Timeline of Malaria Atlas Project
|Time period||Development summary|
|2006||The Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) is launched|
|2012||MAP publishes the first global maps for Plasmodium vivax endemicity.|
|2013||MAP launches its Repository of Open Access Data (ROAD-MAP) resource.|
|2017||MAP releases new interactive malaria tools, making easier to download a wealth of malariometric data and covariates from its website.|
|2018||MAP launches global map of travel time to cities to assess inequalities in accessibility. The World Health Organization's 2018 World Malaria Report is published using maps produced by MAP.|
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Details|
|2005||Founding||MAP is founded by Bob Snow and Simon I. Hay with the purpose of filling the niche for the malaria control community at a global scale.MAP initially focuses on Plasmodium falciparum.|
|2006||May 1||Release|| The Malaria Atlas Project (MAP) is launched with the goal of collecting and verifying data for a new, detailed model of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malarial infection incidence throughout the globe. The MAP Web site (|
|2007||May||Progress||As of date, MAP has 3670 parasite rate surveys from 79 countries.|
|2007||Research||Research by MAP reports about 451 million clinical cases of Plasmodium falciparum malaria worldwide.|
|2008||Staff||Peter Gething, Professor of Epidemiology at the The Big Data Institute, University of Oxford, joins MAP. As of 2019, Gething is Head of the Malaria Atlas Project.|
|2008||Research||MAP researchers construct a map that stratifies the world into three levels of malaria risk: no risk, unstable transmission risk (occasional focal outbreaks), and stable transmission risk (endemic areas where the disease is always present).|
|2009||Research||MAP assembles all available data from Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate (PfPR) surveys, and uses model-based geostatistics (MBG) to generate a global map of estimated PfPR for the year 2007.|
|2009||Research||MAP estimates 12 million cases of Plasmodium falciparum alone in the year.|
|2011||November||Collaboration||The Asia Pacific Malaria Elimination Network (APMEN) funds its first GIS training in Shanghai, China, in collaboration with the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (NIPD, China CDC), the University of Queensland, and the Malaria Atlas Project/Oxford University.|
|2012||October||Research||Research by MAP maps the geographical contemporary distribution of sickle haemoglobin, a genetic disorder causing sickle cell anemia. It also estimates the number of newborns affected by this condition. A molecular mechanism was revealed whereby sickle cell hemoglobin confers a survival advantage against malaria.|
|2012||Release||MAP publishes the first global maps for Plasmodium vivax endemicity.|
|2013||Release||MAP launches its Repository of Open Access Data (ROAD-MAP) resource, with support from a Wellcome Biomedical Resources grant, and then funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.|
|2015||Research||MAP research shows that 80.7% of all people worldwide live within an hour of a city.|
|2015||September||Research||A study by MAP finds that “by far the most important intervention” in reducing malaria cases and deaths has been the use of insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs), around a billion of which have been distributed in Africa since 2000.|
|2015||Research||Study by MAP published in Nature finds that Plasmodium falciparum infection prevalence in endemic Africa halved and the incidence of clinical disease fell by 40% between 2000 and 2015.|
|2016||November 2||Research||Study by MAP quantifies the attributable effect of malaria disease control efforts in Africa, and finds that Plasmodium falciparum infection prevalence in endemic Africa halved and the incidence of clinical disease fell by 40% between 2000 and 2015.|
|2017||December 5||Research||MAP collates georeferenced time-series data from peer-reviewed articles and routine case reporting, and constructs an inferential model to relate transmission data to a suite of temporally dynamic environmental covariates (temperature, vegetation, humidity etc.) from a remote sensing platform, with the aim at being able to accurately predict seasonal malaria transmission patterns (onset, duration, magnitude) in locations where malaria survey data are sparse.|
|2017||December 11||Release||MAP releases new interactive malaria tools, making easier to download a wealth of malariometric data and covariates from its website.|
|2018||January 10||Release||MAP releases a global map of accessibility to cities for the year 2015, showing the estimated travel time to the nearest city globally. The map is created in collaboration with Google, the Joint Research Centre of the European Union, and the University of Twente.|
