Difference between revisions of "Timeline of online dating services"

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(How the timeline was built)
(Full timeline: update: added sources, put present tense, added columns: Medium, User goal, Geographical range, User base size, Longevity, Success)
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==Full timeline==
 
==Full timeline==
 +
{| class="sortable wikitable"
 +
! Date !! !! Medium !! User goal !! Geographical range !! User base size !! Longevity !! Success
  
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 
! Year (month and date) !! Event !! Venue
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1690
+
| 1695 || Personal advertisements first appear in British newspapers. || Newspaper || mariage || UK || || ||
| Personal advertisements first appear in British newspapers.
 
| Newspaper
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1959
+
| 1700s || || Newspaper || taboo relationship || UK || || ||
| Happy Families Planning Services launches. Started by Jim Harvey and Phil Fialer as a class project at Stanford. Used a questionnaire and an [[wikipedia:IBM 650|IBM 650]] to match 49 men and 49 women.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1963
+
| 1959 || Happy Families Planning Services launches. Started by Jim Harvey and Phil Fialer as a class project at Stanford. Used a questionnaire and an [[wikipedia:IBM 650|IBM 650]] to match 49 men and 49 women.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.historyofinformation.com/detail.php?id=3515|title=The First Computer Computer Matching Dating Service : History of Information|website=www.historyofinformation.com|access-date=2019-07-23}}</ref> || Paper + Computer || marriage || US || 49 || ||
| Ed Lewis at Iowa State University uses a questionnaire and an IBM computer "to optimize the meeting potential at dances".<ref name="slater">{{cite book |last=Slater |first=Dan |title=A Million First Dates}}</ref>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
|1964
+
| 1963 || Ed Lewis at Iowa State University uses a questionnaire and an IBM computer "to optimize the meeting potential at dances".<ref name="slater">{{cite book |last=Slater |first=Dan |title=A Million First Dates}}</ref> || Paper + Computer || relationship || US || || ||
| St. James Computer Dating Service (later to become Com-Pat) launches. [[wikipedia:Joan Ball|Joan Ball]] started the first commercially run computer generated matchmaking company. The first set of matchups was run in 1964.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Hicks|first=Marie|year=2016|title=Computer Love: Replicating Social Order Through Early Computer Dating Systems|url=|journal=Ada: A Jornal of Gender, New Media and Technology|volume=|pages=|issn=2325-0496|via=}}</ref>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1965
+
| 1964 || St. James Computer Dating Service (later to become Com-Pat) launches. [[wikipedia:Joan Ball|Joan Ball]] starts the first commercially run computer generated matchmaking company. The first set of matchups is run.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Hicks|first=Marie|year=2016|title=Computer Love: Replicating Social Order Through Early Computer Dating Systems|url=|journal=Ada: A Jornal of Gender, New Media and Technology|volume=|pages=|issn=2325-0496|via=}}</ref> || Computer || || || || 1964 ||
| [[wikipedia:Operation Match|Operation Match]] (part of Compatibility Research Inc.) launches. Started by Jeff Tarr and Vaughan Morrill at Harvard. Used a questionnaire and an [[wikipedia:IBM 1401|IBM 1401]] to match students.  There was a $3 fee for submitting a questionnaire. "By the fall of sixty-five, six months after the launch, some ninety thousand Operation Match questionnaires had been received, amounting to $270,000 in gross profits, about $1.8 million in today's dollars."<ref name="slater"/> In the 1960s there still was no stigma about computer-assisted matching.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1965
+
| 1965 || '[[wikipedia:The New York Review of Books|The New York Review of Books]]'' personals column makes a comeback. Slater writes: <blockquote>Classifieds made a comeback in America in the 1960s and 1970s, encouraged by the era's inclination toward individualism and social exhibitionism. "Everybody was letting it all hang out in other ways," said Raymond Shapiro, a business manager for [[wikipedia:the New York Review of Books|the New York Review of Books]], "so suddenly it was okay to display oneself in print. It was very important to be 'self-aware.' So you'd get ads like: 'Astrologer, 27, psychology student, desires to establish non-superficial friendship with sensitive, choicelessly aware persons who are non-self-oriented, deep, and wish to unearth real, personness relationships.'&thinsp;"<ref name="slater"/></blockquote> || Magazine || relationship || US || || 1960 - 1970 ||
| Eros (Contact Inc.) launches. Started by David Dewan at MIT. Used a dating questinnaire and [[wikipedia:Honeywell 200|Honeywell 200]]. "In one distribution of questionnaires, he drew eleven thousand responses at $4 each, or $44,000 in gross profits, about $250,000 in today's dollars."<ref name="slater"/>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1965
+
| 1965 || [[wikipedia:Operation Match|Operation Match]] (part of Compatibility Research Inc.) launches. It's started by Jeff Tarr and Vaughan Morrill at Harvard. It uses a questionnaire and an [[wikipedia:IBM 1401|IBM 1401]] to match students. There is a $3 fee for submitting a questionnaire. "By the fall of sixty-five, six months after the launch, some ninety thousand Operation Match questionnaires had been received, amounting to $270,000 in gross profits, about $1.8 million in today's dollars."<ref name="slater"/> In the 1960s there still is no stigma about computer-assisted matching. || Computer || relationship || US || || 1960 ||
| ''[[wikipedia:The New York Review of Books|The New York Review of Books]]'' personals column makes a comeback. Slater writes: <blockquote>Classifieds made a comeback in America in the 1960s and 1970s, encouraged by the era's inclination toward individualism and social exhibitionism. "Everybody was letting it all hang out in other ways," said Raymond Shapiro, a business manager for [[wikipedia:the New York Review of Books|the New York Review of Books]], "so suddenly it was okay to display oneself in print. It was very important to be 'self-aware.' So you'd get ads like: 'Astrologer, 27, psychology student, desires to establish non-superficial friendship with sensitive, choicelessly aware persons who are non-self-oriented, deep, and wish to unearth real, personness relationships.'&thinsp;"<ref name="slater"/></blockquote>
 
