Timeline of 5G
- 1 Sample questions
- 2 Big picture
- 3 Visual data
- 4 Full timeline
- 5 Meta information on the timeline
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
- 8 References
The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:
- What are some important milestones in the development of 5G?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Milestone".
- You will see standout events like the first adoption of 5G by a country.
- Which are some developed network standards related to 5G?
- What are some of the many 5G tests and trials conducted around the world?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Testing".
- What are some important fundings and other events related to 5G R&D?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Research and development".
- What are some notable partnerships between countries and organizations related to the development of 5G?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Partnership".
- Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product launch".
- Which are the most notable companies involved in the development and network launch of the 5G generation?
- Sort the full timeline by "Organization".
- This will help you make sense of the most notable organizations given their number of occurrences.
- Which countries are involved in the development and adoption of 5G so far?
- Which are some notable 5G-related products (handsets, modems) launched or to be released?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Product".
- What are some indicative figures on 5G userbase and market penetration?
- Sort the full timeline by "Event type" and look for the group of rows with value "Userbase".
- You will see market penetration in pioneering countries.
Summary by year
|Key year||Development summary|
|2017||77 operators in 49 countries complete 5G trials. The non-standalone (NSA) mode of 5G NR specifications are approved by 3GPP.|
|2018||A number of countries start launching limited 5G networks in selected locations. Qatar launches its network, but 5G mobiles are not available at the time. Elisa launches commercial 5G networks in Tampere and Tallinn. South Korea rolls out a 5G trial at the 2018 Winter Olympics. 3GPP approves standard frozen.|
|2019||The first countrywide commercial 5G network deployment occurs in South Korea.|
|2020||5G services are expected to be launched in many major cities. Global 5G wireless network infrastructure revenue is expected to reach US$4.2 billion by this year. 5G smartphone shipments are estimated to number at around 260 million units in the year.|
|2021||By this year, mobile and network communications applications, products, and services would be built mostly around 5G. Smartphone shipments using this technology are estimated to number at around 540 million units in the year.|
Summary by country
|Key country||5G development|
|South Korea||South Korea is recognized as the world's first country to roll out 5G on a large scale. Samsung, SK Telecom, KT, and LG Uplus are South Korean companies involved in the development and deployment of the technology.|
|China||China is considered to be a leading country in telecommunications, as Japan was when it pioneered 3G in the early 2000s, and the United States in 2011 when the country dominated the launch of 4G. As of December 2019, China has the largest 5G userbase in the world. 5G deployment is strongly backed by the government. China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Telecom are major 5G network players.|
|United States||The United States is considered to be a well advanced country in terms of 5G. It is the leader in spectrum efficiency, permitting the repurposing of broadcast spectrum for broadband. AT&T, Verizon, Sprint Corporation, and T-Mobile US are important players in this country.|
|Japan||Japan is considered to be among the top 5G network developers. NTT Docomo, SoftBank, and KDDI stand among the top players developing 5G in the country.|
Summary of all cellular network generations
|Time period||Cellular network generation||Operating cellular frequencies||Speed||Development summary|
|1979–1991||1G||800 MHz–1900 MHz||Maximum 2.4 Kbps||Exclusive period of the first generation of wireless cellular technology, which features and supports voice only. It starts with the first commercially automated cellular network launched in Japan by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) in 1979. In 1981, the Nordic Mobile Telephone system simultaneously launches in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.|
|1991–onwards||2G||GSM: 900MHZ, 1800MHz. CDMA: 800MHz||50 Kbps||Second generation cellular network lifetime, which features multiple users on single channel, and supports voice and data. It is first commercially launched on the GSM standard in Finland by Radiolinja.|
|1998–onwards||3G||2100 MHz||2 Mbps on stationary or non-moving devices and 384 Kbps on devices in moving vehicles||Third generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, starting with the first commercial 3G networks introduced in 2000.|
|2009–onwards||4G||600 MHz–2.5 GHz||Maximum 400 Mbps||500 times faster than 3G, the fourth generation lifetime of wireless mobile telecommunications technology starts with the first-release Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard commercially deployed in Oslo and Stockholm in 2009.|
|2019||5G||Enables about 28 GHz||Maximum in the theoretical range 10 Gbps–20 Gbps||5G is first deployed in South Korea on a national basis.|
|2030||6G||?||1 Tbps?||NTT Docomo aims to launch 6G on a commercial basis by 2030. China has already two working groups overseeing research around 6G.|
The table and image below illustrate the evolution of worldwide wireless infrastructure revenue forecast in millions of dollars across different segments, for the years 2018 to 2021.
