Timeline of bicycle transportation
This is a timeline of bicycle transportation, attempting to describe significant events in the development of the technology and use of bicycles.
|Time period||Development summary|
|Before 19th century||Multiple events lead to the development of the bicycle, starting with the invention of the wheel. As early as 500 BC, Chinese engineer Lu Ban is probably the first to mention a pedal powered cycle. During the Italian Renaissance, Giovanni Fontana, Leonardo Da Vinci and his student Gian Giacomo Caprotti lead the development of early prototypes. In the 17th century, Johann Hautsch and Stephan Farffler in Germany contribute with the development of the technology.|
|19th century||The velocipede from 1860 is considered the first true bicycle. John Kemp Starley's Rover Safety Bicycle is regarded as the first model of “modern” bicycle. In the 1860s, several different French inventors develop prototypes with pedals attached to the front wheel. In the 1870s there are several advances in metallurgy, including hollow frame tubes and wire-spoked wheels. From the 1880s onward, manufacturing technology improves even further and allows factories to mass-produce bicycles at lower costs. By 1890, bikes are already popular. The pneumatic tire and the chain drive, followed by the development of gears, revolutionize bicycling in the later century.|
|1900s–1950s||Golden Age of Bicycles. This means of transport becomes one of the primary means of public road transportation. Early bicycle clubs popularize recreational driving across Europe and the United States. Throughout time, the manufacturing costs come down significantly, which increase the use of bicycle all over the world. During World War I, bicycles play a valuable role as the French, British and Germans deploy bicycle regiments and battalions.|
|1960s onwards||The modern age of bicycles starts with the increase of consciousness of the benefits of exercise and energy efficient transport. In the 1960s there's a revival of interest in folding bikes. During the 1970's the so-called Bike Boom occurs in the United States as the general public becomes aware of the value of exercise and energy-efficient transportation. Faster and lighter bicycles are also introduced. In the 1980s, the use of Mountain Bikes and BMXs become popular. Bicycle frames in the 1990s become lighter and stronger.|
|Present time||It is estimated that about 16% of the global population can ride a bicycle. China is the global leader in bicycle production, sales, and export. Dockless bike share systems grow rapidly to involve over 100 cities and millions of bicycles.|
|3500 BC–1700s AD||Early development||The wheel is invented around this time.|
|500 BC||Early development||Chinese inventor Lu Ban is probably the first to mention a pedal powered cycle. This is supposed to be a large wooden device with complicated gears and pedals to make it move.||China|
|1418||Early development||Italian engineer Giovanni Fontana is credited with building the first human powered land vehicle: a device featuring four wheels and using a continuous rope, connected via gears to the wheels.||Italy|
|1493||Early development||A bicycle drawing appears in Leonardo Da Vinci's "Codex Atlanticus". However, the drawing is speculated to be made by his student Gian Giacomo Caprotti.No working prototype of the device would be ever made.||Italy|
|1649||Early development||German mechanician Johann Hautsch develops a carriage able to transport one passenger over 500m with the use of the complicated mechanical drive. This device reminds more of a motorcar than a bicycle.||Germany|
|1680||Early development||German inventor Stephan Farffler creates a manumotive carriage which is considered to be the first known tricycle. This model does not feature pedals, but is propelled with the use of hand crank.||Germany|
|1790||Early development||Comte Mede de Sivrac in France develops the celerifere, an early precursor of the bicycle.||France|
|1817||Technology||German engineer Karl Drais patents the Laufmaschine, which combines the three main principles of the bicycle: methods of propulsion, steering, and balance. It is operated by kicking against the street.||Germany|
|1820||Model||Denis Johnson of London releases his Dandy horse, using an elegantly curved wooden frame which allows the use of larger wheels. These improve the stability during the ride.||United Kingdom|
|1830s||Background||Due to improved safety for the rider, tricycles and quadricycles become popular.|
|1839||Model||Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick MacMillan develops an early rear wheel pedal driven bicycle.||United Kingdom|
|1850||Technology||The first three-wheeler is introduced, allowing for a more stable ride.|
|1855–1860||Technology||Ernest Michaux from France adds crank treadles to a velocipede (round shafts).||France|
|1858||Technology||Pedals are added to the steerable laufmaschine.|