| Magazine
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1968
+
| 1965 || Eros (Contact Inc.) launches. It's started by David Dewan at MIT. It uses a dating questinnaire and [[wikipedia:Honeywell 200|Honeywell 200]]. "In one distribution of questionnaires, he drew eleven thousand responses at $4 each, or $44,000 in gross profits, about $250,000 in today's dollars."<ref name="slater"/> || Computer || relationship || || || 1965 ||
| Data-Mate launches. Questionnaire-based matching service started at MIT.<ref>Lawrence Krakauer writes about his experiences [http://ljkrakauer.com/LJK/60s/datamate.htm here].</ref>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1970s, early
+
| 1968 || Data-Mate is launched at the MIT. It's a questionnaire-based matching service.<ref>Lawrence Krakauer writes about his experiences [http://ljkrakauer.com/LJK/60s/datamate.htm here].</ref> || Computer || relationship || US || || 1968 - 1970 ||
| Phase II is founded. A "computer-dating company" started by James Schur.<ref name="slater"/>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1974
+
| 1970s, early || Phase II is founded by James Schur. It's a "computer-dating company".<ref name="slater"/> || Computer || relationship || || || 1970 ||
| Cherry Blossoms' [[wikipedia:mail-order bride|mail-order bride]] catalog launches. Slater calls Cherry Blossoms "one of the oldest mail-order bride agencies". Started by John Broussard.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1976
+
| 1974 || Cherry Blossoms' [[wikipedia:mail-order bride|mail-order bride]] catalog launches. It's started by John Broussard. It would become "one of the oldest mail-order bride agencies". || Magazine || marriage || || || 1974 ||
| Great Expectations is founded. Video dating service started by Jeffrey Ullman.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.linkedin.com/in/jeffreyullman |first=Jeff |last=Ullman |title=Jeff Ullman |publisher=[[wikipedia:LinkedIn|LinkedIn]] |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |quote=Great Expectations (video dating) December 1975 – January 1997 (21 years 2 months) Created, served as CEO, and primary international media spokesperson for 'Great Expectations', which we built into the world's largest introduction service for singles (aka, 'video dating').}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://articles.latimes.com/1994-01-16/magazine/tm-12372_1_jeffrey-ullman |title=Love God From Hell : The Man Who Brought You Videodating Hates to Date, Loves to Taunt and Has Himself Been Unlucky in Love. Would You Buy a Relationship From Jeffrey Ullman? |publisher=[[wikipedia:Los Angeles Times|Los Angeles Times]] |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |date=January 16, 1994 |first=Amy |last=Wallace}} Dan Slater references this article.</ref> The service achieved some notability, but it never overcame stigma. There were also apparently other video dating services like Teledate and Introvision, but it's nearly impossible to find anything about them online.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1980s
+
| 1976 || Great Expectations is founded by Jeffrey Ullman. It's a video dating service.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.linkedin.com/in/jeffreyullman |first=Jeff |last=Ullman |title=Jeff Ullman |publisher=[[wikipedia:LinkedIn|LinkedIn]] |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |quote=Great Expectations (video dating) December 1975 – January 1997 (21 years 2 months) Created, served as CEO, and primary international media spokesperson for 'Great Expectations', which we built into the world's largest introduction service for singles (aka, 'video dating').}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://articles.latimes.com/1994-01-16/magazine/tm-12372_1_jeffrey-ullman |title=Love God From Hell : The Man Who Brought You Videodating Hates to Date, Loves to Taunt and Has Himself Been Unlucky in Love. Would You Buy a Relationship From Jeffrey Ullman? |publisher=[[wikipedia:Los Angeles Times|Los Angeles Times]] |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |date=January 16, 1994 |first=Amy |last=Wallace}} Dan Slater references this article.</ref> The service would achieve some notability, but it would never overcome stigma. There is also apparently other video dating services like Teledate and Introvision<ref group=note>but it's nearly impossible to find anything about them online</ref>. || Video dating || relationship || || || 1976 ||
| ''messageries roses'' (pink chat rooms) are launches. Chat rooms for dating (using the [[wikipedia:Minitel|Minitel]] network) started by Marc Simoncini. France.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1984<ref>Slater, Dan. Wikipedia seems to give a slightly different year.</ref>
+
| 1980s || 'messageries roses'' (pink chat rooms) are launched by Marc Simoncini. They are chat rooms for dating (using the [[wikipedia:Minitel|Minitel]] network). || Computer || relationship || France || || 1980 ||
| Matchmaker Electronic Pen-Pal Network launches. A bulletin board system for romance started by Jon Boede and Scott Smith. Matchmaker grew to 14 local BBSs throughout the US. Eventually people lost interest as BBSs lost out to the World Wide Web, and Matchmaker was superseded by [[wikipedia:Matchmaker.com|Matchmaker.com]].
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1989
+
