Difference between revisions of "Timeline of 5G"

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This is a '''timeline of {{w|5G}}''', the fifth generation {{w|cellular network}} technology.
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This is a '''timeline of {{w|5G}}''', the fifth generation of {{w|cellular network}} technology.
  
 
== Sample questions ==
 
== Sample questions ==
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** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Network standard".
 
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Network standard".
 
** You will see a list of standards approved by {{w|3GPP}}, the {{w|standards organization}} that develops protocols for {{w|mobile telephony}}.
 
** You will see a list of standards approved by {{w|3GPP}}, the {{w|standards organization}} that develops protocols for {{w|mobile telephony}}.
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* What are some significant events related to spectrum use for {{w|5G}}?
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** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Spectrum use".
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** You will see information on a variety of frequencies, including {{w|millimetre wave}} and sub-6GHz.
 
* What are some of the many {{w|5G}} tests and trials conducted around the world?
 
* What are some of the many {{w|5G}} tests and trials conducted around the world?
 
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Testing".
 
** Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Testing".
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{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! Key year !! Development summary
 
! Key year !! Development summary
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|-
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| 2011 || The first studies considering {{w|millimeter wave}} as a key component for cellular 5G networks appear around this time.<ref name="arxiv.orgs"/>
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|-
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| 2012 || {{w|5G}} research is conducted in countries like {{w|Japan}}, the {{w|United States}}, and the {{w|United Kingdom}}.
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|-
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| 2013 || In Japan, {{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} leads {{w|5G}} research. {{w|Samsung}} in {{w|South Korea}} announces development of the technology. {{w|India}} and {{w|Israel}} start a program. Chinese companies, including {{w|Huawei}}, start research on {{w|5G}}.
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|-
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| 2014 || {{w|Japan}} establishes its 5G Mobile Forum. A 5G mobile strategy starts in {{w|South Korea}}. The European Commission earmarks €700 million for 5G research starting in this year.<ref>{{cite web |title=Mobile World Congress to show why Europe is the world’s 5G laggard |url=https://www.politico.eu/article/mobile-world-congress-mwc-5g-europe-china-us-telecommunications-network/ |website=politico.eu |accessdate=17 March 2020}}</ref>
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|-
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| 2015 || Some consider the road to 5G having begun in this year, with the {{w|International Telecommunication Union}}’s IMT-2020 framework, which sets out the general requirements and future development of the next-generation mobile technology.<ref name="How 5G will transform business">{{cite web |title=How 5G will transform business |url=http://www.mcrinc.com/Documents/Newsletters/201904_5G.pdf |website=mcrinc.com |accessdate=17 March 2020}}</ref> {{w|Huawei}} demonstrates the world’s first 5G testbed working on sub-6 GHz frequency band.
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|-
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| 2016 || Vast amounts of {{w|bandwidth}} in underused high-band spectrum are freed in the {{w|United States}} for 5G. Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials. The {{w|European Union}} adopts its action plan with the objective of launching 5G services in all 28 member states by the end of 2020.<ref>{{cite web |title=Will 2020 be the year of 5G technology? Euronews explains |url=https://www.euronews.com/2019/12/30/what-is-5g-and-should-you-be-concerned-euronews-explains |website=euronews.com |accessdate=17 March 2020}}</ref> {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|NTT Docomo}}, and {{w|Ericsson}} among others, lead {{w|5G}} research.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2017 || 77 operators in 49 countries complete {{w|5G}} trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of {{w|5G NR}} specifications are approved by {{w|3GPP}}.<ref name="ddss"/>
 
| 2017 || 77 operators in 49 countries complete {{w|5G}} trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of {{w|5G NR}} specifications are approved by {{w|3GPP}}.<ref name="ddss"/>
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| {{w|China}} || China is considered to be a leading country in telecommunications, as Japan was when it pioneered {{w|3G}} in the early 2000s, and the {{w|United States}} in 2011 when the country dominated the launch of {{w|4G}}. As of December 2019, China has the largest {{w|5G}} userbase in the world.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means">{{cite web |title=China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means |url=https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612617/china-is-racing-ahead-in-5g-heres-what-it-means/ |website=technologyreview.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/> 5G deployment is strongly backed by the government. {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Unicom}}, and {{w|China Telecom}} are major {{w|5G}} network players.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/>  
 
| {{w|China}} || China is considered to be a leading country in telecommunications, as Japan was when it pioneered {{w|3G}} in the early 2000s, and the {{w|United States}} in 2011 when the country dominated the launch of {{w|4G}}. As of December 2019, China has the largest {{w|5G}} userbase in the world.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means">{{cite web |title=China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means |url=https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612617/china-is-racing-ahead-in-5g-heres-what-it-means/ |website=technologyreview.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/> 5G deployment is strongly backed by the government. {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Unicom}}, and {{w|China Telecom}} are major {{w|5G}} network players.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/>  
 
|-
 
|-
| {{w|United States}} || The {{w|United States}} is considered to be a well advanced country in terms of {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> It is the leader in spectrum efficiency, permitting the repurposing of broadcast spectrum for {{w|broadband}}.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First"/> {{w|AT&T}}, {{w|Verizon}}, {{w|Sprint Corporation}}, and {{w|T-Mobile US}} are important players in this country.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/>
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| {{w|United States}} || The {{w|United States}} is considered to be a well advanced country in terms of {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> It is the leader in spectrum efficiency, permitting the repurposing of broadcast spectrum for {{w|broadband}}.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First"/> {{w|AT&T}}, {{w|Verizon}}, {{w|Sprint Corporation}}, and {{w|T-Mobile US}} are important players in this country.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> US carriers prefer using midband and millimeter wave spectrum for 5G from the outset.<ref name="Europe's 5G difference: Unlimited data without a big surcharge">{{cite web |title=Europe's 5G difference: Unlimited data without a big surcharge |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/5g-in-europe-after-the-big-switch-on-its-game-on-for-the-networks/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref>
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|-
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| {{w|Europe}} || Europe's adoption of 5G is only months behind the United States. The focus in this region is almost entirely on using midband, which brings slightly slower speeds than millimeter wave used in the US, but which works over long distances.<ref name="Europe's 5G difference: Unlimited data without a big surcharge"/>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| {{w|Japan}} || Japan is considered to be among the top 5G network developers. {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|SoftBank}}, and {{w|KDDI}} stand among the top players developing {{w|5G}} in the country.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First"/>     
 
| {{w|Japan}} || Japan is considered to be among the top 5G network developers. {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|SoftBank}}, and {{w|KDDI}} stand among the top players developing {{w|5G}} in the country.<ref name="The Top Countries Most Likely to Launch 5G First"/>     
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| 1998<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>–onwards || {{w|3G}} || 2100 MHz<ref name="zseries.ins"/> || 2 Mbps on stationary or non-moving devices and 384 Kbps on devices in moving vehicles<ref name="lifewire.coms"/><ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/> || Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/worlds-first-3g-phone-network-goes-live/|title=World's first 3G phone network goes live|last=Charny|first=Ben|date=2001-10-01|website=ZDNet|language=en|archive-date=2001-10-01|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.theregister.co.uk/2001/10/01/worlds_first_3g_network_live/|title=World's first 3G network live today|last=McCarthy|first=Kieren|date=2001-10-01|website=theregister.co.uk|language=en|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.itu.int/itunews/issue/2003/06/thirdgeneration.html|title=THE EVOLUTION TO 3G MOBILE — STATUS REPORT|date=2003-07-29|website=itu.int|access-date=12 December 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1572372.stm|title=First 3G mobiles launched in Japan|date=2001-10-01|access-date=12 December 2019|language=en-GB}}</ref>
 
| 1998<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>–onwards || {{w|3G}} || 2100 MHz<ref name="zseries.ins"/> || 2 Mbps on stationary or non-moving devices and 384 Kbps on devices in moving vehicles<ref name="lifewire.coms"/><ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/> || Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/worlds-first-3g-phone-network-goes-live/|title=World's first 3G phone network goes live|last=Charny|first=Ben|date=2001-10-01|website=ZDNet|language=en|archive-date=2001-10-01|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.theregister.co.uk/2001/10/01/worlds_first_3g_network_live/|title=World's first 3G network live today|last=McCarthy|first=Kieren|date=2001-10-01|website=theregister.co.uk|language=en|access-date=2019-08-16}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.itu.int/itunews/issue/2003/06/thirdgeneration.html|title=THE EVOLUTION TO 3G MOBILE — STATUS REPORT|date=2003-07-29|website=itu.int|access-date=12 December 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/1572372.stm|title=First 3G mobiles launched in Japan|date=2001-10-01|access-date=12 December 2019|language=en-GB}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
| 2009–onwards || {{w|4G}} || 600 [[w:Hertz|MHz]]–2.5 [[w:Hertz|GHz]]<ref name="sdd"/> || Maximum 400 Mbps<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/> || 500 times faster than {{w|3G}}<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>, the fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology starts with the first-release {{w|Long Term Evolution}} (LTE) standard commercially deployed in {{w|Oslo}} and {{w|Stockholm}} in 2009.
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| 2009–onwards || {{w|4G}} || 600 [[w:Hertz|MHz]]–2.5 [[w:Hertz|GHz]]<ref name="sdd"/> || Maximum 400 Mbps<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/> || 500 times faster than {{w|3G}}<ref name="What is the difference between 3G, 4G and 5G?"/>, the fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology starts with the first-release {{w|Long Term Evolution}} (LTE) standard commercially deployed in {{w|Oslo}} and {{w|Stockholm}} in 2009. Instead of replacing, {{w|5G}} is building on 4G LTE, using updated radios and software.<ref>{{cite web |title=No, 5G isn't going to make your 4G LTE phone obsolete |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/no-5g-isnt-going-to-make-your-4g-lte-phone-obsolete/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || {{w|5G}} || Enables about 28 [[w:Hertz|GHz]]<ref name="sdd"/> || Maximum in the theoretical range 10 Gbps<ref name="What Is 5G, and How Fast Will It Be?">{{cite web |title=What Is 5G, and How Fast Will It Be? |url=https://www.howtogeek.com/340002/what-is-5g-and-how-fast-will-it-be/ |website=howtogeek.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref>–20 Gbps<ref name="lifewire.coms"/> || 5G is first deployed in {{w|South Korea}} on a national basis.  
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| 2019 || {{w|5G}} || Enables about 28 [[w:Hertz|GHz]]<ref name="sdd"/> || Maximum in the theoretical range 10 Gbps<ref name="What Is 5G, and How Fast Will It Be?">{{cite web |title=What Is 5G, and How Fast Will It Be? |url=https://www.howtogeek.com/340002/what-is-5g-and-how-fast-will-it-be/ |website=howtogeek.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref>–20 Gbps<ref name="lifewire.coms"/> || 5G is first deployed in {{w|South Korea}} on a national basis. Many elements of {{w|5G}} technology is built on {{w|4G}} networks, rather than representing a complete departure of the generation.<ref>{{cite web |title=The road to 5G: The inevitable growth of infrastructure cost |url=https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/technology-media-and-telecommunications/our-insights/the-road-to-5g-the-inevitable-growth-of-infrastructure-cost |website=mckinsey.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> In most cases, 5G has built on 4G deployment.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment">{{cite web |title=Encouraging 5G Investment |url=https://assets.kpmg/content/dam/kpmg/uk/pdf/2019/12/encouraging-5g-investment.pdf |website=assets.kpmg |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 2030 || {{w|6G}} || ? || 1 Tbps?<ref name="6G">{{cite web |title=6G: SPEEDS COULD INCREASE UP TO 1 TB/S, 8000 TIMES THE SPEED OF 5G |url=https://www.gizchina.com/2020/01/31/6g-speeds-could-increase-up-to-1-tb-s-8000-times-the-speed-of-5g/ |website=gizchina.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|NTT Docomo}} aims to launch {{w|6G}} on a commercial basis by 2030.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO Releases White Paper Promoting 6G Communication System |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2020/0124_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=24 January 2020}}</ref> {{w|China}} has already two working groups overseeing research around 6G.<ref name="6G"/>   
 
| 2030 || {{w|6G}} || ? || 1 Tbps?<ref name="6G">{{cite web |title=6G: SPEEDS COULD INCREASE UP TO 1 TB/S, 8000 TIMES THE SPEED OF 5G |url=https://www.gizchina.com/2020/01/31/6g-speeds-could-increase-up-to-1-tb-s-8000-times-the-speed-of-5g/ |website=gizchina.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|NTT Docomo}} aims to launch {{w|6G}} on a commercial basis by 2030.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO Releases White Paper Promoting 6G Communication System |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2020/0124_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=24 January 2020}}</ref> {{w|China}} has already two working groups overseeing research around 6G.<ref name="6G"/>   
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{| class="sortable wikitable"
 
