Difference between revisions of "Timeline of startup incubators and accelerators"

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| 2001 || || Organization || {{w|Sunshine Suites}} is founded in {{w|New York City}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Dear Shiner |url=https://sunshineny.com/ |website=sunshineny.com |accessdate=8 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2001 || || Organization || {{w|Sunshine Suites}} is founded in {{w|New York City}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=Dear Shiner |url=https://sunshineny.com/ |website=sunshineny.com |accessdate=8 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 2001 || December 10 || Literature || Colin Barrow publishes ''Incubators: A Realist's Guide to the World's New Business Accelerators.''<ref>{{cite web |title=Incubators: A Realist's Guide to the World's New Business Accelerators |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Incubators.html?id=xzlmQgAACAAJ&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com.ar |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2002 || || Statistics || Around 900 incubation environments in {{w|Western Europe}} are identified by study funded by the {{w|European Commission}}.<ref>Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services, "Benchmarking of Business Incubators." Brussels: European Commission Enterprise Directorate General, 2002.</ref> || {{w|Europe}}
 
| 2002 || || Statistics || Around 900 incubation environments in {{w|Western Europe}} are identified by study funded by the {{w|European Commission}}.<ref>Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services, "Benchmarking of Business Incubators." Brussels: European Commission Enterprise Directorate General, 2002.</ref> || {{w|Europe}}
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| 2011 || || Organization || {{w|HAX Accelerator}} launches. It is one of six start up incubators run by {{w|SOSV}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=HAX Accelerator |url=https://golden.com/wiki/HAX_Accelerator |website=golden.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> It is based in {{w|Shenzhen}}, China.<ref>{{cite web |title=HAX |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/hax-accelerator#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
 
| 2011 || || Organization || {{w|HAX Accelerator}} launches. It is one of six start up incubators run by {{w|SOSV}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=HAX Accelerator |url=https://golden.com/wiki/HAX_Accelerator |website=golden.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> It is based in {{w|Shenzhen}}, China.<ref>{{cite web |title=HAX |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/hax-accelerator#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
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| 2011 || June 1 || Organization || Flat6Labs is founded in Egypt. It is a dedicated startup accelerator for seed stage investments.<ref>{{cite web |title=Flat6Labs |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/flat6labs#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Egypt}}
 
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| 2011 || September 1 || Organization || {{w|Entrepreneur First}} is founded.<ref>{{cite web |title=Entrepreneur First |url=https://www.joinef.com/about-us/ |website=joinef.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> Based in {{w|London}}, it invests in individuals “pre-team, pre-idea” to help create new technology startups.<ref>{{cite web |title=Entrepreneur First |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/entrepreneur-first#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
 