| 1984<ref>Slater, Dan. Wikipedia seems to give a slightly different year.</ref> || Matchmaker Electronic Pen-Pal Network is launched by Jon Boede and Scott Smith. It's a bulletin board system for romance. Matchmaker would grow to 14 local BBSs throughout the US. Eventually people would lose interest as BBSs would lose out to the World Wide Web, and Matchmaker would be superseded by [[wikipedia:Matchmaker.com|Matchmaker.com]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.revolvy.com/page/Timeline-of-online-dating-services?smv=8271767|title="Timeline of online dating services" on Revolvy.com|last=LLC|first=Revolvy|website=www.revolvy.com|language=en|access-date=2019-07-23}}</ref> || Computer, internet || relationship || US || || 1984-1986 ||
| Scanna International launches. Mail-order bride service focusing on Russia and Eastern Europe.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1990s, early
+
| 1989 || Scanna International launches. It's a mail-order bride service.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1486&context=jil|title=The Mail-order Bride Industry: The Perpetuation Of Transnational Economic Inequalities And Stereotypes|last=S.Y. Chun|first=Christine|publisher=Penn Law: Legal Scholarship Repository|year=2014|isbn=|location=|pages=}}</ref> || Telephone, later Web || Marriage || Russia and Eastern Europe || || 1989 ||
| Patricia Moore Group launches. An "offline matchmaking service in San Francisco" started by Trish McDermott.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1995
+
| 1990s, early || Patricia Moore Group is launched by Trish McDermott. It's an "offline matchmaking service in San Francisco". || || relationship || San Francisco || || 1990 ||
| [[wikipedia:Match.com|Match.com]] launches. Started by [[wikipedia:Gary Kremen|Gary Kremen]].
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1997
+
| 1995 || [[wikipedia:Match.com|Match.com]] is launched by [[wikipedia:Gary Kremen|Gary Kremen]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.businessinsider.com/how-matchcom-was-founded-by-gary-kremen-2015-7|title=How Match.com's founder revolutionized the dating world — and walked away with just $50,000|last=Contributor|first=Jeff Kauflin|website=Business Insider|access-date=2019-07-23}}</ref> || Computer, internet || relationship || US, Japan, Rio de Janeiro, Beijing || || || one of the most-visited dating sites
| [[wikipedia:JDate|JDate]]
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 1997<ref>Slater calls Lavalife a copycat of Match.com, so it ought to have started after 1995. [http://www.onlinedatingmagazine.com/history/lavalife.html This page] gives 1997, but [[wikipedia:Lavalife|Wikipedia gives]] 1987 (while still including it in the category [[wikipedia::Category:Internet properties established in 1997|:Category:Internet properties established in 1997]]).</ref>
+
| 1997<ref>Slater calls Lavalife a copycat of Match.com, so it ought to have started after 1995. [http://www.onlinedatingmagazine.com/history/lavalife.html This page] gives 1997, but [[wikipedia:Lavalife|Wikipedia gives]] 1987 (while still including it in the category [[wikipedia::Category:Internet properties established in 1997|:Category:Internet properties established in 1997]]). [https://www.lavalife.com/about.html Lavalife's website] says they started in 1987.</ref> || Lavalife || Computer, internet || relationship || US || || 1997 || online dating success stories for over 25 years
| Lavalife
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2000
+
| 1997 || [[wikipedia:JDate|JDate]] || Computer, internet || relationship || Jewish || || 1997 || site won a 2006 Webby award for social networking
| [[wikipedia:eHarmony|eHarmony]] launches. Online dating service for long-term relationships.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2002
+
| 2000 || [[wikipedia:eHarmony|eHarmony]] launches. They offer online dating service for long-term relationships.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.eharmony.com/about/eharmony/|title=About eHarmony {{!}} Learn About Our Online Dating Site & Services!|website=www.eharmony.com|access-date=2019-07-23}}</ref> || Computer, internet || long-term relationship || US, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom || millions of people of all ages || 2000- ... ||
| [[wikipedia:Ashley Madison|Ashley Madison]] is founded.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2003
+
| 2002 || [[wikipedia:Ashley Madison|Ashley Madison]] is founded. || Computer, internet || relationship || Canada || || ||
| PlentyofFish launches. Online dating site started by Markus Frind. Significant for being (one of the first?) free dating sites.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2003
+
| 2003 || Proxidating launches. It's a dating service that uses [[wikipedia:Bluetooth|Bluetooth]] to "alert users when a person with a matching profile was within fifty feet".<ref name="slater"/> || Bluetooth-enabled proximity, Computer || relationship || || || ||
| Proxidating launches. Dating service that used [[wikipedia:Bluetooth|Bluetooth]] to "alert users when a person with a matching profile was within fifty feet".<ref name="slater"/>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2004
+
| 2003 || PlentyofFish launched by Markus Frind. It's an online dating site significant for being (one of the first?) free dating sites. || Computer, internet || relationship || Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, and the United States || || ||
| OkCupid launches.
 