{| class="sortable wikitable"
! Year !! Month and date !! Event type !! Organization || Details !! Country/location
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! Year !! Month and date !! Event type !! Organization !! Frequency range (when aplicable) !! Details !! Country/location
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|-
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| 2008 || April || Partnership || {{w|NASA}}, [[w:M2Mi Corporation|Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp]] || || {{w|NASA}} partners with Geoff Brown and [[w:M2Mi Corporation|Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp]] to develop 5G communications technology.<ref name="NASA Ames Partners with M2Mi for small satellite development">{{cite web|url=https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/apr/HQ_08107_Ames_nanosat.html|title=NASA - NASA Ames Partners With M2MI For Small Satellite Development|last=jim|website=nasa.gov}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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|-
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| 2010 || || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} starts studying and experimenting with {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World">{{cite web |title=5G Availability Around the World |url=https://www.lifewire.com/5g-availability-world-4156244 |website=lifewire.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
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|-
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| 2011 || || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || The first studies considering millimeter wave as a key component for cellular 5G networks appeared around this time.<ref name="arxiv.orgs">{{cite web |title=Where, When, and How mmWave is Used in 5G and Beyond |website=arxiv.org |accessdate=17 March 2020}}</ref> ||
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|-
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| 2012 || August || {{w|Research and development}} || [[w:NYU Wireless|NYU WIRELESS]] || || {{w|New York University}} founds [[w:NYU Wireless|NYU WIRELESS]], a multi-disciplinary academic research center that would conduct pioneering work in {{w|5G}} wireless communications.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://nyuwireless.com/ |title=The world's first academic research center combining Wireless, Computing, and Medical Applications |publisher=Nyu Wireless |date=2014-06-20 |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fiercewireless.com/tech/special-reports/nyu-wireless-rappaport-envisions-5g-millimeter-wave-future |title=NYU Wireless' Rappaport envisions a 5G, millimeter-wave future - FierceWirelessTech |publisher=Fiercewireless.com |date=2014-01-13 |accessdate=6 August 2019 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160303230738/http://www.fiercewireless.com/tech/special-reports/nyu-wireless-rappaport-envisions-5g-millimeter-wave-future |archivedate=2016-03-03 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last=Alleven |first=Monica |url=http://www.fiercewireless.com/tech/story/nyu-wireless-says-us-falling-behind-5g-presses-fcc-act-now-mmwave-spectrum/2015-01-14 |title=NYU Wireless says U.S. falling behind in 5G, presses FCC to act now on mmWave spectrum |publisher=Fiercewireless.com |date=2015-01-14 |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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|-
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| 2012 || October 8 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|University of Surrey}} || || The UK's {{w|University of Surrey}} secures £35million for a new 5G research center, jointly funded by the British government's UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF) and a consortium of key international mobile operators and infrastructure providers, including {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Telefonica}} Europe, {{w|Fujitsu}} Laboratories Europe, {{w|Rohde & Schwarz}}, and {{w|Aircom International}}. It aims at offering testing facilities to mobile operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum while delivering speeds faster than current 4G with aspirations for the new technology to be ready within a decade.<ref name="BBC video UOS research centre">{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01nhbzw|title=BBC Click Programme - Kenya|publisher=[[w:BBC News (TV channel)|BBC News Channel]]|first=Spencer|last=Kelly|quote=Some of the world biggest telecoms firms have joined forces with the UK government to fund a new 5G research center. The facility, to be based at the University of Surrey, will offer testing facilities to operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum, while delivering faster speeds than current 4G technology that's been launched in around 100 countries, including several British cities. They say the new tech could be ready within a decade.|date=13 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref name="UOS new 5G centre">{{cite web|url=http://www2.surrey.ac.uk/mediacentre/press/2012/90791_the_university_of_surrey_secures_35m_for_new_5g_research_centre.htm|title=The University Of Surrey Secures £35M For New 5G Research Centre|publisher=University of Surrey|date=8 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121014002455/http://surrey.ac.uk/mediacentre/press/2012/90791_the_university_of_surrey_secures_35m_for_new_5g_research_centre.htm|archive-date=14 October 2012|dead-url=yes|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name="BBC text UOS research centre">{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-19871065|title=5G research centre gets major funding grant|work={{w|BBC News}}|publisher={{w|BBC News Online}}|date=8 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref name="Telegraph 5G centre">{{cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/mobile-phones/9595641/Britain-aims-to-join-mobile-broadband-leaders-with-35m-5G-research-centre.html|title=Britain aims to join mobile broadband leaders with £35m '5G' research centre|first=Alice|last=Philipson|publisher={{w|Telegraph Media Group}}|newspaper={{w|The Daily Telegraph}}|date=9 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019|location=London}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
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|-
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| 2012 || November 1 || Program launch || || || The EU project "Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for the Twenty-twenty Information Society" (METIS) starts its activity towards the definition of {{w|5G}}. METIS achieves an early global consensus on these systems. In this sense, METIS plays an important role of building consensus among other external major stakeholders prior to global standardization activities. This is done by initiating and addressing work in relevant global fora (e.g. ITU-R), as well as in national and regional regulatory bodies.<ref name="METIS presentation">{{cite web|url=https://www.metis2020.com/wp-content/uploads/deliverables/METIS_project_presentation_public_Old.pdf|title=METIS projet presentation|date=November 2012|access-date=2014-02-14|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140222211609/https://www.metis2020.com/wp-content/uploads/deliverables/METIS_project_presentation_public_Old.pdf|archive-date=2014-02-22|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref> || {{w|European Union}}
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|-
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| 2012 || November || Program launch || || || The iJOIN EU project is launched, focusing on "{{w|small cell}}" technology, which is of key importance for taking advantage of limited and strategic resources, such as the {{w|radio wave}} {{w|spectrum}}. According to {{w|Günther Oettinger}}, the European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society (2014–2019), "an innovative utilization of spectrum" is one of the key factors at the heart of 5G success. Oettinger further describes it as "the essential resource for the wireless connectivity of which 5G will be the main driver".<ref name="Speech at Mobile World Congress: The Road to 5G">{{cite web|url=http://ec.europa.eu/commission/content/speech-mobile-world-congress-road-5g-0_en|title=Speech at Mobile World Congress: The Road to 5G|date=March 2015|access-date=6 August 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151110001439/https://ec.europa.eu/commission/content/speech-mobile-world-congress-road-5g-0_en|archive-date=2015-11-10|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref> || {{w|European Union}}
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|-
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| 2012 || || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} starts working on a real-time 5G system simulator.<ref name="Rodriguez">{{cite journal |last1=Morgado |first1=António |last2=Saidul Huq |first2=Kazi Mohammed |last3=Mumtaz |first3=Shahid |last4=Rodriguez |first4=Jonathan |title=A survey of 5G technologies: regulatory, standardization and industrial perspectives |doi=10.1016/j.dcan.2017.09.010 |url=https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352864817302584 |accessdate=17 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
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|-
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| 2012 || Late year || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || 11 GHz || {{w|NTT Docomo}} performs 5G uplink field trials using a base station and 2 mobile terminals in an outdoor environment, and each user obtains an uplink data rate of 10 Gbps with a 400 MHz bandwidth in the 11 GHz band, using 8 transmiting and 16 receiving antennas.<ref name="Rodriguez"/> || {{w|Japan}}
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|-
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| 2013 || May 12 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Samsung}} || || {{w|Samsung Electronics}} announces development of a "5G" system. The core technology has a maximum speed of tens of Gbit/s (gigabits per second). In testing, the transfer speeds for the "5G" network sends data at 1.056&nbsp;Gbit/s to a distance of up to 2 kilometers with the use of an 8*8 MIMO.<ref name="Samsung new tech dev">{{cite web|url=http://news.naver.com/main/ranking/read.nhn?mid=etc&sid1=111&date=20130512&rankingSectionId=105&rankingType=popular_day&rankingSeq=1&oid=001&aid=0006254810|title=삼성전자, 5세대 이동통신 핵심기술 세계 최초 개발|date=12 May 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref name="5G Is Already Ridiculously Fast">{{cite web|url=https://www.metis2020.com/documents/presentations/|title=General METIS presentations available for public|access-date=6 August 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140222210530/https://www.metis2020.com/documents/presentations/|archive-date=2014-02-22|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
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|-
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| 2013 || July || Partnership || || || {{w|India}} and {{w|Israel}} agree to work jointly on development of fifth generation (5G) telecom technologies.<ref name="India+Israel dev 5G">{{cite news|url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/tech/tech-news/internet/India-Israel-to-jointly-work-for-development-of-5G-technology/articleshow/21313938.cms|title=India and Israel have agreed to work jointly on development of 5G|date=25 July 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019|work={{w|The Times Of India}}}}</ref> || {{w|India}}, {{w|Israel}}
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|-
 +
| 2013 || October 1 || Recognition || {{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} || || NTT ({{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}}) wins Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Award at {{w|CEATEC}} for its {{w|5G}} {{w|R&D}} efforts.<ref name="DoCoMo win 5G Award">{{cite web|url=http://wirelesswatch.jp/2013/10/03/docomo-wins-ceatec-award-for-5g/|title=DoCoMo Wins CEATEC Award for 5G|date=3 October 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2013 || November 6 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Huawei}} || || {{w|Huawei}} announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into {{w|R&D}} for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.<ref name="Huawei plans $600m investment in 5G">{{cite news|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/huawei-plans-600m-investment-in-10gbps-5g-network-8924124.html|title=Huawei plans $600m investment in 10Gbps 5G network |date=6 November 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019|location=London|work=The Independent|first=Jochan|last=Embley}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2013 || || {{w|Research and development}} || || || Chinese companies begin conducting research on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2013 || Organization || || {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}}, {{w|National Development and Reform Commission}} || || {{w|China}}'s {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}} and the {{w|National Development and Reform Commission}} establish the IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group, which includes nearly 60 industry experts. The group is aimed at working to promote 5G research.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2014 || January || Program launch || {{w|Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning}} || || The South Korean {{w|Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning}} and the public-private partnership, 5G Forum, define their 5G mobile strategy. For that purpose, the Government allocates US$1.5 billion.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|South Korea}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2014 || September || Program launch || {{w|Japanese Government}} || || Japan establishes its 5G Mobile Forum.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2015 || March || Notable report || {{w|Next Generation Mobile Networks}} || || The {{w|Next Generation Mobile Networks}} (NGMN) alliance publishes its {{w|5G}} {{w|White Paper}}, a set of operator requirements intended to guide the development of future technology platforms and related standards.<ref name="5G White Paper">{{cite web |title=5G White Paper |url=https://www.ngmn.org/work-programme/5g-white-paper.html |website=ngmn.org |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2015 || July || Technology || {{w|Huawei}} || Sub-6 GHz || The Mobile World Congress Shanghai 2015 is held. {{w|Huawei}} demonstrates the world’s first 5G testbed working on sub-6 GHz frequency band.<ref name="5G in the sub-6 GHz spectrum bands"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2015 || || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Huawei}} || Sub-6 GHz || {{w|Huawei}} proposes bands blow 6 GHz as the primary working frequency of {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5G in the sub-6 GHz spectrum bands">{{cite web |title=5G in the sub-6 GHz spectrum bands |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20160815/fundamentals/5g-sub-6ghz-tag31-tag99 |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=17 March 2020}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || January || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}} || Sub-6GHz (3 GHz – 3.6 GHz) || {{w|China}}'s {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}} officially reserves 3-3.6 GHz for {{w|5G}}. 3.3-3.4 GHz is limited to indoor use.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || May 24 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Nokia}} || || In a trial jointly conducted with {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|NTT Docomo}} announces having achieved the world's first wireless real-time transmission of 8K video deploying radio access technology for 5G mobile communications systems.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Nokia Achieves World's First Real Time 8K Video Transmission Using 5G Radio Access Technology |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0524_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || June 13 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Ericsson}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} and {{w|Ericsson}} announce successful completion of a joint {{w|Proof of Concept}} (PoC) of dynamic network slicing technology for {{w|5G}} core networks. {{w|NTT Docomo}} is responsible the network slice creation and selection functions, and Ericsson developed technologies to perform network slice lifecycle and service management.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Ericsson Perform Successful Proof of Concept of Dynamic 5G Network Slicing |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0613_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=25 January 2020}}</ref> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || June || Technology || {{w|Qualcomm}} || Sub-6 GHz || {{w|Qualcomm}} announces a 5G New Radio prototype system and trial platform. The 5G NR prototype system operates in the sub-6 GHz spectrum bands and is utilized to showcase the company’s 5G designs to efficiently achieve multigigabit per second data rates and low latency.<ref name="5G in the sub-6 GHz spectrum bands"/> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || July || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || The United States {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} (FCC) frees up vast amounts of {{w|bandwidth}} in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://wireless.engineering.nyu.edu/fcc-spectrum-frontier-proposal-updated/|title=FCC Spectrum Frontier Proposal {{!}} NYU WIRELESS|date=2016-07-15|work=NYU WIRELESS|access-date=2017-05-18}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || || Testing || {{w|AT&T}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|AT&T}} starts conducting 5G field trials with millimeter wave spectrum.<ref name="ddss">{{cite web |title=The 5G era in the US |url=https://www.gsmaintelligence.com/research/?file=4cbbdb475f24b3c5f5a93a2796a4aa28&download |website=gsmaintelligence.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || || Testing || || || Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || || The U.S. {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} announces a US$400 million funding dedicated to research on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu">{{cite web |title=USA, Japan, South Korea and China are the leading countries in terms of 5G readiness. A number of Gulf countries claim to have launched 5G mid-2018. |url=https://5gobservatory.eu/5g-trial/major-international-5g-trials-and-pilots/#1535642860743-279857b2-8e18 |website=5gobservatory.eu |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2016 || Second half || Testing || {{w|China Mobile}} || || {{w|China Mobile}} starts to conduct 5G trials.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || January || Testing || {{w|Turkcell}} || 15GHz<ref>{{cite web |title=Turkcell and Ericsson hit 25 Gbps in 5G test |url=https://telecoms.com/478889/turkcell-and-ericsson-hit-25-gbps-in-5g-test/ |website=telecoms.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Turkcell}}, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with {{w|Ericsson}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || January || || {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}} || || The {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}} in the {{w|People's Republic of China}} publishes a report on “Development Planning for Information and Communication Industry (2016-2020) in which it sets the objective of becoming one of the Global leaders of 5G.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || February || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || South Korean {{w|Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute}} achieves the world first {{w|millimeter wave}} prototype system demonstrated in a running subway train with a peak data rate of 1.25 Gbps.<ref name="arxiv.orgs"/> || {{w|South Korea}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || March 10 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Mobitel}} || || Sri Lankan National Mobile Service Provider {{w|Mobitel}} partners with {{w|Ericsson}} with the signing of the 5G Island of Innovation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to bring 5G to Sri Lanka.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Mobitel & Ministry of Telecommunication and Digital Infrastructure partners with Ericsson for the first 5G Island of Innovation in South Asia |url=https://www.mobitel.lk/press-releases/mobitel-ministry-telecommunication-and-digital-infrastructure-partners-ericsson-first |website=mobitel.lk |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Sri Lanka}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || March || Testing || {{w|Telenor}}, {{w|Huawei}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] (71-76 GHz/81-86 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=Telenor and Huawei successfully test 5G technology in Norway |url=http://tvi.com.pk/telenor-and-huawei-successfully-test-5g-technology-in-norway/ |website=tvi.com.pk/ |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || Norwegian telecommunications provider {{w|Telenor}} jointly with {{w|Huawei}} successfully test {{w|5G}} in {{w|Norway}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=The first steps towards 5G in Norway |url=https://www.telenor.com/the-first-steps-towards-5g-in-norway/ |website=telenor.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || May || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)}}, {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC}}, [[w:Zain Group (Zain)|Zain]] || 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 1800 MHz|| The Saudi [[w:Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)|Communications and Information Technology Commission]] awards 160 MHz of additional IMT spectrum in 700 MHz, 800 MHz, and 1800 MHz bands to mobile operators {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC}} and [[w:Zain Group (Zain)|Zain]].<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || July || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Chinese Government}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || China approves 24.75-27.5 GHz and 37-42.5 GHz trials in the {{w|millimeter wave}} frequencies.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || August || || Telecom Regulatory Authority of India || || The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a {{w|PDF}}[https://main.trai.gov.in/sites/default/files/presentations_&_cv/Day-2_24Aug2017/Session3_spectrum%20Plg/5G%20spectrum%20stratergy_Bharat%20Bhatia.pdf] that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|India}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || August || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Softbank}} || Sub-6GHz (4.5 GHz) || {{w|Softbank}} and {{w|Ericsson}} in Japan perform {{w|5G}} trials using 4.5 GHz frequencies.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || September || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Irancell}} || || Iranian telecommunications {{w|Irancell}} and {{w|Ericsson}} perform their first {{w|5G}} test in {{w|Tehran}} and announce that 5G would be available in Iran in 2020.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Iran}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || September || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|KDDI}} || Sub-6GHz (4.5 GHz) || Starting in September 2017 to March 2018, Japanese telecommunications operator {{w|KDDI}} and {{w|Ericsson}} test a {{w|proof of concept}} in the 4.5 GHz frequency band in a many cities across Japan.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || October || Program launch || {{w|Chinese government}} || || The {{w|Chinese government}} launches its third phase of {{w|5G}} technology research and development tests, with aims at getting pre-commercial products ready for when the first version of 5G standard comes out.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || October || Technology || {{w|SoftBank Group}}, {{w|ZTE}} || || Along with Chinese multinational {{w|ZTE}}, Japanese conglomerate {{w|SoftBank Group}} achieves DL speeds of 956 Mbps in {{w|Nagasaki}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || 24 GHz, 48.2 GHz || The U.S. {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} makes available an additional 1700 MHz of high band spectrum for flexible terrestrial wireless use in the 24 GHz (24.25-24.45/24.74-25.25 GHz) and 47 GHz (47.2-48.2 GHz) bands.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|United States}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || November || Milestone (technology) || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Telstra}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|Ericsson}} and Australian mobile network operator {{w|Telstra}} complete the world’s first 5G data call using 26GHz {{w|millimeter wave}} spectrum.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Telstra conduct world’s first 5G data call on 26GHz |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2017/11/ericsson-and-telstra-conduct-worlds-first-5g-data-call-on-26ghz |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || Late year || Network launch || {{w|América Móvil}} || || Mexican telecommunications company {{w|América Móvil}} announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a {{w|5G}} release.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Mexico}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || December || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2017 || December || Testing || {{w|KDDI}}, {{w|Samsung}} || || {{w|KDDI}} and {{w|Samsung}} in Japan complete a successful {{w|5G}} demo on a train moving at over 100km/h.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || February || Network launch || {{w|Sprint Corporation}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|Sprint Corporation}} names {{w|Atlanta}}, {{w|Chicago}}, {{w|Dallas}}, {{w|Houston}}, {{w|Los Angeles}}, and {{w|Washington, DC.}} as its initial wave of {{w|millimeter wave}} 5G markets.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|United States}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || February || Network launch || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|KT Corporation}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] (28 GHz) || {{w|5G}} is provided at the {{w|2018 Winter Olympics}} in {{w|PyeongChang}}. {{w|Samsung}} and {{w|KT Corporation}} provide a 4K streaming video service via a 5G network using 28 GHz spectrum.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|South Korea}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || March || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || March || Testing || || || Six {{w|5G}} trials are announced in the {{w|United Kingdom}} with each receiving between £2-5 million in government grants.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || April || Testing || {{w|Government of China}} || || The government of China authorizes 5G trials in 16 cities.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|China}}
 +
|-
 +
| 2018 || May || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || [[w:Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)|Communications and Information Technology Commission]] || Sub-6GHz || The Saudi [[w:Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)|Communications and Information Technology Commission]] issues testing licenses to {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC Group}} and {{w|Zain Group}}. The 3.6-3.8 GHz licenses allow the {{w|mobile network operator}}s to test 5G with 100 MHz of spectrum between June 2018 and year-end 2019.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2008 || April || Partnership || {{w|NASA}}, [[w:M2Mi Corporation|Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp]] || {{w|NASA}} partners with Geoff Brown and [[w:M2Mi Corporation|Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp]] to develop 5G communications technology.<ref name="NASA Ames Partners with M2Mi for small satellite development">{{cite web|url=https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/apr/HQ_08107_Ames_nanosat.html|title=NASA - NASA Ames Partners With M2MI For Small Satellite Development|last=jim|website=nasa.gov}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2018 || May || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] (28GHz) || {{w|NTT Docomo}} achieves a {{w|5G}} field trial at 28GHz, involving a 5G base station and a car travelling at around 293km/h.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2010 || || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} starts studying and experimenting with {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World">{{cite web |title=5G Availability Around the World |url=https://www.lifewire.com/5g-availability-world-4156244 |website=lifewire.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2018 || June || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012 || August || {{w|Research and development}} || [[w:NYU Wireless|NYU WIRELESS]] || {{w|New York University}} founds [[w:NYU Wireless|NYU WIRELESS]], a multi-disciplinary academic research center that has conducted pioneering work in {{w|5G}} wireless communications.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://nyuwireless.com/ |title=The world's first academic research center combining Wireless, Computing, and Medical Applications |publisher=Nyu Wireless |date=2014-06-20 |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.fiercewireless.com/tech/special-reports/nyu-wireless-rappaport-envisions-5g-millimeter-wave-future |title=NYU Wireless' Rappaport envisions a 5G, millimeter-wave future - FierceWirelessTech |publisher=Fiercewireless.com |date=2014-01-13 |accessdate=6 August 2019 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160303230738/http://www.fiercewireless.com/tech/special-reports/nyu-wireless-rappaport-envisions-5g-millimeter-wave-future |archivedate=2016-03-03 }}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last=Alleven |first=Monica |url=http://www.fiercewireless.com/tech/story/nyu-wireless-says-us-falling-behind-5g-presses-fcc-act-now-mmwave-spectrum/2015-01-14 |title=NYU Wireless says U.S. falling behind in 5G, presses FCC to act now on mmWave spectrum |publisher=Fiercewireless.com |date=2015-01-14 |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2018 || June || Milestone (network launch) || [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] || Sub-6GHz (3,4 GHz – 3,8 GHz) || Finnish telecom operator [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] launches the world’s first commercial {{w|5G}} networks and starts selling subscriptions in {{w|Tampere}} and {{w|Tallinn}}.<ref name="Race To 5G">{{cite web |title=Race To 5G: What We know About 5G From Countries That Have Already Started Adopting It |url=https://startupeuropenews.eu/race-to-5g-what-we-know-about-5g-from-countries-that-have-already-started-adopting-it/ |website=startupeuropenews.eu |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://www.epressi.com/tiedotteet/telekommunikaatio/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g.html?customer=657 |website=epressi.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa launches world’s first commercial 5G |url=https://www.goodnewsfinland.com/elisa-launches-world-s-first-commercial-5g/ |website=goodnewsfinland.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://elisaautomate.com/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g/ |website=elisaautomate.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa 'First' to Launch Commercial 5G Network with 5G-ready Subscription Plan |url=https://www.thefastmode.com/services-and-innovations/12871-elisa-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-with-5g-ready-subscription-plan |website=thefastmode.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Estonia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012 || October 8 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|University of Surrey}} || The UK's {{w|University of Surrey}} secures £35million for a new 5G research center, jointly funded by the British government's UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF) and a consortium of key international mobile operators and infrastructure providers, including {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Telefonica}} Europe, {{w|Fujitsu}} Laboratories Europe, {{w|Rohde & Schwarz}}, and {{w|Aircom International}}. It aims at offering testing facilities to mobile operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum while delivering speeds faster than current 4G with aspirations for the new technology to be ready within a decade.<ref name="BBC video UOS research centre">{{cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01nhbzw|title=BBC Click Programme - Kenya|publisher=[[w:BBC News (TV channel)|BBC News Channel]]|first=Spencer|last=Kelly|quote=Some of the world biggest telecoms firms have joined forces with the UK government to fund a new 5G research center. The facility, to be based at the University of Surrey, will offer testing facilities to operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum, while delivering faster speeds than current 4G technology that's been launched in around 100 countries, including several British cities. They say the new tech could be ready within a decade.|date=13 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref name="UOS new 5G centre">{{cite web|url=http://www2.surrey.ac.uk/mediacentre/press/2012/90791_the_university_of_surrey_secures_35m_for_new_5g_research_centre.htm|title=The University Of Surrey Secures £35M For New 5G Research Centre|publisher=University of Surrey|date=8 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121014002455/http://surrey.ac.uk/mediacentre/press/2012/90791_the_university_of_surrey_secures_35m_for_new_5g_research_centre.htm|archive-date=14 October 2012|dead-url=yes|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name="BBC text UOS research centre">{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-19871065|title=5G research centre gets major funding grant|work={{w|BBC News}}|publisher={{w|BBC News Online}}|date=8 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref name="Telegraph 5G centre">{{cite news|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/mobile-phones/9595641/Britain-aims-to-join-mobile-broadband-leaders-with-35m-5G-research-centre.html|title=Britain aims to join mobile broadband leaders with £35m '5G' research centre|first=Alice|last=Philipson|publisher={{w|Telegraph Media Group}}|newspaper={{w|The Daily Telegraph}}|date=9 October 2012|accessdate=6 August 2019|location=London}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
+
| 2018 || June || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone Spain}} || Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz – 3.8 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=The European telco secured 90 megahertz of 5G spectrum in the recent tender |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20180730/5g/vodafone-launches-5g-trials-tag23 |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Vodafone Spain}} launches {{w|5G}} trials in {{w|Madrid}}, {{w|Valencia}}, {{w|Seville}}, and {{w|Barcelona}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|Spain}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012 || November 1 || Program launch || || The EU project "Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for the Twenty-twenty Information Society" (METIS) starts its activity towards the definition of {{w|5G}}. METIS achieves an early global consensus on these systems. In this sense, METIS plays an important role of building consensus among other external major stakeholders prior to global standardization activities. This is done by initiating and addressing work in relevant global fora (e.g. ITU-R), as well as in national and regional regulatory bodies.<ref name="METIS presentation">{{cite web|url=https://www.metis2020.com/wp-content/uploads/deliverables/METIS_project_presentation_public_Old.pdf|title=METIS projet presentation|date=November 2012|access-date=2014-02-14|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140222211609/https://www.metis2020.com/wp-content/uploads/deliverables/METIS_project_presentation_public_Old.pdf|archive-date=2014-02-22|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref> || {{w|European Union}}
+
| 2018 || June || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Smart Communications}} || || Filipino wireless communications provider {{w|Smart Communications}} announces the launch of 5G TehnoLab, their 5G innovation lab.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Philippines}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012 || November || Program launch || || The iJOIN EU project is launched, focusing on "{{w|small cell}}" technology, which is of key importance for taking advantage of limited and strategic resources, such as the {{w|radio wave}} {{w|spectrum}}. According to {{w|Günther Oettinger}}, the European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society (2014–2019), "an innovative utilization of spectrum" is one of the key factors at the heart of 5G success. Oettinger further describes it as "the essential resource for the wireless connectivity of which 5G will be the main driver".<ref name="Speech at Mobile World Congress: The Road to 5G">{{cite web|url=http://ec.europa.eu/commission/content/speech-mobile-world-congress-road-5g-0_en|title=Speech at Mobile World Congress: The Road to 5G|date=March 2015|access-date=6 August 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151110001439/https://ec.europa.eu/commission/content/speech-mobile-world-congress-road-5g-0_en|archive-date=2015-11-10|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref> || {{w|European Union}}
+
| 2018 || June || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|South Korean Government}} || Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.7 GHz) || The {{w|South Korean Government}} allocates 280 MHz of 3.4-3.7 GHz spectrum at 3.3 trillion KRW.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2013 || May 12 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|Samsung Electronics}} announces development of a "5G" system. The core technology has a maximum speed of tens of Gbit/s (gigabits per second). In testing, the transfer speeds for the "5G" network sends data at 1.056&nbsp;Gbit/s to a distance of up to 2 kilometers with the use of an 8*8 MIMO.<ref name="Samsung new tech dev">{{cite web|url=http://news.naver.com/main/ranking/read.nhn?mid=etc&sid1=111&date=20130512&rankingSectionId=105&rankingType=popular_day&rankingSeq=1&oid=001&aid=0006254810|title=삼성전자, 5세대 이동통신 핵심기술 세계 최초 개발|date=12 May 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref name="5G Is Already Ridiculously Fast">{{cite web|url=https://www.metis2020.com/documents/presentations/|title=General METIS presentations available for public|access-date=6 August 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140222210530/https://www.metis2020.com/documents/presentations/|archive-date=2014-02-22|dead-url=yes|df=}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2018 || July || || {{w|Ericsson}}, Telefónica Telecom || || {{w|Ericsson}} and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a {{w|5G}} data transfer of 27 Gbps in {{w|Bogotá}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Colombia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2013 || July || Partnership || || {{w|India}} and {{w|Israel}} agree to work jointly on development of fifth generation (5G) telecom technologies.<ref name="India+Israel dev 5G">{{cite news|url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/tech/tech-news/internet/India-Israel-to-jointly-work-for-development-of-5G-technology/articleshow/21313938.cms|title=India and Israel have agreed to work jointly on development of 5G|date=25 July 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019|work={{w|The Times Of India}}}}</ref> || {{w|India}}, {{w|Israel}}
+
| 2018 || July || Network launch || {{w|Ooredoo}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=Ooredoo Qatar 5G |url=https://stevieawards.com/iba/ooredoo-qatar-5g |website=stevieawards.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Doha}}–based {{w|Ooredoo}} announces launch of its 5G commercial network in {{w|Qatar}}. The company states it is waiting for manufacturers to produce 5G capable devices as these are not ready at the time.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Qatar}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2013 || October 1 || Recognition || {{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} || NTT ({{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}}) wins Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Award at {{w|CEATEC}} for its {{w|5G}} {{w|R&D}} efforts.<ref name="DoCoMo win 5G Award">{{cite web|url=http://wirelesswatch.jp/2013/10/03/docomo-wins-ceatec-award-for-5g/|title=DoCoMo Wins CEATEC Award for 5G|date=3 October 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2018 || August || Testing || {{w|Vodacom}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz) || {{w|Vodacom}} releases a 5G trial in Lesotho, showcasing a {{w|fixed wireless}} access (FWA) network using a temporary license in the 3.5 GHz band.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Lesotho}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2013 || November 6 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into {{w|R&D}} for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.<ref name="Huawei plans $600m investment in 5G">{{cite news|url=https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/huawei-plans-600m-investment-in-10gbps-5g-network-8924124.html|title=Huawei plans $600m investment in 10Gbps 5G network |date=6 November 2013|accessdate=6 August 2019|location=London|work=The Independent|first=Jochan|last=Embley}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2018 || September || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2013 || || {{w|Research and development}} || || Chinese companies begin conducting research on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2018 || September || Program launch || {{w|FCC}} || || The United States {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} announces its 5G FAST Plan in an effort to advance the country’s position among the countries that have deployed 5G networks. Part of this plan includes spectrum auctions.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials">{{cite web |title=The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/5g/definitions/the-top-countries-with-5g-deployments-and-trials/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2015 || March || Notable report || {{w|Next Generation Mobile Networks}} || The {{w|Next Generation Mobile Networks}} (NGMN) alliance publishes its {{w|5G}} {{w|White Paper}}, a set of operator requirements intended to guide the development of future technology platforms and related standards.<ref name="5G White Paper">{{cite web |title=5G White Paper |url=https://www.ngmn.org/work-programme/5g-white-paper.html |website=ngmn.org |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> ||
+
| 2018 || September || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] (28GHz) || {{w|NTT Docomo}} successfully achieves 25–27 Gbps download speeds in a 5G trial with {{w|Mitsubishi Electric}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || May 24 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Nokia}} || In a trial jointly conducted with {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|NTT Docomo}} announces having achieved the world's first wireless real-time transmission of 8K video deploying radio access technology for 5G mobile communications systems.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Nokia Achieves World's First Real Time 8K Video Transmission Using 5G Radio Access Technology |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0524_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2018 || September || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Turkcell}} || || Turkish mobile phone operator {{w|Turkcell}} announces an agreement with {{w|Nokia}} to develop 5G technologies.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || June 13 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Ericsson}}|| {{w|NTT Docomo}} and {{w|Ericsson}} announce successful completion of a joint {{w|Proof of Concept}} (PoC) of dynamic network slicing technology for {{w|5G}} core networks. {{w|NTT Docomo}} is responsible the network slice creation and selection functions, and Ericsson developed technologies to perform network slice lifecycle and service management.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Ericsson Perform Successful Proof of Concept of Dynamic 5G Network Slicing |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0613_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=25 January 2020}}</ref> ||
+
| 2018 || September || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Department of Telecommunications}} || Sub-6GHz (3.3-3.4 GHz) || The Indian {{w|Department of Telecommunications}} orders operators to vacate spectrum in the 3.3-3.4 GHz range.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|India}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || July || Infrastructure || {{w|FCC}} || The United States {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} (FCC) frees up vast amounts of {{w|bandwidth}} in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://wireless.engineering.nyu.edu/fcc-spectrum-frontier-proposal-updated/|title=FCC Spectrum Frontier Proposal {{!}} NYU WIRELESS|date=2016-07-15|work=NYU WIRELESS|access-date=2017-05-18}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2018 || September || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|FICORA}}, [[w:Telia Company|Telia Finland]], [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa Finland]], [[w:DNA Oyj|DNA]] || Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.8 GHz) || The [[w:FICORA|Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority]] completes its 3.4 to 3.8 GHz spectrum auction, with all three operators securing spectrum: [[w:Telia Company|Telia Finland]]: 3410 to 3540 MHz, [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa Finland]]: 3540 to 3670 MHz, [[w:DNA Oyj|DNA]]: 3670 to 3800 MHz.<ref>{{cite web |title=Finland |url=https://halberdbastion.com/intelligence/countries-nations/finland |website=halberdbastion.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || || Testing || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} starts conducting 5G field trials with mmWave spectrum.<ref name="ddss">{{cite web |title=The 5G era in the US |url=https://www.gsmaintelligence.com/research/?file=4cbbdb475f24b3c5f5a93a2796a4aa28&download |website=gsmaintelligence.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2018 || September || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Verizon}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|Verizon}} states that "millimeter-wave spectrum is the cornerstone in enabling our 5G Ultra Wideband network" and that this spectrum is like "a superhighway that's capable of moving massive amounts of traffic, at super-high speeds, on thousands of lanes lined up side by side."<ref name="Millimeter-wave 5G isn’t for widespread coverage, Verizon admits"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || || Testing || || Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}  
+
| 2018 || October 1 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|Verizon}} launches new {{w|5G}} {{w|millimeter wave}} fixed–wireless access (FWA) service, starting in certain neighbourhoods of {{w|Houston}}, {{w|Indianapolis}}, {{w|Los Angeles}} and {{w|Sacramento}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon’s new 5G fixed–wireless access proposition aims to attract cable cord-cutters |url=https://www.analysysmason.com/Research/Content/Comments/Verizon-FWA-offer-RDMB0/ |website=analysysmason.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> The company is the first to have a non-standards-based deployment, that is actually a fixed broadband network.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2016 || || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || The U.S. {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} announces a US$400 million funding dedicated to research on {{w|5G}}.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu">{{cite web |title=USA, Japan, South Korea and China are the leading countries in terms of 5G readiness. A number of Gulf countries claim to have launched 5G mid-2018. |url=https://5gobservatory.eu/5g-trial/major-international-5g-trials-and-pilots/#1535642860743-279857b2-8e18 |website=5gobservatory.eu |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
+
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Turkcell}} || || Turkish mobile phone operator {{w|Turkcell}} trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with {{w|Samsung}} in {{w|Istanbul}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || January || Testing || {{w|Turkcell}} || {{w|Turkcell}}, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with {{w|Ericsson}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
+
| 2018 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Smart Communications}} || || {{w|Smart Communications}} rolls out their first 5G cell sites in the Philippines.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Philippines}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || March 10 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Mobitel}} || Sri Lankan National Mobile Service Provider {{w|Mobitel}} partners with {{w|Ericsson}} with the signing of the 5G Island of Innovation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to bring 5G to Sri Lanka.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Mobitel & Ministry of Telecommunication and Digital Infrastructure partners with Ericsson for the first 5G Island of Innovation in South Asia |url=https://www.mobitel.lk/press-releases/mobitel-ministry-telecommunication-and-digital-infrastructure-partners-ericsson-first |website=mobitel.lk |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Sri Lanka}}
+