| 2011 || September 1 || Organization || {{w|Entrepreneur First}} is founded.<ref>{{cite web |title=Entrepreneur First |url=https://www.joinef.com/about-us/ |website=joinef.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> Based in {{w|London}}, it invests in individuals “pre-team, pre-idea” to help create new technology startups.<ref>{{cite web |title=Entrepreneur First |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/entrepreneur-first#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
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| 2012 || || Ranking || Tech cocktail publishes list of the top fifteen startup accelerators in the United States. List in decreasing rank order: {{w|Y Combinator}}, {{w|Techstars}} ({{w|Boulder, Colorado}}), {{w|Kicklabs}} ({{w|San Francisco}}), {{w|i/o ventures}} (San Francisco), {{w|Excelerate}} ({{w|Chicago}}), {{w|AngelPad}} (San Francisco), {{w|Techstars}} {{w|New York City}}, {{w|Techstars}} {{w|Boston}}, {{w|Launchpad LA}} ({{w|Los Angeles}}), {{w|500 startups}}, Dreamit Ventures ({{w|Philadelphia}}), {{w|Techstars}} ({{w|Seattle}}), NYC SeedStart (New York City), Entrepreneur Roundtable Accelerator (New York City), and Brandery ({{w|Cincinnati}}).<ref name="Startup Accelerators. The History and Definition.">{{cite web |title=Startup Accelerators. The History and Definition. |url=https://worldbusinessincubation.wordpress.com/2014/03/12/startup-accelerators-the-history-and-definition/ |website=worldbusinessincubation.wordpress.com |accessdate=29 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2012 || || Ranking || Tech cocktail publishes list of the top fifteen startup accelerators in the United States. List in decreasing rank order: {{w|Y Combinator}}, {{w|Techstars}} ({{w|Boulder, Colorado}}), {{w|Kicklabs}} ({{w|San Francisco}}), {{w|i/o ventures}} (San Francisco), {{w|Excelerate}} ({{w|Chicago}}), {{w|AngelPad}} (San Francisco), {{w|Techstars}} {{w|New York City}}, {{w|Techstars}} {{w|Boston}}, {{w|Launchpad LA}} ({{w|Los Angeles}}), {{w|500 startups}}, Dreamit Ventures ({{w|Philadelphia}}), {{w|Techstars}} ({{w|Seattle}}), NYC SeedStart (New York City), Entrepreneur Roundtable Accelerator (New York City), and Brandery ({{w|Cincinnati}}).<ref name="Startup Accelerators. The History and Definition.">{{cite web |title=Startup Accelerators. The History and Definition. |url=https://worldbusinessincubation.wordpress.com/2014/03/12/startup-accelerators-the-history-and-definition/ |website=worldbusinessincubation.wordpress.com |accessdate=29 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 2012 || December 6 || Literature || ''The Launch Pad: Inside Y Combinator, Silicon Valley's Most Exclusive School for Startups'' is published by Randall Stross.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Launch Pad: Inside Y Combinator, Silicon Valley's Most Exclusive School for Startups |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/The_Launch_Pad.html?id=231A_MFcmzkC&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com.ar |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2013 || || Organization || {{w|Barcelona Ventures}} is founded. It builds acceleration services accordingly to solve the problems that [[w:EU|European]] firms have when entering the [[w:United States|American]] market.<ref>{{cite web |title=Barcelona Ventures |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/barcelona-ventures#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
 
| 2013 || || Organization || {{w|Barcelona Ventures}} is founded. It builds acceleration services accordingly to solve the problems that [[w:EU|European]] firms have when entering the [[w:United States|American]] market.<ref>{{cite web |title=Barcelona Ventures |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/barcelona-ventures#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
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| 2014 || February 1 || Organization || UniCredit Start Lab FinTech Accelerator is founded in Italy. Based in {{w|Milan}}, it is a business accelerator that supports entrepreneurs focused on financial technologies.<ref name="European Accelerators"/><ref>{{cite web |title=UniCredit Start Lab FinTech Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/unicredit-start-lab-fintech-accelerator#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=3 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
 
| 2014 || February 1 || Organization || UniCredit Start Lab FinTech Accelerator is founded in Italy. Based in {{w|Milan}}, it is a business accelerator that supports entrepreneurs focused on financial technologies.<ref name="European Accelerators"/><ref>{{cite web |title=UniCredit Start Lab FinTech Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/unicredit-start-lab-fintech-accelerator#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=3 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}
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| 2014 || June 30 || Literature || Luke Deering, Matt Cartagena, and Chris Dowdeswell publish ''Accelerate: Founder Insights Into Accelerator Programs''.<ref>{{cite web |title=Accelerate: Founder Insights Into Accelerator Programs |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Accelerate.html?id=Xbl3oAEACAAJ&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com.ar |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2014 || || Organization || IMPACT Accelerator is founded in {{w|Spain}} as a startup accelerator.<ref>{{cite web |title=IMPACT Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/impact#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=3 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
 