|1860||Model||French engineers Ernest Michaux and Pierre Lallement invent the velocipede, which is considered the first true bicycle. In England it would be called boneshaker. A stiff contraption, the wheels are pure wood, and the tires are made of iron. Although very impractical and difficult for the rider, it is the first bike in cycling history to have the front-wheel pedals.||France|
|1861||Technology||French blacksmith Pierre Michaux patents the bicycle pedal and starts using rubber tires and ball bearings for faster and easier use.||France|
|1861||Technology||Crank and pedals are introduced, but not yet brakes, resulting in many dangerous “headers”.|
|1862||Manufacturer||The Bown Manufacturing Company is established in Birmingham||United Kingdom|
|1863||Technology||French engineer Pierre Lallement in Paris attaches a pair of pedals to a two-wheeler (round spools of wood on a shaft).||France|
|1866||Technology||Pierre Lallement is granted the first bicycle-related U.S. patent is granted for a single-sided counter-balanced bicycle pedal.||United States|
|1867||Model||The velocipede (also called boneshaker) becomes so popular that up to 150 independent manufacturers produce them in France.||France|
|1868||Technology||French mechanic Eugène Meyer patents the wire spoke wheel.||France|
|1868||Early development||The term bicycle is first used to describe a two-wheeled pedal velocipede.||France, United Kingdom, United States|
|1868||Model||The Roper Steam Velocipede is released as the first steam-powered bicycle, coming out around the same time that bicycles begin exploding on the market.|
|1868||Application (sport)||The first velocipede race is held in Paris. English racer James Moore wins.||France|
|1868||Model||British engineer Thomas Humber develops a model fitting the description of future safety bycicles.||United Kingdom|
|1868||Technology||French engineer Clément Ader is granted the first patent for rubberized wheels.||France|
|1869||Technology||The first rubber tires are used for bicycles, marking a major change in the development and production as well as the capabilities of bikes.|
|1870||Model||The Penny-farthing bicycle is invented in England. With its five-foot diameter front wheel and minuscule rear wheel, the name comes from the idea that the wheels resemble two coins, the penny and the farthing next to each other. An inefficient model, the Penny-farthing is unstable, extremely difficult to get on and off and the front wheel is used for power and steering.||United Kingdom|
|1870||Technology||Radial spokes are added to wheels, adopting some of the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution.|
|1870||Model||French mechanic Eugène Meyer makes a bicycle with very large front wheel and smaller back wheel. He is believed to be the person primarily responsible for making the Penny-farthing feasible and widely known.||France|
|1870||Model||English engineer Editing W. H. J. Grout patents the Grout Tension Bicycle, which introduces several innovations including hollow forks to save weight, rubber tyres for a better ride and adjustable spokes which could be tensioned to align the wheel.||United Kingdom|
|1870–1880||Technology||British engineer Edward Alfred Cowper invents the ball bearing for bicycles. Others refine it for wheels, cranks and headsets.||United Kingdom|
|1872||Model||The Penny-farthing is first manufactured in Britain.||United Kingdom|
|1872||Technology||Ball-bearings are introduced.|
|1874||Model||British engineer Harry John Lawson designs the first rear chain driven "safety bicycle".||United Kingdom|
|1874||Application||"Working bikes" are first mentioned in Paris, as couriers, for a newspaper and the stock market riding penny-farthings.||France|
|1876||Technology||English inventors Thomas Browett and William Harrison patent an early version of the caliper brake.||United Kingdom|
|1876||Model||English engineer Harry John Lawson desings the first bicycle to be called a safety bicycle.||United Kingdom|
|1877||Technology||Designs for differential gearing mechanisms and shifters are patented.|
|1879||Model||British designer Harry John Lawson patents his chain-driven bicycle, with the chain making riding easier.||United Kingdom|
|1880||Organization||The League of American Wheelmen is founded. It is one of the most well-known cycling associations in history.||United States|
|1880||Model||The first rear-wheel-drive bicycle, featuring a chain connecting the pedals to the rear wheel, is mass-produced in England.||United Kingdom|
|1884||Model||English industrialist John Kemp Starley designs his Rover Safety, with two wheels of equal size with a similar frame. It is built as the official alternative to the Penny-farthing. Starley is widely considered the inventor of the modern bicycle.||United Kingdom|
|1884||Application||English cyclist Thomas Stevens rides a high-wheeler bike on a journey around the globe.|