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|StarHub}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz) || Singaporean telecommunications provider {{w|StarHub}} announces, in partnership with {{w|Nokia}}, the completion of their first outdoor pilot of {{w|5G}} on the 3.5 GHz frequency band in {{w|Singapore}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Singapore}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || March || Testing || {{w|Telenor}} || Norwegian telecommunications provider {{w|Telenor}} successfully tests {{w|5G}} in {{w|Norway}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=The first steps towards 5G in Norway |url=https://www.telenor.com/the-first-steps-towards-5g-in-norway/ |website=telenor.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
+
| 2018 || November || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|MTN Group}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] (28 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=MTN, Ericsson and Netstar record 5G first for South Africa |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2018/11/mtn-and-ericsson-5g-south-africa-with-midrand |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || South African mobile telecommunications company {{w|MTN Group}} partners with {{w|Ericsson}} to deploy a fixed wireless access {{w|5G}} site in {{w|Midrand}}, South Africa.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=MTN, Ericsson and Netstar record 5G first for South Africa |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2018/11/mtn-and-ericsson-5g-south-africa-with-midrand |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || May || Infrastructure || {{w|Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)}}, {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC}}, [[w:Zain Group (Zain)|Zain]] || The Saudi [[w:Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia)|Communications and Information Technology Commission]] awards 160 MHz of additional IMT spectrum in 700 MHz, 800 MHz, and 1800 MHz bands to mobile operators {{w|Mobily}}, {{w|STC}} and [[w:Zain Group (Zain)|Zain]].<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
+
| 2018 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Telenor}} || || Norwegian {{w|Telenor}} launches three {{w|5G}} base stations in {{w|Kongsberg}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=5G First Steps |url=https://www.telenor.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Telenor-5G-presentation-at-Sparebank1-lunch-meeting.pdf |website=telenor.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || August || || Telecom Regulatory Authority of India || The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a {{w|PDF}}[https://main.trai.gov.in/sites/default/files/presentations_&_cv/Day-2_24Aug2017/Session3_spectrum%20Plg/5G%20spectrum%20stratergy_Bharat%20Bhatia.pdf] that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|India}}
+
| 2018 || November 29 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Toyota}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] (28 GHz) || {{w|NTT Docomo}} and {{w|Toyota}} announce having successfully controlled the Toyota-developed T-HR31 humanoid robot in trials using {{w|5G}} under a test environment with control from a remote location (a distance of approximately 10 kilometers) using 5G in an area between two points.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Toyota Conduct Successful Remote Control of T-HR3 Humanoid Robot Using 5G |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2018/1129_01.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || August || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Softbank}} || {{w|Softbank}} and {{w|Ericsson}} in Japan perform {{w|5G}} trials using 4.5 GHz frequencies.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2018 || December || Testing || [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]], {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|KTH Royal Institute of Technology}} || || [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]], {{w|Ericsson}}, and {{w|KTH Royal Institute of Technology}} launch {{w|5G}} testbed in {{w|Stockholm}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|Sweden}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || September || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Irancell}} || Iranian telecommunications {{w|Irancell}} and {{w|Ericsson}} perform their first {{w|5G}} test in {{w|Tehran}} and announce that 5G would be available in Iran in 2020.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Iran}}
+
| 2018 || December || Network launch || {{w|KT Corporation}}, {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|LG Uplus}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz) || South Korean carriers {{w|KT Corporation}}, {{w|SK Telecom}}, and {{w|LG Uplus}} launch limited 5G commercial services in {{w|Seoul}}, and six metropolitan cities in 3.5 GHz band. With 5G Mobile Hotspot as a device, initial services target B2B customers.<ref name="images.samsung.com">{{cite web |title=5G Launches in Korea |url=https://images.samsung.com/is/content/samsung/p5/global/business/networks/insights/white-paper/5g-launches-in-korea-get-a-taste-of-the-future/5G-Launches-in-Korea-Get-a-taste-of-the-future.pdf |website=images.samsung.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} || The U.S. {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} makes available an additional 1700 MHz of high band spectrum for flexible terrestrial wireless use in the 24 GHz (24.25-24.45/24.74-25.25 GHz) and 47 GHz (47.2-48.2 GHz) bands.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2018 || December || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|AT&T}} becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || Late year || Network launch || {{w|América Móvil}} || Mexican telecommunications company {{w|América Móvil}} announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a {{w|5G}} release.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Mexico}}
+
| 2018 || December || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Tigo}} || || {{w|Ericsson}} announces that telecommunications company {{w|Tigo}} has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Honduras}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || December || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
+
| 2018 || December || Testing || {{w|Telia Company}} || || {{w|Telia Company}} opens its first 5G test network in {{w|Norway}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G HITS NORWAY: THE WORLD'S FIRST 5G CINEMA |url=https://www.teliacompany.com/en/news/news-articles/2018/5g-hits-norway-the-worlds-first-5g-cinema/ |website=teliacompany.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Norway}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2017 || December || Testing || {{w|KDDI}}, {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|KDDI}} and {{w|Samsung}} in Japan complete a successful {{w|5G}} demo on a train moving at over 100km/h.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2018 || December || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Telefónica Germany}} || || Broadband telecom provider {{w|Telefónica Germany}} announces that, in collaboration with {{w|Nokia}}, they finished building their "Early 5G Innovation Cluster" in {{w|Berlin}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=New cellular sites will enable developing and testing new 5G services |url=https://www.telefonica.de/news/press-releases-telef%C3%B3nica-germany/2018/12/nokia-and-telefonica-germany-built-up-joint-early-5g-innovation-cluster-in-berlin-new-cellular-sites-will-enable-developing-and-testing-new-5g-services.html?tree_id=6662;_tree_local_url_part=%2Fnews%2F6181%2Fnokia-and-telefonica-germany-built-up-joint-early-5-g-innovation-cluster-in-berlin-new-cellular-sites-will-enable-developing-and-testing-new-5-g-services |website=telefonica.de |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> ||{{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || March || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
+
| 2018 || December || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}}, {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}}|| Low and mid-band spectrum || {{w|China}}'s {{w|Ministry of Industry and Information Technology}} issues 5G trial spectrum permits for low and mid-band spectrum to {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}} and {{w|China Mobile}}.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || May || Network launch || {{w|STC Group}} || {{w|STC Group}} launches its first live 5G network in {{w|Saudi Arabia}} (The first in the {{w|MENA}} region) after completing the testing and trial phase.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC launches commercial 5G services in Saudi Arabia |url=http://www.arabnews.com/node/1515081/corporate-news |website=arabnews.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
+
| 2019 || January || Technology || {{w|Sprint Corporation}}, {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Qualcomm}} || Sub-6GHz (2.5 GHz) || {{w|Sprint Corporation}}, {{w|Nokia}} and {{w|Qualcomm}} complete the world's first over-the-air 5G data transmission using 2.5 GHz.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || May || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} achieves a {{w|5G}} field trial at 28GHz, involving a 5G base station and a car travelling at around 293km/h.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2019 || January || Technology || {{w|T-Mobile}}, {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Intel}} || Sub-6GHz (600 MHz) || {{w|T-Mobile}}, {{w|Ericsson}}, and {{w|Intel}} conduct the world's first 5G data call and video call on 600 MHz on a live commercial network.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || June || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA {{w|5G NR}} specifications.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
+
| 2019 || February || Milestone (technology) || Hospital Clinic Barcelona || || A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.<ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor performs first 5G surgery |url=https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/02/28/business/tech/doctor-performs-first-5g-surgery/#.XUofy_L0mUk |website=japantimes.co.jp |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor uses 5G to direct surgery live from a stage at Mobile World Congress |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/27/tech/5g-surgery-mobile-world-congress/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || June || Milestone (network launch) || [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] || Finnish telecom operator [[w:Elisa (company)|Elisa]] launches the world’s first commercial {{w|5G}} networks and starts selling subscriptions in {{w|Tampere}} and {{w|Tallinn}}.<ref name="Race To 5G">{{cite web |title=Race To 5G: What We know About 5G From Countries That Have Already Started Adopting It |url=https://startupeuropenews.eu/race-to-5g-what-we-know-about-5g-from-countries-that-have-already-started-adopting-it/ |website=startupeuropenews.eu |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://www.epressi.com/tiedotteet/telekommunikaatio/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g.html?customer=657 |website=epressi.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa launches world’s first commercial 5G |url=https://www.goodnewsfinland.com/elisa-launches-world-s-first-commercial-5g/ |website=goodnewsfinland.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa first in world to launch commercial 5G |url=https://elisaautomate.com/elisa-first-in-world-to-launch-commercial-5g/ |website=elisaautomate.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Elisa 'First' to Launch Commercial 5G Network with 5G-ready Subscription Plan |url=https://www.thefastmode.com/services-and-innovations/12871-elisa-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-with-5g-ready-subscription-plan |website=thefastmode.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Estonia}}
+
| 2019 || February || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Saudi Telecom Company}} || || {{w|Nokia}} and {{w|Saudi Telecom Company}} sign deal for {{w|5G}} network launch and early rollout of services in {{w|Saudi Arabia}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia and Saudi Telecom Co. (STC) sign deal for 5G network launch and early rollout of services |url=https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2019/02/25/nokia-and-saudi-telecom-co-stc-sign-deal-for-5g-network-launch-and-early-rollout-of-services/ |website=nokia.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || June || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone Spain}} || {{w|Vodafone Spain}} launches {{w|5G}} trials in {{w|Madrid}}, {{w|Valencia}}, {{w|Seville}}, and {{w|Barcelona}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|Spain}}  
+
| 2019 || February || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Telecom Egypt}} || || {{w|Telecom Egypt}} and {{w|Nokia}} agree to introduce a {{w|5G}} network in Egypt.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telecom Egypt and Nokia sign Memorandum of Understanding to introduce 5G network and test use cases |url=https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2019/02/28/telecom-egypt-and-nokia-sign-memorandum-of-understanding-to-introduce-5g-network-and-test-use-cases/ |website=nokia.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Egypt}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || June || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Smart Communications}} || Filipino wireless communications provider {{w|Smart Communications}} announces the launch of 5G TehnoLab, their 5G innovation lab.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Philippines}}
+
| 2019 || March || Product launch || {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} || || The {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.<ref>{{cite web |title=GSA launches first global database of commercial 5G devices |url=https://www.totaltele.com/502531/GSA-launches-first-global-database-of-commercial-5G-devices |website=totaltele.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || July || || {{w|Ericsson}}, Telefónica Telecom || {{w|Ericsson}} and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a {{w|5G}} data transfer of 27 Gbps in {{w|Bogotá}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Colombia}}
+
| 2019 || March || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|U Mobile}}, {{w|ZTE Corporation}}, {{w|Maxis Communications}} || || Malaysian provider {{w|Maxis Communications}}, {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|U Mobile}}, and {{w|ZTE Corporation}} sign a {{w|memorandums of understanding}} to collaborate on 5G deployment in {{w|Malaysia}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Malaysia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || July || Network launch || {{w|Ooredoo}} || {{w|Doha}}–based {{w|Ooredoo}} announces launch of its 5G commercial network in {{w|Qatar}}. The company states it is waiting for manufacturers to produce 5G capable devices as these are not ready at the time.<ref name="5gobservatory.eu"/> || {{w|Qatar}}
+
| 2019 || March || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]]<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon 5G rollout: Everything you need to know |url=https://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/verizon-5g-rollout/ |website=digitaltrends.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Verizon}} activates its standards-based 5G network in {{w|Minneapolis}} and {{w|Chicago}}, before mobile 5G devices are available.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || September || Network standard || {{w|3GPP}} || The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.<ref name="ddss"/> ||
+
| 2019 || March 30 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}} || || {{w|Shanghai}} starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant {{w|China Mobile}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai world's first district with 5G coverage, broadband gigabit network |url=https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/shanghai-becomes-world-s-first-district-with-5g-coverage-119033000289_1.html |website=business-standard.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai's 5G network starts test runs |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/30/c_137936750.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || September || Program launch || {{w|FCC}} || The United States {{w|Federal Communications Commission}} announces its 5G FAST Plan in an effort to advance the country’s position among the countries that have deployed 5G networks. Part of this plan includes spectrum auctions.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials">{{cite web |title=The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/5g/definitions/the-top-countries-with-5g-deployments-and-trials/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
+
| 2019 || April 3 || Milestone (network launch) || {{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]], {{w|LG Uplus}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson 5G is live in South Korea |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/cases/2019/korea-telecom-has-switched-on-5g |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}} becomes the first country to adopt {{w|5G}} when three companies launch the world's first nationwide 5G mobile.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map">{{cite web |title=5G commercial network world coverage map |url=https://www.worldtimezone.com/5g.html |website=worldtimezone.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/5G-networks/South-Korea-to-seize-on-world-s-first-full-5G-network|title=South Korea to seize on world's first full 5G network|website=Nikkei Asian Review}}</ref> The three main telecommunication companies ({{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]] and {{w|LG Uplus}}) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://view.asiae.co.kr/news/view.htm?idxno=2019040610062165080|title=5G 첫날부터 4만 가입자…3가지 가입포인트 |trans-title=From the first day of 5G, 40,000 subscribers ... 3 subscription points |website=The Asia Business Daily|date=2019-04-06}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || September || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} successfully achieves 25–27 Gbps download speeds in a 5G trial with {{w|Mitsubishi Electric}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2019 || April 3 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || Just hours later of {{w|5G}} launch in {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Verizon}} launches its 5G services in the {{w|United States}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://amp.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/us-dismisses-south-koreas-launch-of-world-first-5g-network-as-stunt|title=US dismisses South Korea's launch of world-first 5G network as 'stunt' - 5G - The Guardian|website=amp.theguardian.com}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || September || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Turkcell}} || Turkish mobile phone operator {{w|Turkcell}} announces an agreement with {{w|Nokia}} to develop 5G technologies.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
+
| 2019 || April 17 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=Switzerland’s first 5G network is live |url=https://www.5gworldpro.com/5g-news/56-switzerland-s-first-5g-network-is-live.html |website=5gworldpro.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G network in 54 cities and communities in {{w|Switzerland}}. It is the first commercial {{w|5G}} in {{w|Europe}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/><ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Swisscom in European commercial 5G first |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/4/ericsson-and-swisscom-in-european-commercial-5g-first |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Swisscom in European Commercial 5G First |url=https://www.microwavejournal.com/articles/32137-ericsson-and-swisscom-in-european-commercial-5g-first |website=microwavejournal.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom Among the First with Commercial 5G in Europe — But is the Real Story Here About 2G and 3G? |url=https://blog-idcuk.com/swisscom-commercial-5g-in-europe/ |website=blog-idcuk.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || October 1 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} launches new 5G fixed–wireless access (FWA) service, starting in certain neighbourhoods of {{w|Houston}}, {{w|Indianapolis}}, {{w|Los Angeles}} and {{w|Sacramento}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon’s new 5G fixed–wireless access proposition aims to attract cable cord-cutters |url=https://www.analysysmason.com/Research/Content/Comments/Verizon-FWA-offer-RDMB0/ |website=analysysmason.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> The company is the first to have a non-standards-based deployment, that is actually a fixed broadband network.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}  
+
| 2019 || April 22 || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|T-Mobile}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|T-Mobile}} {{w|Chief technology officer}} Neville Ray writes that millimeter wave spectrum "will never materially scale beyond small pockets of 5G hotspots in dense urban environments,"<ref name="Millimeter-wave 5G isn’t for widespread coverage, Verizon admits"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Turkcell}} || Turkish mobile phone operator {{w|Turkcell}} trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with {{w|Samsung}} in {{w|Istanbul}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Turkey}}
+
| 2019 || April || Product launch || {{w|Samsung}} || || {{w|Samsung}} announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Mu-Hyun |first1=Cho |title=Samsung begins mass production of its own 5G chips |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/samsung-begins-mass-production-of-its-own-5g-chips/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Smart Communications}} || {{w|Smart Communications}} rolls out their first 5G cell sites in the Philippines.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Philippines}}
+
| 2019 || April || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || || >24 GHz || Japan allocates over 24 GHz spectrum for {{w|5G}}.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || November || Testing || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|StarHub}} || Singaporean telecommunications provider {{w|StarHub}} announces, in partnership with {{w|Nokia}}, the completion of their first outdoor pilot of {{w|5G}} on the 3.5 GHz frequency band in {{w|Singapore}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Singapore}}
+
| 2019 || May 16 || Product launch || {{w|Verizon}} || || {{w|Verizon}} begins selling {{w|Samsung Galaxy}} S10 5G.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || November || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|MTN Group}} || South African mobile telecommunications company {{w|MTN Group}} partners with {{w|Ericsson}} to deploy a fixed wireless access {{w|5G}} site in {{w|Midrand}}, South Africa.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=MTN, Ericsson and Netstar record 5G first for South Africa |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2018/11/mtn-and-ericsson-5g-south-africa-with-midrand |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
+
| 2019 || May 24 || Network launch || {{w|Telstra}} || Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=5G in Australia: getting up to speed with the future of mobile |url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jul/28/5g-in-australia-getting-up-to-speed-with-the-future-of-mobile |website=theguardian.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || Australian network operator {{w|Telstra}} launches limited 5G services in the country with a device that customers can use to connect other devices.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telstra Launches Limited 5G Service in Australia |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/articles/news/telstra-launches-limited-5g-service-in-australia/2019/05/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || November || Infrastructure || {{w|Telenor}} || Norwegian {{w|Telenor}} launches three {{w|5G}} base stations in {{w|Kongsberg}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=5G First Steps |url=https://www.telenor.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Telenor-5G-presentation-at-Sparebank1-lunch-meeting.pdf |website=telenor.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
+
| 2019 || May 30 || Network launch || {{w|EE Limited}} || Sub-6GHz || Mobile network operator {{w|EE Limited}} launches first 5G consumer mobile network in the {{w|United Kingdom}} in select locations in {{w|London}}, {{w|Cardiff}}, {{w|Edinburgh}}, {{w|Belfast}}, {{w|Birmingham}} and {{w|Manchester}}.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Lomas |first1=Natasha |title=UK’s first 5G network taster goes live in six cities tomorrow |url=https://techcrunch.com/2019/05/29/uks-first-5g-network-taster-goes-live-in-six-cities-tomorrow/ |website=techcrunch.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Garcia |first1=Ahiza |title=The UK gets its first but limited 5G network |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/30/tech/5g-uk-wireless-service-coverage/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=EE launches UK’s first 5G service |url=https://www.ft.com/content/4484ce80-82ca-11e9-b592-5fe435b57a3b |website=ft.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Warren |first1=Tom |title=5G has arrived in the UK, and it’s fast |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/5/30/18645665/5g-ee-uk-london-hands-on-test-impressions-speed |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || November 29 || Testing || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Toyota}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} and {{w|Toyota}} announce having successfully controlled the Toyota-developed T-HR31 humanoid robot in trials using {{w|5G}} under a test environment with control from a remote location (a distance of approximately 10 kilometers) using 5G in an area between two points.<ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO and Toyota Conduct Successful Remote Control of T-HR3 Humanoid Robot Using 5G |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2018/1129_01.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=26 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2019 || May 30 || Network launch || {{w|Etisalat}} || || Emirati multinational {{w|Etisalat}} launches 5G commercial service in the {{w|United Arab Emirates}}, along with {{w|ZTE}} 5G smartphone.<ref>{{cite web |title=Etisalat 5G service launched in the UAE along with ZTE 5G smartphone |url=https://www.techradar.com/news/etisalat-launches-5g-service-and-smartphone-in-uae |website=techradar.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Etisalat first to market with 5G smartphones |url=https://gulfnews.com/business/etisalat-first-to-market-with-5g-smartphones-1.64285773 |website=gulfnews.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Etisalat, Huawei announce 5G partnership |url=https://www.khaleejtimes.com/business/telecom/etisalat-huawei-announce-5g-partnership-mate-20-x-5g-in-uae |website=khaleejtimes.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Arab Emirates}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || December || Testing || [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]], {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|KTH Royal Institute of Technology}} || [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]], {{w|Ericsson}}, and {{w|KTH Royal Institute of Technology}} launch {{w|5G}} testbed in {{w|Stockholm}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|Sweden}}
+
| 2019 || Late May || Network launch || {{w|Sprint Corporation}} || Sub-6GHz (2.5GHz mid-band) || Sprint Corporation launches 5G service in {{w|Atlanta}}, {{w|Dallas}}, {{w|Houston}}, and {{w|Kansas City}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || December || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || May || Technology || || || As of date, 30% of international patents related to {{w|5G}} connectivity standards are from {{w|China}}.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || December || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Tigo}} || {{w|Ericsson}} announces that telecommunications company {{w|Tigo}} has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Honduras}}
+
| 2019 || Late May || Network launch || {{w|Sprint Corporation}} || Sub-6GHz (2.5GHz mid-band) || Sprint Corporation launches 5G service in {{w|Chicago}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || December || Testing || {{w|Telia Company}} || {{w|Telia Company}} opens its first 5G test network in {{w|Norway}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G HITS NORWAY: THE WORLD'S FIRST 5G CINEMA |url=https://www.teliacompany.com/en/news/news-articles/2018/5g-hits-norway-the-worlds-first-5g-cinema/ |website=teliacompany.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Norway}}
+
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Batelco}} || || {{w|Batelco}} becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in {{w|Bahrain}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco launches first commercial 5G network in Bahrain |url=https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2019/06/05/batelco-launches-first-commercial-5g-network-in-bahrain/ |website=telegeography.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco 1st to Launch Commercial 5G Network in the Kingdom of Bahrain |url=http://batelco.com/news-media/batelco-1st-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain/ |website=batelco.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco first to launch commercial 5G in Bahrain |url=https://www.commsmea.com/business/19684-batelco-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-in-bahrain |website=commsmea.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Bahrain}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2018 || December || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Telefónica Germany}} || Broadband telecom provider {{w|Telefónica Germany}} announces that, in collaboration with {{w|Nokia}}, they finished building their "Early 5G Innovation Cluster" in {{w|Berlin}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=New cellular sites will enable developing and testing new 5G services |url=https://www.telefonica.de/news/press-releases-telef%C3%B3nica-germany/2018/12/nokia-and-telefonica-germany-built-up-joint-early-5g-innovation-cluster-in-berlin-new-cellular-sites-will-enable-developing-and-testing-new-5g-services.html?tree_id=6662;_tree_local_url_part=%2Fnews%2F6181%2Fnokia-and-telefonica-germany-built-up-joint-early-5-g-innovation-cluster-in-berlin-new-cellular-sites-will-enable-developing-and-testing-new-5-g-services |website=telefonica.de |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> ||{{w|Germany}}
+
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || || {{w|Vodafone}} launches {{w|5G}} in {{w|Italy}} in five cities: {{w|Naples}}, {{w|Bologna}}, {{w|Milan}}, {{w|Turin}}, and {{w|Rome}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone it ‏ |url=https://twitter.com/VodafoneIT/status/1136234868919164935 |website=twitter.com |accessdate=22 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || February || Milestone (technology) || Hospital Clinic Barcelona || A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.<ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor performs first 5G surgery |url=https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/02/28/business/tech/doctor-performs-first-5g-surgery/#.XUofy_L0mUk |website=japantimes.co.jp |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Doctor uses 5G to direct surgery live from a stage at Mobile World Congress |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/02/27/tech/5g-surgery-mobile-world-congress/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
+
| 2019 || June 6 || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}} || || {{w|Huawei}} signs a deal with Russian network provider [[w:MTS (network provider)|MTS]] to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.<ref>{{cite web |title=China's Huawei signs deal to develop 5G network in Russia |url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/06/chinas-huawei-signs-deal-to-develop-5g-network-in-russia |website=theguardian.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei signs deal with Russian telecoms firm to develop 5G |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48537643 |website=bbc.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/07/business/huawei-russia-china-splinternet-intl/index.html|title=Huawei is building 5G in Russia and China. We may be seeing the start of the internet break up|first=James |last=Griffiths |department=Analysis |publisher=CNN}}</ref> || {{w|China}}, {{w|Russia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || February || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Saudi Telecom Company}} || {{w|Nokia}} and {{w|Saudi Telecom Company}} sign deal for {{w|5G}} network launch and early rollout of services in {{w|Saudi Arabia}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia and Saudi Telecom Co. (STC) sign deal for 5G network launch and early rollout of services |url=https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2019/02/25/nokia-and-saudi-telecom-co-stc-sign-deal-for-5g-network-launch-and-early-rollout-of-services/ |website=nokia.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
+
| 2019 || June 15 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || || {{w|Huawei}} and {{w|Vodafone}} roll out in collaboration the first commercial 5G mobile services in Spain, making it one of the first European countries with the ultrafast mobile network in Europe.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches first 5G network in Spain in cooperation with Huawei |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/15/c_138146288.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone estrenará el 5G en España el 15 de junio con la red de Huawei |url=https://elpais.com/economia/2019/06/10/actualidad/1560156504_005782.html |website=elpais.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || February || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}}, {{w|Telecom Egypt}} || {{w|Telecom Egypt}} and {{w|Nokia}} agree to introduce a {{w|5G}} network in Egypt.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telecom Egypt and Nokia sign Memorandum of Understanding to introduce 5G network and test use cases |url=https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2019/02/28/telecom-egypt-and-nokia-sign-memorandum-of-understanding-to-introduce-5g-network-and-test-use-cases/ |website=nokia.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref><ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Egypt}}
+
| 2019 || June 19 || Network launch || {{w|STC Group}} || Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=STC, Huawei complete first indoor 5G trial in the Middle East |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20190306/5g/stc-huawei-complete-first-indoor-5g-trial-middle-east |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || STC Group becomes the first operator to launch 5G commercial services in {{w|Saudi Arabia}}, making it available to customers in a number of cities in the Kingdom.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC Group Launches 5G Commercial Services in Saudi Arabia after Kuwait and Soon in Bahrain as the First Operator in the MENA Region to Offer such Services |url=https://www.stc.com.sa/wps/wcm/connect/english/stc/NewsItems/stc-group-launches-5g |website=stc.com.sa |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> The service uses {{w|Ericsson}} commercial hardware.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC and Ericsson launch 5G network in Saudi Arabia |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/2/stc-and-ericsson-launch-5g-network-in-saudi-arabia |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=STC officially launches 5G service |url=http://saudigazette.com.sa/article/569469 |website=saudigazette.com.sa |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=STC launches commercial 5G services in Saudi Arabia |url=http://www.arabnews.com/node/1515081/corporate-news |website=arabnews.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || March || Product launch || {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} || The {{w|Global Mobile Suppliers Association}} releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.<ref>{{cite web |title=GSA launches first global database of commercial 5G devices |url=https://www.totaltele.com/502531/GSA-launches-first-global-database-of-commercial-5G-devices |website=totaltele.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||
+
| 2019 || June 27 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|RCS & RDS}} || || {{w|Ericsson}} and Romanian operator {{w|RCS & RDS}} launch Romania’s first 5G commercial service in the busiest parts of {{w|Bucharest}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=DIGI RCS & RDS and Ericsson go live with 5G mobile service in Romania |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/6/digi--rcs--rds-and-ericsson-go-live-with-5g-mobile-service-in-romania |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Romania}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || March || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|U Mobile}}, {{w|ZTE Corporation}}, {{w|Maxis Communications}} || Malaysian provider {{w|Maxis Communications}}, {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|U Mobile}}, and {{w|ZTE Corporation}} sign a {{w|memorandums of understanding}} to collaborate on 5G deployment in {{w|Malaysia}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Malaysia}}
+
| 2019 || June || Userbase || || || {{w|South Korea}} reaches over one million {{w|5G}} subscribers.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/06/12/south-korea-hits-1-million-5g-subscribers-in-69-days-beating-4g-record/|title=South Korea hits 1 million 5G subscribers in 69 days, beating 4G record|date=June 12, 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || March || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} activates its standards-based 5G network in {{w|Minneapolis}} and {{w|Chicago}}, before mobile 5G devices are available.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || June || Infrastructure || {{w|Qualcomm}} || || American tech company {{w|Qualcomm}} starts construction of a 5G center in {{w|Taipei}}.<ref>{{Cite news |author=Huang Tzu-ti |date=27 April 2019 |title=Qualcomm 5G center breaks ground in Taiwan |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3733388 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> {{w|5G}} service is expected to be available in {{w|Taiwan}} by January 2020, according to Vice Premier {{w|Chen Chi-mai}}.<ref>{{Cite news |last=Drillsma |first=Ryan |date=19 April 2019 |title=5G could be available in Taiwan as early as January 2020 |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3683845 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Taiwan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || March 30 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}} || {{w|Shanghai}} starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant {{w|China Mobile}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai world's first district with 5G coverage, broadband gigabit network |url=https://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/shanghai-becomes-world-s-first-district-with-5g-coverage-119033000289_1.html |website=business-standard.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Shanghai's 5G network starts test runs |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-03/30/c_137936750.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}  
+
| 2019 || June || Policy || {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}}, {{w|China Mobile}} || || {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}}, {{w|China Mobile}} are allocated commercial 5G licenses for deployment in {{w|China}}.<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || April 3 || Milestone (network launch) || {{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]], {{w|LG Uplus}} || {{w|South Korea}} becomes the first country to adopt {{w|5G}} when three companies launch the world's first nationwide 5G mobile.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map">{{cite web |title=5G commercial network world coverage map |url=https://www.worldtimezone.com/5g.html |website=worldtimezone.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/5G-networks/South-Korea-to-seize-on-world-s-first-full-5G-network|title=South Korea to seize on world's first full 5G network|website=Nikkei Asian Review}}</ref> The three main telecommunication companies ({{w|SK Telecom}}, [[w:KT Corporation|KT]] and {{w|LG Uplus}}) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://view.asiae.co.kr/news/view.htm?idxno=2019040610062165080|title=5G 첫날부터 4만 가입자…3가지 가입포인트 |trans-title=From the first day of 5G, 40,000 subscribers ... 3 subscription points |website=The Asia Business Daily|date=2019-04-06}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2019 || Late June || Userbase || || || Over 1.6 million people are subscribed to {{w|5G}} in {{w|South Korea}}, accounting for 77 per cent of the global population of 5G users. At the time, there are 14 times as many South Koreans using 5G as there are Americans.<ref>{{cite web |title=South Koreans complain at poor quality of 5G network |url=https://www.ft.com/content/1ff639a4-a85a-11e9-984c-fac8325aaa04 |website=ft.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || April 3 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || Just hours later of {{w|5G}} launch in {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Verizon}} launches its 5G services in the {{w|United States}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://amp.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/us-dismisses-south-koreas-launch-of-world-first-5g-network-as-stunt|title=US dismisses South Korea's launch of world-first 5G network as 'stunt' - 5G - The Guardian|website=amp.theguardian.com}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || July 9 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Monaco Telecom}} || || {{w|Monaco Telecom}} launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer.<ref>{{Cite news|language=it|url=http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/tecnologia/tlc/2019/07/11/huawei-rete-5g-nel-principato-di-monaco_33bc4d3b-8ea3-47d0-bde2-ae21a001aac6.html|title=Huawei, rete 5G nel Principato di Monaco|work=[[w:Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata|ANSA]]|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://en.businesstimes.cn/articles/115150/20190711/monaco-telecom-rolls-out-full-5g-coverage-using-huawei-gear-in-european-first.htm|title=Monaco Telecom Rolls Out Full 5G Coverage Using Huawei Gear In European First|author=Charleston Lim|work=[[w:Business Times (China)|Business Times]]|location={{w|Beijing}}|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref> The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by {{w|Huawei}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei makes Monaco world's first fully 5G country |url=https://www.livemint.com/technology/tech-news/huawei-makes-monaco-world-s-first-fully-5g-country-1562761667431.html |website=livemint.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Monaco debuts Europe’s first nationwide 5G network using Huawei gear |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/07/10/monaco-debuts-europes-first-nationwide-5g-network-using-huawei-gear/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Principality of Monaco is world’s first country to have full, operational 5G coverage! |url=https://extendedmonaco.com/en/project/principality-of-monaco-is-worlds-first-country-to-have-full-operational-5g-coverage/ |website=extendedmonaco.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Monaco}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || April 17 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G network in in 54 cities and communities in {{w|Switzerland}}. It is the first commercial {{w|5G}} in {{w|Europe}}.<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/><ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Swisscom in European commercial 5G first |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/4/ericsson-and-swisscom-in-european-commercial-5g-first |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Swisscom in European Commercial 5G First |url=https://www.microwavejournal.com/articles/32137-ericsson-and-swisscom-in-european-commercial-5g-first |website=microwavejournal.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom Among the First with Commercial 5G in Europe — But is the Real Story Here About 2G and 3G? |url=https://blog-idcuk.com/swisscom-commercial-5g-in-europe/ |website=blog-idcuk.com |accessdate=27 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
+
| 2019 || July 16 || Network launch || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || || {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming service |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/sk-telecom-and-swisscom-launch-5g-roaming-service/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom, SK Telecom, Elisa and BICS claim world’s first 5G roaming services |url=http://telecoms.com/498535/swisscom-sk-telecom-elisa-and-bics-claim-worlds-first-5g-roaming-services/ |website=telecoms.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom Launches the World's First 5G Roaming Service With Swisscom |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/sk-telecom-launches-the-worlds-first-5g-roaming-service-with-swisscom/d/d-id/752800 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || April || Product launch || {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Mu-Hyun |first1=Cho |title=Samsung begins mass production of its own 5G chips |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/samsung-begins-mass-production-of-its-own-5g-chips/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=7 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2019 || July 16 || Infrastructure || {{w|Vodafone}} || || {{w|Vodafone}} activates its first 25 {{w|5G}} base stations in {{w|Germany}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Das erste 5G-Handy-Netz ist da: Ab morgen auf den Smartphones |url=https://www.vodafone.de/newsroom/netz/5g-start-vodafone-startet-5g-in-deutschland/?icmp=newsroomblog:home |website=vodafone.de |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || May 16 || Product launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} begins selling {{w|Samsung Galaxy}} S10 5G.<ref name="The Top Countries with 5G Deployments and Trials"/> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || July 18 || Product launch || {{w|Verizon}} || || {{w|Verizon}} announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon launches its first 5G hotspot for $650 |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/18/20699111/verizon-5g-mifi-m1000-hotspot-650-expensive-data |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon's first 5G hotspot is $500 with a two-year contract |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/07/18/verizon-5g-hotspot-inseego-st-paul/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || May 24 || Network launch || {{w|Telstra}} || Australian network operator {{w|Telstra}} launches limited 5G services in the country with a device that customers can use to connect other devices.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telstra Launches Limited 5G Service in Australia |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/articles/news/telstra-launches-limited-5g-service-in-australia/2019/05/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
+
| 2019 || July 26 || Infrastructure || {{w|Telecom Italia}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || || {{w|Telecom Italia}} and {{w|Vodafone}} agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.<ref>{{cite web |title=TIM, Vodafone agree merger of mobile masts, 5G partnership in Italy |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-vodafone-agree-merger-of-mobile-masts-5g-partnership-in-italy-idUSKCN1UL22R |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=TIM to announce towers deal, 5G partnership with Vodafone on July 26: source |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-to-announce-towers-deal-5g-partnership-with-vodafone-on-july-26-source-idUSKCN1UI272 |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || May 30 || Network launch || {{w|EE Limited}} || Mobile network operator {{w|EE Limited}} launches first 5G consumer mobile network in the {{w|United Kingdom}} in select locations in {{w|London}}, {{w|Cardiff}}, {{w|Edinburgh}}, {{w|Belfast}}, {{w|Birmingham}} and {{w|Manchester}}.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Lomas |first1=Natasha |title=UK’s first 5G network taster goes live in six cities tomorrow |url=https://techcrunch.com/2019/05/29/uks-first-5g-network-taster-goes-live-in-six-cities-tomorrow/ |website=techcrunch.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Garcia |first1=Ahiza |title=The UK gets its first but limited 5G network |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/30/tech/5g-uk-wireless-service-coverage/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=EE launches UK’s first 5G service |url=https://www.ft.com/content/4484ce80-82ca-11e9-b592-5fe435b57a3b |website=ft.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Warren |first1=Tom |title=5G has arrived in the UK, and it’s fast |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/5/30/18645665/5g-ee-uk-london-hands-on-test-impressions-speed |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
+
| 2019 || July || Testing || {{w|Smart Axiata}} || || {{w|Cambodian}} telecommunications service provider {{w|Smart Axiata}} showcases the Cambodia's first {{w|5G}} live trial.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Empowering Cambodia for the Future of Connectivity and Digital Lifestyle |url=https://www.smart.com.kh/5g-by-smart-first-live-trial-showcase-in-cambodia/ |website=smart.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Cambodia}}
 