|Year||5G||2G||3G||LTE and 4G||Small Cells||Mobile Core|
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Organization||Details||Country/location|
|2008||April||Partnership||NASA, Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp||NASA partners with Geoff Brown and Machine-to-Machine Intelligence (M2Mi) Corp to develop 5G communications technology.||United States|
|2010||Research and development||NTT Docomo||NTT Docomo starts studying and experimenting with 5G.||Japan|
|2012||August||Research and development||NYU WIRELESS||New York University founds NYU WIRELESS, a multi-disciplinary academic research center that has conducted pioneering work in 5G wireless communications.||United States|
|2012||October 8||Research and development||University of Surrey||The UK's University of Surrey secures £35million for a new 5G research center, jointly funded by the British government's UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF) and a consortium of key international mobile operators and infrastructure providers, including Huawei, Samsung, Telefonica Europe, Fujitsu Laboratories Europe, Rohde & Schwarz, and Aircom International. It aims at offering testing facilities to mobile operators keen to develop a mobile standard that uses less energy and less radio spectrum while delivering speeds faster than current 4G with aspirations for the new technology to be ready within a decade.||United Kingdom|
|2012||November 1||Program launch||The EU project "Mobile and wireless communications Enablers for the Twenty-twenty Information Society" (METIS) starts its activity towards the definition of 5G. METIS achieves an early global consensus on these systems. In this sense, METIS plays an important role of building consensus among other external major stakeholders prior to global standardization activities. This is done by initiating and addressing work in relevant global fora (e.g. ITU-R), as well as in national and regional regulatory bodies.||European Union|
|2012||November||Program launch||The iJOIN EU project is launched, focusing on "small cell" technology, which is of key importance for taking advantage of limited and strategic resources, such as the radio wave spectrum. According to Günther Oettinger, the European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society (2014–2019), "an innovative utilization of spectrum" is one of the key factors at the heart of 5G success. Oettinger further describes it as "the essential resource for the wireless connectivity of which 5G will be the main driver".||European Union|
|2013||May 12||Research and development||Samsung||Samsung Electronics announces development of a "5G" system. The core technology has a maximum speed of tens of Gbit/s (gigabits per second). In testing, the transfer speeds for the "5G" network sends data at 1.056 Gbit/s to a distance of up to 2 kilometers with the use of an 8*8 MIMO.||South Korea|
|2013||July||Partnership||India and Israel agree to work jointly on development of fifth generation (5G) telecom technologies.||India, Israel|
|2013||October 1||Recognition||Nippon Telegraph and Telephone||NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) wins Minister of Internal Affairs and Communications Award at CEATEC for its 5G R&D efforts.||Japan|
|2013||November 6||Research and development||Huawei||Huawei announces plans to invest a minimum of $600 million into R&D for next generation 5G networks capable of speeds 100 times faster than modern LTE networks.||China|
|2013||Research and development||Chinese companies begin conducting research on 5G.||China|
|2015||March||Notable report||Next Generation Mobile Networks||The Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) alliance publishes its 5G White Paper, a set of operator requirements intended to guide the development of future technology platforms and related standards.|
|2016||May 24||Testing||NTT Docomo, Nokia||In a trial jointly conducted with Nokia, NTT Docomo announces having achieved the world's first wireless real-time transmission of 8K video deploying radio access technology for 5G mobile communications systems.||Japan|