|2018||January 28||Collaboration||MAP researchers collaborate with Google to produce a global accessibility map.|
|2018||January 31||Application project||A Repository of Open Access Data – Malaria Atlas Project team builds a set of applications and tools to support the global malaria community. A key aspect of this work is the development of a relational database for epidemiological data.|
|2018||February 28||Research||MAP starts developing disaggregation models that use surveillance data alongside pixel-level environmental and human covariates in order to produce high-resolution burden estimates.|
|2018||March 1||Data gathering project||The ROAD-MAP team (Repository of Open Access Data – Malaria Atlas Project) gathers routine case data from ministry of health reports and other sources and makes a coherent global dataset of reported incidence and deaths at a sub-national level.|
|2018||March 8||Research||MAP starts working to integrate serological data within its risk mapping framework using novel semi-mechanistic models based.|
|2018||March 15||Research||MAP starts developing a statistical framework for simultaneous estimation of malaria risk maps and health facility catchments based on a modified ‘gravity model’.|
|2018||April 12||Aplication project||MAP releases the malaria Atlas R package, which enables users to download, visualize and manipulate global parasite rate survey data and modelled raster outputs within R, a freely available and widely used statistical software environment.|
|2018||April 15||malariaAtlas is released in GitHub as an R interface to open-access malaria data. It is hosted by MAP.|
|2018||July 19||Application||After data provided by MAP, Glasgow, Montana is revealed to be the most isolated town in the United States. MAP researchers are able to calculate the travel time to get to every single square kilometer on earth, based on transportation options and terrain. Their database can predict ground transit times between any two places on the planet.|
|2018||November 19||Application||The World Health Organisation's 2018 World Malaria Report is published using maps produced by MAP.|
|2018||September 28||Data gathering project||MAP gathers evidence that shows malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax to be prevalent across Africa. clinical case reports, cross-sectional prevalence surveys, entomological and serological studies as well as documented infections in naïve travellers.|
|2018||September 27||Data gathering project||MAP gathers data to describe the spatial epidemiology of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency.|
|2018||October 11||Release||MAP releases a package to provide users of the R programming language with a convenient application programming interface to interact with MAP's publicly-available data holdings.|
|2018||November 21||Collaboration||The Wellcome Trust’s Data Re-Use Prize: Malaria, is launched in collaboration with MAP and with support from Sage Bionetworks, with a cash prize of £15,000. It is aimed at data-scientists and modellers to bring their perspective to MAP data and collectively provide insights.|
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- Hay, Simon I; Snow, Robert W. "The Malaria Atlas Project: Developing Global Maps of Malaria Risk". PMC . PMID 17147467. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0030473.
- "Malaria Atlas Project". bdi.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
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- Gething, Peter W.; Elyazar, Iqbal R. F.; Moyes, Catherine L.; Smith, David L.; Battle, Katherine E.; Guerra, Carlos A.; Patil, Anand P.; Tatem, Andrew J.; Howes, Rosalind E.; Myers, Monica F.; George, Dylan B.; Horby, Peter; Wertheim, Heiman F. L.; Price, Ric N.; Müeller, Ivo; Baird, J. Kevin; Hay, Simon I. "A Long Neglected World Malaria Map: Plasmodium vivax Endemicity in 2010". PMC . PMID 22970336. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001814.
- "Parasites and pestilence". web.stanford.edu. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
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- "Malaria: double the suffering". ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
- "PROFESSOR PETER GETHING". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- Hay, Simon I; Guerra, Carlos A; Gething, Peter W; Patil, Anand P; Tatem, Andrew J; Noor, Abdisalan M; Kabaria, Caroline W; Manh, Bui H; Elyazar, Iqbal R. F; Brooker, Simon; Smith, David L; Moyeed, Rana A; Snow, Robert W. "A World Malaria Map: Plasmodium falciparum Endemicity in 2007". doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000048.
