Timeline of Cloudflare
This is a timeline of Cloudflare, an American web infrastructure and website security company.
|Time period||Development summary|
|2011||Cloudflare reaches 100 billion page views.|
|2015||Cloudflare launches DNS, Web Security, and Web Performance.|
|2016||Cloudflare launches Secure Registrar, Rate Limiting, and Load Balancing.|
|2017||Cloudflare launches unmettered DDoS mitigation, IoT security, video services, and intelligent routing.|
|2018||Cloudflare reaches 67,900 customers generating US$193 million in revenue. The company launches multi-protocol network performance and security, zero trust security, DNS resolver, and serverless platform.|
|2019||Cloudflare launches distributed storage, layer 3/4 DDos mitigation, bot mitigation, and announces virtual private network.|
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Details|
|2009||July||Cloudflare is founded by Matthew Prince, Lee Holloway, and Michelle Zatlyn.|
|2009||November||Financial||Cloudflare raises $2.1 million in a Series A round from Pelion Venture Partners and Venrock."|
|2010||September||Service launch||Cloudflare is launched at the September 2010 TechCrunch Disrupt conference.|
|2011||June||Controversy||Cloudflare receives media attention for providing security services to the website of LulzSec, a black hat hacking group.|
|2011||July||Financial||Cloudflare raises US$20 million in a Series B round from New Enterprise Associates, Pelion Venture Partners, Venrock.|
|2011||October||Recognition||The Wall Street Journal names Cloudflare the "Most Innovative Network & Internet Technology Company".|
|2012||June||Partnership||Cloudflare partners with various web hosts, including HostPapa, to implement its "Railgun" technology: a web protocol intended to improve performance.|
|2012||December||Financial||Cloudflare raises US$50 million in a Series C round from New Enterprise Associates, Pelion Venture Partners, Venrock, Union Square Ventures, and Greenspring Associates.|
|2012||October||Recognition||The Wall Street Journal names Cloudflare for a second time as the "Most Innovative Network & Internet Technology Company".|
|2012||Recognition||Cloudflare is recognized by the World Economic Forum as a Technology Pioneer.|
|2012||Recognition||Fast Company ranks Cloudflare among the world's 10 most innovative companies.|
|2013||March||Cloudflare defends The Spamhaus Project from a DDoS attack that exceeds 300 Gbit/s. Akamai's chief architect states that at the time it is "the largest publicly announced DDoS attack in the history of the Internet".|
|2014||February||Security||Cloudflare mitigates the largest ever recorded DDoS attack, which peaks at 400 Gigabits per second against an undisclosed customer.|
|2014||February 24||Acquisition||Cloudflare acquires StopTheHacker, which offers malware detection, automatic malware removal, and reputation and blacklist monitoring.|
|2014||June 18||Acquisition||Cloudflare acquires CryptoSeal, which provides Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) as a service.|
|2014||November||Cloudflare reportes another massive DDoS attack with independent media sites being targeted at 500 Gbit/s.|
|2014||Program launch||Cloudflare introduces an effort called Project Galileo in response to cyberattacks against vulnerable online targets, such as artists, activists, journalists, and human rights groups. Project Galileo provides such groups with free services to protect their websites.|
|2014||December||Financial||Cloudflare raises US$110 million in a Series D round led by Fidelity Investments, with participation from CapitalG, Microsoft, Qualcomm, and Baidu.|
|2015||February||Recognition||Cloudflare is named "Best Enterprise Startup" by TechCrunch at the 8th Annual Crunchies Awards.|
|2015||March 10||Product||Cloudflare announces Virtual DNS, which provides DDoS mitigation and global distribution to DNS nameservers.|
|2015||October||A report finds that Cloudflare provisioned 40% of SSL certificates used by phishing sites with deceptive domain names resembling those of banks and payment processors.|
|2015||November||Controversy||hacktivist group Anonymous discourages the use of Cloudflare's services following the ISIL attacks in Paris and the renewed accusation that Cloudflare aids terrorists.|
|2016||February 23||Product||CloudFlare announces launch of its own domain name registrar service focused on security.|
|2016||September||A major Cloudflare bug (nicknamed Cloudbleed) starts leaking sensitive data, including passwords and authentication tokens, from customer websites by sending extra data in response to web requests. The leaks result from a buffer overflow which occurred, according to analysis by Cloudflare, on approximately 1 in every 3,300,000 HTTP requests.|
|2016||September 16||Recognition||Forbes Cloud 100 ranks Cloudflare 11th on its list of top 100 cloud companies.|
|2016||September 29||Product||Cloudflare launches its Rate Limiting, which allows customers to rate limit, shape or block traffic based on the number of requests per second per IP, cookie, or authentication token.|
|2016||December 13||Acquisition||Cloudflare acquires Eager, which provides a free platform enabling non-technical website owners to install client-side plugins to improve their websites.|
|2017||January||Userbase||As of date Cloudflare provides DNS services to 12 million websites. adding approximately 20,000 new customers every day.|
