Timeline of healthcare in Pakistan

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This is a timeline of healthcare in Pakistan. Pakistan has a mixed health system that includes public, parastatal, private, civil society, philanthropic contributors, and donor agencies.[1]

Big picture

Time period Development summary
< 1947 Prior to independence, the healthcare delivery system of Pakistan comprises only of civil hospitals and district council dispensaries, with most of the rural population having little access to basic health facilities and services. This model would remain until the 1960s.[2]
1947< Independence period. The five-year plan (1960-65) seeks the establishment of 150 rural health centers in West Pakistan over the period of five years.[2] The major infrastructure of the public health care system is set up in the 1970s by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s People’s Party government, which has clear socialist inclinations.[3] Basic Health Units (BHUs) start in 1980 and during 1985-86, the government decides to establish one BHU in every union council. During 1991-1992, the government decides to provide dispensaries in all larger union councils.[2]
21st century Since 2000, a notable improvement in some health indicators is achieved mainly as a result of public, private programs and NGOs contributions.[1]

Full timeline

Year Event type Details Location
1860 Organization (medical school) The King Edward Medical University is established.[4] Lahore, Punjab
1881 Organization (medical school) Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences is established.[5] Jamshoro
1898 Organization (hospital) The Civil Hospital Karachi is founded.[6] Karachi
1928 Organization (hospital) Punjab Dental Hospital, the first of its kind in the sub-continent, is established.[7] Lahore
1934 Organization (medical school) De'Montmorency College of Dentistry is established.[7][8][9] Lahore
1945 Organization (medical school) Dow Medical College is established.[10] Karachi, Sindh
1947 Organization The Pakistan Red Crescent Society is founded. It is a voluntary relief organization and an auxiliary to the public authorities, more particularly to the Medical Services of the Armed Forces in accordance with provisions of the Geneva Conventions.[11]
1948 Organization The Pakistan Medical Council is established.[12]
1948 Organization (medical school) The Fatima Jinnah Medical College is established.[13] Lahore, Punjab
1951 Literature The Journal of Pakistan Medical Association is launched.[14]
1951 Organization The Edhi Foundation is established by Pakistani philanthropist Abdul Sattar Edhi as a non-profit social welfare program.[15][16] It is funded solely by private donations. The foundation provides a variety of social services from homeless shelters to medical care — all free of charge — and assists people both nationally and internationally. Edhi foundation operates the world’s largest volunteer ambulance network in Pakistan.[17]
1951 Organization (medical school) The Nishtar Medical College is established.[18] Multan, Punjab
1951 Policy The Pakistan Medical Council Act 1951 is enacted.[19]
1957 Organization The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Pakistan is established.[20]
1957 Organization The West Pakistan Medical Council is established on the formation of West Pakistan by merging Sindh & Punjab Medical Councils.[19]
1962 Organization (medical school) The College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan is founded.[21]
1962 Organization The Pakistan Health Research Council is created with the purpose of promoting, organizing and coordinating medical research in the country.[22][23]
1962 Organization (government body) Pakistan Medical & Dental Council is established as a statutory regulatory authority.[19]
1964 Organization (medical school) Khyber College of Dentistry is established.[24] Peshawar
1965 Organization The National Council for Homeopathy is formed, after homeopathic system of medicine is recognized by the Government of Pakistan under the Unani, Ayurvedic and Homeopathic Practitioners Act, 1965.[25][26][27]
1965 Organization The National Institute of Health (Pakistan) is established, as independently working organizations including the Bureau of Laboratories, Directorate of Nutrition Survey, and other health-related organizations merge.[28]
1970 Organization (medical school) Quaid-e-Azam Medical College is established.[29] Bahawalpur, Punjab
1970 Organization (hospital) The Sindh Institute of Urology & Transplantation is established.[30] Karachi
1972 Policy The Generic Drug Act is introduced in Pakistan, with the aim at promoting generic medicines and to make them affordable and accessible. The act forbids the use of brand names in the prescriptions and emphasizes the use of generic names or international non-propietary names. However, the scheme would end in 1975 when 38 local manufacturing companies are found guilty of producing substandard drugs.[31]
1979 Organization The Pakistan Islamic Medical Association is established.[32]
1979 Organization (medical school) Ayub College of Dentistry is established.[33] Abbottabad
1980 Program A whole-cell pertussis vaccine is introduced in the country.[34]
1980 Organization (government body) The National Institute of Health (Pakistan) becomes an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Health through the presidential ordinance XLIII.[28]
1980 Organization (hospital) Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi is established.[35] Karachi
1994 The first National Essential Medicines List (NEML) is prepared in Pakistan.[31]
1997 Policy The National Health Policy is revised as it is felt that it does not adequately cover all areas of primary healthcare. The new policy is based on the concept of health with all its physical, mental, and social dimensions.[36]
1997 Organization Health Oriented Preventive Education (HOPE) is established. It would grow from a band of street volunteers to a huge national network of schools and hospitals. HOPE is an NGO providing services of health and education for the poor and needy in Pakistan.[37]
2010 Organization (government body) The Punjab Healthcare Commission is established by the Government of the Punjab under the Punjab Healthcare Commission Act 2010.[38]
2011 Organization (government body) The Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation and Coordination is formed as a cabinet level ministry of the Government of Pakistan with responsibility for national public health.[39][40]
2012 Organization The Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan (DRAP) is created.[23][41]
2012 Financial The pharmaceutical market in Pakistan is valued at about US$2 billion.[31]
2015 Program Pakistan fails to attain Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGs) 2015, a set of international development goals officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, which include eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, reducing child mortality rates, improving maternal health, and combating HIV/Aids, malaria, and other diseases.[42][1]
2015 Program The Government of Pakistan introduces the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) into rutine.[31]
2016 Program Pakistan settles the National Health Vision 2016-25, a program aimed to improve the health of all population particularly women and children, through universal access to affordable quality essential health services, and delivered through resilient and responsive health system.[1]
2017 Program The Prime Minister of Pakistan launches a health insurance scheme with aims to provide healthcare coverage to families earning two dollars a day or less. A family benefiting from this insurance scheme is entitled to an annual treatment costing US$2,600. The project’s goal is to provide health insurance to 23 million families in the federal capital, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, and Punjab.[43][44]
2018 Statistics Pakistan reports a life expectancy of 66.5 years (65.7 males, 67.4 females), ranking 133th worldwide.[45]