| 2014 || || Organization || IMPACT Accelerator is founded in {{w|Spain}} as a startup accelerator.<ref>{{cite web |title=IMPACT Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/impact#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=3 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Spain}}
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| 2014 || || Organization || [[w:Fast Forward (Startup Accelerator)|Fast Forward]] is founded as an accelerator. Based in the San Francisco Bay Area, it provides investment, space, and guidance to help scale early-stage tech nonprofits.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Welson-Rossman |first1=Tracey |title=How The Fast Forward Accelerator Is Helping Others Change The World Through Tech |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/traceywelsonrossman/2018/11/15/helping-others-change-the-world-around-them-through-tech/#23bbd32b9144 |website=forbes.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2014 || || Organization || [[w:Fast Forward (Startup Accelerator)|Fast Forward]] is founded as an accelerator. Based in the San Francisco Bay Area, it provides investment, space, and guidance to help scale early-stage tech nonprofits.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Welson-Rossman |first1=Tracey |title=How The Fast Forward Accelerator Is Helping Others Change The World Through Tech |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/traceywelsonrossman/2018/11/15/helping-others-change-the-world-around-them-through-tech/#23bbd32b9144 |website=forbes.com |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 2014 || October 27 || Literature || Jobe David Leonard publishes ''Startup Incubators and Business Accelerators: The Easy Way to Create a Startup Incubation and Business Acceleration Center''.<ref>{{cite web |title=Startup Incubators and Business Accelerators: The Easy Way to Create a Startup Incubation and Business Acceleration Center |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Startup_Incubators_and_Business_Accelera.html?id=eKXjrQEACAAJ&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com.ar |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2014 || September 4 || Organization || The Yield Lab is founded. Based in {{w|Saint Louis, Missouri}}, it provides agriculture technology companies with funding, training, mentorship, and networking opportunities.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Yield Lab |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/the-yield-lab#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=7 October 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2014 || September 4 || Organization || The Yield Lab is founded. Based in {{w|Saint Louis, Missouri}}, it provides agriculture technology companies with funding, training, mentorship, and networking opportunities.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Yield Lab |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/the-yield-lab#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=7 October 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
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| 2015 || March || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes list of the ten best accelerators in the United States. The top 20 accelerator programs are listed as follows: {{w|AngelPad}}, {{w|MuckerLab}}, {{w|Techstars}}, {{w|University of Chicago New Venture Challenge}}, {{w|The Alchemist Accelerator}}, {{w|StartX}}, {{w|Amplify.LA}}, {{w|500 Startups}}, {{w|Capital Innovators}}, {{w|DreamIt Ventures}}, {{w|Surge Accelerator}}, {{w|MassChallenge}}, {{w|The Brandery}}, {{w|Gener8tor}}, {{w|ZeroTo510}}, {{w|AlphaLab}}, {{w|Blue Startups}}, {{w|Entrepreneurs Roundtable Accelerator}}, {{w|Betaspring}}, and {{w|The Iron Yard}}.<ref name="The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2015">{{cite web |title=The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2015 |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2015/03/17/the-best-startup-accelerators-of-2015-powering-a-tech-boom/#7008a1cc67ca |website=forbes.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
 
| 2015 || March || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes list of the ten best accelerators in the United States. The top 20 accelerator programs are listed as follows: {{w|AngelPad}}, {{w|MuckerLab}}, {{w|Techstars}}, {{w|University of Chicago New Venture Challenge}}, {{w|The Alchemist Accelerator}}, {{w|StartX}}, {{w|Amplify.LA}}, {{w|500 Startups}}, {{w|Capital Innovators}}, {{w|DreamIt Ventures}}, {{w|Surge Accelerator}}, {{w|MassChallenge}}, {{w|The Brandery}}, {{w|Gener8tor}}, {{w|ZeroTo510}}, {{w|AlphaLab}}, {{w|Blue Startups}}, {{w|Entrepreneurs Roundtable Accelerator}}, {{w|Betaspring}}, and {{w|The Iron Yard}}.<ref name="The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2015">{{cite web |title=The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2015 |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2015/03/17/the-best-startup-accelerators-of-2015-powering-a-tech-boom/#7008a1cc67ca |website=forbes.com |accessdate=10 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 2015 || March 16 || Literature || Michael Docherty publishes ''Collective Disruption: How Corporations and Startups Can Co-Create Transformative New Businesses''.<ref>{{cite web |title=Collective Disruption: How Corporations and Startups Can Co-Create Transformative New Businesses |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Collective_Disruption.html?id=zV3qsgEACAAJ&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com.ar |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2015 || || Organization || {{w|Phandeeyar}} is founded in Myanmar as an initiative aimed at fostering tech start-ups and projects initiated by localtechnology professionals.<ref>{{cite web |title=Phandeeyar |url=https://www.asean-sme-academy.org/resource/phandeeyar/ |website=asean-sme-academy.org |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Myanmar}}
 
