.2 5858.1 4787.3
2021 6805.6 285.2 1558 16352.7 6473.1 5009.5
Wireless Infrastructure Revenue Forecast, Worldwide, 2018-2021 (in millions of dollars).png

Wikipedia Views

The image below shows pageviews of the Wikipedia page 5G since December 2007 for desktop, and since July 2015 (see red line) for mobile-web and mobile-app.[18]

5G Wikipedia Views across devices.png


The image below shows pageviews of the Wikipedia pages 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, and 5G from July 2015 onward.[19]

1G-5G Wikipedia Views.png

Google Trends

The image shows Google Trends data comparing all generations of wireless technology for digital cellular networks.[20]

1G-5G Google Trends.png

Full timeline

Year Month and date Event type Organization Details Country/location
2008 April Partnership NASA, Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp NASA partners with Geoff Brown and Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp to develop 5G communications technology.[21] United States
2010 Research and development NTT Docomo NTT Docomo starts studying and experimenting with 5G.[22] Japan
2012 August Research and development NYU WIRELESS New York University founds NYU WIRELESS, a multi-disciplinary academic research center that has conducted pioneering work in 5G wireless communications.[23][24][25] United States
2012 October 8 Research and development University of Surrey The UK's University of Surrey secures £35million for a new 5G research center, jointly funded by the British government's UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF) and a consortium of key international mobile operators and infrastructure providers, including Huawei, Samsung, Telefonica Europe, Fujitsu Laboratories Europe, Rohde & Schwarz, and Aircom International. It aims at offering testing facilities to mobile operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum while delivering speeds faster than current 4G with aspirations for the new technology to be ready within a decade.[26][27][28][29] United Kingdom
2012 November 1 Program launch The EU project "Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for the Twenty-twenty Information Society" (METIS) starts its activity towards the definition of 5G. METIS achieves an early global consensus on these systems. In this sense, METIS plays an important role of building consensus among other external major stakeholders prior to global standardization activities. This is done by initiating and addressing work in relevant global fora (e.g. ITU-R), as well as in national and regional regulatory bodies.[30] European Union
2012 November Program launch The iJOIN EU project is launched, focusing on "small cell" technology, which is of key importance for taking advantage of limited and strategic resources, such as the radio wave spectrum. According to Günther Oettinger, the European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society (2014–2019), "an innovative utilization of spectrum" is one of the key factors at the heart of 5G success. Oettinger further describes it as "the essential resource for the wireless connectivity of which 5G will be the main driver".[31] European Union
2013 May 12 Research and development Samsung Samsung Electronics announces development of a "5G" system. The core technology has a maximum speed of tens of Gbit/s (gigabits per second). In testing, the transfer speeds for the "5G" network sends data at 1.056 Gbit/s to a distance of up to 2 kilometers with the use of an 8*8 MIMO.[32][33] South Korea
2013 July Partnership India and Israel agree to work jointly on development of fifth generation (5G) telecom technologies.[34] India, Israel
2013 October 1 Recognition Nippon Telegraph and Telephone NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) wins Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Award at CEATEC for its 5G R&D efforts.[35] Japan
2013 November 6 Research and development Huawei Huawei announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into R&D for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.[36] China
2013 Research and development Chinese companies begin conducting research on 5G.[5] China
2015 March Notable report Next Generation Mobile Networks The Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) alliance publishes its 5G White Paper, a set of operator requirements intended to guide the development of future technology platforms and related standards.[37]
2016 May 24 Testing NTT Docomo, Nokia In a trial jointly conducted with Nokia, NTT Docomo announces having achieved the world's first wireless real-time transmission of 8K video deploying radio access technology for 5G mobile communications systems.[38] Japan
