Timeline of health software
This is a timeline of health software, focusing on products and related organizations.
|Time period||More details|
|1960s||Medicare and Medicaid are early healthcare drivers. IT drivers are expensive mainframes and storage at the time. Because computers and storage are so large and expensive, hospitals typically share a mainframe.|
|1970s||Computers become now small enough to be installed in a single department without environmental controls. Terminals and connectivity are improved.|
|1980s||Personal computers, as well as widespread, non-traditional software applications, and networking solutions enter the market.|
|1990s||Hospitals have access to broad, distributed computing systems and robust networks at the time.|
|2000s||Cloud computers and cloud based big data analytics emerge, as well as warehousing and analytics solutions.|
|1965||Electronic health record||Standardized, multilingual vocabulary of clinical terminology SNOMED CT starts as Systematized Nomenclature of Pathology (SNOP). It would further develop into a logic-based health care terminology.|
|1970–1975||Electronic health record||The Computer Stored Ambulatory Record (COSTAR) is developed as an electronic medical record.|
|1978||Organization (Databases)||American company Lexicomp is founded. It is a developer of clinical information solutions.|
|1979||Organization (electronic health records)||Kansas City-based Cerner Corporation is founded as a supplier of health information technology.|
|1979||Organization (electronic health records)||Epic Systems is incorporated. It provides software applications in a number of broad categories, including e-health and handhelds, enterprise foundation, clinical, decision support, access, revenue cycle, health plan, and connectivity.|
|c.1985||Electronic health record||Read code originates. It is the standard clinical terminology system used in General Practice in the United Kingdom.|
|1986||Organization (laboratory management)||Abbott Informatics is founded in Israel. A subsidiary of Abbott Laboratories, it develops and sells web-based laboratory information management systems (LIMS).|
|1986||Organization (electronic health records)||London-based Datix Limited is founded. It develops healthcare incidents, patient safety, and risk management software for care homes, assisted living facilities, and nursing homes in Europe, Australia, Canada, the United States, and internationally.|
|1987||Organization (diagnostics)||Florida Probe starts as a project for the University of Florida. It is a probing and charting software used by dentists and dental hygienists to detect and diagnose periodontal disease.|
|1989||Practice management||Dentrix Dental Systems becomes the first practice management software for Microsoft Windows.|
|1993||Organization (Practice management)||Georgia–based Nuesoft is founded as a healthcare software as a service (SaaS) company.|
|1994||Bioimaging||Analysis of Functional NeuroImages (AFNI) starts development. It is an open-source environment for processing and displaying functional MRI data—a technique for mapping human brain activity.|
|1994||Electronic health record||LOINC (Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes) is developed as a database and universal standard for identifying medical laboratory observations.|
|1995||Barcoding||The Bar code medication administration is first implemented as a barcode system designed to prevent medication errors in healthcare settings and to improve the quality and safety of medication administration.|
|1996||Transmission||Microsoft Amalga is developed as a unified health enterprise platform designed to retrieve and display patient information from many sources, including scanned documents, electrocardiograms, X-rays, MRI scans and other medical imaging procedures, lab results, dictated reports of surgery, as well as patient demographics and contact information.|
|1997||Electronic health record||athenahealth is founded. It provides network-enabled services for healthcare and point-of-care mobile apps to drive clinical and financial results for its hospital and ambulatory clients in the United States.|
|1998||Organization (databases)||San Francisco–based Epocrates is founded. It makes various mobile health software applications under the "epocrates" name, mostly for health care providers, providing them reference information about drugs and diseases, and diagnostic tools.|
|1998||Organization (diagnostics)||Cybermed is founded in Seoul, South Korea. It is active in the field of 3D image processing and dental software.|
|1998||Bioimaging||Open source software 3DSlicer is created. It is used in a variety of medical applications.|
|1999||Organization||Ontario-based Online LIMS is founded. It provides laboratory and instrument interfacing solutions for laboratories.|
|1999||Electronic health record||Opensource electronic medical record and practice management system FreeMED is initially released.|
|1999||Electronic health record||HOSxP is released as a hospital information system. Including Electronic health record (EHR), it has been used in medium-sized hospitals in over 500 places in Thailand.|
|2000||Research||The Folding@home project is founded at Stanford University. It is a distributed computing project for disease research that simulates protein folding, computational drug design, and other types of molecular dynamics|
|2000 (July)||Organization (Laboratory management)||LabLynx is founded. The company develops, supports, and markets laboratory information management system (LIMS) solutions.|
|2001||Bioimaging||Free medical software InVesalius is developed by the Center for Information Technology Renato Archer in Brazil. It is used to generate virtual reconstructions of structures in the human body.|
|2003||Research||PEBL (Psychology Experiment Building Language) is released as an open source software program that allows researchers to design and run psychological experiments.|
|2003||Research||PsychoPy is released. It is an open source software package, written in the Python programming language, for the generation of experiments for neuroscience and experimental psychology.|
|2004||Electronic health record||AHLTA (Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application) is first implemented. It is the electronic medical record (EMR) system used by medical providers of the United States Department of Defense (DoD). AHLTA is a services-wide medical and dental information management system.|
|2004||Bioimaging||The OsiriX project starts. It is an image processing application for Mac dedicated to DICOM images.|
|2004||Practice management||Irvine, California–based Kareo is founded. The company provides software as a service for independent medical practices.|
|2005||Bioimaging||The Voreen project is iniciated. It is an open source volume visualization library and development platform. Through the use of GPU-based volume rendering techniques it allows high frame rates on standard graphics hardware to support interactive volume exploration.|
|2005||Organization||San Francisco–based Practice Fusion is founded as a free web-based electronic health record (EHR) company. It provides physicians and medical professionals with free, advertising-supported EHR and medical practice management technology.|
|2006||Diagnostics||CommonGround is first implemented. It is a Web app that helps mental health clients identify treatment preferences and effectively communicate them to clinicians.|
|2006||Diagnostics||EuResist starts as an international project, designed to improve the treatment of HIV patients by developing a computerized system that can recommend optimal treatment based on the patient’s clinical and genomic data.|
|2006||Electronic health record||cTAKES (clinical Text Analysis and Knowledge Extraction System) starts development at Mayo Clinic. It is an open-source natural language processing system for information extraction from electronic health record clinical free-text.|
|2007||Organization (practice management)||Zocdoc is founded as a health information technology company. It provides free of charge medical care search facility for end users by integrating information about medical practices and doctors' individual schedules in a central location.|
|2007 (November 6)||Bioimaging||Xebra is developed as an open source (GNU GPL), cross-platform, thin client and server written in Java for web-based distribution and clinical review of radiology data in DICOM format.|
|2009||Bioimaging||The Ginkgo CADx project starts. Its purpose is to develop an open source professional Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) workstation.|
|2009||Electronic health record||The VITAband is released as a silicone encircling strip worn on the wrist. IT holds emergency medical information, among other features.|
|2010||Research||Caisis is released. It is an open source, web-based, patient data management system that integrates research with patient care.|
|2011||Organization (practice management)||Vezeeta is founded. It develops and operates an online platform for patients to find patients and book appointments.|
|2012||Organization||Truven Health Analytics is founded. The company provides healthcare data and analytics.|
Meta information on the timeline
How the timeline was built
The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.
Funding information for this timeline is available.
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