|2016||June 13||Testing||NTT Docomo, Ericsson||NTT Docomo and Ericsson announce successful completion of a joint Proof of Concept (PoC) of dynamic network slicing technology for 5G core networks. NTT Docomo is responsible the network slice creation and selection functions, and Ericsson developed technologies to perform network slice lifecycle and service management.|
|2016||July||Infrastructure||FCC||The United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) frees up vast amounts of bandwidth in underused high-band spectrum for 5G. The Spectrum Frontiers Proposal (SFP) doubles the amount of millimeter-wave unlicensed spectrum to 14GHz and creates four times the amount of flexible, mobile-use spectrum the FCC has licensed to date.||United States|
|2016||Testing||AT&T||AT&T starts conducting 5G field trials with mmWave spectrum.||United States|
|2016||Testing||Chinese companies begin conducting technical trials on 5G.||China|
|2016||Research and development||Federal Communications Commission||The U.S. Federal Communications Commission announces a US$400 million funding dedicated to research on 5G.||United States|
|2017||January||Testing||Turkcell||Turkcell, the largest mobile phone operator in Turkey, completes a 24.7 Gb/s 5G trial with Ericsson.||Turkey|
|2017||March 10||Partnership||Ericsson, Mobitel||Sri Lankan National Mobile Service Provider Mobitel partners with Ericsson with the signing of the 5G Island of Innovation Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to bring 5G to Sri Lanka.||Sri Lanka|
|2017||March||Testing||Telenor||Norwegian telecommunications provider Telenor successfully tests 5G in Norway.||Norway|
|2017||May||Infrastructure||Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia), Mobily, STC, Zain||The Saudi Communications and Information Technology Commission awards 160 MHz of additional IMT spectrum in 700 MHz, 800 MHz, and 1800 MHz bands to mobile operators Mobily, STC and Zain.||Saudi Arabia|
|2017||August||Telecom Regulatory Authority of India||The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India releases a PDF that outlines the 5G standard draft and shows a timeframe for when 5G should be deployed around the world.||India|
|2017||August||Testing||Ericsson, Softbank||Softbank and Ericsson in Japan perform 5G trials using 4.5 GHz frequencies.||Japan|
|2017||September||Testing||Ericsson, Irancell||Iranian telecommunications Irancell and Ericsson perform their first 5G test in Tehran and announce that 5G would be available in Iran in 2020.||Iran|
|2017||November||Infrastructure||Federal Communications Commission||The U.S. Federal Communications Commission makes available an additional 1700 MHz of high band spectrum for flexible terrestrial wireless use in the 24 GHz (24.25-24.45/24.74-25.25 GHz) and 47 GHz (47.2-48.2 GHz) bands.||United States|
|2017||Late year||Network launch||América Móvil||Mexican telecommunications company América Móvil announces the release of 4.5 networks in anticipation of a 5G release.||Mexico|
|2017||December||Network standard||3GPP||The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) approves NSA 5G NR specifications.|
|2017||December||Testing||KDDI, Samsung||KDDI and Samsung in Japan complete a successful 5G demo on a train moving at over 100km/h.||Japan|
|2018||March||Network standard||3GPP||The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves standard frozen.|
|2018||May||Network launch||STC Group||STC Group launches its first live 5G network in Saudi Arabia (The first in the MENA region) after completing the testing and trial phase.||Saudi Arabia|
|2018||May||Testing||NTT Docomo||NTT Docomo achieves a 5G field trial at 28GHz, involving a 5G base station and a car travelling at around 293km/h.||Japan|
|2018||June||Network standard||3GPP||The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves SA 5G NR specifications.|
|2018||June||Milestone (network launch)||Elisa||Finnish telecom operator Elisa launches the world’s first commercial 5G networks and starts selling subscriptions in Tampere and Tallinn.||Finland, Estonia|