| 2015 || || Organization || {{w|Phandeeyar}} is founded in Myanmar as an initiative aimed at fostering tech start-ups and projects initiated by localtechnology professionals.<ref>{{cite web |title=Phandeeyar |url=https://www.asean-sme-academy.org/resource/phandeeyar/ |website=asean-sme-academy.org |accessdate=9 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Myanmar}}
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| 2015 || || Organization || Kickstart Accelerator is founded in {{w|Switzerland}}. It is one of the largest zero equity, multi-corporate accelerators in Europe.<ref>{{cite web |title=Kickstart Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/kickstart-accelerator#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=3 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}  
 
| 2015 || || Organization || Kickstart Accelerator is founded in {{w|Switzerland}}. It is one of the largest zero equity, multi-corporate accelerators in Europe.<ref>{{cite web |title=Kickstart Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/kickstart-accelerator#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=3 September 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Switzerland}}  
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| 2015 || || Organization || Spring Accelerator is founded in {{w|Nairobi}}. It supports businesses and services whose products & service can "transform the lives of adolescent girls".<ref>{{cite web |title=Spring Accelerator |url=https://www.crunchbase.com/organization/spring-2#section-overview |website=crunchbase.com |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Kenya}}
 
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| 2016 || March || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes its list of best startup accelerators, listing them in three categories. Platinum tier: {{w|500 Startups}}, {{w|The Alchemist Accelerator}}, {{w|Amplify LA}}, {{w|Angelpad}}, [[w:University of Chicago New Venture Challenge|Chicago New Venture Challenge]], {{w|MuckerLab}}, {{w|StartX}}, {{w|Techstars}}, {{w|Y Combinator}}. Gold tier: Brandery, Capital Innovators, Dreamit, {{w|Gener8tor}}, Healthbox, {{w|Mass Challenge}}, Surge. Silver tier: Alphalab, Betaspring, Health Wildcatters, Iron Yard, Lighthouse Labs, Plug and Play, and Zero to 510.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2016 |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2016/03/11/the-best-startup-accelerators-of-2016/#48f4630247be |website=forbes.com |accessdate=7 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
| 2016 || March || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes its list of best startup accelerators, listing them in three categories. Platinum tier: {{w|500 Startups}}, {{w|The Alchemist Accelerator}}, {{w|Amplify LA}}, {{w|Angelpad}}, [[w:University of Chicago New Venture Challenge|Chicago New Venture Challenge]], {{w|MuckerLab}}, {{w|StartX}}, {{w|Techstars}}, {{w|Y Combinator}}. Gold tier: Brandery, Capital Innovators, Dreamit, {{w|Gener8tor}}, Healthbox, {{w|Mass Challenge}}, Surge. Silver tier: Alphalab, Betaspring, Health Wildcatters, Iron Yard, Lighthouse Labs, Plug and Play, and Zero to 510.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2016 |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2016/03/11/the-best-startup-accelerators-of-2016/#48f4630247be |website=forbes.com |accessdate=7 October 2019}}</ref> ||
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| 2017 || June 7 || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes list of the best startup accelerators Of 2017, in four categories. Platinum Plus: AngelPad, Y Combinator. Platinum: {{w|The Alchemist Accelerator}}, Amplify LA, Mucker Lab, {{w|StartX}}, {{w|Techstars}}, U. Chigago New Venture, Challenge. Gold: 500 Startups, gener8tor, HAX, Healthbox, IndieBio, MassChallenge, R/GA, SkyDeck. Silver: Brandery, {{w|Capital Innovators}}, {{w|DreamIt Ventures}}, PlugAndPlay, REach, Yield Lab, Zero to 510. Bronze: Accelerprise, AlphaLab, FoodX, Health Wildcatters, Lighthouse Labs, Up Tech, XLR8UH.<ref name="The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2017">{{cite web |title=The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2017 |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/alexkonrad/2017/06/07/best-accelerators-of-2017/#74d357e710cb |website=forbes.com |accessdate=28 September 2019}}</ref> ||
 