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|-
| 2019 || May 30 || Network launch || {{w|Etisalat}} || Emirati multinational {{w|Etisalat}} launches 5G commercial service in the {{w|United Arab Emirates}}, along with {{w|ZTE}} 5G smartphone.<ref>{{cite web |title=Etisalat 5G service launched in the UAE along with ZTE 5G smartphone |url=https://www.techradar.com/news/etisalat-launches-5g-service-and-smartphone-in-uae |website=techradar.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Etisalat first to market with 5G smartphones |url=https://gulfnews.com/business/etisalat-first-to-market-with-5g-smartphones-1.64285773 |website=gulfnews.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Etisalat, Huawei announce 5G partnership |url=https://www.khaleejtimes.com/business/telecom/etisalat-huawei-announce-5g-partnership-mate-20-x-5g-in-uae |website=khaleejtimes.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Arab Emirates}}  
+
| 2019 || August 5 || Product launch || {{w|ZTE}} || || {{w|ZTE}} releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of {{w|Qualcomm}}’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Porter |first1=Jon |title=ZTE releases first 5G phone in China |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/8/5/20754503/zte-axon-10-pro-5g-china-release-date-news-features |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Yujie |first1=Xue |title=China’s First 5G Phone Owner Is a 78-Year-Old Retiree |url=http://www.sixthtone.com/news/1004393/chinas-first-5g-phone-owner-is-a-78-year-old-retiree |website=sixthtone.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
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|-
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Batelco}} || {{w|Batelco}} becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in {{w|Bahrain}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco launches first commercial 5G network in Bahrain |url=https://www.telegeography.com/products/commsupdate/articles/2019/06/05/batelco-launches-first-commercial-5g-network-in-bahrain/ |website=telegeography.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco 1st to Launch Commercial 5G Network in the Kingdom of Bahrain |url=http://batelco.com/news-media/batelco-1st-to-launch-commercial-5g-network-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain/ |website=batelco.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Batelco first to launch commercial 5G in Bahrain |url=https://www.commsmea.com/business/19684-batelco-first-to-launch-commercial-5g-in-bahrain |website=commsmea.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Bahrain}}  
+
| 2019 || August 5 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Vodafone}} launch in {{w|Germany}} a commercial 5G network using Ericsson products and solutions, with their sights set on bringing 5G to 20 million people in the country by the end of 2021.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Vodafone bring 5G to Germany |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2019/8/5g-vodafone-germany |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June 5 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} launches {{w|5G}} in {{w|Italy}} in five cities: {{w|Naples}}, {{w|Bologna}}, {{w|Milan}}, {{w|Turin}}, and {{w|Rome}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone it ‏ |url=https://twitter.com/VodafoneIT/status/1136234868919164935 |website=twitter.com |accessdate=22 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
+
| 2019 || August 6 || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || Sub-6GHz<ref>{{cite web |title=5G AT&T to launch 5G for consumers using low-band 850 MHz spectrum |url=https://www.fiercewireless.com/5g/at-t-to-launch-5g-for-consumers-using-low-band-850-mhz-spectrum |website=fiercewireless.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|AT&T}} rolls out limited 5G in parts of {{w|New York City}}, but only accessible to business customers and developers. As of date, AT&T lags behind {{w|Verizon}}, which offers 5G services in nine cities.<ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T’s 5G network comes to NYC, but not for regular customers |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/8/6/20756924/att-5g-nyc-launch-busines-limited-mmwave |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Heater |first1=Brian |title=AT&T rolls out (limited) 5G in (parts of) New York City |url=https://techcrunch.com/2019/08/06/att-rolls-out-limited-5g-in-parts-of-new-york-city/ |website=techcrunch.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T turns on 5G in New York, but it still isn't available to consumers |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/at-t-turns-on-5g-in-new-york-but-it-still-isnt-available-to-consumers/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T's 5G network is now live in New York City for business customers |url=https://www.androidcentral.com/atts-5g-network-now-live-new-york-city-business-customers |website=androidcentral.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June 6 || Partnership || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} signs a deal with Russian network provider [[w:MTS (network provider)|MTS]] to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.<ref>{{cite web |title=China's Huawei signs deal to develop 5G network in Russia |url=https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/06/chinas-huawei-signs-deal-to-develop-5g-network-in-russia |website=theguardian.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei signs deal with Russian telecoms firm to develop 5G |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/business-48537643 |website=bbc.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cnn.com/2019/06/07/business/huawei-russia-china-splinternet-intl/index.html|title=Huawei is building 5G in Russia and China. We may be seeing the start of the internet break up|first=James |last=Griffiths |department=Analysis |publisher=CNN}}</ref> || {{w|China}}, {{w|Russia}}
+
| 2019 || August 8 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Tele2}} || || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Tele2}} launch Russia's first 5G zone in central {{w|Moscow}}. Ericsson provides the equipment for the network, which is run by Tele2.<ref>{{cite web |title=Russia’s first 5G zone deployed in Moscow |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2019/8/russias-first-5g-zone-deployed-in-moscow |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Russia enters super-fast communication era with launch of first 5G zone in Moscow |url=https://www.rt.com/business/466079-russia-first-5g-zone/ |website=rt.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Russia’s First 5G Zone Deployed in Moscow |url=https://www.aglmediagroup.com/russias-first-5g-zone-deployed-in-moscow/ |website= aglmediagroup.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June 15 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Huawei}} and {{w|Vodafone}} roll out in collaboration the first commercial 5G mobile services in Spain, making it one of the first European countries with the ultrafast mobile network in Europe.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches first 5G network in Spain in cooperation with Huawei |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/15/c_138146288.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone estrenará el 5G en España el 15 de junio con la red de Huawei |url=https://elpais.com/economia/2019/06/10/actualidad/1560156504_005782.html |website=elpais.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
+
| 2019 || August 13 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches first Ireland 5G network |url=https://www.techradar.com/news/vodafone-launches-first-ireland-5g-network |website=techradar.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Vodafone}} launches 5G services in five Irish cities: {{w|Cork}}, {{w|Dublin}}, {{w|Galway}}, {{w|Limerick}} and {{w|Waterford}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches 5G services in Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford |url=https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2019/0813/1068557-vodafone-5g-launch/ |website=rte.ie |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June 19 || Network launch || {{w|STC Group}} || STC Group becomes the first operator to launch 5G commercial services in {{w|Saudi Arabia}}, making it available to customers in a number of cities in the Kingdom.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC Group Launches 5G Commercial Services in Saudi Arabia after Kuwait and Soon in Bahrain as the First Operator in the MENA Region to Offer such Services |url=https://www.stc.com.sa/wps/wcm/connect/english/stc/NewsItems/stc-group-launches-5g |website=stc.com.sa |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> The service uses {{w|Ericsson}} commercial hardware.<ref>{{cite web |title=STC and Ericsson launch 5G network in Saudi Arabia |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/2/stc-and-ericsson-launch-5g-network-in-saudi-arabia |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=STC officially launches 5G service |url=http://saudigazette.com.sa/article/569469 |website=saudigazette.com.sa |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
+
| 2019 || August || Testing || {{w|Zong 4G}} || || Pakistani mobile data network operator {{w|Zong 4G}} becomes the first company in Pakistan to test {{w|5G}} services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Pakistan}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June 27 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|RCS & RDS}} || {{w|Ericsson}} and Romanian operator {{w|RCS & RDS}} launch Romania’s first 5G commercial service in the busiest parts of {{w|Bucharest}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=DIGI RCS & RDS and Ericsson go live with 5G mobile service in Romania |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/6/digi--rcs--rds-and-ericsson-go-live-with-5g-mobile-service-in-romania |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Romania}}
+
| 2019 || August || Testing || {{w|Qualcomm}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || Qualcomm announces work in Russia with local operators and the Moscow government to set up a trial {{w|millimeter wave}} 5G network by the fall. The network would be used for fixed and mobile services for applications like augmented and virtual reality.<ref>{{cite web |title=Millimeter wave 5G coming to Moscow in the fall |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20190819/5g/millimeter-wave-5g-moscow |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June || Userbase || || {{w|South Korea}} reaches over one million {{w|5G}} subscribers.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/06/12/south-korea-hits-1-million-5g-subscribers-in-69-days-beating-4g-record/|title=South Korea hits 1 million 5G subscribers in 69 days, beating 4G record|date=June 12, 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2019 || Late August || Network launch || {{w|Sprint Corporation}} || Sub-6GHz (2.5GHz mid-band) || Sprint Corporation launches 5G service in {{w|Los Angeles}}, {{w|New York City}}, {{w|Phoenix}} and {{w|Washington, D.C.}}<ref name="5G commercial network world coverage map"/> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || June || Infrastructure || {{w|Qualcomm}} || American tech company {{w|Qualcomm}} starts construction of a 5G center in {{w|Taipei}}.<ref>{{Cite news |author=Huang Tzu-ti |date=27 April 2019 |title=Qualcomm 5G center breaks ground in Taiwan |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3733388 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> {{w|5G}} service is expected to be available in {{w|Taiwan}} by January 2020, according to Vice Premier {{w|Chen Chi-mai}}.<ref>{{Cite news |last=Drillsma |first=Ryan |date=19 April 2019 |title=5G could be available in Taiwan as early as January 2020 |url=https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3683845 |website={{w|Taiwan News}} |location=Taipei |access-date=17 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Taiwan}}
+
| 2019 || September 1 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}} || || {{w|Huawei}} deploys 5G In {{w|Russia}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei Just Launched 5G In Russia With Putin's Support: 'Hello Splinternet' |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/09/01/hello-splinternet-huawei-deploys-5g-in-russia-with-putins-support/#1924f4c199d7 |website=forbes.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || Late June || Userbase || || Over 1.6 million people are subscribed to {{w|5G}} in {{w|South Korea}}, accounting for 77 per cent of the global population of 5G users. At the time, there are 14 times as many South Koreans using 5G as there are Americans.<ref>{{cite web |title=South Koreans complain at poor quality of 5G network |url=https://www.ft.com/content/1ff639a4-a85a-11e9-984c-fac8325aaa04 |website=ft.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2019 || September 2 || Partnership || {{w|Iliad SA}}, {{w|Nokia}} || || French telecommunications provider {{w|Iliad SA}} announces partnership with {{w|Nokia}} as for 5G network deployments in {{w|France}} and {{w|Italy}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Iliad selects Nokia for 5G infrastructure rollout in France and Italy |url=https://www.telecompaper.com/news/iliad-selects-nokia-for-5g-infrastructure-rollout-in-france-and-italy--1306491 |website=telecompaper.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Kelly |first1=Chris |title=Iliad reveals Nokia as its 5G network partner in France and Italy |url=https://www.totaltele.com/503716/Iliad-reveals-Nokia-as-its-5G-network-partner-in-France-and-Italy |website=totaltele.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Eurobites: Nokia Lands 5G Deal With Iliad |url=https://www.lightreading.com/eurobites-nokia-lands-5g-deal-with-iliad-/d/d-id/753807?_mc=RSS_LR_EDT |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|France}}, {{w|Italy}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || July 9 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}}, {{w|Monaco Telecom}} || {{w|Monaco Telecom}} launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer.<ref>{{Cite news|language=it|url=http://www.ansa.it/sito/notizie/tecnologia/tlc/2019/07/11/huawei-rete-5g-nel-principato-di-monaco_33bc4d3b-8ea3-47d0-bde2-ae21a001aac6.html|title=Huawei, rete 5G nel Principato di Monaco|work=[[w:Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata|ANSA]]|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://en.businesstimes.cn/articles/115150/20190711/monaco-telecom-rolls-out-full-5g-coverage-using-huawei-gear-in-european-first.htm|title=Monaco Telecom Rolls Out Full 5G Coverage Using Huawei Gear In European First|author=Charleston Lim|work=[[w:Business Times (China)|Business Times]]|location={{w|Beijing}}|date=11 July 2019|access-date=6 August 2019}}</ref> The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by {{w|Huawei}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei makes Monaco world's first fully 5G country |url=https://www.livemint.com/technology/tech-news/huawei-makes-monaco-world-s-first-fully-5g-country-1562761667431.html |website=livemint.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Monaco debuts Europe’s first nationwide 5G network using Huawei gear |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/07/10/monaco-debuts-europes-first-nationwide-5g-network-using-huawei-gear/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Principality of Monaco is world’s first country to have full, operational 5G coverage! |url=https://extendedmonaco.com/en/project/principality-of-monaco-is-worlds-first-country-to-have-full-operational-5g-coverage/ |website=extendedmonaco.com |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Monaco}}
+
| 2019 || September 3 || Product launch || {{w|Samsung}} || || {{w|Samsung}} announces the launch of its first [[w:System on a chip|SoC]] that integrates 5G connectivity. The device, called Exynos 980, combines a 5G modem and mobile application processor into one chip, thus increasing power efficiency and occupying less space within smartphones compared to older generation SoCs.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Gartenberg |first1=Chaim |title=Samsung’s new Exynos 980 processor has a 5G modem built in |url=https://www.theverge.com/circuitbreaker/2019/9/4/20849629/samsung-exynos-980-processor-5g-modem-built-in-default-ifa-2019 |website=theverge.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung launches 5G-integrated Exynos 980 mobile processor |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/samsung-launches-5g-integrated-exynos-980-mobile-processor/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung's Exynos 980 chip is a processor and 5G modem in one |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/04/samsung-exynos-980-chip-processor-5g-modem/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung launches 5G integrated Exynos 980 SoC |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/samsung-launches-5g-integrated-exynos-980-soc/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref> ||  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || July 16 || Network launch || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Swisscom}} || {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Swisscom}} launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming service |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/sk-telecom-and-swisscom-launch-5g-roaming-service/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Swisscom, SK Telecom, Elisa and BICS claim world’s first 5G roaming services |url=http://telecoms.com/498535/swisscom-sk-telecom-elisa-and-bics-claim-worlds-first-5g-roaming-services/ |website=telecoms.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom Launches the World's First 5G Roaming Service With Swisscom |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/sk-telecom-launches-the-worlds-first-5g-roaming-service-with-swisscom/d/d-id/752800 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
+
| 2019 || September 5 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]]<ref name="Millimeter-wave 5G isn’t for widespread coverage, Verizon admits">{{cite web |title=Millimeter-wave 5G isn’t for widespread coverage, Verizon admits |url=https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/04/millimeter-wave-5g-isnt-for-widespread-coverage-verizon-admits/ |website=arstechnica.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Verizon}} launches 5G in {{w|National Football League}} stadiums across the {{w|United States}}, with 13 expected to be live by the start of the 2019-20 football season. Attendees would still need to have a 5G compatible phone to access the 5G networks, which can download data 10 to 100 times faster than the average 4G LTE connection.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon launches 5G in NFL stadiums across the US |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/verizon-launches-5g-in-nfl-stadiums-across-the-us/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Which NFL Stadiums Will Get 5G Connections Next |url=https://fortune.com/2019/09/05/verizon-5g-nfl-stadiums/ |website=fortune.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=13 NFL Stadiums Install Verizon 5G Ultra Wideband Service |url=https://www.sportsvideo.org/2019/09/05/13-nfl-stadiums-install-verizon-5g-ultra-wideband-service/ |website=sportsvideo.org |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon and AT&T bring 5G connectivity to 13 NFL stadiums in time for kickoff |url=https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2019/09/05/5-g-comes-to-nfl-stadiums/2214896001/ |website=usatoday.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon Launches 5G in 13 NFL Stadiums |url=https://www.pcmag.com/news/370564/verizon-launches-5g-in-13-nfl-stadiums |website=pcmag.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || July 16 || Infrastructure || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} activates its first 25 {{w|5G}} base stations in {{w|Germany}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Das erste 5G-Handy-Netz ist da: Ab morgen auf den Smartphones |url=https://www.vodafone.de/newsroom/netz/5g-start-vodafone-startet-5g-in-deutschland/?icmp=newsroomblog:home |website=vodafone.de |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
+
| 2019 || September 6 || Product launch || {{w|Qualcomm}} || Both [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] and Sub-6GHz || American company {{w|Qualcomm}} announces expansion of its {{w|5G}} modems across its Snapdragon 8 series, 7 series and 6 series processors.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm's expanding 5G to cheaper smartphones with new chips |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/qualcomms-expanding-5g-to-cheaper-smartphones-with-new-chips/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=6 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm confirms 5G capable 6 and 7 series Snapdragon chipsets coming next year |url=https://www.gsmarena.com/qualcomm_is_working_on_6_and_7_series_5g_snapdragon_chipsets_for_2020-news-39077.php |website=gsmarena.com |accessdate=6 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || July 18 || Product launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon launches its first 5G hotspot for $650 |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/18/20699111/verizon-5g-mifi-m1000-hotspot-650-expensive-data |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon's first 5G hotspot is $500 with a two-year contract |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/07/18/verizon-5g-hotspot-inseego-st-paul/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> ||
+
| 2019 || September 9 || Public reception || || || Several hundred people demonstrate in {{w|The Hague}} against the arrival of 5G mobile phone networks in the {{w|Netherlands}}, and call for the government to reduce the level of permitted radiation from the new generation mobile phones, improve privacy regulations and assess the effect on the climate.<ref>{{cite web |title=Hundreds protest in The Hague against 5G mobile networks |url=https://www.dutchnews.nl/news/2019/09/hundreds-protest-in-the-hague-against-5g-mobile-networks/ |website=dutchnews.nl |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Netherlands}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || July 26 || Infrastructure || {{w|Telecom Italia}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Telecom Italia}} and {{w|Vodafone}} agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.<ref>{{cite web |title=TIM, Vodafone agree merger of mobile masts, 5G partnership in Italy |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-vodafone-agree-merger-of-mobile-masts-5g-partnership-in-italy-idUSKCN1UL22R |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=TIM to announce towers deal, 5G partnership with Vodafone on July 26: source |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-telecomitalia-vodafone/tim-to-announce-towers-deal-5g-partnership-with-vodafone-on-july-26-source-idUSKCN1UI272 |website=reuters.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
+
| 2019 || September 9 || Partnership || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|SK Telecom}} || || {{w|Samsung}} announces partnership with {{w|SK Telecom}} to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung, SK Telecom Team for 8K TV Powered by 5G |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/samsung-sk-telecom-team-for-8k-tv-powered-by-5g/d/d-id/753975 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung and SK Telecom partner to build a 5G-capable 8K TV |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/09/samsung-and-sk-telecom-partner-to-develop-a-5g-capable-8k-tv/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || July || Testing || {{w|Smart Axiata}} || {{w|Cambodian}} telecommunications service provider {{w|Smart Axiata}} showcases the Cambodia's first {{w|5G}} live trial.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Empowering Cambodia for the Future of Connectivity and Digital Lifestyle |url=https://www.smart.com.kh/5g-by-smart-first-live-trial-showcase-in-cambodia/ |website=smart.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Cambodia}}
+
| 2019 || September 10 || Partnership || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Omron}}, {{w|Nokia}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} announces agreement with {{w|Omron}} and {{w|Nokia Networks}} to collaborate in trials of 5G mobile communication technology inside factories, "with the aim of significantly enhancing future manufacturing productivity". <ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO to Commence 5G Trials at Manufacturing Sites in Partnership with OMRON and Nokia |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2019/0910_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=24 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
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|-
| 2019 || August 5 || Product launch || {{w|ZTE}} || {{w|ZTE}} releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of {{w|Qualcomm}}’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Porter |first1=Jon |title=ZTE releases first 5G phone in China |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/8/5/20754503/zte-axon-10-pro-5g-china-release-date-news-features |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Yujie |first1=Xue |title=China’s First 5G Phone Owner Is a 78-Year-Old Retiree |url=http://www.sixthtone.com/news/1004393/chinas-first-5g-phone-owner-is-a-78-year-old-retiree |website=sixthtone.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2019 || September 16 || Acquisition || {{w|Qualcomm}} || || {{w|Qualcomm}} announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between {{w|TDK}} and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm acquires RF360, hires staff to scale 5G |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20190917/5g/qualcomm-rf360-5g |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm buys out joint venture partner to boost content in 5G smartphones |url=https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/technology/story/2019-09-16/qualcomm-buys-out-joint-venture-partner-to-boost-content-in-5g-smartphones |website=sandiegouniontribune.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm pays TDK $3.1 billion to fully own 5G RF front-end venture |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/16/qualcomm-pays-tdk-3-1-billion-to-fully-own-5g-rf-front-end-venture/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm and TDK collaborate to deliver a more complete 4G/5G system |url=https://www.notebookcheck.net/Qualcomm-and-TDK-collaborate-to-deliver-a-more-complete-4G-5G-system.434889.0.html |website=notebookcheck.net |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2019 || August 5 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Vodafone}} launch in {{w|Germany}} a commercial 5G network using Ericsson products and solutions, with their sights set on bringing 5G to 20 million people in the country by the end of 2021.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson and Vodafone bring 5G to Germany |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2019/8/5g-vodafone-germany |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
+
| 2019 || September 18 || Network launch || Rain || Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz) || South African data-only operator Rain launches a commercial 5G wireless home broadband service in parts of {{w|Johannesburg}} and {{w|Tshwane}}, the first 5G network in the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=South Africa’s first 5G network is now live in parts of Johannesburg and Tshwane – here’s what you’ll pay |url=https://www.businessinsider.co.za/south-africa-first-5g-cellular-network-johannesburg-tshwane-rain-cellular-network-2019-9 |website=businessinsider.co.za |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Rain launches 5G in South Africa – pricing and coverage |url=https://businesstech.co.za/news/mobile/341771/rain-launches-5g-in-south-africa-pricing-and-coverage/ |website=businesstech.co.za |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Rain launches uncapped 5G broadband at R1 000/month |url=https://techcentral.co.za/rain-launches-uncapped-5g-broadband-at-r1-000-month/92692/ |website=techcentral.co.za |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
 