|2018||June||Network launch||Vodafone Spain||Vodafone Spain launches 5G trials in Madrid, Valencia, Seville, and Barcelona.||Spain|
|2018||June||Research and development||Smart Communications||Filipino wireless communications provider Smart Communications announces the launch of 5G TehnoLab, their 5G innovation lab.||Philippines|
|2018||July||Ericsson, Telefónica Telecom||Ericsson and Telefónica Telecom demonstrate a 5G data transfer of 27 Gbps in Bogotá.||Colombia|
|2018||July||Network launch||Ooredoo||Doha–based Ooredoo announces launch of its 5G commercial network in Qatar. The company states it is waiting for manufacturers to produce 5G capable devices as these are not ready at the time.||Qatar|
|2018||September||Network standard||3GPP||The 3rd Generation Partnership Project approves Standard frozen.|
|2018||September||Program launch||FCC||The United States Federal Communications Commission announces its 5G FAST Plan in an effort to advance the country’s position among the countries that have deployed 5G networks. Part of this plan includes spectrum auctions.||United States|
|2018||September||Testing||NTT Docomo||NTT Docomo successfully achieves 25–27 Gbps download speeds in a 5G trial with Mitsubishi Electric.||Japan|
|2018||September||Partnership||Nokia, Turkcell||Turkish mobile phone operator Turkcell announces an agreement with Nokia to develop 5G technologies.||Turkey|
|2018||October 1||Network launch||Verizon||Verizon launches new 5G fixed–wireless access (FWA) service, starting in certain neighbourhoods of Houston, Indianapolis, Los Angeles and Sacramento. The company is the first to have a non-standards-based deployment, that is actually a fixed broadband network.||United States|
|2018||November||Testing||Samsung, Turkcell||Turkish mobile phone operator Turkcell trials 5G fixed wireless access solutions with Samsung in Istanbul.||Turkey|
|2018||November||Infrastructure||Smart Communications||Smart Communications rolls out their first 5G cell sites in the Philippines.||Philippines|
|2018||November||Testing||Nokia, StarHub||Singaporean telecommunications provider StarHub announces, in partnership with Nokia, the completion of their first outdoor pilot of 5G on the 3.5 GHz frequency band in Singapore.||Singapore|
|2018||November||Partnership||Ericsson, MTN Group||South African mobile telecommunications company MTN Group partners with Ericsson to deploy a fixed wireless access 5G site in Midrand, South Africa.||South Africa|
|2018||November||Infrastructure||Telenor||Norwegian Telenor launches three 5G base stations in Kongsberg.||Norway|
|2018||November 29||Testing||NTT Docomo, Toyota||NTT Docomo and Toyota announce having successfully controlled the Toyota-developed T-HR31 humanoid robot in trials using 5G under a test environment with control from a remote location (a distance of approximately 10 kilometers) using 5G in an area between two points.||Japan|
|2018||December||Testing||TeliaSonera, Ericsson, KTH Royal Institute of Technology||TeliaSonera, Ericsson, and KTH Royal Institute of Technology launch 5G testbed in Stockholm.||Sweden|
|2018||December||Network launch||AT&T||AT&T becomes the first United States carrier to launch a standards-based mobile 5G network servicing a dozen cities, albeit without any 5G-enabled devices.||United States|
|2018||December||Partnership||Ericsson, Tigo||Ericsson announces that telecommunications company Tigo has chosen the company to modernize its radio access network. The deal "includes the provision of a 5G-ready multi-standard network."||Honduras|
|2018||December||Testing||Telia Company||Telia Company opens its first 5G test network in Norway.||Norway|
|2018||December||Research and development||Nokia, Telefónica Germany||Broadband telecom provider Telefónica Germany announces that, in collaboration with Nokia, they finished building their "Early 5G Innovation Cluster" in Berlin.||Germany|
|2019||February||Milestone (technology)||Hospital Clinic Barcelona||A team of doctors at Hospital Clinic Barcelona carries out the world’s first 5G-powered telementored operation (removal of a cancerous tumor from a patient's colon), with surgeon overseeing the procedure at over three miles away.||Spain|