| Web
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2006
+
| 2004 || OkCupid launches. || Computer, internet || long term romantic relationship, short term romantic relationship, friendship, sex || International || millions of potential mates out there || 2004-2019 ||
| [[wikipedia:Badoo|Badoo]] launches. A "dating-focused social networking service" (Wikipedia).
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2006
+
| 2006 || [[wikipedia:SeekingArrangement|SeekingArrangement]] launches. It's a sugar daddy/[[wikipedia:sugar baby|sugar baby]] site in the US. || Computer, internet || romantic || US || || ||
| [[wikipedia:SeekingArrangement|SeekingArrangement]] launches. A sugar daddy/[[wikipedia:sugar baby|sugar baby]] site in the US.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2007
+
| 2006 || [[wikipedia:Badoo|Badoo]] launches. It's a "dating-focused social networking service". || App || social || International || || 2006-... || most-downloaded dating app in 21 countries., world's most widely-used dating network
| [[wikipedia:Skout|Skout]] launches. A "location-based social networking and dating application and website".
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2007
+
| 2007 || [[wikipedia:Skout|Skout]] launches. It's a "location-based social networking and dating application and website". || App || relationship || International || Millions of people || 2007-... ||
| [[wikipedia:Crazy Blind Date|Crazy Blind Date]] launches. Blind dating service started by Sam Yagan.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2008<ref>{{cite web |url=https://techcrunch.com/2008/07/22/ok-we-have-our-first-dna-based-dating-site-genepartner/ |publisher=TechCrunch |title=Ok, We Have Our First DNA-Based Dating Service: GenePartner |author=Michael Arrington |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |date=July 22, 2008}}</ref>
+
| 2007 || [[wikipedia:Crazy Blind Date|Crazy Blind Date]] is launched by Sam Yagan. It's a blind dating service. || App || relationship || || 90000 || 2007 ||
| GenePartner launches. Matching service based on "DNA compatibility".
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2009
+
| 2008 || GenePartner launches. It's a matching service based on "DNA compatibility". || App || relationship || || || ||
| [[wikipedia:Grindr|Grindr]] (initial launch)
 