|1884||Technology||British machinist William Bown invents the "Aeolus" pedal with rubber tread, the first pedal with ball bearings.||United Kingdom|
|1885||Manufacturer||Bianchi is founded in Italy. It is the world's oldest bicycle manufacturing company in existence, having pioneered the use of equal-sized wheels.||Italy|
|1885||Manufacturer||British manufacturer Raleigh Bicycle Company is founded.||United Kingdom|
|1885||Background||The first motorcycle is released.|
|1887||Application||English-born American immigrant Thomas Stevens becomes the first person to travel around the world on a bicycle, using the Penny-Farthing.|
|1887||Model||American inventor, Emmit G. Latta files a patent for his new folding bike, with the idea to enhance portability and make commuting easy.||United States|
|1888||Technology||Scottish inventor John Boyd Dunlop develops inflatable pneumatic bicycle tires, thus providing a smoother ride than existing solid-rubber tires.||United Kingdom|
|1889||Technology||Daniel Stover and William Hance patent the bicycle brake operated by backward pedal with a back pedal seat. This break would later become known as safety brake, and would also later become a standard feature on bicycles.|
|1890||Technology||The idea to use aluminum for bikes rises, provided its light weight.|
|1891||Model||The Tandem Velocipede is patented. It is the world’s first two-seater bike.|
|1893||Manufacturer||British manufacturer Campion Cycle Company is founded.||United Kingdom|
|1893||Model||English engineer William Henry James Grout develops an early folding bike.||United Kingdom|
|1893||Model||American engineer Michael B. Ryan files a patent for his folding bicycle model.||United States|
|1894||Model||The first bamboo bicycle is manufactured.|
|1894||Application (transport)||The first bicycle messenger system is launched in California, to relay mail between Fresno and San Francisco, after a railroad strike brings postal delivery to a halt.||United States|
|1894||Infrastructure||The first bikeway in the United States is created with the opening of the Brooklyn’s Ocean Parkway.||United States|
|1895||Manufacturer||German-born mechanical engineer Ignatz Schwinn and Adolph Arnold establish in Chicago the Arnold, Schwinn & Company to produce bikes.||United States|
|1895||Model||Ogden Bolton Jr. is granted a patent for a battery-powered bicycle with "6-pole brush-and-commutator direct current (DC) hub motor mounted in the rear wheel. The device has no gears and the motor can draw up to 100 amperes from a 10-volt battery.||United States|
|1895||Technology||Julien Simon and Victor Dussault from France invent the folding tandem.||France|
|1895||Technology||Ogden Bolton Jr. is granted a patent for a battery-powered bicycle with "6-pole brush-and-commutator direct current (DC) hub motor mounted in the rear wheel".||United States|
|1895||Technology||Charles Hanson invents the clipless pedal.|
|1895||Technology||There are two patent offices in the United States, one for bicycles and one for everything else.||United States|
|1895||Technology||Charles Hanson from Rhode Island invents the first clipless pedal. It twists to lock and unlock and has rotational float.||United States|
|1896||Application (sport)||The 1896 Summer Olympics mark the first time that competitive cycling appears in the Olympic games.||Greece|
|1896||Notable comment||American social reformer Susan B. Anthony writes: "Let me tell you what I think of bicycling. I think it has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world. I stand and rejoice every time I see a woman ride by on a wheel. It gives woman a feeling of freedom and self-reliance."||United States|
|1896||Technology||Coaster Brakes are developed, allowing the bike to move forward without requiring the pedals to move. These also operate as brakes by turning the pedals backwards.|
|1897||Technology||The first butted steel bicycle tube is manufactured.|
|1897||Model||An early electric bicycle is built by American engineer Hosea W. Libbey.||United States|
|1897||Technology||Duck Brakes are introduced, using a rod operated by a lever on the handlebar. Inorder to slow down the vehicle, the rider pulls the lever to pull rubber rollers against the front tire.|
|1897||Technology||Joseph Hanson patents a new type of floating clipless pedal.|
|1898||Technology||Freewheeling brakes are introduced, allowing for bicycles to continue moving without being pedaled. Adding safety and convenience, freewhiling would change the design of almost every bicycle made after its invention.|
|1898||Model||Gordon J. Scott from Philadelphia files a patent for an electric velocipede, featuring a pedal-powered battery regenerator. In this model, the pedals spin a generator, which in turn drives a small motor.||United States|