2016 June 13 Testing NTT Docomo, Ericsson NTT Docomo and Ericsson announce successful completion of a joint Proof of Concept (PoC) of dynamic network slicing technology for 5G core networks. NTT Docomo is responsible the network slice creation and selection functions, and Ericsson developed technologies to perform network slice lifecycle and service management.[39]
2016 July Infrastructure FCC The United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) frees up vast amounts of bandwidth in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.[40] United States
2016 Testing AT&T AT&T starts conducting 5G field trials with mmWave spectrum.[1] United States
2016 Testing Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials on 5G.[5] China
2016 Research and development Federal Communications Commission The U.S. Federal Communications Commission announces a US$400 million funding dedicated to research on 5G.[6] United States
2017 January Testing Turkcell Turkcell, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with Ericsson.[22] Turkey
2017 March 10 Partnership Ericsson, Mobitel Sri Lankan National Mobile Service Provider Mobitel partners with Ericsson with the signing of the 5G Island of Innovation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to bring 5G to Sri Lanka.[22][41] Sri Lanka
2017 March Testing Telenor Norwegian telecommunications provider Telenor successfully tests 5G in Norway.[22][42] Norway
2017 May Infrastructure Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia), Mobily, STC, Zain The Saudi Communications and Information Technology Commission awards 160 MHz of additional IMT spectrum in 700 MHz, 800 MHz, and 1800 MHz bands to mobile operators Mobily, STC and Zain.[6] Saudi Arabia
2017 August Telecom Regulatory Authority of India The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a PDF[1] that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.[22] India
2017 August Testing Ericsson, Softbank Softbank and Ericsson in Japan perform 5G trials using 4.5 GHz frequencies.[6] Japan
2017 September Testing Ericsson, Irancell Iranian telecommunications Irancell and Ericsson perform their first 5G test in Tehran and announce that 5G would be available in Iran in 2020.[22] Iran
2017 November Infrastructure Federal Communications Commission The U.S. Federal Communications Commission makes available an additional 1700 MHz of high band spectrum for flexible terrestrial wireless use in the 24 GHz (24.25-24.45/24.74-25.25 GHz) and 47 GHz (47.2-48.2 GHz) bands.[6] United States
2017 Late year Network launch América Móvil Mexican telecommunications company América Móvil announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a 5G release.[22] Mexico
2017 December Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA 5G NR specifications.[1]
2017 December Testing KDDI, Samsung KDDI and Samsung in Japan complete a successful 5G demo on a train moving at over 100km/h.[6] Japan
2018 March Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.[1]
2018 May Network launch STC Group STC Group launches its first live 5G network in Saudi Arabia (The first in the MENA region) after completing the testing and trial phase.[43] Saudi Arabia
2018 May Testing NTT Docomo NTT Docomo achieves a 5G field trial at 28GHz, involving a 5G base station and a car travelling at around 293km/h.[6] Japan
2018 June Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA 5G NR specifications.[1]
2018 June Milestone (network launch) Elisa Finnish telecom operator Elisa launches the world’s first commercial 5G networks and starts selling subscriptions in Tampere and Tallinn.[44][45][46][47][48] Finland, Estonia
2018 June Network launch Vodafone Spain Vodafone Spain launches 5G trials in Madrid, Valencia, Seville, and Barcelona.[49] Spain
2018 June Research and development Smart Communications Filipino wireless communications provider Smart Communications announces the launch of 5G TehnoLab, their 5G innovation lab.[22] Philippines
2018 July Ericsson, Telefónica Telecom Ericsson and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a 5G data transfer of 27 Gbps in Bogotá.[22] Colombia
2018 July Network launch Ooredoo Doha–based Ooredoo announces launch of its 5G commercial network in Qatar. The company states it is waiting for manufacturers to produce 5G capable devices as these are not ready at the time.[6] Qatar
2018 September Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.[1]
2018 September Program launch FCC The United States Federal Communications Commission announces its 5G FAST Plan in an effort to advance the country’s position among the countries that have deployed 5G networks. Part of this plan includes spectrum auctions.[50] United States