- Burgert, Clara R; Bradley, Sarah EK; Arnold, Fred; Eckert, Erin. "Improving estimates of insecticide-treated mosquito net coverage from household surveys: using geographic coordinates to account for endemicity". Malaria Journal.
- Gething, Peter W; Patil, Anand P; Smith, David L; Guerra, Carlos A; Elyazar, Iqbal RF; Johnston, Geoffrey L; Tatem, Andrew J; Hay, Simon I. "A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010". PMC . PMID 22185615. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-10-378.
- Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health (Roger Detels, Martin Gulliford, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Chorh Chuan Tan ed.).
- "GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS". apmen.org. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "Sickle cell anemia: Maps and newborn estimates released". sciencedaily.com. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "Mystery solved: How sickle hemoglobin protects against malaria". eurekalert.org. INSTITUTO GULBENKIAN DE CIENCIA. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- Gething, P.W.; Elyazar, I.R.F.; Moyes, C.M; Smith, D.L.; Battle, K.E.; Guerra, C.A.; Patil, A.P; Tatem, A.J.; Howes, R.E.; Myers, M.F.; George, D.B.; Horby, P.; Wertheim, H.F.; Price, R., Müller.I; Baird, J.K.; HAY, S.I (6 September 2012). "A long neglected world malaria map: Plasmodium vivax endemicity". PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 6 (9): e1814. PMC . PMID 22970336. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001814.
- "New Wellcome Data Re-use Prizes to help unlock the value of research". wellcome.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "New Map Shows How Long It Takes People Around the World to Travel to the Nearest City". mymodernmet.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "Millions of children's lives saved as malaria deaths plunge: U.N.". reuters.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "La malaria, por el buen camino". elpais.com. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "Malaria deaths cut by 60% since 2000 but UN says $6bn a year boost needed". theguardian.com. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "THE IMPACT OF MALARIA CONTROL ON PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM IN AFRICA, 2000-2015". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 March 2019.
- "MALARIA IN AFRICA HALVED IN 15 YEARS". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "PREDICTING THE EFFECT OF SEASONALITY ON MALARIA TRANSMISSION". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "NEW INTERACTIVE MALARIA DATA TOOLS RELEASED". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "ACCESSIBILITY TO CITIES". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "ACCESSIBILITY TO CITIES". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "New Map Shows How Connected Cities Are To Their Surroundings". forbes.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "A RELATIONAL DATABASE FOR MALARIOMETRIC DATA". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "PIXEL-LEVEL MODELLING IN LOW BURDEN AREAS". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "ROUTINE MALARIA CASES". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "SEMI-MECHANISTIC MODELLING FOR SEROLOGICAL SURVEY DATA". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "CATCHMENT MODELLING FOR AREA-AVERAGED MALARIA DATA". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "MAP DATA R PACKAGE". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "malariaAtlas". github.com. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "malariaAtlas". github.com. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
- "Glasgow, Montana Is America's Most Isolated Town". cntraveler.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "Researchers Pinpoint the Geographic Location of "The Middle of Nowhere"". mentalfloss.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "This is where the middle of nowhere is, according to the best data possible". denverpost.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "2018 WORLD MALARIA REPORT IS PUBLISHED USING MAPS PRODUCED BY THE MALARIA ATLAS PROJECT". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "COLLATING EVIDENCE OF PLASMODIUM VIVAX IN AFRICA". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "map.ox.ac.uk". G6PD DEFICIENCY DATA GATHERING PROJECT. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
- "MALARIAATLAS R PACKAGE FOR ACCESSING DATA". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
- "WELLCOME TRUST DATA RE-USE PRIZE: MALARIA". map.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2019.