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| 2019 || August 6 || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || {{w|AT&T}} rolls out limited 5G in parts of {{w|New York City}}, but only accessible to business customers and developers. As of date, AT&T lags behind {{w|Verizon}}, which offers 5G services in nine cities.<ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T’s 5G network comes to NYC, but not for regular customers |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/8/6/20756924/att-5g-nyc-launch-busines-limited-mmwave |website=theverge.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Heater |first1=Brian |title=AT&T rolls out (limited) 5G in (parts of) New York City |url=https://techcrunch.com/2019/08/06/att-rolls-out-limited-5g-in-parts-of-new-york-city/ |website=techcrunch.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T turns on 5G in New York, but it still isn't available to consumers |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/at-t-turns-on-5g-in-new-york-but-it-still-isnt-available-to-consumers/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T's 5G network is now live in New York City for business customers |url=https://www.androidcentral.com/atts-5g-network-now-live-new-york-city-business-customers |website=androidcentral.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || September 19 || Product launch || {{w|Huawei}} || || {{w|Huawei}} launches a new 5G flagship smartphone lineup without pre-installed Google-licensed apps.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei unveils its new 5G flagship phone without Google-licensed apps |url=https://www.cnbc.com/2019/09/19/huawei-mate-30-announced-specs-price-android.html |website=cnbc.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Frumusanu |first1=Andrei |title=Home>Mobile Huawei Launches Mate 30 & Mate 30 Pro 4G and 5G Variants: First Step Away From Google |url=https://www.anandtech.com/show/14887/huawei-launches-mate-30-mate-30-pro |website=anandtech.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || August 8 || Network launch || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|Tele2}} || {{w|Ericsson}} and {{w|Tele2}} launch Russia's first 5G zone in central {{w|Moscow}}. Ericsson provides the equipment for the network, which is run by Tele2.<ref>{{cite web |title=Russia’s first 5G zone deployed in Moscow |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/news/2019/8/russias-first-5g-zone-deployed-in-moscow |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Russia enters super-fast communication era with launch of first 5G zone in Moscow |url=https://www.rt.com/business/466079-russia-first-5g-zone/ |website=rt.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Russia’s First 5G Zone Deployed in Moscow |url=https://www.aglmediagroup.com/russias-first-5g-zone-deployed-in-moscow/ |website= aglmediagroup.com |accessdate=9 August 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}
+
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} launches pre-commercial 5G services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || August 13 || Network launch || {{w|Vodafone}} || {{w|Vodafone}} launches 5G services in five Irish cities: {{w|Cork}}, {{w|Dublin}}, {{w|Galway}}, {{w|Limerick}} and {{w|Waterford}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vodafone launches 5G services in Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford |url=https://www.rte.ie/news/business/2019/0813/1068557-vodafone-5g-launch/ |website=rte.ie |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
+
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} rolls out {{w|5G}} in Germany in {{w|Berlin}}, {{w|Darmstadt}}, {{w|Munich}}, {{w|Bonn}}, and {{w|Cologne}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=5G goes live in five cities |url=https://www.telekom.com/en/media/media-information/archive/deutsche-telekom-5g-goes-live-in-five-cities-580574 |website=telekom.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || August || Testing || {{w|Zong 4G}} || Pakistani mobile data network operator {{w|Zong 4G}} becomes the first company in Pakistan to test {{w|5G}} services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Pakistan}}  
+
| 2019 || October || Testing || {{w|Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes}} || 26 GHz || French regulator [[w:Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes|Arcep]] announces first eleven projects for 5G trials in 26 GHz band.<ref>{{cite web |title=France announces first eleven projects for 5G trials in 26 GHz band |url=https://www.telecompaper.com/news/france-announces-first-eleven-projects-for-5g-trials-in-26-ghz-band--1311226 |website=telecompaper.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|France}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 1 || Network launch || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} deploys 5G In {{w|Russia}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei Just Launched 5G In Russia With Putin's Support: 'Hello Splinternet' |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/09/01/hello-splinternet-huawei-deploys-5g-in-russia-with-putins-support/#1924f4c199d7 |website=forbes.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Russia}}  
+
| 2019 || October 8 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] || || {{w|Ericsson}} is selected by service provider [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telia Norway selects Ericsson as sole 5G RAN provider |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/10/telia-norway-selects-ericsson-as-sole-5g-ran-provider |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Telia picks Ericsson for 5G in Norway, plans to deploy spectrum sharing tech |url=https://www.fiercewireless.com/5g/telia-picks-ericsson-for-5g-norway-plans-to-deploy-spectrum-sharing-tech |website=fiercewireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 2 || Partnership || {{w|Iliad SA}}, {{w|Nokia}} || French telecommunications provider {{w|Iliad SA}} announces partnership with {{w|Nokia}} as for 5G network deployments in {{w|France}} and {{w|Italy}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Iliad selects Nokia for 5G infrastructure rollout in France and Italy |url=https://www.telecompaper.com/news/iliad-selects-nokia-for-5g-infrastructure-rollout-in-france-and-italy--1306491 |website=telecompaper.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Kelly |first1=Chris |title=Iliad reveals Nokia as its 5G network partner in France and Italy |url=https://www.totaltele.com/503716/Iliad-reveals-Nokia-as-its-5G-network-partner-in-France-and-Italy |website=totaltele.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Eurobites: Nokia Lands 5G Deal With Iliad |url=https://www.lightreading.com/eurobites-nokia-lands-5g-deal-with-iliad-/d/d-id/753807?_mc=RSS_LR_EDT |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=2 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|France}}, {{w|Italy}}
+
| 2019 || October 11 || Network launch || {{w|BT Mobile}} || Sub-6GHz || {{w|BT Mobile}} launches {{w|5G}} services in the {{w|United Kingdom}}, in 20 cities.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 3 || Product launch || {{w|Samsung}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces the launch of its first [[w:System on a chip|SoC]] that integrates 5G connectivity. The device, called Exynos 980, combines a 5G modem and mobile application processor into one chip, thus increasing power efficiency and occupying less space within smartphones compared to older generation SoCs.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Gartenberg |first1=Chaim |title=Samsung’s new Exynos 980 processor has a 5G modem built in |url=https://www.theverge.com/circuitbreaker/2019/9/4/20849629/samsung-exynos-980-processor-5g-modem-built-in-default-ifa-2019 |website=theverge.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung launches 5G-integrated Exynos 980 mobile processor |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/samsung-launches-5g-integrated-exynos-980-mobile-processor/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung's Exynos 980 chip is a processor and 5G modem in one |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/04/samsung-exynos-980-chip-processor-5g-modem/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung launches 5G integrated Exynos 980 SoC |url=https://www.zdnet.com/article/samsung-launches-5g-integrated-exynos-980-soc/ |website=zdnet.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref> ||
+
| 2019 || October || Network launch || [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] || || Irish broadband telecommunications company [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.<ref>{{cite web |title=100 additional locations will be covered in the 5G network in coming weeks |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191101/5g/eir-5g-in-ireland-ericssons-5g-core |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 5 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} launches 5G in {{w|National Football League}} stadiums across the {{w|United States}}, with 13 expected to be live by the start of the 2019-20 football season. Attendees would still need to have a 5G compatible phone to access the 5G networks, which can download data 10 to 100 times faster than the average 4G LTE connection.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon launches 5G in NFL stadiums across the US |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/verizon-launches-5g-in-nfl-stadiums-across-the-us/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Which NFL Stadiums Will Get 5G Connections Next |url=https://fortune.com/2019/09/05/verizon-5g-nfl-stadiums/ |website=fortune.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=13 NFL Stadiums Install Verizon 5G Ultra Wideband Service |url=https://www.sportsvideo.org/2019/09/05/13-nfl-stadiums-install-verizon-5g-ultra-wideband-service/ |website=sportsvideo.org |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon and AT&T bring 5G connectivity to 13 NFL stadiums in time for kickoff |url=https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2019/09/05/5-g-comes-to-nfl-stadiums/2214896001/ |website=usatoday.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon Launches 5G in 13 NFL Stadiums |url=https://www.pcmag.com/news/370564/verizon-launches-5g-in-13-nfl-stadiums |website=pcmag.com |accessdate=5 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || October || Testing || {{w|VEON}} || Sub-6GHz (3.7 GHz) || {{w|VEON}} launches a {{w|5G}} trial on a live network in {{w|Kazakhstan}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=VEON launches large-scale 5G trial on live network in Kazakhstan |url=https://www.veon.com/media/media-releases/2019/veon-launches-large-scale-5g-trial-on-live-network-in-kazakhstan/ |website=veon.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Kazakhstan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 6 || Product launch || {{w|Qualcomm}} || American company {{w|Qualcomm}} announces expansion of its {{w|5G}} modems across its Snapdragon 8 series, 7 series and 6 series processors.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm's expanding 5G to cheaper smartphones with new chips |url=https://www.cnet.com/news/qualcomms-expanding-5g-to-cheaper-smartphones-with-new-chips/ |website=cnet.com |accessdate=6 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm confirms 5G capable 6 and 7 series Snapdragon chipsets coming next year |url=https://www.gsmarena.com/qualcomm_is_working_on_6_and_7_series_5g_snapdragon_chipsets_for_2020-news-39077.php |website=gsmarena.com |accessdate=6 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2019 || November 1 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}} || Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.6 GHz)<ref name="Encouraging 5G Investment"/> || China state carriers {{w|China Mobile}} (CHL), {{w|China Telecom}} (CHA) and {{w|China Unicom}} (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.<ref>{{cite web |title=China races U.S. pressure as it launches massive 5G mobile network |url=https://www.marketwatch.com/story/china-races-us-pressure-as-it-launches-massive-5g-mobile-network-2019-11-01 |website=marketwatch.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China just launched the world's largest 5G network |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/11/01/tech/5g-china/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China switches on superfast 5G network |url=https://www.france24.com/en/business/20191101-china-switches-on-superfast-5g-network |website=france24.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 9 || Public reception || || Several hundred people demonstrate in {{w|The Hague}} against the arrival of 5G mobile phone networks in the {{w|Netherlands}}, and call for the government to reduce the level of permitted radiation from the new generation mobile phones, improve privacy regulations and assess the effect on the climate.<ref>{{cite web |title=Hundreds protest in The Hague against 5G mobile networks |url=https://www.dutchnews.nl/news/2019/09/hundreds-protest-in-the-hague-against-5g-mobile-networks/ |website=dutchnews.nl |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Netherlands}}
+
| 2019 || November 11 || Partnership || {{w|Zain Group}}, {{w|Ericsson}} || || Kuwaiti mobile telecommunications company {{w|Zain Group}} announces having selected {{w|Ericsson}} to build its 5G network in {{w|Bahrain}}, with the first commercial 5G services expected to go live before the end of 2019.<ref>{{cite web |title=Zain selects Ericsson for 5G in Bahrain |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/11/zain-selects-ericsson-for-5g-in-bahrain |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Bahrain}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 9 || Partnership || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|SK Telecom}} || {{w|Samsung}} announces partnership with {{w|SK Telecom}} to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung, SK Telecom Team for 8K TV Powered by 5G |url=https://www.lightreading.com/mobile/5g/samsung-sk-telecom-team-for-8k-tv-powered-by-5g/d/d-id/753975 |website=lightreading.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung and SK Telecom partner to build a 5G-capable 8K TV |url=https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/09/samsung-and-sk-telecom-partner-to-develop-a-5g-capable-8k-tv/ |website=engadget.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2019 || November 14 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|MTN South Africa}} || || {{w|MTN South Africa}} selects {{w|Ericsson}} as a {{w|5G}} network modernization vendor. Ericsson would supply 5G products and solutions from its {{w|Radio Access Network}} (RAN), transport and Core portfolios, with commercial rollout expected to start in 2020.<ref>{{cite web |title=MTN South Africa selects Ericsson for commercial 5G Core and Radio |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/11/mtn-south-africa-selects-ericsson-for-commercial-5g-core-and-radio |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 10 || Partnership || {{w|NTT Docomo}}, {{w|Omron}}, {{w|Nokia}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} announces agreement with {{w|Omron}} and {{w|Nokia Networks}} to collaborate in trials of 5G mobile communication technology inside factories, "with the aim of significantly enhancing future manufacturing productivity". <ref>{{cite web |title=DOCOMO to Commence 5G Trials at Manufacturing Sites in Partnership with OMRON and Nokia |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2019/0910_00.html |website=nttdocomo.co.jp |accessdate=24 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2019 || November 15 || Technology || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Hewlett Packard Enterprise}}, {{w|Openet}} || || {{w|Samsung Electronics}}, {{w|Hewlett Packard Enterprise}} and software vendor {{w|Openet}} announce the successful integration of a cloud-native 5G standalone (SA) Core with multivendor interoperability. The test features the integration of Samsung’s control, user plane network function, and orchestrator with [[w:Hewlett Packard Enterprise|HPE]]’s shared data environment and network functions, and Openet’s cloud-native network functions software. A 5G SA core would allow operators to offer many of the new services considered paramount to 5G, including [[w:5G network slicing|network slicing]], mobile edge computing, analytics driven by artificial intelligence, and ultra-low latency networks.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung Completes Multivendor Interoperability of Cloud-Native 5G Standalone Core with HPE and Openet |url=https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-completes-multivendor-interoperability-of-cloud-native-5g-standalone-core-with-hpe-and-openet |website=news.samsung.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung completes multi-vendor interoperability of cloud-native 5G standalone core with HPE, Openet |url=https://www.telecompaper.com/news/samsungcompletes-multi-vendor-interoperability-of-cloud-native5gstandalonecore-withhpe-openet--1316324 |website=telecompaper.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung Taps HPE, Openet for Multi-Vendor 5G SA Core Test |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/articles/news/samsung-taps-hpe-openet-for-multi-vendor-5g-sa-core-test/2019/11/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 16 || Acquisition || {{w|Qualcomm}} || {{w|Qualcomm}} announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between {{w|TDK}} and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm acquires RF360, hires staff to scale 5G |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20190917/5g/qualcomm-rf360-5g |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm buys out joint venture partner to boost content in 5G smartphones |url=https://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/technology/story/2019-09-16/qualcomm-buys-out-joint-venture-partner-to-boost-content-in-5g-smartphones |website=sandiegouniontribune.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm pays TDK $3.1 billion to fully own 5G RF front-end venture |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/16/qualcomm-pays-tdk-3-1-billion-to-fully-own-5g-rf-front-end-venture/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm and TDK collaborate to deliver a more complete 4G/5G system |url=https://www.notebookcheck.net/Qualcomm-and-TDK-collaborate-to-deliver-a-more-complete-4G-5G-system.434889.0.html |website=notebookcheck.net |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> ||
+
| 2019 || November 19 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || 28 GHz<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon releases 5G coverage maps, expands to 3 new cities |url=https://www.fiercewireless.com/wireless/verizon-releases-5g-coverage-maps-expands-to-3-new-cities |website=fiercewireless.com |accessdate=19 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Verizon}} ads 5G network to {{w|Boston}}, {{w|Houston}} and {{w|Sioux Falls}}, bringing the total number of cities with the carrier’s next-generation network to 18.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon 5G network now in Boston, Houston and Sioux Falls |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191119/5g/verizon-5g-network-boston-houston-sioux-falls |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=12 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September 18 || Network launch || Rain || South African data-only operator Rain launches a commercial 5G wireless home broadband service in parts of {{w|Johannesburg}} and {{w|Tshwane}}, the first 5G network in the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=South Africa’s first 5G network is now live in parts of Johannesburg and Tshwane – here’s what you’ll pay |url=https://www.businessinsider.co.za/south-africa-first-5g-cellular-network-johannesburg-tshwane-rain-cellular-network-2019-9 |website=businessinsider.co.za |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Rain launches 5G in South Africa – pricing and coverage |url=https://businesstech.co.za/news/mobile/341771/rain-launches-5g-in-south-africa-pricing-and-coverage/ |website=businesstech.co.za |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Rain launches uncapped 5G broadband at R1 000/month |url=https://techcentral.co.za/rain-launches-uncapped-5g-broadband-at-r1-000-month/92692/ |website=techcentral.co.za |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
+
| 2019 || November 20 || Network launch || {{w|EE Limited}} || Sub-6GHz || {{w|EE Limited}} announces having switched on 5G technology in 14 new cities and towns across the United Kingdom, adding the service to Castlereagh, {{w|Guildford}}, Hamilton, {{w|Harlow}}, {{w|Hoddesdon}}, Kimberley, {{w|Lisburn}}, {{w|Maidstone}}, Sydenham, {{w|Watford}} and {{w|Wolverhampton}}, as well as {{w|Liverpool}}, {{w|Glasgow}} and {{w|Huddersfield}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=EE expands 5G to 14 new cities in the UK |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191120/5g/ee-expands-5g-14-new-cities-uk |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=12 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
 