2018 September Testing NTT Docomo NTT Docomo successfully achieves 25–27 Gbps download speeds in a 5G trial with Mitsubishi Electric.[22] Japan
2018 September Partnership Nokia, Turkcell Turkish mobile phone operator Turkcell announces an agreement with Nokia to develop 5G technologies.[22] Turkey
2018 October 1 Network launch Verizon Verizon launches new 5G fixed–wireless access (FWA) service, starting in certain neighbourhoods of Houston, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and Sacramento.[51] The company is the first to have a non-standards-based deployment, that is actually a fixed broadband network.[50] United States
2018 November Testing Samsung, Turkcell Turkish mobile phone operator Turkcell trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with Samsung in Istanbul.[22] Turkey
2018 November Infrastructure Smart Communications Smart Communications rolls out their first 5G cell sites in the Philippines.[22] Philippines
2018 November Testing Nokia, StarHub Singaporean telecommunications provider StarHub announces, in partnership with Nokia, the completion of their first outdoor pilot of 5G on the 3.5 GHz frequency band in Singapore.[22] Singapore
2018 November Partnership Ericsson, MTN Group South African mobile telecommunications company MTN Group partners with Ericsson to deploy a fixed wireless access 5G site in Midrand, South Africa.[22][52] South Africa
2018 November Infrastructure Telenor Norwegian Telenor launches three 5G base stations in Kongsberg.[22][53] Norway
2018 November 29 Testing NTT Docomo, Toyota NTT Docomo and Toyota announce having successfully controlled the Toyota-developed T-HR31 humanoid robot in trials using 5G under a test environment with control from a remote location (a distance of approximately 10 kilometers) using 5G in an area between two points.[54] Japan
2018 December Testing TeliaSonera, Ericsson, KTH Royal Institute of Technology TeliaSonera, Ericsson, and KTH Royal Institute of Technology launch 5G testbed in Stockholm.[49] Sweden
2018 December Network launch AT&T AT&T becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.[50] United States
2018 December Partnership Ericsson, Tigo Ericsson announces that telecommunications company Tigo has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."[22] Honduras
2018 December Testing Telia Company Telia Company opens its first 5G test network in Norway.[55][22] Norway
2018 December Research and development Nokia, Telefónica Germany Broadband telecom provider Telefónica Germany announces that, in collaboration with Nokia, they finished building their "Early 5G Innovation Cluster" in Berlin.[22][56] Germany
2019 February Milestone (technology) Hospital Clinic Barcelona A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.[57][58] Spain
2019 February Partnership Nokia, Saudi Telecom Company Nokia and Saudi Telecom Company sign deal for 5G network launch and early rollout of services in Saudi Arabia.[22][59] Saudi Arabia
2019 February Partnership Nokia, Telecom Egypt Telecom Egypt and Nokia agree to introduce a 5G network in Egypt.[60][22] Egypt
2019 March Product launch Global Mobile Suppliers Association The Global Mobile Suppliers Association releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.[61]
2019 March Partnership Huawei, U Mobile, ZTE Corporation, Maxis Communications Malaysian provider Maxis Communications, Huawei, U Mobile, and ZTE Corporation sign a memorandums of understanding to collaborate on 5G deployment in Malaysia.[22] Malaysia
2019 March Network launch Verizon Verizon activates its standards-based 5G network in Minneapolis and Chicago, before mobile 5G devices are available.[50] United States
2019 March 30 Network launch China Mobile Shanghai starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant China Mobile.[62][63] China
2019 April 3 Milestone (network launch) SK Telecom, KT, LG Uplus South Korea becomes the first country to adopt 5G when three companies launch the world's first nationwide 5G mobile.[49][64] The three main telecommunication companies (SK Telecom, KT and LG Uplus) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.[65] South Korea
2019 April 3 Network launch Verizon Just hours later of 5G launch in South Korea, Verizon launches its 5G services in the United States.[66] United States
2019 April 17 Network launch Ericsson, Swisscom Ericsson and Swisscom launch 5G network in in 54 cities and communities in Switzerland. It is the first commercial 5G in Europe.[49][49][67][68][69] Switzerland
2019 April Product launch Samsung Samsung announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.[70] South Korea
2019 May 16 Product launch Verizon Verizon begins selling Samsung Galaxy S10 5G.[50] United States