| App
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2011
+
| 2009 || [[wikipedia:Grindr|Grindr]] (initial launch) || App || relationship || International || 4 million users || 2009- ... ||
| LikeBright launches. Online dating site by Nick Soman.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.geekwire.com/2013/likebright-raises/ |title=Matchmaking platform LikeBright raising $1M to help singles land a 2nd date |publisher=GeekWire |date=December 20, 2013 |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |author=Taylor Soper}}</ref> By 2014 the site shut down.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.geekwire.com/2014/reveal-likebright/ |title=Matchmaking platform LikeBright morphs into Reveal, a new anonymous chat app |publisher=GeekWire |date=September 18, 2014 |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |author=Taylor Soper}}</ref>
 
| Web
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012(?)
+
| 2011 || LikeBright is launched by Nick Soman. It's an online dating site.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.geekwire.com/2013/likebright-raises/ |title=Matchmaking platform LikeBright raising $1M to help singles land a 2nd date |publisher=GeekWire |date=December 20, 2013 |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |author=Taylor Soper}}</ref> By 2014 the site would shut down.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.geekwire.com/2014/reveal-likebright/ |title=Matchmaking platform LikeBright morphs into Reveal, a new anonymous chat app |publisher=GeekWire |date=September 18, 2014 |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |author=Taylor Soper}}</ref> || Web || relationship || || || 2014 ||
| [[wikipedia:Highlight (application)|Highlight]] launches. Slater calls it a "location-based dating app", though this doesn't seem to be its main function (it seems more social than romantic).
 
| App
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012
+
| 2012 || [[wikipedia:Tinder (app)|Tinder]] launches. || App || relationship || International || one billion || 2012- ... ||
| [[wikipedia:Tinder (app)|Tinder]] launches.
 
| App
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2012
+
| 2012 || [https://www.misstravel.com/about MissTravel.com] is launched by Brandon Wade. It's a dating service for people seeking companionship when traveling. || Web || companion during travel || International || one million || 2010-... || leading online dating site for wanderlust singles
| MissTravel.com launches. Dating service for people seeking companionship when traveling. Started by Brandon Wade.
 
| Web
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2013
+
| 2012 || [[wikipedia:Highlight (application)|Highlight]] launches. Slater calls it a "location-based dating app", though this doesn't seem to be its main function (it seems more social than romantic). || App || relationship || || || ||
| EliteSingles launches. Bespoke dating website for professional singles first launched in UK market.
 