| 2017 || June 7 || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes list of the best startup accelerators Of 2017, in four categories. Platinum Plus: AngelPad, Y Combinator. Platinum: {{w|The Alchemist Accelerator}}, Amplify LA, Mucker Lab, {{w|StartX}}, {{w|Techstars}}, U. Chigago New Venture, Challenge. Gold: 500 Startups, gener8tor, HAX, Healthbox, IndieBio, MassChallenge, R/GA, SkyDeck. Silver: Brandery, {{w|Capital Innovators}}, {{w|DreamIt Ventures}}, PlugAndPlay, REach, Yield Lab, Zero to 510. Bronze: Accelerprise, AlphaLab, FoodX, Health Wildcatters, Lighthouse Labs, Up Tech, XLR8UH.<ref name="The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2017">{{cite web |title=The Best Startup Accelerators Of 2017 |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/alexkonrad/2017/06/07/best-accelerators-of-2017/#74d357e710cb |website=forbes.com |accessdate=28 September 2019}}</ref> ||
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| 2018 || July 18 || Literature || Ryan Kushner publishes ''Accelerate This!: A Super Not Boring Guide to Startup Accelerators and Clean Energy Entrepreneurship''.<ref>{{cite web |title=Accelerate This!: A Super Not Boring Guide to Startup Accelerators and Clean Energy Entrepreneurship - Black and White Version |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Accelerate_This.html?id=OAV-DwAAQBAJ&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com.ar |accessdate=11 October 2019}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2018 || August 7 || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes list of world top startup accelerators based on successful exits. I decreasing order: 1) {{w|Y Combinator}} (192 exits), 2) {{w|Mountain View}}-based {{w|500 Startups}} (162), 3) {{w|Boulder, Colorado}}-based {{w|Techstars}} (134), 4) {{w|Sunnyvale}}-based Plug and Play (60), 5) {{w|Boston}}-based MassChallenge (39), 6) {{w|Princeton, NJ}}-based SOSV, 7) {{w|London}}-based {{w|Startupbootcamp}} (21), {{w|Moscow}}-based Internet Initiatives Development Fund IIDF (21), 9) British {{w|Wayra}} (18), and 10) Start-Up Chile (16 exits).<ref name="10 Startup Accelerators">{{cite web |title=10 Startup Accelerators Based On Successful Exits |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/alejandrocremades/2018/08/07/top-10-startup-accelerators-based-on-successful-exits/#34ebfa6a4b3b |website=forbes.com |accessdate=30 September 2019}}</ref> ||
 
| 2018 || August 7 || Ranking || {{w|Forbes}} publishes list of world top startup accelerators based on successful exits. I decreasing order: 1) {{w|Y Combinator}} (192 exits), 2) {{w|Mountain View}}-based {{w|500 Startups}} (162), 3) {{w|Boulder, Colorado}}-based {{w|Techstars}} (134), 4) {{w|Sunnyvale}}-based Plug and Play (60), 5) {{w|Boston}}-based MassChallenge (39), 6) {{w|Princeton, NJ}}-based SOSV, 7) {{w|London}}-based {{w|Startupbootcamp}} (21), {{w|Moscow}}-based Internet Initiatives Development Fund IIDF (21), 9) British {{w|Wayra}} (18), and 10) Start-Up Chile (16 exits).<ref name="10 Startup Accelerators">{{cite web |title=10 Startup Accelerators Based On Successful Exits |url=https://www.forbes.com/sites/alejandrocremades/2018/08/07/top-10-startup-accelerators-based-on-successful-exits/#34ebfa6a4b3b |website=forbes.com |accessdate=30 September 2019}}</ref> ||
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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* [[Timeline of Y Combinator]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Latest revision as of 06:41, 12 October 2019

This is a timeline of startup incubators and accelerators, attempting to describe events related to their avolution as well as the emergence of important organizations.