2019 May 24 Network launch Telstra Australian network operator Telstra launches limited 5G services in the country with a device that customers can use to connect other devices.[71] Australia
2019 May 30 Network launch EE Limited Mobile network operator EE Limited launches first 5G consumer mobile network in the United Kingdom in select locations in London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast, Birmingham and Manchester.[72][73][74][75] United Kingdom
2019 May 30 Network launch Etisalat Emirati multinational Etisalat launches 5G commercial service in the United Arab Emirates, along with ZTE 5G smartphone.[76][77][78] United Arab Emirates
2019 June 5 Network launch Batelco Batelco becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in Bahrain.[79][80][81] Bahrain
2019 June 5 Network launch Vodafone Vodafone launches 5G in Italy in five cities: Naples, Bologna, Milan, Turin, and Rome.[22][82] Italy
2019 June 6 Partnership Huawei Huawei signs a deal with Russian network provider MTS to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.[83][84][85] China, Russia
2019 June 15 Network launch Huawei, Vodafone Huawei and Vodafone roll out in collaboration the first commercial 5G mobile services in Spain, making it one of the first European countries with the ultrafast mobile network in Europe.[86][87] Spain
2019 June 19 Network launch STC Group STC Group becomes the first operator to launch 5G commercial services in Saudi Arabia, making it available to customers in a number of cities in the Kingdom.[88] The service uses Ericsson commercial hardware.[89][90] Saudi Arabia
2019 June 27 Network launch Ericsson, RCS & RDS Ericsson and Romanian operator RCS & RDS launch Romania’s first 5G commercial service in the busiest parts of Bucharest.[91] Romania
2019 June Userbase South Korea reaches over one million 5G subscribers.[92] South Korea
2019 June Infrastructure Qualcomm American tech company Qualcomm starts construction of a 5G center in Taipei.[93] 5G service is expected to be available in Taiwan by January 2020, according to Vice Premier Chen Chi-mai.[94] Taiwan
2019 Late June Userbase Over 1.6 million people are subscribed to 5G in South Korea, accounting for 77 per cent of the global population of 5G users. At the time, there are 14 times as many South Koreans using 5G as there are Americans.[95] South Korea
2019 July 9 Network launch Huawei, Monaco Telecom Monaco Telecom launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer.[96][97] The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by Huawei.[98][99][100] Monaco
2019 July 16 Network launch SK Telecom, Swisscom SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.[101][102][103] Switzerland
2019 July 16 Infrastructure Vodafone Vodafone activates its first 25 5G base stations in Germany.[22][104] Germany
2019 July 18 Product launch Verizon Verizon announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.[105][106]
2019 July 26 Infrastructure Telecom Italia, Vodafone Telecom Italia and Vodafone agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.[107][108] Italy
2019 July Testing Smart Axiata Cambodian telecommunications service provider Smart Axiata showcases the Cambodia's first 5G live trial.[22][109] Cambodia
2019 August 5 Product launch ZTE ZTE releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of Qualcomm’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.[110][111] China
2019 August 5 Network launch Ericsson, Vodafone Ericsson and Vodafone launch in Germany a commercial 5G network using Ericsson products and solutions, with their sights set on bringing 5G to 20 million people in the country by the end of 2021.[112] Germany
2019 August 6 Network launch AT&T AT&T rolls out limited 5G in parts of New York City, but only accessible to business customers and developers. As of date, AT&T lags behind Verizon, which offers 5G services in nine cities.[113][114][115][116] United States
2019 August 8 Network launch Ericsson, Tele2 Ericsson and Tele2 launch Russia's first 5G zone in central Moscow. Ericsson provides the equipment for the network, which is run by Tele2.[117][118][119] Russia
2019 August 13 Network launch Vodafone Vodafone launches 5G services in five Irish cities: Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford.[120] Ireland
2019 August Testing Zong 4G Pakistani mobile data network operator Zong 4G becomes the first company in Pakistan to test 5G services.[22] Pakistan
2019 September 1 Network launch Huawei Huawei deploys 5G In Russia.[121] Russia
2019 September 2 Partnership Iliad SA, Nokia French telecommunications provider Iliad SA announces partnership with Nokia as for 5G network deployments in France and Italy.[122][123][124] France, Italy
