Timeline of health software

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This is a timeline of health software, focusing on products and related organizations.

Big picture

Time period More details
1960s Medicare and Medicaid are early healthcare drivers. IT drivers are expensive mainframes and storage at the time. Because computers and storage are so large and expensive, hospitals typically share a mainframe.[1]
1970s Computers become now small enough to be installed in a single department without environmental controls. Terminals and connectivity are improved.[1]
1980s Personal computers, as well as widespread, non-traditional software applications, and networking solutions enter the market.[1]
1990s Hospitals have access to broad, distributed computing systems and robust networks at the time.[1]
2000s Cloud computers and cloud based big data analytics emerge, as well as warehousing and analytics solutions.[1]

Full timeline

Year Event type Details
1965 Electronic health record Standardized, multilingual vocabulary of clinical terminology SNOMED CT starts as Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP). It would further develop into a logic-based health care terminology.[2]
1970–1975 Electronic health record The Computer Stored Ambulatory Record (COSTAR) is developed as an electronic medical record.[3]
1978 Organization (Databases) American company Lexicomp is founded. It is a developer of clinical information solutions.[4]
1979 Organization (electronic health records) Kansas City-based Cerner Corporation is founded as a supplier of health information technology.[5]
1979 Organization (electronic health records) Epic Systems is incorporated. It provides software applications in a number of broad categories, including e-health and handhelds, enterprise foundation, clinical, decision support, access, revenue cycle, health plan, and connectivity.[6]
c.1985 Electronic health record Read code originates. It is the standard clinical terminology system used in General Practice in the United Kingdom.[7]
1986 Organization (laboratory management) Abbott Informatics is founded in Israel. A subsidiary of Abbott Laboratories, it develops and sells web-based laboratory information management systems (LIMS).[8]
1986 Organization (electronic health records) London-based Datix Limited is founded. It develops healthcare incidents, patient safety, and risk management software for care homes, assisted living facilities, and nursing homes in Europe, Australia, Canada, the United States, and internationally.[9]
1987 Organization (diagnostics) Florida Probe starts as a project for the University of Florida. It is a probing and charting software used by dentists and dental hygienists to detect and diagnose periodontal disease.[10]
1989 Practice management Dentrix Dental Systems becomes the first practice management software for Microsoft Windows.[11]
1993 Organization (Practice management) Georgia–based Nuesoft is founded as a healthcare software as a service (SaaS) company.[12]
1994 Bioimaging Analysis of Functional NeuroImages (AFNI) starts development. It is an open-source environment for processing and displaying functional MRI data—a technique for mapping human brain activity.[13]
1994 Electronic health record LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes) is developed as a database and universal standard for identifying medical laboratory observations.[14]
1995 Barcoding The Bar code medication administration is first implemented as a barcode system designed to prevent medication errors in healthcare settings and to improve the quality and safety of medication administration.[15]
1996 Transmission Microsoft Amalga is developed as a unified health enterprise platform designed to retrieve and display patient information from many sources, including scanned documents, electrocardiograms, X-rays, MRI scans and other medical imaging procedures, lab results, dictated reports of surgery, as well as patient demographics and contact information.[16]
1997 Electronic health record athenahealth is founded. It provides network-enabled services for healthcare and point-of-care mobile apps to drive clinical and financial results for its hospital and ambulatory clients in the United States.[17]
1998 Organization (databases) San Francisco–based Epocrates is founded. It makes various mobile health software applications under the "epocrates" name, mostly for health care providers, providing them reference information about drugs and diseases, and diagnostic tools.[18]
1998 Organization (diagnostics) Cybermed is founded in Seoul, South Korea. It is active in the field of 3D image processing and dental software.[19]
1998 Bioimaging Open source software 3DSlicer is created. It is used in a variety of medical applications.[20]
1999 Organization Ontario-based Online LIMS is founded. It provides laboratory and instrument interfacing solutions for laboratories.[21]
1999 Electronic health record Opensource electronic medical record and practice management system FreeMED is initially released.[22]
1999 Electronic health record HOSxP is released as a hospital information system. Including Electronic health record (EHR), it has been used in medium-sized hospitals in over 500 places in Thailand.[23]
2000 Research The Folding@home project is founded at Stanford University. It is a distributed computing project for disease research that simulates protein folding, computational drug design, and other types of molecular dynamics[24]
2000 (July) Organization (Laboratory management) LabLynx is founded. The company develops, supports, and markets laboratory information management system (LIMS) solutions.[25]
2001 Bioimaging Free medical software InVesalius is developed by the Center for Information Technology Renato Archer in Brazil. It is used to generate virtual reconstructions of structures in the human body.[26]
2003 Research PEBL (Psychology Experiment Building Language) is released as an open source software program that allows researchers to design and run psychological experiments.[27]
2003 Research PsychoPy is released. It is an open source software package, written in the Python programming language, for the generation of experiments for neuroscience and experimental psychology.[28]
2004 Electronic health record AHLTA (Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application) is first implemented. It is the electronic medical record (EMR) system used by medical providers of the United States Department of Defense (DoD). AHLTA is a services-wide medical and dental information management system.[29]
2004 Bioimaging The OsiriX project starts. It is an image processing application for Mac dedicated to DICOM images.[30]
2004 Practice management Irvine, California–based Kareo is founded. The company provides software as a service for independent medical practices.[31]
2005 Bioimaging The Voreen project is iniciated. It is an open source volume visualization library and development platform. Through the use of GPU-based volume rendering techniques it allows high frame rates on standard graphics hardware to support interactive volume exploration.[32]
2005 Organization San Francisco–based Practice Fusion is founded as a free web-based electronic health record (EHR) company. It provides physicians and medical professionals with free, advertising-supported EHR and medical practice management technology.[33]
2006 Diagnostics CommonGround is first implemented. It is a Web app that helps mental health clients identify treatment preferences and effectively communicate them to clinicians.
2006 Diagnostics EuResist starts as an international project, designed to improve the treatment of HIV patients by developing a computerized system that can recommend optimal treatment based on the patient’s clinical and genomic data.[34]
2006 Electronic health record cTAKES (clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System) starts development at Mayo Clinic. It is an open-source natural language processing system for information extraction from electronic health record clinical free-text.[35]
2007 Organization (practice management) Zocdoc is founded as a health information technology company.[36] It provides free of charge medical care search facility for end users by integrating information about medical practices and doctors' individual schedules in a central location.
2007 (November 6) Bioimaging Xebra is developed as an open source (GNU GPL), cross-platform, thin client and server written in Java for web-based distribution and clinical review of radiology data in DICOM format.[37]
2009 Bioimaging The Ginkgo CADx project starts. Its purpose is to develop an open source professional Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) workstation.[38]
2009 Electronic health record The VITAband is released as a silicone encircling strip worn on the wrist. IT holds emergency medical information, among other features.[39]
2010 Research Caisis is released. It is an open source, web-based, patient data management system that integrates research with patient care.[40]
2011 Organization (practice management) Vezeeta is founded. It develops and operates an online platform for patients to find patients and book appointments.[41]
2012 Organization Truven Health Analytics is founded. The company provides healthcare data and analytics.[42]