| Web
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2014 (December)
+
| 2013 || EliteSingles launches. Bespoke dating website for professional singles is first launched in UK market. || Web || relationship || UK || || ||
| Bumble, a location-based mobile app that permits only women to start a chat with their matches, launches.<ref>{{cite web|title=Bumble is a dating app where women take lead|url=http://www.thestar.com/life/2015/04/28/bumble-is-a-dating-app-where-women-take-lead.html|publisher=Thestar|accessdate=3 June 2015}}</ref>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2015
+
| 2014 (December) || Bumble, a location-based mobile app that permits only women to start a chat with their matches, launches.<ref>{{cite web|title=Bumble is a dating app where women take lead|url=http://www.thestar.com/life/2015/04/28/bumble-is-a-dating-app-where-women-take-lead.html|publisher=Thestar|accessdate=3 June 2015}}</ref> || App || relationship || || || 2014-... ||
| OpenMinded launches. Dating site for "[[wikipedia:monogamish|monogamish]]" people, started by Brandon Wade.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.bustle.com/articles/79540-openminded-dating-site-for-people-looking-for-open-relationships-because-monogamy-isnt-for-everyone |title=OpenMinded Dating Site For People Looking For Open Relationships, Because Monogamy Isn't For Everyone |author=Kristine Fellizar |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |date=May 13, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.openminded.com/ |title=OpenMinded.com - For Open Relationships |publisher=OpenMinded |accessdate=December 4, 2016}}</ref>
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2015
+
| 2015 || [https://www.openminded.com/what-is-openminded/ OpenMinded] is launched by Brandon Wade. It's a dating site for "[[wikipedia:monogamish|monogamish]]" people.<ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.bustle.com/articles/79540-openminded-dating-site-for-people-looking-for-open-relationships-because-monogamy-isnt-for-everyone |title=OpenMinded Dating Site For People Looking For Open Relationships, Because Monogamy Isn't For Everyone |author=Kristine Fellizar |accessdate=December 4, 2016 |date=May 13, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=https://www.openminded.com/ |title=OpenMinded.com - For Open Relationships |publisher=OpenMinded |accessdate=December 4, 2016}}</ref> || Web || relationship || || || 2015-... ||
| [[wikipedia:Ashley Madison|Ashley Madison]] hack Personal information of Ashley Madison users stolen and released; see [[wikipedia:Ashley Madison data breach|Ashley Madison data breach]] for more.
 
|
 
 
|-
 
|-
| 2015 (November 19) || [[wikipedia:Match Group|Match Group]], which owns and operates several online dating web sites including OkCupid, Tinder, PlentyOfFish, and Match.com, goes public. ||
+
| 2015 (November 19) || Match Group, which owns and operates several online dating web sites including OkCupid, Tinder, PlentyOfFish, and Match.com, goes public. || Web || relationship || International || || 2015-... ||
 +
|-
 +
| 2015 || [[wikipedia:Ashley Madison|Ashley Madison]] hacks Ashley Madison; users' personal information is stolen and released; see [[wikipedia:Ashley Madison data breach|Ashley Madison data breach]] for more. || Web || relationship || US || || ||
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 11:11, 23 July 2019

The content on this page is forked from the English Wikipedia page entitled "Timeline of online dating services". The original page still exists at Timeline of online dating services. The original content was released under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License (CC-BY-SA), so this page inherits this license.

This is a timeline of online dating services that also includes broader events related to technology-assisted dating (not just online dating). Where there are similar services, only major ones or "the first of its kind" are listed.