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|-
| 2019 || September 19 || Product launch || {{w|Huawei}} || {{w|Huawei}} launches a new 5G flagship smartphone lineup without pre-installed Google-licensed apps.<ref>{{cite web |title=Huawei unveils its new 5G flagship phone without Google-licensed apps |url=https://www.cnbc.com/2019/09/19/huawei-mate-30-announced-specs-price-android.html |website=cnbc.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Frumusanu |first1=Andrei |title=Home>Mobile Huawei Launches Mate 30 & Mate 30 Pro 4G and 5G Variants: First Step Away From Google |url=https://www.anandtech.com/show/14887/huawei-launches-mate-30-mate-30-pro |website=anandtech.com |accessdate=19 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2019 || November 21 || Infrastructure || || || As of date, China has 113,000 5G base stations.<ref>{{cite web |title=China has 113,000 5G base stations: MIIT minister |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-11/21/c_138572698.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=12 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} launches pre-commercial 5G services.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2019 || November 22 || Infrastructure || {{w|International Telecommunications Union}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || Delegates at the [[w:World Radiocommunication Conference|World Radiocommunication Conference 2019]] (WRC-19), a quadrennial gathering of regulators and governments organized by the {{w|United Nations}}-affiliated {{w|International Telecommunications Union}}, identify several {{w|millimeter wave}} bands that could be used for {{w|5G}} networks. These include 24.25-27.5 GHz, 37-43.5 GHz, 45.5-47 GHz, 47.2-48.2 and 66-71 GHz.<ref>{{cite web |title=Millimeter wave: the 5G mmWave spectrum explained |url=https://www.5gradar.com/features/millimeter-wave-the-5g-mmwave-spectrum-explained |website=5gradar.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Egypt}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || September || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} rolls out {{w|5G}} in Germany in {{w|Berlin}}, {{w|Darmstadt}}, {{w|Munich}}, {{w|Bonn}}, and {{w|Cologne}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=5G goes live in five cities |url=https://www.telekom.com/en/media/media-information/archive/deutsche-telekom-5g-goes-live-in-five-cities-580574 |website=telekom.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
+
| 2019 || November || [[w:Spectrum management|Spectrum use]] || {{w|Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes}} || Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.8 GHz) || French regulator Arcep ({{w|Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes}}) publishes and submits to the government the conditions for awarding licences to use frequencies in the 3.4 GHz to 3.8 GHz band in France. Arcep states: “The 3.4-3.8 GHz band is the core band for 5G whose deployment promises to make French businesses more competitive and drive innovation, in addition to satisfying users’ expectation of having access to increasingly powerful mobile services.”<ref>{{cite web |title=France plans to make 5G spectrum available in 50 megahertz blocks |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191125/5g/france-sets-conditions-5g-spectrum-auction |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|France}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || October 8 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] || {{w|Ericsson}} is selected by service provider [[w:Telia Company|Telia]] as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.<ref>{{cite web |title=Telia Norway selects Ericsson as sole 5G RAN provider |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/10/telia-norway-selects-ericsson-as-sole-5g-ran-provider |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Telia picks Ericsson for 5G in Norway, plans to deploy spectrum sharing tech |url=https://www.fiercewireless.com/5g/telia-picks-ericsson-for-5g-norway-plans-to-deploy-spectrum-sharing-tech |website=fiercewireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}
+
| 2019 || November || Policy || {{w|German Government}} || Sub-6GHz (3.7 GHz – 3.8 GHz) || Germany offers to private companies corporate licenses to fractions of 3.7-3.8GHz wireless spectrum for 5G services.<ref>{{cite web |title=Germany opens door to private 5G networks with 3.7-3.8GHz licenses |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/11/21/germany-opens-door-to-private-5g-networks-with-3-7-3-8ghz-licenses/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || October 11 || Network launch || {{w|BT Mobile}} || {{w|BT Mobile}} launches {{w|5G}} services in the {{w|United Kingdom}}, in 20 cities.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
+
| 2019 || December 3 || Network launch || {{w|T-Mobile}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|T-Mobile}} launches 600MHz {{w|5G}} in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile launches 600MHz 5G across the US, but no one can use it until December 6th |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/12/2/20991566/tmobile-nationwide-5g-600mhz-launch-samsung-oneplus |website=theverge.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile has launched nationwide 5G. Here's what that means |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/03/tech/tmobile-5g/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles. The company is expected to add mid-band spectrum for broad coverage and performance as well as {{w|millimeter wave}} spectrum for hotspot-like coverage in dense urban areas.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile 5G: It’s On! |url=https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191202005562/en/ |website=businesswire.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || October || Network launch || [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] || Irish broadband telecommunications company [[w:Eir (telecommunications)|Eir]] launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.<ref>{{cite web |title=100 additional locations will be covered in the 5G network in coming weeks |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191101/5g/eir-5g-in-ireland-ericssons-5g-core |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Ireland}}
+
| 2019 || December 10 || Milestone (technology) || {{w|Ericsson}} || Sub-6GHz (2.3 GHz) || Australian {{w|telecommunications company}} Optus claims to have made the world’s first {{w|5G}} data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in {{w|Sydney}} using kit from {{w|Ericsson}}. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.<ref>{{cite web |title=Optus completes 5G data call using 2.3 GHz spectrum |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191210/5g/optus-5g-data-call-using-2-3-ghz-spectrum |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || October || Testing || {{w|VEON}} || {{w|VEON}} launches a {{w|5G}} trial on a live network in {{w|Kazakhstan}}.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=VEON launches large-scale 5G trial on live network in Kazakhstan |url=https://www.veon.com/media/media-releases/2019/veon-launches-large-scale-5g-trial-on-live-network-in-kazakhstan/ |website=veon.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Kazakhstan}}
+
| 2019 || December 11 || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}} || || {{w|Nokia}} announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless {{w|LTE}} to industrial and government customers in {{w|Japan}}. These five Nokia partners span multiple segments, including {{w|NS Solutions}} for factory IoT, {{w|Marubeni}} for global IoT, {{w|Internet Initiative Japan}} for Full {{w|MVNO}}, {{w|Equinix}} for multi-cloud and global data centers, and [[w:Hitachi|Hitachi Kokusai Electric]].<ref>{{cite web |title=5G and IoT comes to enterprises in Japan |url=https://www.smart-energy.com/industry-sectors/smart-grid/5g-and-iot-comes-to-enterprises-in-japan/ |website=smart-energy.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 1 || Network launch || {{w|China Mobile}}, {{w|China Telecom}}, {{w|China Unicom}} || China state carriers {{w|China Mobile}} (CHL), {{w|China Telecom}} (CHA) and {{w|China Unicom}} (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.<ref>{{cite web |title=China races U.S. pressure as it launches massive 5G mobile network |url=https://www.marketwatch.com/story/china-races-us-pressure-as-it-launches-massive-5g-mobile-network-2019-11-01 |website=marketwatch.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China just launched the world's largest 5G network |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/11/01/tech/5g-china/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China switches on superfast 5G network |url=https://www.france24.com/en/business/20191101-china-switches-on-superfast-5g-network |website=france24.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2019 || December 11 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} || || {{w|South Korea}}n {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based {{w|Lidar}}, a cloud-based {{w|IoT}} platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Samsung partner on 5G autonomous ship |url=https://www.gigabitmagazine.com/mobile/sk-telecom-and-samsung-partner-5g-autonomous-ship |website=gigabitmagazine.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 11 || Partnership || {{w|Zain Group}}, {{w|Ericsson}} || Kuwaiti mobile telecommunications company {{w|Zain Group}} announces having selected {{w|Ericsson}} to build its 5G network in {{w|Bahrain}}, with the first commercial 5G services expected to go live before the end of 2019.<ref>{{cite web |title=Zain selects Ericsson for 5G in Bahrain |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/11/zain-selects-ericsson-for-5g-in-bahrain |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Bahrain}}
+
| 2019 || December 11 || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || Sub-6GHz || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} launches commercial 5G services in {{w|Hamburg}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Deutsche Telekom launches 5G services in Hamburg |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191211/5g/deutsche-telekom-launches-5g-services-hamburg |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 14 || Partnership || {{w|Ericsson}}, {{w|MTN South Africa}} || {{w|MTN South Africa}} selects {{w|Ericsson}} as a {{w|5G}} network modernization vendor. Ericsson would supply 5G products and solutions from its {{w|Radio Access Network}} (RAN), transport and Core portfolios, with commercial rollout expected to start in 2020.<ref>{{cite web |title=MTN South Africa selects Ericsson for commercial 5G Core and Radio |url=https://www.ericsson.com/en/press-releases/2019/11/mtn-south-africa-selects-ericsson-for-commercial-5g-core-and-radio |website=ericsson.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Africa}}
+
| 2019 || December || Userbase || || || Chinese {{w|5G}} {{w|smartphone}} users are reported to outperform South Korean users, following 5G commercial launch in November in China.<ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 15 || Technology || {{w|Samsung}}, {{w|Hewlett Packard Enterprise}}, {{w|Openet}} || {{w|Samsung Electronics}}, {{w|Hewlett Packard Enterprise}} and software vendor {{w|Openet}} announce the successful integration of a cloud-native 5G standalone (SA) Core with multivendor interoperability. The test features the integration of Samsung’s control, user plane network function, and orchestrator with [[w:Hewlett Packard Enterprise|HPE]]’s shared data environment and network functions, and Openet’s cloud-native network functions software. A 5G SA core would allow operators to offer many of the new services considered paramount to 5G, including [[w:5G network slicing|network slicing]], mobile edge computing, analytics driven by artificial intelligence, and ultra-low latency networks.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung Completes Multivendor Interoperability of Cloud-Native 5G Standalone Core with HPE and Openet |url=https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-completes-multivendor-interoperability-of-cloud-native-5g-standalone-core-with-hpe-and-openet |website=news.samsung.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung completes multi-vendor interoperability of cloud-native 5G standalone core with HPE, Openet |url=https://www.telecompaper.com/news/samsungcompletes-multi-vendor-interoperability-of-cloud-native5gstandalonecore-withhpe-openet--1316324 |website=telecompaper.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung Taps HPE, Openet for Multi-Vendor 5G SA Core Test |url=https://www.sdxcentral.com/articles/news/samsung-taps-hpe-openet-for-multi-vendor-5g-sa-core-test/2019/11/ |website=sdxcentral.com |accessdate=15 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2020 || January 16 || Infrastructure || Galaxy Space || || 227-kilogram Yinhe–1 (Galaxy-1) technology verification satellite for Beijing-based communications satellite producer Galaxy Space launches. It is the first private 5G low-orbit broadband satellite China successfully puts in orbit.<ref>{{cite web |title=China Launches First Private 5G Low-orbit Broadband Satellite |url=https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/rest-of-the-world-news/china-launches-first-private-5g-low-orbit-broadband-satellite.html |website=republicworld.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China's first LEO 5G broadband satellite moves into orbit |url=http://www.ecns.cn/news/sci-tech/2020-01-17/detail-ifzsuknk2866270.shtml |website=ecns.cn |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 19 || Network launch || {{w|Verizon}} || {{w|Verizon}} ads 5G network to {{w|Boston}}, {{w|Houston}} and {{w|Sioux Falls}}, bringing the total number of cities with the carrier’s next-generation network to 18.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon 5G network now in Boston, Houston and Sioux Falls |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191119/5g/verizon-5g-network-boston-houston-sioux-falls |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=12 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
+
| 2020 || January 17 || Testing || {{w|ZTE Corporation}}, {{w|MTN Uganda}} || Sub-6GHz (60 MHz)<ref>{{cite web |title=3 Major 5G Networks Launch across Africa |url=https://www.itnewsafrica.com/2020/01/3-major-5g-networks-launch-across-africa/ |website=itnewsafrica.com |accessdate=18 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|ZTE Corporation}} and {{w|MTN Uganda}} successfully roll out 5G technology trial in Uganda, which becomes the first country in {{w|East Africa}} to adopt 5G technology.<ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda becomes East Africa’s first country to adopt 5G technology |url=https://www.pd.co.ke/news/world/uganda-becomes-east-africas-first-country-to-adopt-5g-technology-20815/ |website=pd.co.ke |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda outsmarts, Kenya and Rwanda to become the first country in East Africa to roll out 5G technology |url=https://www.pulselive.co.ke/bi/tech/uganda-outsmarts-kenya-and-rwanda-and-rolls-the-first-5g-trial-in-east-africa/rvyzd4v |website=pulselive.co.ke |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Uganda}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 20 || Network launch || {{w|EE Limited}} || {{w|EE Limited}} announces having switched on 5G technology in 14 new cities and towns across the United Kingdom, adding the service to Castlereagh, {{w|Guildford}}, Hamilton, {{w|Harlow}}, {{w|Hoddesdon}}, Kimberley, {{w|Lisburn}}, {{w|Maidstone}}, Sydenham, {{w|Watford}} and {{w|Wolverhampton}}, as well as {{w|Liverpool}}, {{w|Glasgow}} and {{w|Huddersfield}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=EE expands 5G to 14 new cities in the UK |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191120/5g/ee-expands-5g-14-new-cities-uk |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=12 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
+
| 2020 || January 29 || || {{w|European Commission}} || || The {{w|European Commission}} issues its guidance on {{w|5G}} and the role that "high-risk" vendors should play in networks. The non-binding EC recommendations call on member states to strengthen security requirements, assess the risk of suppliers, restrict suppliers considered to be high-risk, reveal exclusions for key assets considered as critical (such as the core network), set up a legal or regulatory framework to control the use of outsourced suppliers, and ensure governments get audit telecoms operators to provide detailed data on sourcing of 5G equipment.<ref name="5G: EU issues guidance on 'high-risk' suppliers">{{cite web |title=5G: EU issues guidance on 'high-risk' suppliers |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-51294691 |website=bbc.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|European Union}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || November 21 || Infrastructure || || As of date, China has 113,000 5G base stations.<ref>{{cite web |title=China has 113,000 5G base stations: MIIT minister |url=http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-11/21/c_138572698.htm |website=xinhuanet.com |accessdate=12 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}  
+
| 2020 || January || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Ericsson}} || || {{w|Ericsson}} announces a new R&D site in France with up to 300 employees. The site would focus initially on 5G software development and security.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson Says It Will Now Open A 5G R&D Site In France |url=https://data-economy.com/ericsson-says-it-will-now-open-a-5g-rd-site-in-france/ |website=data-economy.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson to ramp European 5G with new R&D site in France |url=https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252477009/Ericsson-to-ramp-European-5G-with-new-RD-site-in-France |website=computerweekly.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson opens new R&D site in France |url=https://evertiq.com/news/47585 |website=evertiq.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|France}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 3 || Network launch || {{w|T-Mobile}} || {{w|T-Mobile}} announces the launch of its nationwide 5G network in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile has launched nationwide 5G. Here's what that means |url=https://edition.cnn.com/2019/12/03/tech/tmobile-5g/index.html |website=edition.cnn.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles.<ref>{{cite web |title=T-Mobile 5G: It’s On! |url=https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191202005562/en/ |website=businesswire.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}  
+
| 2020 || February 12 || Policy || {{w|Swiss Government}} || || {{w|Switzerland}} places an indefinite moratorium on the rollout of {{w|5G}} over health concerns.<ref>{{cite web |title=Switzerland halts rollout of 5G over health concerns |url=https://www.ft.com/content/848c5b44-4d7a-11ea-95a0-43d18ec715f5 |website=ft.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 10 || Milestone (technology) || {{w|Ericsson}} || Australian {{w|telecommunications company}} Optus claims to have made the world’s first {{w|5G}} data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in {{w|Sydney}} using kit from {{w|Ericsson}}. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.<ref>{{cite web |title=Optus completes 5G data call using 2.3 GHz spectrum |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191210/5g/optus-5g-data-call-using-2-3-ghz-spectrum |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Australia}}
+
| 2020 || February 17 || Education || {{w|Nokia}} || || Nokia launches a {{w|5G}} certification program with the purpose to train and certify business and technology professionals at communications service providers and enterprises.<ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia launches certification programme to boost enterprise 5G |url=https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252478698/Nokia-launches-certification-programme-to-boost-enterprise-5G |website=computerweekly.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia claims it’s breaking new ground with a 5G certification programme |url=https://www.telecomtv.com/content/5g/nokia-claims-it-s-breaking-new-ground-with-a-5g-certification-programme-37715/ |website=telecomtv.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 11 || Partnership || {{w|Nokia}} || {{w|Nokia}} announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless {{w|LTE}} to industrial and government customers in {{w|Japan}}. These five Nokia partners span multiple segments, including {{w|NS Solutions}} for factory IoT, {{w|Marubeni}} for global IoT, {{w|Internet Initiative Japan}} for Full {{w|MVNO}}, {{w|Equinix}} for multi-cloud and global data centers, and [[w:Hitachi|Hitachi Kokusai Electric]].<ref>{{cite web |title=5G and IoT comes to enterprises in Japan |url=https://www.smart-energy.com/industry-sectors/smart-grid/5g-and-iot-comes-to-enterprises-in-japan/ |website=smart-energy.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2020 || February 18 || Technology || {{w|Qualcomm}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|Qualcomm}} announces new 5G modem and {{w|millimeter wave}} antenna module, as well as a Radio frequency filtering technology with several applications.<ref>{{cite web |title=Qualcomm Unveils a More Advanced 5G Modem and New RF Filtering Tech |url=https://www.thestreet.com/investing/qualcomm-unveils-a-more-advanced-5g-modem-new-rf-filtering-tech-snapdragon-x60 |website=thestreet.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 11 || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|SK Telecom}}, {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} || {{w|South Korea}}n {{w|SK Telecom}} and {{w|Samsung Heavy Industries}} announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based {{w|Lidar}}, a cloud-based {{w|IoT}} platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.<ref>{{cite web |title=SK Telecom and Samsung partner on 5G autonomous ship |url=https://www.gigabitmagazine.com/mobile/sk-telecom-and-samsung-partner-5g-autonomous-ship |website=gigabitmagazine.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
+
| 2020 || February 23 || Testing || {{w|Ericsson}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || Ericsson achieves the fastest maximum speed record of 4.3 Gbps on the {{w|millimeter wave}} spectrum, breaking the previous record if {{w|Huawei}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson achieves record-breaking millimeter wave speed in 5G test ? Here are the reasons why?? |url=https://gizmoposts24.com/technology/ericsson-achieves-record-breaking-millimeter-wave-speed-in-5g-test-here-are-the-reasons-why-52976/ |website=gizmoposts24.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December 11 || Network launch || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} || {{w|Deutsche Telekom}} launches commercial 5G services in {{w|Hamburg}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Deutsche Telekom launches 5G services in Hamburg |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20191211/5g/deutsche-telekom-launches-5g-services-hamburg |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=11 December 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
+
| 2020 || February 26 || Network launch || {{w|du}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || UAE-based telecommunications provider {{w|du}} announces successful deployment of the {{w|MENA}}'s first {{w|millimeter wave}} site at the du arena in {{w|Yas Island}}, {{w|Abu Dhabi}}, which is expected to provide the region’s highest ultra-high mobile broadband 5G services, increase coverage, and accelerate the pace of widespread 5G usage in the country.<ref>{{cite web |title=du announces deployment of the first Live millimetre Wave 5G site at Yas Island |url=https://www.zawya.com/mena/en/press-releases/story/du_announces_deployment_of_the_first_Live_millimetre_Wave_5G_site_at_Yas_Island-ZAWYA20200226112047/ |website=zawya.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United Arab Emirates}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2019 || December || Userbase || || Chinese {{w|5G}} {{w|smartphone}} users are reported to outperform South Korean users, following 5G commercial launch in November in China.<ref name="en.ctimes.com.tw"/> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2020 || February 27 || Network launch || {{w|Google Fi}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|Google Fi}} announces {{w|millimeter wave}} officially listed as being available in “pockets of select cities” by the carrier, with Google having yet to detail a specific 5G arrangement. Google Fi already uses {{w|T-Mobile}}’s {{w|5G}} network on supported phones.<ref>{{cite web |title=Google Fi already using T-Mobile’s 5G network on supported phones |url=https://9to5google.com/2020/02/27/google-fi-tmobile-5g/ |website=9to5google.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 || January 16 || Infrastructure || Galaxy Space || 227-kilogram Yinhe–1 (Galaxy-1) technology verification satellite for Beijing-based communications satellite producer Galaxy Space launches. It is the first private 5G low-orbit broadband satellite China successfully puts in orbit.<ref>{{cite web |title=China Launches First Private 5G Low-orbit Broadband Satellite |url=https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/rest-of-the-world-news/china-launches-first-private-5g-low-orbit-broadband-satellite.html |website=republicworld.com |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=China's first LEO 5G broadband satellite moves into orbit |url=http://www.ecns.cn/news/sci-tech/2020-01-17/detail-ifzsuknk2866270.shtml |website=ecns.cn |accessdate=5 February 2020}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2020 || March 4 || Infrastructure || {{w|Ericsson}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || Ericsson announces production of the first 5G base station, {{w|millimeter wave}} Street Macro units, at its new factory in the {{w|United States}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Enabling millimeter wave 5G rollout focus of Ericsson’s US factory |url=https://www.rcrwireless.com/20200304/network-infrastructure/millimeter-wave-5g-ericsson-us-factory |website=rcrwireless.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 || January 17 || Testing || {{w|ZTE Corporation}}, {{w|MTN Uganda}} || {{w|ZTE Corporation}} and {{w|MTN Uganda}} successfully roll out 5G technology trial in Uganda, which becomes the first country in {{w|East Africa}} to adopt 5G technology.<ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda becomes East Africa’s first country to adopt 5G technology |url=https://www.pd.co.ke/news/world/uganda-becomes-east-africas-first-country-to-adopt-5g-technology-20815/ |website=pd.co.ke |accessdate=20 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Uganda outsmarts, Kenya and Rwanda to become the first country in East Africa to roll out 5G technology |url=https://www.pulselive.co.ke/bi/tech/uganda-outsmarts-kenya-and-rwanda-and-rolls-the-first-5g-trial-in-east-africa/rvyzd4v |website=pulselive.co.ke |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Uganda}}
+
| 2020 || March 5 || Network launch || {{w|AT&T}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || {{w|AT&T}} expands its 5G network and launches {{w|millimeter wave}} connections for its customers.<ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T launches faster 5G+ w/ mmWave, works on Galaxy S20, Ultra |url=https://9to5google.com/2020/03/05/att-5g-mmwave-galaxy-s20/ |website=9to5google.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 || January || {{w|Research and development}} || {{w|Ericsson}} || {{w|Ericsson}} announces a new R&D site in France with up to 300 employees. The site would focus initially on 5G software development and security.<ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson Says It Will Now Open A 5G R&D Site In France |url=https://data-economy.com/ericsson-says-it-will-now-open-a-5g-rd-site-in-france/ |website=data-economy.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson to ramp European 5G with new R&D site in France |url=https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252477009/Ericsson-to-ramp-European-5G-with-new-RD-site-in-France |website=computerweekly.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Ericsson opens new R&D site in France |url=https://evertiq.com/news/47585 |website=evertiq.com |accessdate=28 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|France}}
+
| 2020 || March 12 || Infrastructure || {{w|Verizon}} || [[w:Extremely high frequency|Millimeter wave]] || Verizon announces acquisition of a metric ton of {{w|millimeter wave}} 5G spectrum from the FCC in Auction 103, spending over US$1.6 billion to purchase 4,960 licenses from the FCC to bolster their 5G network. The purchase implies 50% more spectrum than {{w|AT&T}}, which was the next-highest bidder at US$1.186 billion for 3,267 licenses.<ref>{{cite web |title=Verizon just spent $1.6 billion on new millimeter-wave spectrum, but why? |url=https://www.androidcentral.com/verizon-just-spent-16-billion-new-millimeter-wave-spectrum-why |website=androidcentral.com |accessdate=16 March 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 || February 17 || Education || {{w|Nokia}} || Nokia launches a {{w|5G}} certification program with the purpose to train and certify business and technology professionals at communications service providers and enterprises.<ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia launches certification programme to boost enterprise 5G |url=https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252478698/Nokia-launches-certification-programme-to-boost-enterprise-5G |website=computerweekly.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Nokia claims it’s breaking new ground with a 5G certification programme |url=https://www.telecomtv.com/content/5g/nokia-claims-it-s-breaking-new-ground-with-a-5g-certification-programme-37715/ |website=telecomtv.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> ||
+
| 2020 || June || Network launch || {{w|Viettel}} || || Vietnamese telecommunication company {{w|Viettel}} plans to launch commercial {{w|5G}} mobile services by this time.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Vietnam's largest mobile carrier to launch commercial 5G services in June |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-viettel-5g/vietnams-largest-mobile-carrier-to-launch-commercial-5g-services-in-june-idUSKBN1ZG11Y |website=reuters.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Vietnam}}
 
