Difference between revisions of "Timeline of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria"

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| 2010 || October || || The United States president [[wikipedia:Barack Obama|Barack Obama]] administration announces a three-year (FY11-FY13), $4 billion pledge to the Global Fund. It would be the first time the United States make a multi-year pledge to the Global Fund.<ref name="The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria">{{cite web|title=The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria|url=http://kff.org/global-health-policy/fact-sheet/the-u-s-the-global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria/|website=kff.org|accessdate=29 April 2017}}</ref> ||
 
| 2010 || October || || The United States president [[wikipedia:Barack Obama|Barack Obama]] administration announces a three-year (FY11-FY13), $4 billion pledge to the Global Fund. It would be the first time the United States make a multi-year pledge to the Global Fund.<ref name="The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria">{{cite web|title=The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria|url=http://kff.org/global-health-policy/fact-sheet/the-u-s-the-global-fund-to-fight-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria/|website=kff.org|accessdate=29 April 2017}}</ref> ||
 
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|-
| 2011 || January || Controversy || American news agency [[wikipedia:Associates Press|Associated Press]] (AP) publishes an article calling attention to several instances of fraud and corruption at the Global Fund. The Fund would respond in April with its own report, reiterating the Fund’s “zero-tolerance” approach to corruption, and publicizing the “$44 million in fraudulent, unsupported, or ineligible expenditures” which it attempts to recoup.<ref name="Working Group on Value for Money"/> ||  
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| 2011 || January || Controversy || American news agency [[wikipedia:Associates Press|Associated Press]] (AP) publishes an article calling attention to several instances of fraud and corruption at the Global Fund. The article focuses on
 +
allegations of corruption and fraud in 4 of the 145 countries that receive Global Fund grants: [[wikipedia:Mali|Mali]], [[wikipedia:Djibouti|Djibouti]], [[wikipedia:Mauritania|Mauritania]], and [[wikipedia:Zambia|Zambia]].
 +
<ref name="CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress  The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis,  and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S.  Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013"/> The Fund would respond in April with its own report, reiterating the Fund’s “zero-tolerance” approach to corruption, and publicizing the “$44 million in fraudulent, unsupported, or ineligible expenditures” which it attempts to recoup.<ref name="Working Group on Value for Money"/> ||  
 
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| 2011 || June 23 || || The Global Fund announces having signed an agreement with the [[wikipedia:International Aid Transparency Initiative|International Aid Transparency Initiative]], a multilateral effort (including donors, countries, and civil society organizations) to publicly disclose aid data in a standardized, timely approach.<ref name="CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress  The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis,  and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S.  Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013">{{cite web|title=CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress  The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis,  and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S.  Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013|url=https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41363.pdf|website=fas.org|accessdate=6 May 2017}}</ref> ||
 
| 2011 || June 23 || || The Global Fund announces having signed an agreement with the [[wikipedia:International Aid Transparency Initiative|International Aid Transparency Initiative]], a multilateral effort (including donors, countries, and civil society organizations) to publicly disclose aid data in a standardized, timely approach.<ref name="CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress  The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis,  and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S.  Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013">{{cite web|title=CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress  The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis,  and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S.  Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013|url=https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41363.pdf|website=fas.org|accessdate=6 May 2017}}</ref> ||

Revision as of 19:16, 6 May 2017

The present is a Timeline of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, attempting to describe major events concerning the organization.

Big picture

Year/period Key developments
< 2002 Prior to the Global Fund foundation, AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria together are calculated to cause several millions of deaths per year.[1]
2002-2013 The Global Fund is born, starting operations via a ‘rounds-based model’ whereby proposals from eligible geographical locations are developed and submitted during designated funding windows, with guidance from the Global Fund and its partners.[2]
2013 < The Global Fund adopts new strategy, eliminating rounds-base models and determining funding allocations for each eligible country based on calculations of country income and national disease burden.[2]
Recent Years The Global Fund is today the world's largest financier of anti-AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria programs. As of September 2016, the organization had disbursed US$30 billion to countries and communities in need.[3]