|1898||Technology||The freewheel is commercialized for the first time. Invented by German industrialist Ernst Sachs, the freewheel allows the rider to keep pedals stationary while the bicycle still moves forward, while using a different mechanism to do this than the coaster brake.||Germany|
|1899||Manufacturer||The American Bicycle Company is founded.||United States|
|1899||Application (warfare)||Bicycles are first used in conflict in the Second Anglo-Boer War in South Africa.||South Africa|
|1899||Technology||Edmonds and Metzel invent the cylinder pedal.|
|1900||Organization||The International Cycling Union (Union Cycliste Internationale) is founded in Paris. It is the worldwide governing body for cycling.||France|
|1900||Model||The bicycle design becomes standardized, adopting a basic diamond shape made from metal, pneumatic rubber tires, roller chain, one gear, and coaster brakes. This standard would remain unchanged for more than 50 years.|
|1901||Model||Bike manufacturers create the first recumbent bikes.|
|1903||Application (sport)||The first Tour De France is organized as a cycling race.||France|
|1903||Technology||Sturmey-Archer is England invents the internal hub gears.||United Kingdom|
|1904||Manufacturer||Dutch bicycle manufacturer Batavus is founded.||Netherlands|
|1905||Technology||French engineer Paul de Vivie develops the first derailleur successful bicycle sprocket system. It consists of two sprockets that offer two different speeds, an uphill gear and downhill gear.||France|
|1905||Technology||Manufacturers develop the rear derailleur gear and integrate it on bikes.|
|1909||Manufacturer||Spanish bicycle manufacturer Beistegui Hermanos is founded.||Spain|
|1914||Model||The first recumbent bicycle, which allows the rider to sit down while pedaling, is introduced in France by Peugeot, a company later known more for its cars than its bikes.||France|
|1920||Model||The Kids Bike is invented, weighing in at around 65 pounds, and mimicking aspects of the motor vehicle as automobiles become more desirable than bikes. Manufacturers start to produce bicycles for kids.|
|1921||Manufacturer||Shimano is founded in Japan. Today, it controls 50% of the world’s bicycle component market, selling everything from brake parts to pedal components.||Japan|
|1923||Technology||Bosch launches a dynamo (magneto) bicycle lighting system.|
|1924||Model||French manufacturer Charles Mochet starts producing Velocars, a series of human powered velomobiles in both single and two seat versions.||France|
|1928||Technology||French industrialist Lucien Juy makes the the first Simplex derailleur.||France|
|1930||Technology||Ignaz Schwinn introduces the spring fork and fat tire to handle the abuse of teenage boys. This would later become the preliminary design for the mountain bike.||United States|
|1930||Technology||Italian racing cyclist and inventor Tullio Campagnolo patents the quick release hub, which allows for the wheels of a bicycle to be easily removed and re-installed.||Italy|
|1933||Model||Schwinn introduces the first balloon tired bicycle.|
|1933||Model||Cruiser bicycles are introduced in the United States, only made for leisurely bike rides.||United States|
|1934||Application (sport)||The Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) bans recumbent bicycles from being used in cycling races under their name, for being too fast.|
|1934||Model||Schwinn releases the Aero Cycle, which includes a battery-powered headlight.|
|1936||Chinese state-owned bicycle company Flying Pigeon is founded.||China|
|1938||Technology||A cable operated system appears, allowing riders to change gears without dismounting.|
|1938||Technology||Thomas M McDonald from Montana files for a patent for a hub motor. This basic technology would be used in most electric bike motors even to this day.||United States|
|1938||Technology||Simplex introduces a shifting derailleur that uses cables much like modern bicycles. This represents a major improvement over preexisting shifters and begins a push towards advanced shifting mechanisms.|
|1948||Technology||Indexed shifting on the handlebars is introduced.|
|1955||Model||Huffman Manufacturing releases the Huffy Radio Bicycle, which features a three vacuum tube radio built into the tank. ||United States|
|1956||Application (sport)||The first official BMX race is held.|
|1958||Application (sport)||Women compete in the first-ever World Championships on the road and track in Reims, France. Balina Ermolaeva becomes the first women's World Sprint Champion, with Elsy Jacobs taking the road race.||France|
|1962||Model||The Moulton bicycle is introduced. While not a folding bicycle per se, this model with its small wheels, serves as an inspiration for many folding bicycle designs that would follow.|
|1963||Model||Schwinn releases its Sting-Ray bike, providing the foundation for BMX racing.|
|1964||Model||The Italian Graziella is introduced. This model would excercise a large influence on future folding bicycles.||Italy|