|-
 
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| 2020 || June || Network launch || {{w|Viettel}} || Vietnamese telecommunication company {{w|Viettel}} plans to launch commercial {{w|5G}} mobile services by this time.<ref name="5G Availability Around the World"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Vietnam's largest mobile carrier to launch commercial 5G services in June |url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-viettel-5g/vietnams-largest-mobile-carrier-to-launch-commercial-5g-services-in-june-idUSKBN1ZG11Y |website=reuters.com |accessdate=21 January 2020}}</ref> || {{w|Vietnam}}  
+
| 2020 || July || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to have {{w|5G}} base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com">{{cite web |title=NTT Docomo moves up Japan-wide 5G to June 2020, offers early access |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/19/ntt-docomo-moves-up-japan-wide-5g-to-june-2020-offers-early-access/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=18 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2020 || July || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to have {{w|5G}} base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com">{{cite web |title=NTT Docomo moves up Japan-wide 5G to June 2020, offers early access |url=https://venturebeat.com/2019/09/19/ntt-docomo-moves-up-japan-wide-5g-to-june-2020-offers-early-access/ |website=venturebeat.com |accessdate=18 November 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2021 || Spring || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to reach a total of 10,000 {{w|5G}} base stations by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com"/> || {{w|Japan}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2021 || Spring || Network launch || {{w|NTT Docomo}} || {{w|NTT Docomo}} plans to reach a total of 10,000 {{w|5G}} base stations by this time.<ref name="venturebeat.com"/> || {{w|Japan}}
+
| 2023 || || Network launch || {{w|China Tower}} || || State-owned telecommunication provider {{w|China Tower}} expects to reach {{w|5G}} national coverage by this year.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
 
|-
 
|-
| 2023 || || Network launch || {{w|China Tower}} || State-owned telecommunication provider {{w|China Tower}} expects to reach {{w|5G}} national coverage by this year.<ref name="China is racing ahead in 5G. Here’s what that means"/> || {{w|China}}
+
| 2024 || || Userbase || || || {{w|5G}} subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from {{w|GlobalData}}. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024 |url=https://www.5gradar.com/news/5g-subscriptions-will-reach-15-billion-by-2024 |website=5gradar.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Global 5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024, says GlobalData |url=https://www.globaldata.com/global-5g-subscriptions-will-reach-1-5-billion-by-2024-says-globaldata/?utm_source=AffiliateFuture&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=skimlinks&affc=9e1c727b-79b7-447e-b661-fa2187116e23 |website=globaldata.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
| 2024 || || Userbase || || {{w|5G}} subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from {{w|GlobalData}}. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024 |url=https://www.5gradar.com/news/5g-subscriptions-will-reach-15-billion-by-2024 |website=5gradar.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Global 5G subscriptions will reach 1.5 billion by 2024, says GlobalData |url=https://www.globaldata.com/global-5g-subscriptions-will-reach-1-5-billion-by-2024-says-globaldata/?utm_source=AffiliateFuture&utm_medium=affiliate&utm_campaign=skimlinks&affc=9e1c727b-79b7-447e-b661-fa2187116e23 |website=globaldata.com |accessdate=2 October 2019}}</ref> ||
+
| 2024 || || || || || A new study finds that total operator-billed revenue from {{w|5G}} {{w|IoT}} connections would reach US$8 billion by this year.<ref>{{cite web |title=5G Networks IoT Revenue to Reach $8 Billion by 2025, Research Forecast Shows |url=https://techstartups.com/2020/02/17/5g-networks-iot-revenue-reach-8-billion-2025-research-forecast-shows/ |website=techstartups.com |accessdate=17 February 2020}}</ref> ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}

Latest revision as of 15:09, 20 March 2020

This is a timeline of 5G, the fifth generation of cellular network technology.

Sample questions

The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:

  • What are some important milestones in the development of 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Milestone".
    • You will see standout events like the first adoption of 5G by a country.
  • Which are some developed network standards related to 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Network standard".
    • You will see a list of standards approved by 3GPP, the standards organization that develops protocols for mobile telephony.
  • What are some significant events related to spectrum use for 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Spectrum use".
    • You will see information on a variety of frequencies, including millimetre wave and sub-6GHz.
  • What are some of the many 5G tests and trials conducted around the world?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Testing".
  • What are some important fundings and other events related to 5G R&D?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Research and development".
  • What are some notable partnerships between countries and organizations related to the development of 5G?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Partnership".
  • Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product launch".
  • Which are the most notable companies involved in the development and network launch of the 5G generation?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Organization".
    • This will help you make sense of the most notable organizations given their number of occurrences.
  • Which countries are involved in the development and adoption of 5G so far?
    • See the Summary by country section in the big picture for an overview.
    • For more details, sort the full timeline by "Country/location". This will help you make sense of the countries most involved in the development and adoption of 5G given their number of occurrences.
  • Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product".
  • What are some indicative figures on 5G userbase and market penetration?
    • Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Userbase".
    • You will see market penetration in pioneering countries.

Big picture

Summary by year

Key year Development summary
2011 The first studies considering millimeter wave as a key component for cellular 5G networks appear around this time.[1]
2012 5G research is conducted in countries like Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom.
2013 In Japan, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone leads 5G research. Samsung in South Korea announces development of the technology. India and Israel start a program. Chinese companies, including Huawei, start research on 5G.
2014 Japan establishes its 5G Mobile Forum. A 5G mobile strategy starts in South Korea. The European Commission earmarks €700 million for 5G research starting in this year.[2]
2015 Some consider the road to 5G having begun in this year, with the International Telecommunication Union’s IMT-2020 framework, which sets out the general requirements and future development of the next-generation mobile technology.[3] Huawei demonstrates the world’s first 5G testbed working on sub-6 GHz frequency band.
2016 Vast amounts of bandwidth in underused high-band spectrum are freed in the United States for 5G. Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials. The European Union adopts its action plan with the objective of launching 5G services in all 28 member states by the end of 2020.[4] Nokia, NTT Docomo, and Ericsson among others, lead 5G research.
2017 77 operators in 49 countries complete 5G trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of 5G NR specifications are approved by 3GPP.[5]
2018 A number of countries start launching limited 5G networks in selected locations. Qatar launches its network, but 5G mobiles are not available at the time. Elisa launches commercial 5G networks in Tampere and Tallinn. South Korea rolls out a 5G trial at the 2018 Winter Olympics.[6] 3GPP approves standard frozen.[5]
2019 The first countrywide commercial 5G network deployment occurs in South Korea.[5]
2020 5G services are expected to be launched in many major cities.[7] Global 5G wireless network infrastructure revenue is expected to reach US$4.2 billion by this year. 5G smartphone shipments are estimated to number at around 260 million units in the year.[8]
2021 By this year, mobile and network communications applications, products, and services would be built mostly around 5G. Smartphone shipments using this technology are estimated to number at around 540 million units in the year.[8]

Summary by country

Key country 5G development
South Korea South Korea is recognized as the world's first country to roll out 5G on a large scale. Samsung, SK Telecom, KT, and LG Uplus are South Korean companies involved in the development and deployment of the technology.
China China is considered to be a leading country in telecommunications, as Japan was when it pioneered 3G in the early 2000s, and the United States in 2011 when the country dominated the launch of 4G. As of December 2019, China has the largest 5G userbase in the world.[9][8] 5G deployment is strongly backed by the government. China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Telecom are major 5G network players.[10]
United States The United States is considered to be a well advanced country in terms of 5G.[10] It is the leader in spectrum efficiency, permitting the repurposing of broadcast spectrum for broadband.[6] AT&T, Verizon, Sprint Corporation, and T-Mobile US are important players in this country.[10] US carriers prefer using midband and millimeter wave spectrum for 5G from the outset.[11]
Europe Europe's adoption of 5G is only months behind the United States. The focus in this region is almost entirely on using midband, which brings slightly slower speeds than millimeter wave used in the US, but which works over long distances.[11]
Japan Japan is considered to be among the top 5G network developers. NTT Docomo, SoftBank, and KDDI stand among the top players developing 5G in the country.[6]

Summary of all cellular network generations

Time period Cellular network generation Operating cellular frequencies Speed Development summary
1979–1991 1G 800 MHz[12]–1900 MHz[13] Maximum 2.4 Kbps[14] Exclusive period of the first generation of wireless cellular technology, which features and supports voice only.[12] It starts with the first commercially automated cellular network launched in Japan by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) in 1979. In 1981, the Nordic Mobile Telephone system simultaneously launches in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
1991[15]–onwards 2G GSM: 900MHZ, 1800MHz. CDMA: 800MHz[12] 50 Kbps[14] Second generation cellular network lifetime, which features multiple users on single channel, and supports voice and data.[12] It is first commercially launched on the GSM standard in Finland[15] by Radiolinja.
1998[15]–onwards 3G 2100 MHz[12] 2 Mbps on stationary or non-moving devices and 384 Kbps on devices in moving vehicles[14][15] Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.[16][17][18][19]
2009–onwards 4G 600 MHz–2.5 GHz[13] Maximum 400 Mbps[15] 500 times faster than 3G[15], the fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology starts with the first-release Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard commercially deployed in Oslo and Stockholm in 2009. Instead of replacing, 5G is building on 4G LTE, using updated radios and software.[20]
2019 5G Enables about 28 GHz[13] Maximum in the theoretical range 10 Gbps[21]–20 Gbps[14] 5G is first deployed in South Korea on a national basis. Many elements of 5G technology is built on 4G networks, rather than representing a complete departure of the generation.[22] In most cases, 5G has built on 4G deployment.[23]
2030 6G  ? 1 Tbps?[24] NTT Docomo aims to launch 6G on a commercial basis by 2030.[25] China has already two working groups overseeing research around 6G.[24]

Visual data

The table and image below illustrate the evolution of worldwide wireless infrastructure revenue forecast in millions of dollars across different segments, for the years 2018 to 2021.[7]

Year 5G 2G 3G LTE and 4G Small Cells Mobile Core
2018 612.9 1503.1 5578.4 20454.7 4785.6 4599
2019 2211.4 697.5 3694 19322.4 5378.4 4621
2020 4176 406.5 2464.3 18278.2 5858.1 4787.3
2021 6805.6 285.2 1558 16352.7 6473.1 5009.5
Wireless Infrastructure Revenue Forecast, Worldwide, 2018-2021 (in millions of dollars).png

Wikipedia Views

The image below shows pageviews of the Wikipedia page 5G since December 2007 for desktop, and since July 2015 (see red line) for mobile-web and mobile-app.[26]

5G Wikipedia Views across devices.png


The image below shows pageviews of the Wikipedia pages 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G, and 5G from July 2015 onward.[27]

1G-5G Wikipedia Views.png

Google Trends

The image shows Google Trends data comparing all generations of wireless technology for digital cellular networks.[28]