|2017||August 6||Breaking with its long-standing policy of total content neutrality, Cloudflare ceases providing services to the neo-Nazi, white supremacist, and Holocaust denial commentary and message board website The Daily Stormer on August 16, 2017, in the aftermath of the fatal vehicular attack at the Charlottesville rally four days earlier. This dropps the website's protection against DDoS attacks, and soon thereafter attackers take down the website.|
|2017||November 14||Acquisition||Cloudflare acquires Neumob, a mobile VPN startup.|
|2018||April 1||Product||Cloudflare announces a 'privacy-first' consumer DNS service, hosted at IP addresses 18.104.22.168 and 22.214.171.124. Alternatively, the service can be accessed via IPv6 at 2606:4700:4700::1111 and 2606:4700:4700::1001.|
|2018||November 1||Product||Cloudflare announces a mobile version of their 126.96.36.199 service for iOS and Android.|
|2019||March||Financial||Cloudflare raises US$150 million in a Series E round, led by Franklin Templeton Investments, with participation from New Enterprise Associates, Union Square Ventures, Venrock, Pelion Venture Partners, Greenspring Associates, CapitalG, Microsoft, Baidu, Qualcomm and Fidelity.|
|2019||April 1||Product||Cloudflare announces a new freemium Virtual Private Network service named Warp. The service would initially be available through the 188.8.131.52 mobile apps with a desktop app available later.|
|2019||June 21||Cloudflare announces that users would be able to sync their computer's time securely with Cloudflare's Network Time Protocol (NTP) service. Cloudflare's time service would allow users to connect to their NTP server that supports Network Time Security (NTS), enabling users to obtain time in an authenticated manner.|
|2019||July||Cloudflare suffered a major outage, which renders more than 12 million websites (80% of all customers) unreachable for 27 minutes.|
|2019||August 15||Cloudflare submits its S-1 filing for IPO on the New York Stock Exchange under the stock ticker NET.|
|2019||August||Cloudflare terminates services to 8chan, an American imageboard, after the perpetrator of the 2019 El Paso shootings allegedly used the website to upload his manifesto.|
|2019||August||As of date, Cloudflare has around 1,069 employees.|
|2019||September 11||Recognition||Forbes Cloud 100 ranks Cloudflare 11th on its list of top 100 cloud companies.|
|2019||Product||Cloudflare announces a new domain registrar service that promises to offer low-cost wholesale pricing and easy ways to enable DNSSEC.|
Meta information on the timeline
How the timeline was built
The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.
Funding information for this timeline is available.
Feedback and comments
Feedback for the timeline can be provided at the following places:
What the timeline is still missing
Timeline update strategy
- "Cloudflare S-1 Analysis — Do they have an edge?". medium.com. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Henderson, Nicole (June 17, 2011). "Cloudflare Gets an Unusual Endorsement from Hacker Group LulzSec". Webhost Industry Review. Archived from the original on September 9, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
- "Our Story". Cloudflare. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "Cloudflare Beta". Project Honey Pot. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "CloudFlare". Crunchbase. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Hesseldahl, Arik (2011-06-10). "Web Security Start-Up Cloudflare Gets Buzz, Courtesy of LulzSec Hackers". All Things Digital. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- Hesseldahl, Arik (July 12, 2011). "Web Security Start-Up Cloudflare Lands $20 Million Funding Round". AllThingsD. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Milian, Mark (December 18, 2012). "Why a Fast-Growing Startup Tries to Keep Its Venture Funding Secret". Bloomblerg Technology. Bloomberg News. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Wang, Shirley S.; Totty, Michael (October 17, 2011). "And the Rest of the Winners Are...". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "WSJ: CloudFlare Named Most Innovative Internet & Networking Company, Second Year in a Row". The Cloudflare Blog. October 15, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Clark, Jack (March 1, 2013). "Cloudflare's Railgun protocol gets buy-in from web giants". The Register. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
- Lardinois, Frederic (February 26, 2013). "Cloudflare Partners With World's Leading Web Hosts To Implement Its Railgun Protocol, Speeds Up Load Times By Up To 143%". TechCrunch. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Crook, Jordan (December 17, 2013). "Cloudflare Reveals $50M Round From Union Square Ventures". TechCrunch. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Hickins, Michael (December 17, 2013). "Cloudflare Raised $50M, Ready to Spend". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "Technology Pioneer 2012 - Matthew Prince, Michelle Zatlyn & Lee Holloway (Cloudflare)". World Economic Forum. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- "Most Innovative Companies 2012 - Industries Top 10 - Web/Internet". Fast Company. February 10, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