2019 September 3 Product launch Samsung Samsung announces the launch of its first SoC that integrates 5G connectivity. The device, called Exynos 980, combines a 5G modem and mobile application processor into one chip, thus increasing power efficiency and occupying less space within smartphones compared to older generation SoCs.[125][126][127][128]
2019 September 5 Network launch Verizon Verizon launches 5G in National Football League stadiums across the United States, with 13 expected to be live by the start of the 2019-20 football season. Attendees would still need to have a 5G compatible phone to access the 5G networks, which can download data 10 to 100 times faster than the average 4G LTE connection.[129][130][131][132][133] United States
2019 September 6 Product launch Qualcomm American company Qualcomm announces expansion of its 5G modems across its Snapdragon 8 series, 7 series and 6 series processors.[134][135] United States
2019 September 9 Public reception Several hundred people demonstrate in The Hague against the arrival of 5G mobile phone networks in the Netherlands, and call for the government to reduce the level of permitted radiation from the new generation mobile phones, improve privacy regulations and assess the effect on the climate.[136] Netherlands
2019 September 9 Partnership Samsung, SK Telecom Samsung announces partnership with SK Telecom to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.[137][138] South Korea
2019 September 10 Partnership NTT Docomo, Omron, Nokia NTT Docomo announces agreement with Omron and Nokia Networks to collaborate in trials of 5G mobile communication technology inside factories, "with the aim of significantly enhancing future manufacturing productivity". [139] Japan
2019 September 16 Acquisition Qualcomm Qualcomm announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between TDK and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.[140][141][142][143]
2019 September 18 Network launch Rain South African data-only operator Rain launches a commercial 5G wireless home broadband service in parts of Johannesburg and Tshwane, the first 5G network in the country.[144][145][146] South Africa
2019 September 19 Product launch Huawei Huawei launches a new 5G flagship smartphone lineup without pre-installed Google-licensed apps.[147][148] China
2019 September Network launch NTT Docomo NTT Docomo launches pre-commercial 5G services.[22] Japan
2019 September Network launch Deutsche Telekom Deutsche Telekom rolls out 5G in Germany in Berlin, Darmstadt, Munich, Bonn, and Cologne.[22][149] Germany
2019 October 8 Partnership Ericsson, Telia Ericsson is selected by service provider Telia as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.[150][151] Norway
2019 October 11 Network launch BT Mobile BT Mobile launches 5G services in the United Kingdom, in 20 cities.[22] United Kingdom
2019 October Network launch Eir Irish broadband telecommunications company Eir launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.[152] Ireland
2019 October Testing VEON VEON launches a 5G trial on a live network in Kazakhstan.[22][153] Kazakhstan
2019 November 1 Network launch China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom China state carriers China Mobile (CHL), China Telecom (CHA) and China Unicom (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.[154][155][156] China
2019 November 11 Partnership Zain Group, Ericsson Kuwaiti mobile telecommunications company Zain Group announces having selected Ericsson to build its 5G network in Bahrain, with the first commercial 5G services expected to go live before the end of 2019.[157] Bahrain
2019 November 14 Partnership Ericsson, MTN South Africa MTN South Africa selects Ericsson as a 5G network modernization vendor. Ericsson would supply 5G products and solutions from its Radio Access Network (RAN), transport and Core portfolios, with commercial rollout expected to start in 2020.[158] South Africa
2019 November 15 Technology Samsung, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Openet Samsung Electronics, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and software vendor Openet announce the successful integration of a cloud-native 5G standalone (SA) Core with multivendor interoperability. The test features the integration of Samsung’s control, user plane network function, and orchestrator with HPE’s shared data environment and network functions, and Openet’s cloud-native network functions software. A 5G SA core would allow operators to offer many of the new services considered paramount to 5G, including network slicing, mobile edge computing, analytics driven by artificial intelligence, and ultra-low latency networks.[159][160][161] South Korea