Big picture

Time period Development summary More details

Full timeline

Date Medium User goal Geographical range User base size Longevity Success
1695 Personal advertisements first appear in British newspapers. Newspaper mariage UK
1700s Newspaper taboo relationship UK
1959 Happy Families Planning Services launches. Started by Jim Harvey and Phil Fialer as a class project at Stanford. Used a questionnaire and an IBM 650 to match 49 men and 49 women.[1] Paper + Computer marriage US 49
1963 Ed Lewis at Iowa State University uses a questionnaire and an IBM computer "to optimize the meeting potential at dances".[2] Paper + Computer relationship US
1964 St. James Computer Dating Service (later to become Com-Pat) launches. Joan Ball starts the first commercially run computer generated matchmaking company. The first set of matchups is run.[3] Computer 1964
1965 'The New York Review of Books personals column makes a comeback. Slater writes:
Classifieds made a comeback in America in the 1960s and 1970s, encouraged by the era's inclination toward individualism and social exhibitionism. "Everybody was letting it all hang out in other ways," said Raymond Shapiro, a business manager for the New York Review of Books, "so suddenly it was okay to display oneself in print. It was very important to be 'self-aware.' So you'd get ads like: 'Astrologer, 27, psychology student, desires to establish non-superficial friendship with sensitive, choicelessly aware persons who are non-self-oriented, deep, and wish to unearth real, personness relationships.' "[2]
Magazine relationship US 1960 - 1970
1965 Operation Match (part of Compatibility Research Inc.) launches. It's started by Jeff Tarr and Vaughan Morrill at Harvard. It uses a questionnaire and an IBM 1401 to match students. There is a $3 fee for submitting a questionnaire. "By the fall of sixty-five, six months after the launch, some ninety thousand Operation Match questionnaires had been received, amounting to $270,000 in gross profits, about $1.8 million in today's dollars."[2] In the 1960s there still is no stigma about computer-assisted matching. Computer relationship US 1960
1965 Eros (Contact Inc.) launches. It's started by David Dewan at MIT. It uses a dating questinnaire and Honeywell 200. "In one distribution of questionnaires, he drew eleven thousand responses at $4 each, or $44,000 in gross profits, about $250,000 in today's dollars."[2] Computer relationship 1965
1968 Data-Mate is launched at the MIT. It's a questionnaire-based matching service.[4] Computer relationship US 1968 - 1970
1970s, early Phase II is founded by James Schur. It's a "computer-dating company".[2] Computer relationship 1970
1974 Cherry Blossoms' mail-order bride catalog launches. It's started by John Broussard. It would become "one of the oldest mail-order bride agencies". Magazine marriage 1974
1976 Great Expectations is founded by Jeffrey Ullman. It's a video dating service.[5][6] The service would achieve some notability, but it would never overcome stigma. There is also apparently other video dating services like Teledate and Introvision[note 1]. Video dating relationship 1976
1980s 'messageries roses (pink chat rooms) are launched by Marc Simoncini. They are chat rooms for dating (using the Minitel network). Computer relationship France 1980
1984[7] Matchmaker Electronic Pen-Pal Network is launched by Jon Boede and Scott Smith. It's a bulletin board system for romance. Matchmaker would grow to 14 local BBSs throughout the US. Eventually people would lose interest as BBSs would lose out to the World Wide Web, and Matchmaker would be superseded by Matchmaker.com.[8] Computer, internet relationship US 1984-1986
1989 Scanna International launches. It's a mail-order bride service.[9] Telephone, later Web Marriage Russia and Eastern Europe 1989
1990s, early Patricia Moore Group is launched by Trish McDermott. It's an "offline matchmaking service in San Francisco". relationship San Francisco 1990
1995 Match.com is launched by Gary Kremen.[10] Computer, internet relationship US, Japan, Rio de Janeiro, Beijing one of the most-visited dating sites
1997[11] Lavalife Computer, internet relationship US 1997 online dating success stories for over 25 years
1997 JDate Computer, internet relationship Jewish 1997 site won a 2006 Webby award for social networking
2000 eHarmony launches. They offer online dating service for long-term relationships.[12] Computer, internet long-term relationship US, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom millions of people of all ages 2000- ...
2002 Ashley Madison is founded. Computer, internet relationship Canada
2003 Proxidating launches. It's a dating service that uses Bluetooth to "alert users when a person with a matching profile was within fifty feet".[2] Bluetooth-enabled proximity, Computer relationship
2003 PlentyofFish launched by Markus Frind. It's an online dating site significant for being (one of the first?) free dating sites. Computer, internet relationship Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, and the United States
2004 OkCupid launches. Computer, internet long term romantic relationship, short term romantic relationship, friendship, sex International millions of potential mates out there 2004-2019
2006 SeekingArrangement launches. It's a sugar daddy/sugar baby site in the US. Computer, internet romantic US
2006 Badoo launches. It's a "dating-focused social networking service". App social International 2006-... most-downloaded dating app in 21 countries., world's most widely-used dating network
2007 Skout launches. It's a "location-based social networking and dating application and website". App relationship International Millions of people 2007-...
2007 Crazy Blind Date is launched by Sam Yagan. It's a blind dating service. App relationship 90000 2007
2008 GenePartner launches. It's a matching service based on "DNA compatibility". App relationship
2009 Grindr (initial launch) App relationship International 4 million users 2009- ...
2011 LikeBright is launched by Nick Soman. It's an online dating site.[13] By 2014 the site would shut down.[14] Web relationship 2014
2012 Tinder launches. App relationship International one billion 2012- ...
2012 MissTravel.com is launched by Brandon Wade. It's a dating service for people seeking companionship when traveling. Web companion during travel International one million 2010-... leading online dating site for wanderlust singles
2012 Highlight launches. Slater calls it a "location-based dating app", though this doesn't seem to be its main function (it seems more social than romantic). App relationship
2013 EliteSingles launches. Bespoke dating website for professional singles is first launched in UK market. Web relationship UK
2014 (December) Bumble, a location-based mobile app that permits only women to start a chat with their matches, launches.[15] App relationship 2014-...
2015 OpenMinded is launched by Brandon Wade. It's a dating site for "monogamish" people.[16][17] Web relationship 2015-...
2015 (November 19) Match Group, which owns and operates several online dating web sites including OkCupid, Tinder, PlentyOfFish, and Match.com, goes public. Web relationship International 2015-...
2015 Ashley Madison hacks Ashley Madison; users' personal information is stolen and released; see Ashley Madison data breach for more. Web relationship US