|2019||February||Partnership||Nokia, Saudi Telecom Company||Nokia and Saudi Telecom Company sign deal for 5G network launch and early rollout of services in Saudi Arabia.||Saudi Arabia|
|2019||February||Partnership||Nokia, Telecom Egypt||Telecom Egypt and Nokia agree to introduce a 5G network in Egypt.||Egypt|
|2019||March||Product launch||Global Mobile Suppliers Association||The Global Mobile Suppliers Association releases the industry's first database tracking worldwide 5G device.|
|2019||March||Partnership||Huawei, U Mobile, ZTE Corporation, Maxis Communications||Malaysian provider Maxis Communications, Huawei, U Mobile, and ZTE Corporation sign a memorandums of understanding to collaborate on 5G deployment in Malaysia.||Malaysia|
|2019||March||Network launch||Verizon||Verizon activates its standards-based 5G network in Minneapolis and Chicago, before mobile 5G devices are available.||United States|
|2019||March 30||Network launch||China Mobile||Shanghai starts both 5G coverage and broadband gigabit network trial runs, backed by Chinese telecom giant China Mobile.||China|
|2019||April 3||Milestone (network launch)||SK Telecom, KT, LG Uplus||South Korea becomes the first country to adopt 5G when three companies launch the world's first nationwide 5G mobile. The three main telecommunication companies (SK Telecom, KT and LG Uplus) add more than 40,000 users to their 5G network on the launch day.||South Korea|
|2019||April 3||Network launch||Verizon||Just hours later of 5G launch in South Korea, Verizon launches its 5G services in the United States.||United States|
|2019||April 17||Network launch||Ericsson, Swisscom||Ericsson and Swisscom launch 5G network in in 54 cities and communities in Switzerland. It is the first commercial 5G in Europe.||Switzerland|
|2019||April||Product launch||Samsung||Samsung announces having started mass production for its 5G chips. Among the new chip offerings is the Exynos Modem 5100, which contains a 5G multi-mode chipset.||South Korea|
|2019||May 16||Product launch||Verizon||Verizon begins selling Samsung Galaxy S10 5G.||United States|
|2019||May 24||Network launch||Telstra||Australian network operator Telstra launches limited 5G services in the country with a device that customers can use to connect other devices.||Australia|
|2019||May 30||Network launch||EE Limited||Mobile network operator EE Limited launches first 5G consumer mobile network in the United Kingdom in select locations in London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast, Birmingham and Manchester.||United Kingdom|
|2019||May 30||Network launch||Etisalat||Emirati multinational Etisalat launches 5G commercial service in the United Arab Emirates, along with ZTE 5G smartphone.||United Arab Emirates|
|2019||June 5||Network launch||Batelco||Batelco becomes the first to launch a commercial 5G network in Bahrain.||Bahrain|
|2019||June 5||Network launch||Vodafone||Vodafone launches 5G in Italy in five cities: Naples, Bologna, Milan, Turin, and Rome.||Italy|
|2019||June 6||Partnership||Huawei||Huawei signs a deal with Russian network provider MTS to develop a 5G network in the country over the next year.||China, Russia|
|2019||June 15||Network launch||Huawei, Vodafone||Huawei and Vodafone roll out in collaboration the first commercial 5G mobile services in Spain, making it one of the first European countries with the ultrafast mobile network in Europe.||Spain|
|2019||June 19||Network launch||STC Group||STC Group becomes the first operator to launch 5G commercial services in Saudi Arabia, making it available to customers in a number of cities in the Kingdom. The service uses Ericsson commercial hardware.||Saudi Arabia|
|2019||June 27||Network launch||Ericsson, RCS & RDS||Ericsson and Romanian operator RCS & RDS launch Romania’s first 5G commercial service in the busiest parts of Bucharest.||Romania|
|2019||June||Userbase||South Korea reaches over one million 5G subscribers.||South Korea|