Full timeline

Board approvals during rounds-based model years. In millions of US dollars.
U.S. Contributions to the Global Fund, fiscal years 2001-2013, in Us$ millions.
Year/period Month and date Type of event Event Location
1993 Antecedent The World Health Organization declares tuberculosis a "global public health emergency".[4]
2000 January Antecedent The United Nations Security Council calls an unprecedented session on the threat to Sub-Saharan Africa of HIV/AIDS, and prompts the United States government to appoint a National Science Council on the security threat posed by Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases.[4]
2000 July Antecedent Discussions on the creation of a Fund are held at the 26th G8 summit.[4] Japan (Okinawa)
2000 December Antecedent United States president Bill Clinton publicly declares AIDS an international security threat at a World AIDS Day commemoration.[4]
2001 Background HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria together account for 11.4% of all disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) globally and 31.5% in Africa.[4]
2001 April The foundation of the Global Fund is made concrete by Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan's call to action.[4]
2001 May 3 Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan announces that he would donate his US$100,000 award to the new Global Fund, thus making the first private contribution.[5]
2001 June The foundation of the Global Fund is supported by the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS).[4]
2001 June The Massive Effort Campaign mobilizes the first larger corporate contribution to the Global Fund from Credit Suisse/Winterthur Group for US$1 million.[6]
2001 June 19 The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announces that it would commit $100 million to the Global Fund over a multi-year period, and uses the occasion to call on other organizations and governments around the world to support the new fund.[7]
2001 July The foundation of the Global Fund is supported by the 27th G8 summit.[4] Italy (Genoa)
2002 January Foundation The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is established as a private Swiss foundation to increase spending for the prevention and treatment for the three diseases.[8][1][9] The Board meets for the first time, at which point the Fund adopts its by-laws and begins operations.[10] Switzerland (Geneva)
2002 February The Round 1 Call for Proposals is launched.[1]
2002 April The Global Fund announces its first round of grants, through which $616 million for 36 countries would be dispersed over two years.[8][4][1]
2002 July In his speech to the XIV International AIDS Conference in Barcelona, Global Fund executive director Richard Feachem states that the first round of grants "will double the current number of people receiving Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) in the developing world and in Africa HAART recipients will increase six fold as a result of these commitments".[4]
2002 October Until date, governments, corporations, foundations, and individuals have pledged approximately $2.1 billion to the Global Fund.[11]
2002 December The Global Fund disburses its first US$1 million.[1]
2003 January Global Fund Fourth Board Meeting approves second round of grant proposals (US$900 million in grants to 72 countries).[8][1]
2003 August The total disbursements by the Global Fund to countries surpass US$100 million.[1]
2003 October The Sixth Board Meeting by the Global Fund is held. The Board approves third round of grant proposals (more than US$600 million for 61 countries).[8][1] Thailand (Chiang Mai)
2003 December Disbursements at the end of 2003 by the Global Fund totals US$232 million.[1]
2004 March The Global Funds holds its Seventh Board Meeting. Round 4 Call for Proposals is launched.[1] Switzerland (Geneva)
2004 June The Global Funds holds its Eighth Board Meeting. The Board approves fourth round of grant proposals (US$968 million for 69 grants in 50 countries).[8][1] Switzerland (Geneva)
2005 March The Global Fund reports that across all grants, it has provided antiretroviral treatment to 130,000 people with AIDS, tested 1,000,000 people voluntarily for HIV, supported 385,000 tb patients with directly observed short-course therapy, given more than 300,000 people new, more effective treatments for malaria, and supplied more than 1.35 million families with insecticide-treated mosquito nets.[8]
2005 April 25 The Global Fund approves 33 grants to enter phase 2.[8]
2005 September The Global Fund holds its Eleventh Board Meeting. The Round 5 proposals are approved for US$382 million for 26 grants in 20 countries.[1] Switzerland (Geneva)
2005 December The Global Fund holds its Twelfth Board Meeting. The Board votes to fully fund Round 5, allocating new grants for US$719 million.[1] Morocco (Marrakesh)
2007 March Following a competitive selection process, French physician Michel Kazatchkine is selected as the Fund’s new executive director.[10]
2007 September The Global Fund concludes its Second Replenishment with a total amount of US$9.7 billion pledged for the period 2008-2010.[1]
2007 November The Global Fund holds its Sixteenth Board Meeting. The Board approves 73 grants in Round 7 of funding for a total of US$1.1 billion, for 136 countries.[1] China Kunming
2008 November The Global Fund holds its Eighteenth Board Meeting. The Board approves 94 Round 8 grants for a total value of US$2.75 billion (the highest amount ever approved). The Round 9 Call for Proposals is launched.[1] India (New Delhi)
2009 November The Global Fund holds its Twentieth Board Meeting. The Board approves Round 9 grants for a total value of US$2.4 billion.[1] Ethiopia (Addis Abeba)
2010 Policy Round 10 releases a series of information notes on harm reduction, making clear that the Global Fund “supports evidence-based interventions aimed at ensuring that key populations have access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support … [including] the comprehensive package for the prevention, treatment and care of HIV among people who inject drugs”.[2]
2010 March The preparatory meeting for the Third Replenishment is held. Global Fund launches its Born HIV Free campaign, with aims at contributing to the effort for preventing children to be born with HIV.[12][1] Netherlands (The Hague)
2010 October The United States president Barack Obama administration announces a three-year (FY11-FY13), $4 billion pledge to the Global Fund. It would be the first time the United States make a multi-year pledge to the Global Fund.[13]
2011 January Controversy American news agency Associated Press (AP) publishes an article calling attention to several instances of fraud and corruption at the Global Fund. The article focuses on