|1964||Technology||Japanese manufacturer SunTour introduces the slant parallelogram derailleur. This device is still in use on modern bicycles.|
|1965||Infrastructure||The first bicycle-sharing system is introduced in Amsterdam.||Netherlands|
|1968||Model||The Raleigh Bicycle Company releases the Raleigh Chopper, aimed at children.||United Kingdom|
|1970||Model||American designer Charlie Kelly and Gary Fisher develop a model built for hard-core terrain, featuring heavy-duty wheels and a suspension system, allowing it to climb steep inclines, ride over logs, rocks, dirt roads and anything else found on a mountain.||United States|
|1970||Application (sport)||Cycling sport becomes popular leading to the making of mountain bikes.|
|1974||Technology||Teledyne introduces titanium bicycle frames on a consumer scale in the United States. Cycling companies start to use titanium for their bikes due to its many key traits.||United States|
|1975||Technology||The first carbon bike frame is introduced.|
|1976||Application (sport)||Repack Downhill, the world’s first major organized mountain biking race is held in California.||United States|
|1978||Organization||The United States Bicycle Route System is established by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), the same body that coordinates the numbering of interstate highways and routes in the United States.||United States|
|1979||Application (sport)||Freddie Markham sets the world speed record of 81.8 Km/h, riding a Human Powered Vehicle.|
|1979||Model||Californian designer Joe Breeze creates his prototype of mountain bike, developed by many early designers including Otis Guy, Gary Fisher, and Craig Mitchell. This model features the first tough frames built for downhill racing.||United States|
|1980||Infrastructure||The first cycle street in the world is constructed in Bremen, Germany.||Germany|
|1981||Model||American manufacturer Specialized Bicycle Components releases the Specialized Stumpjumper; the first mass produced mountain bike.||United States|
|1983||Technology||Bike computers (also called cyclocomputers) are introduced as small digital displays attached to the bicycle that displays information like speed, distance travelled and the current time.|
|1984||Technology||Addition of cogs to the rear gear cluster becomes popular, increasing the number of speeds from 15 to 18, 21 and 24.|
|1984||Infrastructure||The Bristol and Bath Railway Path opens, becoming the first part of the British National Cycle Network.||United Kingdom|
|1986||Technology||Kestrel introduces the first non-lugged carbon frame, marking a major turning point in the market for carbon bikes as professional cyclists are now able to rely on the frames to hold up during races.|
|1987||Model||Paul Turner releases his full-suspension mountain bike, making a big improvement on the existing models.||United States|
|1987||Infrastructure||Fietsplatform (the Dutch cycling platform) is established as a public-private organization. It is responsible for the development, maintenance, improvement and promotion of the Dutch network of long distance cycle-routes (4.500 km).||Netherlands|
|1989||Safety||The Australian government passes the world’s first helmet laws, ordering all cyclists to wear a helmet, in order to curb serious injuries and deaths associated with bicycle accidents.||Australia|
|1989||Manufacturer||RockShox is founded by Paul Turner. The company would becomes one of the most central companies in the development of mountain bikes.||United States|
|1990||Technology||Shimano introduces integrated brake/gear levers, setting the stage for modern road bike handlebars.||Japan|
|1992||Model||Vector Services Limited releases e-bike dubbed Zike, which includes NiCd batteries that are built into a frame member and include an 850 g permanent-magnet motor.|
|1992||Technology||French manufacturer Mavic introduces an electrically-controlled derailleur.||France|
|1993||Infrastructure||The Trampe bicycle lift (Sykkelheisen Trampe in Norwegian) is invented and installed by Jarle Wanwik. It is the first and only bicycle lift in the world.||Norway|
|1993||Application (sport)||The first Cycle Messenger World Championship is held in Berlin.||Germany|
|1994||Technology||SRAM introduces the disc brake, a metal disc that is attached to the wheel. When the brakes are trigger, the disc slows down, thus forcing the wheel to also slow. Intended primarily for off-road bikes, disc brakes would since become a standard component of mountain bikes.|
|1994||Technology||Sachs introduces the first mass-produced hydraulic disc brake system.|
|1995||Infrastructure||Construction of the Bogotá's Bike Paths Network begins.||Colombia|
|1996||Application (sport)||Mountain biking is first introduced during the 1996 Summer Olympics.||United States|
|1997||Infrastructure||The concept of the bicycle street is incorporated in German road law.||Germany|