Meta information on the timeline

Aknowledgement

The initial version of the timeline was imported from Wikipedia by Issa Rice.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

Feedback and comments

Feedback for the timeline can be provided at the following places:

What the timeline is still missing

Timeline update strategy

See also

References

  1. "The First Computer Computer Matching Dating Service : History of Information". www.historyofinformation.com. Retrieved 2019-07-23. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Slater, Dan. A Million First Dates. 
  3. Hicks, Marie (2016). "Computer Love: Replicating Social Order Through Early Computer Dating Systems". Ada: A Jornal of Gender, New Media and Technology. ISSN 2325-0496. 
  4. Lawrence Krakauer writes about his experiences here.
  5. Ullman, Jeff. "Jeff Ullman". LinkedIn. Retrieved December 4, 2016. Great Expectations (video dating) December 1975 – January 1997 (21 years 2 months) Created, served as CEO, and primary international media spokesperson for 'Great Expectations', which we built into the world's largest introduction service for singles (aka, 'video dating'). 
  6. Wallace, Amy (January 16, 1994). "Love God From Hell : The Man Who Brought You Videodating Hates to Date, Loves to Taunt and Has Himself Been Unlucky in Love. Would You Buy a Relationship From Jeffrey Ullman?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 4, 2016.  Dan Slater references this article.
  7. Slater, Dan. Wikipedia seems to give a slightly different year.
  8. LLC, Revolvy. ""Timeline of online dating services" on Revolvy.com". www.revolvy.com. Retrieved 2019-07-23. 
  9. S.Y. Chun, Christine (2014). The Mail-order Bride Industry: The Perpetuation Of Transnational Economic Inequalities And Stereotypes. Penn Law: Legal Scholarship Repository. 
  10. Contributor, Jeff Kauflin. "How Match.com's founder revolutionized the dating world — and walked away with just $50,000". Business Insider. Retrieved 2019-07-23. 
  11. Slater calls Lavalife a copycat of Match.com, so it ought to have started after 1995. This page gives 1997, but Wikipedia gives 1987 (while still including it in the category :Category:Internet properties established in 1997). Lavalife's website says they started in 1987.
  12. "About eHarmony | Learn About Our Online Dating Site & Services!". www.eharmony.com. Retrieved 2019-07-23. 
  13. Taylor Soper (December 20, 2013). "Matchmaking platform LikeBright raising $1M to help singles land a 2nd date". GeekWire. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  14. Taylor Soper (September 18, 2014). "Matchmaking platform LikeBright morphs into Reveal, a new anonymous chat app". GeekWire. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  15. "Bumble is a dating app where women take lead". Thestar. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  16. Kristine Fellizar (May 13, 2015). "OpenMinded Dating Site For People Looking For Open Relationships, Because Monogamy Isn't For Everyone". Retrieved December 4, 2016. 
  17. "OpenMinded.com - For Open Relationships". OpenMinded. Retrieved December 4, 2016. 


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