Big picture

Time period Development summary
Since 1959 The formal concept of business incubation is conceived in the United States. The Batavia Industrial Center is considered to be the first startup incubator.[1] The vision, activity and models of incubators evolves in the 1960s.[2]
1980s A rapid and intensified emergence of startup incubators begins in the United States, accompanied by a shift to seeking innovation and disrupting the global economy.[2] The concept of accelerators morphs from incubators and can be traced back to this decade.[3]
1990s Computer enthusiasts and entrepreneurs seeking a more collaborative and open experience form hacker spaces and startup incubators in major cities and universities around the world.[4] Idealab is credited with bringing the incubator model to the tech world.[3]
2000s Hundreds of academic and for-profit "fab labs" and "maker" studios emerge in over 70 countries around the world.[4]
Since 2005 Y Combinator is considered to be the first startup accelerator. Since its founding, the accelerator model would come to life[3] and the industry would experience immense growth both in and out of the United States, giving thousands of entrepreneurs access to expertise and capital that can help jumpstart their business.[5][6] Y Combinator would be followed by other important organizations, like Techstars and Seedcamp, among others.
Since 2007 Startup accelerators start emerging in Europe, with the launch of Seedcamp.[7]
Present time To date, the United States and Canada encompass the most active region for investments on a global scale, while Europe leads in terms of the number of startups accelerated.[5]