|2019||June||Infrastructure||Qualcomm||American tech company Qualcomm starts construction of a 5G center in Taipei. 5G service is expected to be available in Taiwan by January 2020, according to Vice Premier Chen Chi-mai.||Taiwan|
|2019||Late June||Userbase||Over 1.6 million people are subscribed to 5G in South Korea, accounting for 77 per cent of the global population of 5G users. At the time, there are 14 times as many South Koreans using 5G as there are Americans.||South Korea|
|2019||July 9||Network launch||Huawei, Monaco Telecom||Monaco Telecom launches its 5G network covering the entire city area in conjunction with the presentation of the commercial offer. The microstate becomes the first in the world to have to have full, operational 5G coverage. The network is built by Huawei.||Monaco|
|2019||July 16||Network launch||SK Telecom, Swisscom||SK Telecom and Swisscom launch 5G roaming services for Koreans visiting Switzerland.||Switzerland|
|2019||July 16||Infrastructure||Vodafone||Vodafone activates its first 25 5G base stations in Germany.||Germany|
|2019||July 18||Product launch||Verizon||Verizon announces 5G hotspot, the Inseego 5G MiFi M1000, at a cost of around US$600.|
|2019||July 26||Infrastructure||Telecom Italia, Vodafone||Telecom Italia and Vodafone agree to merge their mobile tower infrastructure and to jointly roll out 5G in Italy.||Italy|
|2019||July||Testing||Smart Axiata||Cambodian telecommunications service provider Smart Axiata showcases the Cambodia's first 5G live trial.||Cambodia|
|2019||August 5||Product launch||ZTE||ZTE releases the first 5G phone in China with the launch of the Axon 10 Pro 5G t, which comes equipped with a 6.47-inch 1080p AMOLED display, and will use one of Qualcomm’s first generation X50 5G modems to connect to China’s upcoming 5G wireless network.||China|
|2019||August 5||Network launch||Ericsson, Vodafone||Ericsson and Vodafone launch in Germany a commercial 5G network using Ericsson products and solutions, with their sights set on bringing 5G to 20 million people in the country by the end of 2021.||Germany|
|2019||August 6||Network launch||AT&T||AT&T rolls out limited 5G in parts of New York City, but only accessible to business customers and developers. As of date, AT&T lags behind Verizon, which offers 5G services in nine cities.||United States|
|2019||August 8||Network launch||Ericsson, Tele2||Ericsson and Tele2 launch Russia's first 5G zone in central Moscow. Ericsson provides the equipment for the network, which is run by Tele2.||Russia|
|2019||August 13||Network launch||Vodafone||Vodafone launches 5G services in five Irish cities: Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick and Waterford.||Ireland|
|2019||August||Testing||Zong 4G||Pakistani mobile data network operator Zong 4G becomes the first company in Pakistan to test 5G services.||Pakistan|
|2019||September 1||Network launch||Huawei||Huawei deploys 5G In Russia.||Russia|
|2019||September 2||Partnership||Iliad SA, Nokia||French telecommunications provider Iliad SA announces partnership with Nokia as for 5G network deployments in France and Italy.||France, Italy|
|2019||September 3||Product launch||Samsung||Samsung announces the launch of its first SoC that integrates 5G connectivity. The device, called Exynos 980, combines a 5G modem and mobile application processor into one chip, thus increasing power efficiency and occupying less space within smartphones compared to older generation SoCs.|
|2019||September 5||Network launch||Verizon||Verizon launches 5G in National Football League stadiums across the United States, with 13 expected to be live by the start of the 2019-20 football season. Attendees would still need to have a 5G compatible phone to access the 5G networks, which can download data 10 to 100 times faster than the average 4G LTE connection.||United States|
|2019||September 6||Product launch||Qualcomm||American company Qualcomm announces expansion of its 5G modems across its Snapdragon 8 series, 7 series and 6 series processors.||United States|