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Kumar, Santosh; Bano, Suria. "Comparison and Analysis of Health Care Delivery Systems: Pakistan versus Bangladesh". Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Situation analysis of health management information system in Pakistan" (PDF). applications.emro.who.int. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  3. "The healthcare system of Pakistan - a story of corruption and betrayal". marxist.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  4. "Vice Chancellor's Message". kemu.edu.pk. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  5. "Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences and Affiliated Colleges". pakmed.net. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  6. "CIVIL HOSPITAL ORIGINAL BUILDING". thedowdays.com. Retrieved 30 August 2018. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Punjab Dental Hospital". pdh.punjab.gov.pk. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  8. "de' Montmorency College of Dentistry". demontmorency.blogspot.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  9. "De Montmorency College of Dentistry". entrytest.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  10. "RETRACING HISTORY: INAUGURATION DAY, DOW MEDICAL COLLEGE 1945 Home1945 Civil H". thedowdays.com. Retrieved 15 August 2018. 
  11. "Introduction of Pakistan Red Crescent". prcsindh.org.pk. Retrieved 15 August 2018. 
  12. Pakistan: Economic and Commercial Conditions in Pakistan. Great Britain. Commercial Relations and Exports Dept. 
  13. "Fatima Jinnah Medical College". fjmu.edu.pk. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  14. "Medical Journals Recommended by Neil Gerardo". mrx.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  15. "Abdul Sattar Edhi: He was a hero to Pakistan's poor and needy". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  16. "10 facts to know about Edhi foundation that sheltered Geeta in Pakistan". indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  17. "Abdul Sattar Edhi's 89th Birthday". google.com. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  18. "Nishtar Medical College, Multan. A Marvel of Architecture.". hasaan.com. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 "Pakistan Medical & Dental Council". pmdc.org.pk. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  20. "Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Pakistan". thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  21. "College of Physicians & Surgeons Pakistan". cpsp.edu.pk. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  22. "Pakistan Health Research Council". allevents.in. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 "Will health ministry adhocism continue in Naya Pakistan?". thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 22 September 2018. 
  24. "KCD History". kcd.edu.pk. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  25. "National Council for Homeopathy". Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  26. "National Council for Homeopathy". NCH Pakistan. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  27. "The Unani, Ayurvedic and Homoeopathic Practitioners Act, 1965". 
  28. 28.0 28.1 "Institute of Public Health". ianphi.org. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  29. "Quaid-e-Azam Medical College QAMC Bahawalpur". pakmed.net. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  30. "Inside Pakistan's Largest Free Hospital: S.I.U.T". pulitzercenter.org. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Pharmaceutical Policy in Countries with Developing Healthcare Systems (Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar ed.). 
  32. "About PIMA". pima.org.pk. Retrieved 15 August 2018. 
  33. "Ayub Medical College". ayubmed.edu.pk. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  34. Bordetella Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2012 Edition: ScholarlyPaper. 
  35. "Aga Khan University Hospital". omicsonline.org. Retrieved 29 August 2018. 
  36. Joseph, Suad; Naǧmābādī, Afsāna. Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Family, Body, Sexuality And Health, Volume 3. 
  37. "WHAT IS HOPE ?". hope-ngo.com. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  38. "THE PUNJAB HEALTHCARE COMMISSION" (PDF). phc.org.pk. Retrieved 14 August 2018. 
  39. "DFID Delegation called-on Mrs. Saira Afzal Tarar, Federal Minister for the Ministry of National Health Services, Regulation & Coordination | Press United to Serve Humanity". push.pk. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 28 August 2018. 
  40. "Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination Government of Pakistan". nhsrc.gov.pk. Retrieved 16 August 2018. 
  41. "Bill to Provide for the Establishment of Drug Regulatory Authority of Pakistan, 2012". who.int. Retrieved 22 September 2018. 
  42. "Pakistan fails to meet Millennium Development Goals". dawn.com. Retrieved 22 September 2018. 
  43. "Healthcare in the US and Pakistan". dailytimes.com.pk. Retrieved 30 August 2018. 
  44. "How Pakistan's National Health Insurance Program Will Work". blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved 30 August 2018. 
  45. "PAKISTAN : LIFE EXPECTANCY". worldlifeexpectancy.com. Retrieved 30 August 2018.