|1998||Model||Ebikes, which include integrated electric motors that can be used for propulsion, begin a period of rapid adoption in Asia (China and India, in particular) and Europe.||Asia, Europe|
|2000||Model||Miroslav Miljevic designs a model which includes solar powered battery. It is intended for commuters so when they leave their bike outside all day, they won't have to pedal home.|
|2000||Technology||German manufacturer Rohloff introduces the speed derailleur system.||Germany|
|2000–2012||Statistics||The number of bicycle commuters in the United States increases by a 6 percent in the period.||United States|
|2002||Technology||Italian manufacturer Campagnolo introduces 10 Co-gear clusters that allow 30 speed bicycles.||Italy|
|2003||Infrastructure||The longest continuous bike path in Europe opens along the Albacete-Valdeganga highway in Spain, a distance of 22km.|
|2004||Infrastructure||The first Dutch “bicycle superhighway” opens between Breda and Etten-Leur. Since then, many others would be added.||Netherlands|
|2004||Infrastructure||San Francisco, California begins experimenting with the shared lane marking, and develops a revised symbol consisting of a bicycle symbol with two chevron markings above the bicycle.||United States|
|2007||Statistics||Electric bicycles are thought to make up 10 to 20 percent of all two-wheeled vehicles on the streets of many major Chinese cities by the time.||China|
|2007||Manufacturer||British bicycle manufacturer Boardman Bikes is founded.||United Kingdom|
|2008||Infrastructure||London major Ken Livingstone announces twelve new bicycle routes, dubbed Cycle Superhighways in the city area.||United Kingdom|
|2009||Technology||Shimano introduces the first commercially successful electronic gear shift system for road bicycles.||Japan|
|2009||Application (sport)||Canadian cyclist Sam Whittingham sets human powered speed record of 132 km/h on level ground in a faired recumbent streamliner.|
|2010||Statistics||Worldwide production of bicycles is in the range of 125 to 130 billion units.|
|2011||Application (cargo)||A voluntary European standard (EN 15918) for two-wheel bicycle trailers is published.||Europe|
|2011||Infrastructure||In Denmark, the first cykelgade (a bicycle boulevard) opens in Aarhus. Since then, many cyclestreets would be implemented in several cities across the country.||Denmark|
|2012||Technology||Adaptrac develops a system that allows the rider to individually adjust tire pressure while riding. Through a system of carbon dioxide cartridges, this allows riders to maintain optimum traction when riding conditions change.|
|2012||Infrastructure||The first Danish bike freeway opens between the Vesterbro rail station in Copenhagen and Albertslund, covering 22 kilometers from A-B, with air pumps and other cyclist services dotted along the way.||Denmark|
|2012||Infrastructure||In Belgium, the rue cyclable (in French / Walloon) or Fietsstraat (in Dutch / Flemish), is introduced into the Highway Code.||Belgium|
|2013||Expansion||There are around 535 bike-sharing systems worldwide, made of an estimated fleet of 517,000 bicycles.||Worldwide|
|2014||Technology||Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide Batteries (known as NMC batteries) are introduced, with NMC delivering higher power in a smaller package than previous models. These batteries would become popular with electric bicycles.|
|2014||Program launch||European governments at the 4thHigh-level meeting on Transport, Health and Environment adopt the Paris Declaration, including a "clear call for member states to promote cycling and to develop a pan-European master plan for cycling within the framework of the Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme (THE PEP)."||Europe|
|2014||Statistics||21 million bicycles are sold in the European Union in the year, outnumbering newly registered passenger cars by more than eight million.||European Union|
|2015||Infrastructure||The number of bike-share bicycles hits an estimated 1,000,000 worldwide. China is by far the leader in the sheer number of bicycles, followed by France with almost 43,000 bikes in 38 cities.|
|2016||Infrastructure||Germany launches its national 'Bike Autobahn' cycle network, a cycle route aimed to eventually cover 100 kilometers between the northwestern cities of Duisburg and Hamm.||Germany|
|2017||Statistics||An estimated 16 million bikes on China’s streets transport about 130 million registered users.||China|
|2019||Infrastructure||The last part of the bicycle parking Stationsplein Utrecht opens. With 12,500 parking places, it is the world’s largest bicycle parking.||Netherlands|
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Eugene Meyer ... gets the credit for making the high-wheeler feasible and making it known.
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In 1876, the British engineer Henry J. Lawson proposed a new rear-drive machine he called the Safety Bicycle.
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