Full timeline

Year Month and date Event type Details Country/location
1959 Early development The formal concept of business incubation begins in the United States when Joseph L. Mancuso opens the Batavia Industrial Center in a Batavia, New York warehouse, to provide support to early-stage companies.[8][2] United States
1985 Concept development The first academic papers on incubators are published in academic journals, defining them as "a facility", "a collective and temporary place for accomodating companies", or a place to "leverage entrepreneurial talent".[2]
1990 July 2 Organization Sid Martin Biotechnology Incubator is established in Florida.[9] United States
1994 Organization American venture capital firm SOSV is founded by Sean O'Sullivan. It provides growth, seed, and venture capital funding to startups. It runs six seed accelerator programs: HAX Accelerator, Chinaccelerator, MOX, IndieBio, RebelBio, and Food-X, each one offering a 3-6 month co-located incubation/accelerator program and funding to selected start ups.[10][11] United States
1996 Organization Idealab is founded by Bill Gross. Based in Pasadena, California[12], it is one of the first to introduce the 'incubator industry'.[13][14] United States
2001 Organization Sunshine Suites is founded in New York City.[15] United States
2001 December 10 Literature Colin Barrow publishes Incubators: A Realist's Guide to the World's New Business Accelerators.[16]
2002 Statistics Around 900 incubation environments in Western Europe are identified by study funded by the European Commission.[17] Europe
2005 March Organization Y Combinator is founded. It is widely considered the first seed accelerator.[5] United States
2006 February Organization Early stage investor Plug and Play Tech Center is founded. It is based in Sunnyvale, California.[18] United States
2006 October 1 Organization Techstars is founded. Based in the Denver area, it runs an accelerator program.[19][5]
2006 Organization Accelerator Centre is founded in Canada. Based in Waterloo, Ontario, it is a network of facilities dedicated to developing and commercializing technology startups.[20] Canada
2007 Organization Seedcamp is founded in the United Kingdom as the first accelerator in Europe.[5] United Kingdom
2007 Organization TechNexus is founded in Chicago.[21][22] United States
2007 Organization LaunchBox Digital is founded. Headquartered in Durham, North Carolina, it is a based venture capital firm specializing in angel, seed, and early-stage investments.[23] United States
2007 Organization DreamIt Ventures is founded.[24]
2008 Organization Imagine H2O is founded as a water innovation accelerator. It assists water technology businesses win customers and investment.[25][26] United States
2008 Organization NDRC is founded in Dublin. It offers investment and research help for startups.[27] Ireland
2008 Organization Accelerace is founded in Denmark. It provides training, funding, and business development services for startups.[28] Denmark
2008 June 2 Organization NYC Seed is founded in New York City as a seed venture capital firm.[29] United States
2009 Organization Global, zero-equity startup accelerator MassChallenge is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.[30] United States
2009 Organization Village Capital is founded in Atlanta. The company conducts a peer investing model.[31] United States
2009 Organization Chinaccelerator is founded in Dalian, China.[32] Based in Shanghai, it provides seed funding, mentorship, and legal assistance to software companies.[33] China
2009 Organization Commercialization Reactor is founded in Riga.[34] Latvia
2009 July 1 Organization Tech Wildcatters is founded in Dallas. It is a mentorship-driven microseed fund and startup accelerator. It runs a 12-week accelerator “The Gauntlet” which would be rated as a Top 10 Accelerator/Incubator by Forbes.[35] United States
2009 Program launch Accelerator program CHINA-AXLR8R launches in Dalian, China.[36]
2009 Organization Launchpad LA is founded in Los Angeles.[21] United States
2009 Organization Ruta N is founded in Medellin, Colombia. It runs an incubation program.[37][38] Colombia
2009 Organization Portland Incubator Experiment is founded. Having started as a downtown Portland co-working space, it would quickly morph into an accelerator.[39] United States
2009 Organization Capital Factory is founded. Based in Austin, Texas, it runs accelerator, co-working space, incubator, and venture capital programs.[40] United States
2009 December 18 Organization Startup incubator KickLabs is founded.[41]
2010 Organization Start-Up Chile is created by the Chilean Government with "two main intentions: to change the nation’s culture towards entrepreneurship and to position Chile as the hub of innovation for Latin America."[42] Chile
2010 Organization Startup Sauna is founded in Finland. Based in Espoo, it is an accelerator focusing on raising the valuation of seed-stage startups.[43] Finland
2010 April 1 Organization 500 Startups is founded. Based in Mountain View, California, it runs an accelerator program.[44][21] United States
2010 Organization Excelerate Labs is founded.[21] Based in Chicago, it is an intensive summer accelerator for startups.[45] United States
2010 May Organization Startup accelerator Seeqnce is founded in Lebanon.[46] Lebanon
2010 July 1 Organization The Brandery is founded. Headquartered in Cincinnati, it is ranked as one of the top startup accelerators in the United States.[47] United States
2010 September Organization Seed-stage accelerator program AngelPad is launched by seven ex-Googlers. It is based in San Francisco.[48][21] United States
2010 October 9 Organization Startupbootcamp is founded. Based in London, it is a global network of industry-focused startup accelerators that provides investment and mentorship services.[49] United Kingdom
2010 Organization Early-stage startup funding firm i/o Ventures is founded. Based in San Francisco, it mentors newly founded companies by providing seed funding, advice and connections.[50] United States
