Timeline of Cruelty Free International

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This is a timeline of Cruelty Free International, an animal protection and advocacy group that campaigns for the abolition of all animal experiments.

Big picture

Time period Development summary
19th century Experiments on animals becomes a major social justice issue in Europe and the United States.[1] Cruelty Free International is founded at the end of the century as the ‘British Union’.
20th century By the turn of the century, the British Union achieves widespread recognition as a professional pressure group with an established voice in the political arena, in both Britain and Europe.[1] The organization is renamed the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV) in 1949.
2012 < Cruelty Free International years, after BUAV joins with the New England Anti-Vivisection Society.

Full timeline

Year Event type Details Location
1822 Notable birth Irish writer, social reformer, anti-vivisection activist, and leading women's suffrage campaigner Frances Power Cobbe is born.[2] Ireland
1863 Prelude Frances Power Cobbe comes into contact with the suffering of animals in experiments when travelling around Europe. Cobbe begins to write articles and speak at public meetings advocating for an end to the suffering of animals in cruel experiments.[1]
1898 Creation CFI is founded as the ‘British Union’ in Bristol by Irish philanthropist Frances Power Cobbe.[1] United Kingdom
1904 Notable death Frances Power Cobbe dies of heart failure at the age of 81.[1]
1940 Growth The British Union has at least 154 branches, including six in Australia and one in New Zealand.[1]
1947 Legal All organizations campaigning to end animal experiments suffer a severe blow when the British courts rule that they could no longer have charitable status.[1] United Kingodm
1949 The British Union is renamed the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection (BUAV), to avoid confusion with similarly-named organizations.[1] United Kingdom
1970 Organization The Dr. Hadwen Trust is founded by BUAV. It later becomes the leading non-animal medical research charity in the United Kingdom.[1][3] United Kingdom
1980 Organization Dr. Hadwen Trust splits from the BUAV and becomes a charity in its own right.[3] United Kingdom
1981 – 1984 BUAV donates part of its offices rent-free to the Animal Liberation Front Supporters Group (ALF SG).[4] United Kingdom
1989 Partnership In partnership with BUAV, international beauty brand The Body Shop becomes the first to campaign against animal testing.[5][6] United Kingdom
1991 Investigation BUAV launches the first ever in-depth investigation of the trade in monkeys for research, revealing the cruelties inherent in the trade in wild animals. This would result in country trade restrictions and government bans on the use of monkeys taken from the wild.[7]
1996 Program BUAV launches the Leaping Bunny program, an internationally recognized no animal testing certification for cosmetics, personal care and household products. Symbolized by the Leaping Bunny logo, the program aims to turn shopping malls cruelty free with the certification of leading household names gaining Leaping Bunny certification.[7][8][9][10]
2001 Legal BUAV threatens the British Home Office with judicial review proceedings for not completely outlawing the use of mice in the production of monoclonal antibodies by the ascites method.[11] United Kingdom
2001 Legal BUAV achieves a ban on the use of controversial LD50 oral toxicity tests in the United Kingdom, in which animals can be force fed chemicals until 50% of them die.[7][10] United Kingdom
2002 BUAV manages to persuade members of the European Parliament that, contrary to the views of the European Commission and many menber states (including the United Kingdom), a ban on the import into the European Union of cosmetics tested on animals need not fall foul of free trade rules under the World Trade Organization.[12] European Union
2012 Organization BUAV joins with the New England Anti-Vivisection Society to establish Cruelty Free International, an organization aimed at campaigning for an end to the testing of cosmetics on animals around the world.[13][14] United States, United Kingdom
2014 Recognition BUAV wins the prestigious Sustainability Pioneer category of the Sustainable Beauty Awards, for its work to ban cruel cosmetics in Europe. The award requires evidence of a positive social, economic and environmental impact and a significant contribution to sustainable development in the beauty industry.[7]
2014 (February) Cruelty Free International and The Body Shop Canada present the global pledge to Canadian politician Elizabeth May, Leader of the Green Party and launch a new petition with help from Elizabeth May to call on the House of Commons of Canada to establish a ban on animal testing for cosmetics.[15] Canada
2014 Legal BUAV welcomes in the United States the introduction of the Humane Cosmetics Act hosting the first congressional briefing on the bill. Lates, in June, the Humane Cosmetics Act returns with new bi-partisan leadership. The bill aims at phasing out animal testing for cosmetics in the United States within one year of enactment and prohibiting the sale of cosmetics tested on animals within three years of enactment.[16] United States
2014 Collaboration BUAV begins working in South Korea with Representative Jeong-Lim Moon, Assembly Members and the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) on a bill to phase out animal testing for cosmetics.[16] South Korea
2015 BUAV changes its name to Cruelty Free International, a name already belonging to the organization since 2012.[1]
2015 Legal CFI provides guidance on a new bill introduced in Argentina intended to end the animal testing of cosmetics ingredients and prohibit the sale of new animal tested cosmetics in Argentina after a two year phase in.[16] Argentina
2015 Legal CFI applauds the publication of a new cross-party Bill in the Russian parliament that would phase out all animal testing for cosmetics and their ingredients by 2020.[16] Russia
2015 Legal CFI is granted permission to take the British Home Office to court. The group seeks to bring a judicial review against the government department for violating EU animal experiments regulations.[17] United Kingdom

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 "Founded in 1898, Cruelty Free International is firmly rooted in the early social justice movement". crueltyfreeinternational.org. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  2. Gorham, Deborah. The Victorian Girl and the Feminine Ideal. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Animal Free Research UK". animalfreeresearchuk.org. Retrieved 27 September 2018. 
  4. Best, Steven; Nocella, Anthony J. Terrorists or Freedom Fighters. 
  5. "The Body Shop Needs Your Help To Stop Animal Testing — Today". refinery29.com. Retrieved 30 August 2018. 
  6. "FOREVER AGAINST ANIMAL TESTING". thebodyshop.com. Retrieved 27 September 2018. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Our achievements". crueltyfreeinternational.org. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  9. "DERMALOGICA REMOVED FROM LEAPING BUNNY PROGRAM". leapingbunny.org. Retrieved 26 September 2018. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Meet the Cruelty Free International team". crueltyfreeinternational.org. Retrieved 27 September 2018. 
  11. Dolan, Kevin. Laboratory Animal Law: Legal Control of the Use of Animals in Research. 
  12. Linzey, Andrew. The Global Guide to Animal Protection. 
  13. "Buav changes its name to Cruelty Free International". thirdsector.co.uk. Retrieved 27 September 2018. 
  14. e-Study Guide for: Consuming Choices: Ethics in a Global Consumer Age by David Schwartz, ISBN 9780742548138. Cram101 Textbook Reviews. 
  15. "Actress Tricia Helfer Urges Canada to End Cosmetics Testing on Animals". huffingtonpost.ca. Retrieved 5 October 2018. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 "The World Is Going Cruelty Free". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  17. Gallop, Nick. AQA AS/A-level Politics Student Guide 2: Politics of the UK.