|2019||September 9||Public reception||Several hundred people demonstrate in The Hague against the arrival of 5G mobile phone networks in the Netherlands, and call for the government to reduce the level of permitted radiation from the new generation mobile phones, improve privacy regulations and assess the effect on the climate.||Netherlands|
|2019||September 9||Partnership||Samsung, SK Telecom||Samsung announces partnership with SK Telecom to develop and commercialize the world's first 8K-5G TV. The device is expected to offer ultra-high resolution screen that is also capable of extremely fast connection speeds, enabling users to download VR and other data-heavy content.||South Korea|
|2019||September 10||Partnership||NTT Docomo, Omron, Nokia||NTT Docomo announces agreement with Omron and Nokia Networks to collaborate in trials of 5G mobile communication technology inside factories, "with the aim of significantly enhancing future manufacturing productivity". ||Japan|
|2019||September 16||Acquisition||Qualcomm||Qualcomm announces full acquisition of RF360 (a joint venture between TDK and Qualcomm) in order to boost content in 5G smartphones.|
|2019||September 18||Network launch||Rain||South African data-only operator Rain launches a commercial 5G wireless home broadband service in parts of Johannesburg and Tshwane, the first 5G network in the country.||South Africa|
|2019||September 19||Product launch||Huawei||Huawei launches a new 5G flagship smartphone lineup without pre-installed Google-licensed apps.||China|
|2019||September||Network launch||NTT Docomo||NTT Docomo launches pre-commercial 5G services.||Japan|
|2019||September||Network launch||Deutsche Telekom||Deutsche Telekom rolls out 5G in Germany in Berlin, Darmstadt, Munich, Bonn, and Cologne.||Germany|
|2019||October 8||Partnership||Ericsson, Telia||Ericsson is selected by service provider Telia as its sole 5G radio access network (RAN) vendor for Telia's next-generation nationwide network in Norway. 5G rollouts are expected to start in 2020 and extend through 2023.||Norway|
|2019||October 11||Network launch||BT Mobile||BT Mobile launches 5G services in the United Kingdom, in 20 cities.||United Kingdom|
|2019||October||Network launch||Eir||Irish broadband telecommunications company Eir launches 5G in Ireland with help from Ericsson’s 5G core. The network is expected to cover up to 110 towns and cities around the country in a number of weeks.||Ireland|
|2019||October||Testing||VEON||VEON launches a 5G trial on a live network in Kazakhstan.||Kazakhstan|
|2019||November 1||Network launch||China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom||China state carriers China Mobile (CHL), China Telecom (CHA) and China Unicom (CHU) formally announce the rollout of 5G service, laying out their price plans and data speeds. All three offer 5G plans that start at 128 yuan (US$18) for 30 GB of data per month.||China|
|2019||November 11||Partnership||Zain Group, Ericsson||Kuwaiti mobile telecommunications company Zain Group announces having selected Ericsson to build its 5G network in Bahrain, with the first commercial 5G services expected to go live before the end of 2019.||Bahrain|
|2019||November 14||Partnership||Ericsson, MTN South Africa||MTN South Africa selects Ericsson as a 5G network modernization vendor. Ericsson would supply 5G products and solutions from its Radio Access Network (RAN), transport and Core portfolios, with commercial rollout expected to start in 2020.||South Africa|
|2019||November 15||Technology||Samsung, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Openet||Samsung Electronics, Hewlett Packard Enterprise and software vendor Openet announce the successful integration of a cloud-native 5G standalone (SA) Core with multivendor interoperability. The test features the integration of Samsung’s control, user plane network function, and orchestrator with HPE’s shared data environment and network functions, and Openet’s cloud-native network functions software. A 5G SA core would allow operators to offer many of the new services considered paramount to 5G, including network slicing, mobile edge computing, analytics driven by artificial intelligence, and ultra-low latency networks.||South Korea|