allegations of corruption and fraud in 4 of the 145 countries that receive Global Fund grants: Mali, Djibouti, Mauritania, and Zambia. [14] The Fund would respond in April with its own report, reiterating the Fund’s “zero-tolerance” approach to corruption, and publicizing the “$44 million in fraudulent, unsupported, or ineligible expenditures” which it attempts to recoup.[10] ||

2011 June 23 The Global Fund announces having signed an agreement with the International Aid Transparency Initiative, a multilateral effort (including donors, countries, and civil society organizations) to publicly disclose aid data in a standardized, timely approach.[14]
2012 Data released from analysis from Round 1 (2002) to Round 9 (2009) shows that the Global Fund has invested or approved US$ 430 million for activities that specifically targets people who inject drugs.[2]
2013 February Policy The Global Fund announces a new funding model, under which funding allocations would be determined for each eligible country based on calculations of country income and national disease burden.[2]
2013 March The Global Fund starts transitioning into its new funding model by inviting select early applicants and interim applicants to submit concept notes for funding.[1]
2013 June The Global Fund's Twenty-ninth Board Meeting is held. Among other decisions, a new Inspector General is appointed. Also, the Board awards grants to the first three countries to receive funding under the new funding model.[1] Sri Lanka (Colombo)
2013 December The United States president Barack Obama administration at the White House hosts the Global Fund’s Fourth Replenishment, and launches the 2014-2016 replenishment cycle with a total amount of US$12 billion pledged.[1] United States (Washington D.C.)
2014 Policy The Global Fund starts new funding model.[2]
2014 Background Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people during the year and 9.6 million people are estimated to have fallen ill with the disease.[15]
2014 March Board Members at meeting finalize key elements of the new funding model, set aside money for various special initiatives and appoint committee members at the Thirty-First Board Meeting.[1] Indonesia (Jakarta)
2014 March The United Kingdom charity Comic Relief announces that it has raised £2 million for the Global Fund.[1]
2015 Backround 214 million cases of malaria are reported during the year resulting in 438,000 deaths. Also, 1.1 million people would die of AIDS-related illnesses in 2015.[15]
2015 The proportion of the Global Fund’s investments focused on girls and women increases to 60%, from 46% in 2010.[16]
2016 September The Global Fund holds the Pledging conference for its Fifth Replenishment, hosted by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Donor countries, foundations, and private donors pledge US$12.9 billion for the 2017-2019 period. [1] Canada (Montreal)

See also

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 "theglobalfund.org". Global Fund Overview. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria's investments in harm reduction through the rounds-based funding model (2002–2014)". doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.08.001. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  3. "Global Fund collects almost USD 13 bn for AIDS, malaria and TB". business-standard.com. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 "Global plagues and the Global Fund: Challenges in the fight against HIV, TB and malaria". biomedcentral.com. doi:10.1186/1472-698X-3-2. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  5. "Annan gives prize money to AIDS Fund". nature.com. doi:10.1038/88998. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  6. From U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Winterthur Insurance provides the first major corporate contribution to the Global Fund". Thebody.com. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  7. "Gates Announces $100 Commitment to the Global Fund". Gates Foundation. 2001-06-19. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Global health the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria is responding to challenges but needs better information and documentation for performancebased funding : report to congressional committees. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  9. "The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: 10 years on.". nih.gov. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "he Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria" (PDF). cgdev.org. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  11. "Global Fund To Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria". state.gov. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  12. "'BORN HIV FREE' campaign launched by The Global Fund". unaids.org. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  13. "The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". kff.org. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S. Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013" (PDF). fas.org. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". international.gc.ca. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  16. "Reaching vulnerable populations: lessons from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". who.int. Retrieved 6 May 2017.