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

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What the timeline is still missing

Timeline update strategy

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Healthcare Information Systems: A Look at the Past, Present, and Future". healthcatalyst.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  2. "History Of SNOMED CT". snomed.org. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  3. "Does the Use of Electronic Medical Records Improve Surrogate Patient Outcomes in Outpatient Settings?". mdedge.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  4. "Lexi-Comp, Inc. Receives NorthCoast 99 Honor". lexi.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  5. "Cerner Corporation, Kansas City, Mo. RANK: 10". healthcare-informatics.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  6. "Epic Systems Corporation History". fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  7. Bentley T, Price C, Brown P (13–15 September 1996). "Structural and lexical features of successive versions of the Read Codes". The Proceedings of the 1996 Annual Conference of The Primary Health Care Specialist Group of the British Computer Society. Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  8. "Abbot". yourstandinfo.blogspot.com.ar. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  9. "Company Overview of Datix Limited". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  10. "Florida Probe Corporation". manta.com. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  11. "Dentrix Dental Systems, Inc.". dentistrytoday.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  12. "Nuesoft". nuemd.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  13. "AFNI: Introduction and Concepts" (PDF). afni.nimh.nih.gov. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  14. "LOINC". openclinical.org. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  15. Wideman MV, Whittler ME, Anderson TM (February 2005). "Barcode medication administration: Lessons learned from an intensive care unit implementation". In Henriksen K, Battles JB, Marks ES, Lewin DI. Implementation Issues. Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation. 3. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. pp. 437–51 – via NCBI Bookshelf. 
  16. "Microsoft Amalga Unified Intelligence System". social.technet.microsoft.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  17. "Is Athenahealth CEO Jonathan Bush in a bubble?". fortune.com. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  18. "Epocrates: A Mobile App Case Study In Healthcare". sramanamitra.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  19. "CyberMed". archive.is. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  20. "Software/ 3D Slicer". computervisiononline.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  21. "Ricardo Timmermann". linkedin.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  22. "FreeMed". openhealthnews.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  23. "Electronic Health Information Standard based on CDA for Thai Medical System: focused on Medical Procedures in Medium-sized Hospitals (HOSxP)" (PDF). mucc.mahidol.ac.th. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  24. "Folding@home". folding.stanford.edu. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  25. "Company Overview of LABLynx, Inc.". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  26. "InVesalius software". cti.gov.br. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  27. Mueller, Shane T.; Piper, Brian J. "The Psychology Experiment Building Language (PEBL) and PEBL Test Battery". doi:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2013.10.024. 
  28. "Generating stimuli for neuroscience using PsychoPy - Frontiers". frontiersin.org. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  29. "Military Health System Electronic Health Record". health.mil. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  30. "Osirix". osirix-viewer.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  31. "Kareo". kareo.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  32. "DTI Visualization using the Voreen Framework" (PDF). campar.in.tum.de. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  33. "About Practice Fusion". practicefusion.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  34. "Team Antivirals". ki.se. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  35. "cTAKES". ctakes.apache.org. Retrieved 28 April 2018. 
  36. "Is ZocDoc The Fastest Growing Health Information Technology Company?". forbes.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  37. "Clinical". healthcare-informatics.com. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  38. "Ginkgo CADx". medfloss.org. Retrieved 26 April 2018. 
  39. "VITAband". CoolBusinessIdeas.com. 2009-07-31. Archived from the original on October 10, 2009. 
  40. Hong, Matthew K H; Yao, Henry H I; Pedersen, John S; Peters, Justin S; Costello, Anthony J; Murphy, Declan G; Hovens, Christopher M; Corcoran, Niall M. "Error rates in a clinical data repository: lessons from the transition to electronic data transfer—a descriptive study". 
  41. "Company Overview of Vezeeta". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 14 May 2018. 
  42. "Company Overview of Truven Health Analytics Inc.". bloomberg.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018.