2019 November 19 Network launch Verizon Verizon ads 5G network to Boston, Houston and Sioux Falls, bringing the total number of cities with the carrier’s next-generation network to 18.[162] United States
2019 November 20 Network launch EE Limited EE Limited announces having switched on 5G technology in 14 new cities and towns across the United Kingdom, adding the service to Castlereagh, Guildford, Hamilton, Harlow, Hoddesdon, Kimberley, Lisburn, Maidstone, Sydenham, Watford and Wolverhampton, as well as Liverpool, Glasgow and Huddersfield.[163] United Kingdom
2019 November 21 Infrastructure As of date, China has 113,000 5G base stations.[164] China
2019 December 3 Network launch T-Mobile T-Mobile announces the launch of its nationwide 5G network in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country.[165] The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles.[166] United States
2019 December 10 Milestone (technology) Ericsson Australian telecommunications company Optus claims to have made the world’s first 5G data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in Sydney using kit from Ericsson. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.[167] Australia
2019 December 11 Partnership Nokia Nokia announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless LTE to industrial and government customers in Japan. These five Nokia partners span multiple segments, including NS Solutions for factory IoT, Marubeni for global IoT, Internet Initiative Japan for Full MVNO, Equinix for multi-cloud and global data centers, and Hitachi Kokusai Electric.[168] Japan
2019 December 11 Research and development SK Telecom, Samsung Heavy Industries South Korean SK Telecom and Samsung Heavy Industries announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based Lidar, a cloud-based IoT platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.[169] South Korea
2019 December 11 Network launch Deutsche Telekom Deutsche Telekom launches commercial 5G services in Hamburg.[170] Germany
2019 December Userbase Chinese 5G smartphone users are reported to outperform South Korean users, following 5G commercial launch in November in China.[4] China
2020 January 16 Infrastructure Galaxy Space 227-kilogram Yinhe–1 (Galaxy-1) technology verification satellite for Beijing-based communications satellite producer Galaxy Space launches. It is the first private 5G low-orbit broadband satellite China successfully puts in orbit.[171][172] China
2020 January 17 Testing ZTE Corporation, MTN Uganda ZTE Corporation and MTN Uganda successfully roll out 5G technology trial in Uganda, which becomes the first country in East Africa to adopt 5G technology.[173][174] Uganda
2020 January 29 The European Commission issues its guidance on 5G and the role that "high-risk" vendors should play in networks. The non-binding EC recommendations call on member states to strengthen security requirements, assess the risk of suppliers, restrict suppliers considered to be high-risk, reveal exclusions for key assets considered as critical (such as the core network), set up a legal or regulatory framework to control the use of outsourced suppliers, and ensure governments get audit telecoms operators to provide detailed data on sourcing of 5G equipment.[175]
2020 January Research and development Ericsson Ericsson announces a new R&D site in France with up to 300 employees. The site would focus initially on 5G software development and security.[176][177][178] France
2020 February 12 Policy Swiss Government Switzerland places an indefinite moratorium on the rollout of 5G over health concerns.[179] Switzerland
2020 February 17 Education Nokia Nokia launches a 5G certification program with the purpose to train and certify business and technology professionals at communications service providers and enterprises.[180][181]
2020 June Network launch Viettel Vietnamese telecommunication company Viettel plans to launch commercial 5G mobile services by this time.[22][182] Vietnam
2020 July Network launch NTT Docomo NTT Docomo plans to have 5G base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.[183] Japan
2021 Spring Network launch NTT Docomo NTT Docomo plans to reach a total of 10,000 5G base stations by this time.[183] Japan
2023 Network launch China Tower State-owned telecommunication provider China Tower expects to reach 5G national coverage by this year.[5] China
2024 Userbase 5G subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from GlobalData. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.[184][185]
2024 A new study finds that total operator-billed revenue from 5G IoT connections would reach US$8 billion by this year.[186]

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References

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