1G-5G Google Trends.png

Full timeline

Year Month and date Event type Organization Frequency range (when aplicable) Details Country/location
2008 April Partnership NASA, Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp NASA partners with Geoff Brown and Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp to develop 5G communications technology.[29] United States
2010 Research and development NTT Docomo NTT Docomo starts studying and experimenting with 5G.[30] Japan
2011 Spectrum use Millimeter wave The first studies considering millimeter wave as a key component for cellular 5G networks appeared around this time.[1]
2012 August Research and development NYU WIRELESS New York University founds NYU WIRELESS, a multi-disciplinary academic research center that would conduct pioneering work in 5G wireless communications.[31][32][33] United States
2012 October 8 Research and development University of Surrey The UK's University of Surrey secures £35million for a new 5G research center, jointly funded by the British government's UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF) and a consortium of key international mobile operators and infrastructure providers, including Huawei, Samsung, Telefonica Europe, Fujitsu Laboratories Europe, Rohde & Schwarz, and Aircom International. It aims at offering testing facilities to mobile operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum while delivering speeds faster than current 4G with aspirations for the new technology to be ready within a decade.[34][35][36][37] United Kingdom
2012 November 1 Program launch The EU project "Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for the Twenty-twenty Information Society" (METIS) starts its activity towards the definition of 5G. METIS achieves an early global consensus on these systems. In this sense, METIS plays an important role of building consensus among other external major stakeholders prior to global standardization activities. This is done by initiating and addressing work in relevant global fora (e.g. ITU-R), as well as in national and regional regulatory bodies.[38] European Union
2012 November Program launch The iJOIN EU project is launched, focusing on "small cell" technology, which is of key importance for taking advantage of limited and strategic resources, such as the radio wave spectrum. According to Günther Oettinger, the European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society (2014–2019), "an innovative utilization of spectrum" is one of the key factors at the heart of 5G success. Oettinger further describes it as "the essential resource for the wireless connectivity of which 5G will be the main driver".[39] European Union
2012 Research and development NTT Docomo NTT Docomo starts working on a real-time 5G system simulator.[40] Japan
2012 Late year Research and development NTT Docomo 11 GHz NTT Docomo performs 5G uplink field trials using a base station and 2 mobile terminals in an outdoor environment, and each user obtains an uplink data rate of 10 Gbps with a 400 MHz bandwidth in the 11 GHz band, using 8 transmiting and 16 receiving antennas.[40] Japan
2013 May 12 Research and development Samsung Samsung Electronics announces development of a "5G" system. The core technology has a maximum speed of tens of Gbit/s (gigabits per second). In testing, the transfer speeds for the "5G" network sends data at 1.056 Gbit/s to a distance of up to 2 kilometers with the use of an 8*8 MIMO.[41][42] South Korea
2013 July Partnership India and Israel agree to work jointly on development of fifth generation (5G) telecom technologies.[43] India, Israel
2013 October 1 Recognition Nippon Telegraph and Telephone NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) wins Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Award at CEATEC for its 5G R&D efforts.[44] Japan
2013 November 6 Research and development Huawei Huawei announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into R&D for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.[45] China
2013 Research and development Chinese companies begin conducting research on 5G.[9] China
2013 Organization Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, National Development and Reform Commission China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the National Development and Reform Commission establish the IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group, which includes nearly 60 industry experts. The group is aimed at working to promote 5G research.[23] China
2014 January Program launch Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning The South Korean Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning and the public-private partnership, 5G Forum, define their 5G mobile strategy. For that purpose, the Government allocates US$1.5 billion.[10] South Korea
2014 September Program launch Japanese Government Japan establishes its 5G Mobile Forum.[10] Japan
2015 March Notable report Next Generation Mobile Networks The Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) alliance publishes its 5G White Paper, a set of operator requirements intended to guide the development of future technology platforms and related standards.[46]
2015 July Technology Huawei Sub-6 GHz The Mobile World Congress Shanghai 2015 is held. Huawei demonstrates the world’s first 5G testbed working on sub-6 GHz frequency band.[47] China
2015 Spectrum use Huawei Sub-6 GHz Huawei proposes bands blow 6 GHz as the primary working frequency of 5G.[47]
2016 January Spectrum use Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Sub-6GHz (3 GHz – 3.6 GHz) China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology officially reserves 3-3.6 GHz for 5G. 3.3-3.4 GHz is limited to indoor use.[10] China
2016 May 24 Testing NTT Docomo, Nokia In a trial jointly conducted with Nokia, NTT Docomo announces having achieved the world's first wireless real-time transmission of 8K video deploying radio access technology for 5G mobile communications systems.[48] Japan
2016 June 13 Testing NTT Docomo, Ericsson NTT Docomo and Ericsson announce successful completion of a joint Proof of Concept (PoC) of dynamic network slicing technology for 5G core networks. NTT Docomo is responsible the network slice creation and selection functions, and Ericsson developed technologies to perform network slice lifecycle and service management.[49]
2016 June Technology Qualcomm Sub-6 GHz Qualcomm announces a 5G New Radio prototype system and trial platform. The 5G NR prototype system operates in the sub-6 GHz spectrum bands and is utilized to showcase the company’s 5G designs to efficiently achieve multigigabit per second data rates and low latency.[47]
2016 July Spectrum use Federal Communications Commission Millimeter wave The United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) frees up vast amounts of bandwidth in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.[50] United States
2016 Testing AT&T Millimeter wave AT&T starts conducting 5G field trials with millimeter wave spectrum.[5] United States
2016 Testing Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials on 5G.[9] China
2016 Research and development Federal Communications Commission The U.S. Federal Communications Commission announces a US$400 million funding dedicated to research on 5G.[10] United States
2016 Second half Testing China Mobile China Mobile starts to conduct 5G trials.[10] China
2017 January Testing Turkcell 15GHz[51] Turkcell, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with Ericsson.[30] Turkey
2017 January Ministry of Industry and Information Technology The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in the People's Republic of China publishes a report on “Development Planning for Information and Communication Industry (2016-2020) in which it sets the objective of becoming one of the Global leaders of 5G.[10] China
2017 February Spectrum use Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute Millimeter wave South Korean Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute achieves the world first millimeter wave prototype system demonstrated in a running subway train with a peak data rate of 1.25 Gbps.[1] South Korea
2017 March 10 Partnership Ericsson, Mobitel Sri Lankan National Mobile Service Provider Mobitel partners with Ericsson with the signing of the 5G Island of Innovation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to bring 5G to Sri Lanka.[30][52] Sri Lanka
2017 March Testing Telenor, Huawei Millimeter wave (71-76 GHz/81-86 GHz)[53] Norwegian telecommunications provider Telenor jointly with Huawei successfully test 5G in Norway.[30][54] Norway
2017 May Spectrum use Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia), Mobily, STC, Zain 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 1800 MHz The Saudi Communications and Information Technology Commission awards 160 MHz of additional IMT spectrum in 700 MHz, 800 MHz, and 1800 MHz bands to mobile operators Mobily, STC and Zain.[10] Saudi Arabia
2017 July Spectrum use Chinese Government Millimeter wave China approves 24.75-27.5 GHz and 37-42.5 GHz trials in the millimeter wave frequencies.[10] China
2017 August Telecom Regulatory Authority of India The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a PDF[1] that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.[30] India
2017 August Spectrum use Ericsson, Softbank Sub-6GHz (4.5 GHz) Softbank and Ericsson in Japan perform 5G trials using 4.5 GHz frequencies.[10] Japan
2017 September Testing Ericsson, Irancell Iranian telecommunications Irancell and Ericsson perform their first 5G test in Tehran and announce that 5G would be available in Iran in 2020.[30] Iran
2017 September Testing Ericsson, KDDI Sub-6GHz (4.5 GHz) Starting in September 2017 to March 2018, Japanese telecommunications operator KDDI and Ericsson test a proof of concept in the 4.5 GHz frequency band in a many cities across Japan.[10] Japan
2017 October Program launch Chinese government The Chinese government launches its third phase of 5G technology research and development tests, with aims at getting pre-commercial products ready for when the first version of 5G standard comes out.[10] China
2017 October Technology SoftBank Group, ZTE Along with Chinese multinational ZTE, Japanese conglomerate SoftBank Group achieves DL speeds of 956 Mbps in Nagasaki.[10] Japan
2017 November Infrastructure Federal Communications Commission 24 GHz, 48.2 GHz The U.S. Federal Communications Commission makes available an additional 1700 MHz of high band spectrum for flexible terrestrial wireless use in the 24 GHz (24.25-24.45/24.74-25.25 GHz) and 47 GHz (47.2-48.2 GHz) bands.[10] United States
2017 November Milestone (technology) Ericsson, Telstra Millimeter wave Ericsson and Australian mobile network operator Telstra complete the world’s first 5G data call using 26GHz millimeter wave spectrum.[55] Australia
2017 Late year Network launch América Móvil Mexican telecommunications company América Móvil announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a 5G release.[30] Mexico
2017 December Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA 5G NR specifications.[5]
2017 December Testing KDDI, Samsung KDDI and Samsung in Japan complete a successful 5G demo on a train moving at over 100km/h.[10] Japan
2018 February Network launch Sprint Corporation Millimeter wave Sprint Corporation names Atlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, Los Angeles, and Washington, DC. as its initial wave of millimeter wave 5G markets.[10] United States
2018 February Network launch Samsung, KT Corporation Millimeter wave (28 GHz) 5G is provided at the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang. Samsung and KT Corporation provide a 4K streaming video service via a 5G network using 28 GHz spectrum.[10] South Korea
2018 March Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.[5]
2018 March Testing Six 5G trials are announced in the United Kingdom with each receiving between £2-5 million in government grants.[23] United Kingdom
2018 April Testing Government of China The government of China authorizes 5G trials in 16 cities.[10] China
2018 May Spectrum use Communications and Information Technology Commission Sub-6GHz The Saudi Communications and Information Technology Commission issues testing licenses to Mobily, STC Group and Zain Group. The 3.6-3.8 GHz licenses allow the mobile network operators to test 5G with 100 MHz of spectrum between June 2018 and year-end 2019.[10] Saudi Arabia
2018 May Testing NTT Docomo Millimeter wave (28GHz) NTT Docomo achieves a 5G field trial at 28GHz, involving a 5G base station and a car travelling at around 293km/h.[10] Japan
2018 June Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA 5G NR specifications.[5]
2018 June Milestone (network launch) Elisa Sub-6GHz (3,4 GHz – 3,8 GHz) Finnish telecom operator Elisa launches the world’s first commercial 5G networks and starts selling subscriptions in Tampere and Tallinn.[56][57][58][59][60] Finland, Estonia
2018 June Network launch Vodafone Spain Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz – 3.8 GHz)[61] Vodafone Spain launches 5G trials in Madrid, Valencia, Seville, and Barcelona.[62] Spain
2018 June Research and development Smart Communications Filipino wireless communications provider Smart Communications announces the launch of 5G TehnoLab, their 5G innovation lab.[30] Philippines
2018 June Spectrum use South Korean Government Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.7 GHz) The South Korean Government allocates 280 MHz of 3.4-3.7 GHz spectrum at 3.3 trillion KRW.[10] South Korea
2018 July Ericsson, Telefónica Telecom Ericsson and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a 5G data transfer of 27 Gbps in Bogotá.[30] Colombia
2018 July Network launch Ooredoo Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)[63] Doha–based Ooredoo announces launch of its 5G commercial network in Qatar. The company states it is waiting for manufacturers to produce 5G capable devices as these are not ready at the time.[10] Qatar
2018 August Testing Vodacom Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz) Vodacom releases a 5G trial in Lesotho, showcasing a fixed wireless access (FWA) network using a temporary license in the 3.5 GHz band.[30] Lesotho
2018 September Network standard 3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.[5]
2018 September Program launch FCC The United States Federal Communications Commission announces its 5G FAST Plan in an effort to advance the country’s position among the countries that have deployed 5G networks. Part of this plan includes spectrum auctions.[64] United States
2018 September Testing NTT Docomo Millimeter wave (28GHz) NTT Docomo successfully achieves 25–27 Gbps download speeds in a 5G trial with Mitsubishi Electric.[30] Japan
2018 September Partnership Nokia, Turkcell Turkish mobile phone operator Turkcell announces an agreement with Nokia to develop 5G technologies.[30] Turkey
2018 September Spectrum use Department of Telecommunications Sub-6GHz (3.3-3.4 GHz) The Indian Department of Telecommunications orders operators to vacate spectrum in the 3.3-3.4 GHz range.[10] India
2018 September Spectrum use FICORA, Telia Finland, Elisa Finland, DNA Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.8 GHz) The Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority completes its 3.4 to 3.8 GHz spectrum auction, with all three operators securing spectrum: Telia Finland: 3410 to 3540 MHz, Elisa Finland: 3540 to 3670 MHz, DNA: 3670 to 3800 MHz.[65] Finland
2018 September Spectrum use Verizon Millimeter wave Verizon states that "millimeter-wave spectrum is the cornerstone in enabling our 5G Ultra Wideband network" and that this spectrum is like "a superhighway that's capable of moving massive amounts of traffic, at super-high speeds, on thousands of lanes lined up side by side."[66] United States
2018 October 1 Network launch Verizon Millimeter wave Verizon launches new 5G millimeter wave fixed–wireless access (FWA) service, starting in certain neighbourhoods of Houston, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and Sacramento.[67] The company is the first to have a non-standards-based deployment, that is actually a fixed broadband network.[64] United States
2018 November Testing Samsung, Turkcell Turkish mobile phone operator Turkcell trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with Samsung in Istanbul.[30] Turkey
2018 November Infrastructure Smart Communications Smart Communications rolls out their first 5G cell sites in the Philippines.[30] Philippines
2018 November Testing Nokia, StarHub Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz) Singaporean telecommunications provider StarHub announces, in partnership with Nokia, the completion of their first outdoor pilot of 5G on the 3.5 GHz frequency band in Singapore.[30] Singapore
2018 November Partnership Ericsson, MTN Group Millimeter wave (28 GHz)[68] South African mobile telecommunications company MTN Group partners with Ericsson to deploy a fixed wireless access 5G site in Midrand, South Africa.[30][69] South Africa
2018 November Infrastructure Telenor Norwegian Telenor launches three 5G base stations in Kongsberg.[30][70] Norway
2018 November 29 Testing NTT Docomo, Toyota Millimeter wave (28 GHz) NTT Docomo and Toyota announce having successfully controlled the Toyota-developed T-HR31 humanoid robot in trials using 5G under a test environment with control from a remote location (a distance of approximately 10 kilometers) using 5G in an area between two points.[71] Japan
2018 December Testing TeliaSonera, Ericsson, KTH Royal Institute of Technology TeliaSonera, Ericsson, and KTH Royal Institute of Technology launch 5G testbed in Stockholm.[62] Sweden
2018 December Network launch KT Corporation, SK Telecom, LG Uplus Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz) South Korean carriers KT Corporation, SK Telecom, and LG Uplus launch limited 5G commercial services in Seoul, and six metropolitan cities in 3.5 GHz band. With 5G Mobile Hotspot as a device, initial services target B2B customers.[72] South Korea
2018 December Network launch AT&T Millimeter wave AT&T becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.[64] United States
2018 December Partnership Ericsson, Tigo Ericsson announces that telecommunications company Tigo has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."[30] Honduras
2018 December Testing Telia Company Telia Company opens its first 5G test network in Norway.[73][30] Norway
2018 December Research and development Nokia, Telefónica Germany Broadband telecom provider Telefónica Germany announces that, in collaboration with Nokia, they finished building their "Early 5G Innovation Cluster" in Berlin.[30][74] Germany
2018 December Spectrum use China Telecom, China Unicom, China Mobile, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Low and mid-band spectrum China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issues 5G trial spectrum permits for low and mid-band spectrum to China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile.[23] China
2019 January Technology Sprint Corporation, Nokia, Qualcomm Sub-6GHz (2.5 GHz) Sprint Corporation, Nokia and Qualcomm complete the world's first over-the-air 5G data transmission using 2.5 GHz.[62] United States
2019 January Technology T-Mobile, Ericsson, Intel Sub-6GHz (600 MHz) T-Mobile, Ericsson, and Intel conduct the world's first 5G data call and video call on 600 MHz on a live commercial network.[62] United States
2019 February Milestone (technology) Hospital Clinic Barcelona A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.[75][76] Spain
2019 February Partnership Nokia, Saudi Telecom Company Nokia and Saudi Telecom Company sign deal for 5G network launch and early rollout of services in Saudi Arabia.[30][77] Saudi Arabia
2019 February Partnership Nokia, Telecom Egypt Telecom Egypt and Nokia agree to introduce a 5G network in Egypt.[78][30] Egypt
2019 March Product launch Global Mobile Suppliers Association The Global Mobile Suppliers Association releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.[79]
2019 March Partnership Huawei, U Mobile, ZTE Corporation, Maxis Communications Malaysian provider Maxis Communications, Huawei, U Mobile, and ZTE Corporation sign a memorandums of understanding to collaborate on 5G deployment in Malaysia.[30] Malaysia
2019 March Network launch Verizon Millimeter wave[80] Verizon activates its standards-based 5G network in Minneapolis and Chicago, before mobile 5G devices are available.[64] United States
2019 March 30 Network launch China Mobile Shanghai starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant China Mobile.[81][82] China
2019 April 3 Milestone (network launch) SK Telecom, KT, LG Uplus Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)[83] South Korea becomes the first country to adopt 5G when three companies launch the world's first nationwide 5G mobile.[62][84] The three main telecommunication companies (SK Telecom, KT and LG Uplus) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.[85] South Korea
2019 April 3 Network launch Verizon Millimeter wave Just hours later of 5G launch in South Korea, Verizon launches its 5G services in the United States.[86] United States
2019 April 17 Network launch Ericsson, Swisscom Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)[87] Ericsson and Swisscom launch 5G network in 54 cities and communities in Switzerland. It is the first commercial 5G in Europe.[62][62][88][89][90] Switzerland
2019 April 22 Spectrum use T-Mobile Millimeter wave T-Mobile Chief technology officer Neville Ray writes that millimeter wave spectrum "will never materially scale beyond small pockets of 5G hotspots in dense urban environments,"[66] United States
2019 April Product launch Samsung Samsung announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.[91] South Korea
2019 April Spectrum use >24 GHz Japan allocates over 24 GHz spectrum for 5G.[23] Japan
2019 May 16 Product launch Verizon Verizon begins selling Samsung Galaxy S10 5G.[64] United States
2019 May 24 Network launch Telstra Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz)[92] Australian network operator Telstra launches limited 5G services in the country with a device that customers can use to connect other devices.[93] Australia
2019 May 30 Network launch EE Limited Sub-6GHz Mobile network operator EE Limited launches first 5G consumer mobile network in the United Kingdom in select locations in London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast, Birmingham and Manchester.[94][95][96][97] United Kingdom
2019 May 30 Network launch Etisalat Emirati multinational Etisalat launches 5G commercial service in the United Arab Emirates, along with ZTE 5G smartphone.[98][99][100] United Arab Emirates
2019 Late May Network launch Sprint Corporation Sub-6GHz (2.5GHz mid-band) Sprint Corporation launches 5G service in Atlanta, Dallas, Houston, and Kansas City.[62] United States
2019 May Technology As of date, 30% of international patents related to 5G connectivity standards are from China.[23] China
2019 Late May Network launch Sprint Corporation Sub-6GHz (2.5GHz mid-band) Sprint Corporation launches 5G service in Chicago.[62] United States
2019 June 5 Network launch Batelco Batelco becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in Bahrain.[101][102][103] Bahrain
2019 June 5 Network launch Vodafone Vodafone launches 5G in Italy in five cities: Naples, Bologna, Milan, Turin, and Rome.[30][104] Italy
2019 June 6 Partnership Huawei Huawei signs a deal with Russian network provider MTS to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.[105][106][107] China, Russia
2019 June 15 Network launch Huawei, Vodafone Huawei and Vodafone roll out in collaboration the first commercial 5G mobile services in Spain, making it one of the first European countries with the ultrafast mobile network in Europe.[108][109] Spain
2019 June 19 Network launch STC Group Sub-6GHz (3.5 GHz)[110] STC Group becomes the first operator to launch 5G commercial services in Saudi Arabia, making it available to customers in a number of cities in the Kingdom.[111] The service uses Ericsson commercial hardware.[112][113][114] Saudi Arabia
2019 June 27 Network launch Ericsson, RCS & RDS Ericsson and Romanian operator RCS & RDS launch Romania’s first 5G commercial service in the busiest parts of Bucharest.[115] Romania
2019 June Userbase South Korea reaches over one million 5G subscribers.[116] South Korea
2019 June Infrastructure Qualcomm American tech company Qualcomm starts construction of a 5G center in Taipei.[117] 5G service is expected to be available in Taiwan by January 2020, according to Vice Premier Chen Chi-mai.[118] Taiwan
2019 June Policy China Telecom, China Unicom, China Mobile China Telecom, China Unicom, China Mobile are allocated commercial 5G licenses for deployment in China.[23] China
2019 Late June Userbase Over 1.6 million people are subscribed to 5G in South Korea, accounting for 77 per cent of the global population of 5G users. At the time, there are 14 times as many South Koreans using 5G as there are Americans.[119] South Korea
2019 July 9 Network launch Huawei, Monaco Telecom Monaco Telecom launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer.[120][121] The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by Huawei.[122][123][124] Monaco
2019 July 16 Network launch SK Telecom, Swisscom SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.[125][126][127] Switzerland
2019 July 16 Infrastructure Vodafone Vodafone activates its first 25 5G base stations in Germany.[30][128] Germany
2019 July 18 Product launch Verizon Verizon announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.[129][130]
2019 July 26 Infrastructure Telecom Italia, Vodafone Telecom Italia and Vodafone agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.[131][132] Italy
2019 July Testing Smart Axiata Cambodian telecommunications service provider Smart Axiata showcases the Cambodia's first 5G live trial.[30][133] Cambodia
2019 August 5 Product launch ZTE ZTE releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of Qualcomm’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.[134][135] China
2019 August 5 Network launch Ericsson, Vodafone Ericsson and Vodafone launch in Germany a commercial 5G network using Ericsson products and solutions, with their sights set on bringing 5G to 20 million people in the country by the end of 2021.[136] Germany
2019 August 6 Network launch AT&T Sub-6GHz[137] AT&T rolls out limited 5G in parts of New York City, but only accessible to business customers and developers. As of date, AT&T lags behind Verizon, which offers 5G services in nine cities.[138][139][140][141] United States
2019 August 8 Network launch Ericsson, Tele2 Ericsson and Tele2 launch Russia's first 5G zone in central Moscow. Ericsson provides the equipment for the network, which is run by Tele2.[142][143][144] Russia
2019 August 13 Network launch Vodafone Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz)[145] Vodafone launches 5G services in five Irish cities: Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford.[146] Ireland
2019 August Testing Zong 4G Pakistani mobile data network operator Zong 4G becomes the first company in Pakistan to test 5G services.[30] Pakistan
2019 August Testing Qualcomm Millimeter wave Qualcomm announces work in Russia with local operators and the Moscow government to set up a trial millimeter wave 5G network by the fall. The network would be used for fixed and mobile services for applications like augmented and virtual reality.[147] Russia
2019 Late August Network launch Sprint Corporation Sub-6GHz (2.5GHz mid-band) Sprint Corporation launches 5G service in Los Angeles, New York City, Phoenix and Washington, D.C.[62] United States
2019 September 1 Network launch Huawei Huawei deploys 5G In Russia.[148] Russia
2019 September 2 Partnership Iliad SA, Nokia French telecommunications provider Iliad SA announces partnership with Nokia as for 5G network deployments in France and Italy.[149][150][151] France, Italy
2019 September 3 Product launch Samsung Samsung announces the launch of its first SoC that integrates 5G connectivity. The device, called Exynos 980, combines a 5G modem and mobile application processor into one chip, thus increasing power efficiency and occupying less space within smartphones compared to older generation SoCs.[152][153][154][155]
2019 September 5 Network launch Verizon Millimeter wave[66] Verizon launches 5G in National Football League stadiums across the United States, with 13 expected to be live by the start of the 2019-20 football season. Attendees would still need to have a 5G compatible phone to access the 5G networks, which can download data 10 to 100 times faster than the average 4G LTE connection.[156][157][158][159][160] United States
2019 September 6 Product launch Qualcomm Both Millimeter wave and Sub-6GHz American company Qualcomm announces expansion of its 5G modems across its Snapdragon 8 series, 7 series and 6 series processors.[161][162] United States
2019 September 9 Public reception Several hundred people demonstrate in The Hague against the arrival of 5G mobile phone networks in the Netherlands, and call for the government to reduce the level of permitted radiation from the new generation mobile phones, improve privacy regulations and assess the effect on the climate.[163] Netherlands
2019 September 9 Partnership Samsung, SK Telecom Samsung announces partnership with SK Telecom to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.[164][165] South Korea
2019 September 10 Partnership NTT Docomo, Omron, Nokia NTT Docomo announces agreement with Omron and Nokia Networks to collaborate in trials of 5G mobile communication technology inside factories, "with the aim of significantly enhancing future manufacturing productivity". [166] Japan
2019 September 16 Acquisition Qualcomm Qualcomm announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between TDK and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.[167][168][169][170]
2019 September 18 Network launch Rain Sub-6GHz (3.6 GHz) South African data-only operator Rain launches a commercial 5G wireless home broadband service in parts of Johannesburg and Tshwane, the first 5G network in the country.[171][172][173] South Africa
2019 September 19 Product launch Huawei Huawei launches a new 5G flagship smartphone lineup without pre-installed Google-licensed apps.[174][175] China
2019 September Network launch NTT Docomo NTT Docomo launches pre-commercial 5G services.[30] Japan
2019 September Network launch Deutsche Telekom Deutsche Telekom rolls out 5G in Germany in Berlin, Darmstadt, Munich, Bonn, and Cologne.[30][176] Germany
2019 October Testing Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes 26 GHz French regulator Arcep announces first eleven projects for 5G trials in 26 GHz band.[177] France
2019 October 8 Partnership Ericsson, Telia Ericsson is selected by service provider Telia as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.[178][179] Norway
2019 October 11 Network launch BT Mobile Sub-6GHz BT Mobile launches 5G services in the United Kingdom, in 20 cities.[30] United Kingdom
2019 October Network launch Eir Irish broadband telecommunications company Eir launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.[180] Ireland
2019 October Testing VEON Sub-6GHz (3.7 GHz) VEON launches a 5G trial on a live network in Kazakhstan.[30][181] Kazakhstan
2019 November 1 Network launch China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.6 GHz)[23] China state carriers China Mobile (CHL), China Telecom (CHA) and China Unicom (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.[182][183][184] China
2019 November 11 Partnership Zain Group, Ericsson Kuwaiti mobile telecommunications company Zain Group announces having selected Ericsson to build its 5G network in Bahrain, with the first commercial 5G services expected to go live before the end of 2019.[185] Bahrain
2019 November 14 Partnership Ericsson, MTN South Africa MTN South Africa selects Ericsson as a 5G network modernization vendor. Ericsson would supply 5G products and solutions from its Radio Access Network (RAN), transport and Core portfolios, with commercial rollout expected to start in 2020.[186] South Africa
2019 November 15 Technology Samsung, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Openet Samsung Electronics, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and software vendor Openet announce the successful integration of a cloud-native 5G standalone (SA) Core with multivendor interoperability. The test features the integration of Samsung’s control, user plane network function, and orchestrator with HPE’s shared data environment and network functions, and Openet’s cloud-native network functions software. A 5G SA core would allow operators to offer many of the new services considered paramount to 5G, including network slicing, mobile edge computing, analytics driven by artificial intelligence, and ultra-low latency networks.[187][188][189] South Korea
2019 November 19 Network launch Verizon 28 GHz[190] Verizon ads 5G network to Boston, Houston and Sioux Falls, bringing the total number of cities with the carrier’s next-generation network to 18.[191] United States
2019 November 20 Network launch EE Limited Sub-6GHz EE Limited announces having switched on 5G technology in 14 new cities and towns across the United Kingdom, adding the service to Castlereagh, Guildford, Hamilton, Harlow, Hoddesdon, Kimberley, Lisburn, Maidstone, Sydenham, Watford and Wolverhampton, as well as Liverpool, Glasgow and Huddersfield.[192] United Kingdom
2019 November 21 Infrastructure As of date, China has 113,000 5G base stations.[193] China
2019 November 22 Infrastructure International Telecommunications Union Millimeter wave Delegates at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 (WRC-19), a quadrennial gathering of regulators and governments organized by the United Nations-affiliated International Telecommunications Union, identify several millimeter wave bands that could be used for 5G networks. These include 24.25-27.5 GHz, 37-43.5 GHz, 45.5-47 GHz, 47.2-48.2 and 66-71 GHz.[194] Egypt
2019 November Spectrum use Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes Sub-6GHz (3.4 GHz – 3.8 GHz) French regulator Arcep (Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques et des Postes) publishes and submits to the government the conditions for awarding licences to use frequencies in the 3.4 GHz to 3.8 GHz band in France. Arcep states: “The 3.4-3.8 GHz band is the core band for 5G whose deployment promises to make French businesses more competitive and drive innovation, in addition to satisfying users’ expectation of having access to increasingly powerful mobile services.”[195] France
2019 November Policy German Government Sub-6GHz (3.7 GHz – 3.8 GHz) Germany offers to private companies corporate licenses to fractions of 3.7-3.8GHz wireless spectrum for 5G services.[196] Germany
2019 December 3 Network launch T-Mobile Millimeter wave T-Mobile launches 600MHz 5G in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country.[197][198] The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles. The company is expected to add mid-band spectrum for broad coverage and performance as well as millimeter wave spectrum for hotspot-like coverage in dense urban areas.[199] United States
2019 December 10 Milestone (technology) Ericsson Sub-6GHz (2.3 GHz) Australian telecommunications company Optus claims to have made the world’s first 5G data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in Sydney using kit from Ericsson. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.[200] Australia
2019 December 11 Partnership Nokia Nokia announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless LTE to industrial and government customers in Japan. These five Nokia partners span multiple segments, including NS Solutions for factory IoT, Marubeni for global IoT, Internet Initiative Japan for Full MVNO, Equinix for multi-cloud and global data centers, and Hitachi Kokusai Electric.[201] Japan
2019 December 11 Research and development SK Telecom, Samsung Heavy Industries South Korean SK Telecom and Samsung Heavy Industries announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based Lidar, a cloud-based IoT platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.[202] South Korea
2019 December 11 Network launch Deutsche Telekom Sub-6GHz Deutsche Telekom launches commercial 5G services in Hamburg.[203] Germany
2019 December Userbase Chinese 5G smartphone users are reported to outperform South Korean users, following 5G commercial launch in November in China.[8] China
2020 January 16 Infrastructure Galaxy Space 227-kilogram Yinhe–1 (Galaxy-1) technology verification satellite for Beijing-based communications satellite producer Galaxy Space launches. It is the first private 5G low-orbit broadband satellite China successfully puts in orbit.[204][205] China
2020 January 17 Testing ZTE Corporation, MTN Uganda Sub-6GHz (60 MHz)[206] ZTE Corporation and MTN Uganda successfully roll out 5G technology trial in Uganda, which becomes the first country in East Africa to adopt 5G technology.[207][208] Uganda
2020 January 29 European Commission The European Commission issues its guidance on 5G and the role that "high-risk" vendors should play in networks. The non-binding EC recommendations call on member states to strengthen security requirements, assess the risk of suppliers, restrict suppliers considered to be high-risk, reveal exclusions for key assets considered as critical (such as the core network), set up a legal or regulatory framework to control the use of outsourced suppliers, and ensure governments get audit telecoms operators to provide detailed data on sourcing of 5G equipment.[209] European Union
2020 January Research and development Ericsson Ericsson announces a new R&D site in France with up to 300 employees. The site would focus initially on 5G software development and security.[210][211][212] France
2020 February 12 Policy Swiss Government Switzerland places an indefinite moratorium on the rollout of 5G over health concerns.[213] Switzerland
2020 February 17 Education Nokia Nokia launches a 5G certification program with the purpose to train and certify business and technology professionals at communications service providers and enterprises.[214][215]
2020 February 18 Technology Qualcomm Millimeter wave Qualcomm announces new 5G modem and millimeter wave antenna module, as well as a Radio frequency filtering technology with several applications.[216]
2020 February 23 Testing Ericsson Millimeter wave Ericsson achieves the fastest maximum speed record of 4.3 Gbps on the millimeter wave spectrum, breaking the previous record if Huawei.[217]
2020 February 26 Network launch du Millimeter wave UAE-based telecommunications provider du announces successful deployment of the MENA's first millimeter wave site at the du arena in Yas Island, Abu Dhabi, which is expected to provide the region’s highest ultra-high mobile broadband 5G services, increase coverage, and accelerate the pace of widespread 5G usage in the country.[218] United Arab Emirates
2020 February 27 Network launch Google Fi Millimeter wave Google Fi announces millimeter wave officially listed as being available in “pockets of select cities” by the carrier, with Google having yet to detail a specific 5G arrangement. Google Fi already uses T-Mobile’s 5G network on supported phones.[219] United States
2020 March 4 Infrastructure Ericsson Millimeter wave Ericsson announces production of the first 5G base station, millimeter wave Street Macro units, at its new factory in the United States.[220] United States
2020 March 5 Network launch AT&T Millimeter wave AT&T expands its 5G network and launches millimeter wave connections for its customers.[221]
2020 March 12 Infrastructure Verizon Millimeter wave Verizon announces acquisition of a metric ton of millimeter wave 5G spectrum from the FCC in Auction 103, spending over US$1.6 billion to purchase 4,960 licenses from the FCC to bolster their 5G network. The purchase implies 50% more spectrum than AT&T, which was the next-highest bidder at US$1.186 billion for 3,267 licenses.[222]
2020 June Network launch Viettel Vietnamese telecommunication company Viettel plans to launch commercial 5G mobile services by this time.[30][223] Vietnam
2020 July Network launch NTT Docomo NTT Docomo plans to have 5G base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.[224] Japan
2021 Spring Network launch NTT Docomo NTT Docomo plans to reach a total of 10,000 5G base stations by this time.[224] Japan
2023 Network launch China Tower State-owned telecommunication provider China Tower expects to reach 5G national coverage by this year.[9] China
2024 Userbase 5G subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from GlobalData. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.[225][226]
2024 A new study finds that total operator-billed revenue from 5G IoT connections would reach US$8 billion by this year.[227]

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References

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