|2019||November 19||Network launch||Verizon||Verizon ads 5G network to Boston, Houston and Sioux Falls, bringing the total number of cities with the carrier’s next-generation network to 18.||United States|
|2019||November 20||Network launch||EE Limited||EE Limited announces having switched on 5G technology in 14 new cities and towns across the United Kingdom, adding the service to Castlereagh, Guildford, Hamilton, Harlow, Hoddesdon, Kimberley, Lisburn, Maidstone, Sydenham, Watford and Wolverhampton, as well as Liverpool, Glasgow and Huddersfield.||United Kingdom|
|2019||November 21||Infrastructure||As of date, China has 113,000 5G base stations.||China|
|2019||December 3||Network launch||T-Mobile||T-Mobile announces the launch of its nationwide 5G network in the United States, becoming the first American carrier to offer 5G access across the country. The network is expected to cover more than 200 million people and more than 1 million square miles.||United States|
|2019||December 10||Milestone (technology)||Ericsson||Australian telecommunications company Optus claims to have made the world’s first 5G data call using lower frequency 2.3 GHz spectrum in a trial completed in Sydney using kit from Ericsson. The lower frequency is expected ultimately to offer even greater speeds as well as providing greater coverage depth enabling even more customers to benefit from 5G services.||Australia|
|2019||December 11||Partnership||Nokia||Nokia announces development of a strategic partnership ecosystem to bring local 5G/private wireless LTE to industrial and government customers in Japan. These five Nokia partners span multiple segments, including NS Solutions for factory IoT, Marubeni for global IoT, Internet Initiative Japan for Full MVNO, Equinix for multi-cloud and global data centers, and Hitachi Kokusai Electric.||Japan|
|2019||December 11||Research and development||SK Telecom, Samsung Heavy Industries||South Korean SK Telecom and Samsung Heavy Industries announce joint development of a 5G-based autonomous platform for testing of the technology. The test ship, built by SHI, is equiped with remote control capabilities, 5G-based Lidar, a cloud-based IoT platform and real-time video monitoring from SK Telecom.||South Korea|
|2019||December 11||Network launch||Deutsche Telekom||Deutsche Telekom launches commercial 5G services in Hamburg.||Germany|
|2019||December||Userbase||Chinese 5G smartphone users are reported to outperform South Korean users, following 5G commercial launch in November in China.||China|
|2020||January 16||Infrastructure||Galaxy Space||227-kilogram Yinhe–1 (Galaxy-1) technology verification satellite for Beijing-based communications satellite producer Galaxy Space launches. It is the first private 5G low-orbit broadband satellite China successfully puts in orbit.||China|
|2020||January 17||Testing||ZTE Corporation, MTN Uganda||ZTE Corporation and MTN Uganda successfully roll out 5G technology trial in Uganda, which becomes the first country in East Africa to adopt 5G technology.||Uganda|
|2020||January||Research and development||Ericsson||Ericsson announces a new R&D site in France with up to 300 employees. The site would focus initially on 5G software development and security.||France|
|2020||June||Network launch||Viettel||Vietnamese telecommunication company Viettel plans to launch commercial 5G mobile services by this time.||Vietnam|
|2020||July||Network launch||NTT Docomo||NTT Docomo plans to have 5G base stations in all 47 Japanese prefectures by this time.||Japan|
|2021||Spring||Network launch||NTT Docomo||NTT Docomo plans to reach a total of 10,000 5G base stations by this time.||Japan|
|2023||Network launch||China Tower||State-owned telecommunication provider China Tower expects to reach 5G national coverage by this year.||China|
|2024||Userbase||5G subscriptions are expected to reach 1.5 billion by this time, with US$301 billion in revenue, driven predominantly by high demand for faster speeds, according to September 2019 research from GlobalData. The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the biggest market.|
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