- Storm, Darlene (March 27, 2013). "Biggest DDoS attack in history slows Internet, breaks record at 300 Gbps". Computerworld. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Markoff, John; Perlroth, Nicole (March 26, 2013). "Online Dispute Becomes Internet-Snarling Attack". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Schwartz, Mathew J. (February 11, 2014). "DDoS Attack Hits 400 Gbit/s, Breaks Record". Dark Reading. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Lardinois, Frederic (February 24, 2014). "Cloudflare Acquires Anti-Malware Firm StopTheHacker". TechCrunch. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Cloudflare". crunchbase.com. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Olson, Parmy (November 20, 2014). "The Largest Cyber Attack In History Has Been Hitting Hong Kong Sites". Forbes. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Newman, Lily Hay (June 12, 2019). "Cloudflare's Five-Year Project to Protect Nonprofits Online". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- Miller, Ron (September 22, 2015). "Cloudflare Hints IPO Could Be Coming, But Not This Year". TechCrunch. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "8th Annual Crunchies Awards". TechCrunch. February 5, 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Grant, Dani. "Announcing Virtual DNS: DDoS Mitigation and Global Distribution for DNS Traffic". blog.cloudflare.com. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Edgecombe, Graham (October 12, 2015). "Certificate authorities issue SSL certificates to fraudsters". Netcraft. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Hern, Alex (November 19, 2015). "Web services firm Cloudflare accused by Anonymous of helping Isis". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "CloudFlare Launches Domain Name Registrar Focused on Security". news.softpedia.com. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Conger, Kate (February 23, 2017). "Major Cloudflare bug leaked sensitive data from customers' websites". TechCrunch. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Steinberg, Joseph (February 24, 2017). "Why You Can Ignore Calls To Change Your Passwords After Today's Massive Password Leak Announcement". Inc. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Molina, Brett (February 28, 2017). "Cloudfare bug: Yes, you should change your passwords". USA Today. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- "Forbes Releases First List of Top 100 Cloud Companies + 20 Rising Stars". finsmes.com. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Cloud 100 2016". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 29, 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Cloud 100 2017". Forbes. Archived from the original on September 3, 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- "Control your traffic at the edge with Cloudflare". blog.cloudflare.com. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Yeung, Ken (December 13, 2016). "Cloudflare acquires app platform Eager, will sunset service in Q1 2017". VentureBeat. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
- Arnfeld, Tom (April 11, 2017). "How we made our DNS stack 3x faster". The Cloudflare Blog. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- Template:Cite interview
- Peterson, Becky (August 17, 2017). "Cloudflare CEO explains his emotional decision to punt The Daily Stormer and subject it to hackers: I woke up 'in a bad mood and decided to kick them off the Internet'". Business Insider. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Miller, Ron (November 14, 2017). "Cloudflare expands into mobile performance with Neumob acquisition". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on December 3, 2018. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
- Prince, Matthew (April 1, 2018). "Anouncing 184.108.40.206: the fastest, privacy-first consumer DNS service". The Cloudflare Blog. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Armasu, Lucian (April 2, 2018). "Cloudflare Launches Privacy-Focused 220.127.116.11 DNS Service". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Cimpanu, Catalin (November 11, 2018). "Cloudflare launches Android and iOS apps for its 18.104.22.168 service". ZDNet. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Kawamoto, Dawn (March 12, 2019). "Cloudflare's $150 million funding round puts its IPO plans in question". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Rambo, Guilherme (April 1, 2019). "Cloudflare announces Warp: a new free VPN service for iOS". 9to5Mac. Archived from the original on April 2, 2019. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
- "Cloudflare Time Services". Cloudflare. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Graham-Cumming, John (July 12, 2019). "Details of the Cloudflare outage on July 2, 2019". The Cloudflare Blog. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Shieber, Jonathan (August 15, 2019). "Cloudflare files for initial public offering". TechCrunch. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Prince, Matthew (August 5, 2019). "Terminating Service for 8Chan". The Cloudflare Blog. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Wong, Julia Carrie (August 4, 2019). "Investigators 'reasonably confident' Texas suspect left anti-immigrant screed". NBC News. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
- "The Cloud 100". forbes.com. Retrieved 14 October 2019.