2011 April 9 Organization Wayra is founded in Spain. Based in Madrid, it is a start-up accelerator that invests in mature and technological startups.[51] Spain
2011 June 30 Organization Fábrica de Startups is founded in Portugal as a business accelerator.[52] Portugal
2011 July 20 Organization Venture for America is founded. Based in New York City, it runs a startup accelerator program.[53][54] United States
2011 July 31 Organization Startup incubator Blueseed is founded. It is based in the San Francisco Bay Area, its original purpose is to provide an entrepreneurial alternative to the Startup Visa Act, as the United States visa immigration system at the time does not allow for entrepreneurs from overseas to come to the country and test out their ideas.[55].[56] United States
2011 Organization Accelerator Academy is founded in London. It offers mentorship, training, and investment.[57][58] United Kingdom
2011 Organization Innovation Pavilion is founded in Centennial, Colorado.[59] United States
2011 Organization Entrepreneurs Roundtable Accelerator (ERA) is founded. BAsed in New York City, it is an early-stage venture capital fund and technology accelerator.[60] United States
2011 January 4 Organization Propeller Venture Accelerator is founded. Based in Dublin, it invests in early stage information and communications technology companies.[61] Ireland
2011 Organization HAX Accelerator launches. It is one of six start up incubators run by SOSV.[62] It is based in Shenzhen, China.[63] China
2011 June 1 Organization Flat6Labs is founded in Egypt. It is a dedicated startup accelerator for seed stage investments.[64] Egypt
2011 September 1 Organization Entrepreneur First is founded.[65] Based in London, it invests in individuals “pre-team, pre-idea” to help create new technology startups.[66] United Kingdom
2011 Organization Nonprofit business incubator StartX is founded.[67]
2011 Program launch Google for Startups launches as a startup program. It consists of over 50 co-working spaces and accelerators in 125 countries, offering hands-on lessons for aspiring entrepreneurs.[68][69]
2011 Concept development Miller and Bound define accelerators, distinguishing them from incubators by five features: 1) An application process that is open to all, yet highly competitive. 2) Provision of pre-seed investment, usually in exchange for equity. 3) A focus on small teams not individual founders. 4) Time-limited support comprising programmed events and intensive mentoring. 5) Cohorts or ‘classes’ of startups rather than individual companies.[7]
2012 January Organization British accelerator Entrepreneurial Spark is founded in Glasgow.[70] It offers start-up support, business mentoring, workshops, office space, IT, and facilities.[71] United Kingdom
2012 April 2 Organization Non-profit startup accelerator 1871 is founded. Based in Chiacgo, it assists digital designers, engineers, and entrepreneurs build their startups and share ideas.[72] United States
2012 April 30 Ranking Forbes publishes an analysis of startup accelerators, ranking Y Combinator as the top incubator, followed by TechStars, DreamIt Ventures, AngelPad, Launchpad LA, Excelerate Labs, Kicklabs, 500 Startups, TechNexus and Tech Wildcatters.[21] United States
2012 June Organization Gener8tor is founded. Based in Madison, Wisconsin, it is a concierge accelerator that invests in high-growth startups.[73][74] United States
2012 September 1 Organization Accelerator Blue Startups is founded. It is based in Honolulu, Hawaii.[75] United States
2012 September Organization Banting and Best Centre for Innovation and Entrepreneurship is launched by the University of Toronto as a pre-incubation hub for discovery, innovation and commercialization.[76] Canada
2012 Organization The Alchemist Accelerator is founded. Based in San Francisco, it is an accelerator program that focuses entirely on enterprise startups.[77] United States
2012 Ranking Tech cocktail publishes list of the top fifteen startup accelerators in the United States. List in decreasing rank order: Y Combinator, Techstars (Boulder, Colorado), Kicklabs (San Francisco), i/o ventures (San Francisco), Excelerate (Chicago), AngelPad (San Francisco), Techstars New York City, Techstars Boston, Launchpad LA (Los Angeles), 500 startups, Dreamit Ventures (Philadelphia), Techstars (Seattle), NYC SeedStart (New York City), Entrepreneur Roundtable Accelerator (New York City), and Brandery (Cincinnati).[78] United States
2012 December 6 Literature The Launch Pad: Inside Y Combinator, Silicon Valley's Most Exclusive School for Startups is published by Randall Stross.[79]
2013 Organization Barcelona Ventures is founded. It builds acceleration services accordingly to solve the problems that European firms have when entering the American market.[80] Spain
2013 Organization Barclays Accelerator is founded in London. It is powered by American seed accelerator Techstars.[81] United Kingdom
2013 Organization New Zelander startup accelerator Lightning Lab launches.[82] New Zeland
2013 Organization Startup accelerator Mach 37 is founded. It is based in Herndon, Virginia.[83] United States
2013 Organization District 3 Innovation Center is founded in Canada.[84] Canada
2013 Organization Axel Springer Plug and Play is founded as a Berlin-based pre-seed startup accelerator.[85] Germany
2013 Organization The Lisbon Challenge is founded in Portugal. It is a 4-month acceleration program aimed at startups in the growth phase.[86] Portugal
2013 November 14 Organization NUMA is founded in France. It offers community events, startup acceleration, and innovation programs for corporates.[87] France
2014 February 1 Organization UniCredit Start Lab FinTech Accelerator is founded in Italy. Based in Milan, it is a business accelerator that supports entrepreneurs focused on financial technologies.[57][88] Italy
2014 June 30 Literature Luke Deering, Matt Cartagena, and Chris Dowdeswell publish Accelerate: Founder Insights Into Accelerator Programs.[89]
2014 Organization IMPACT Accelerator is founded in Spain as a startup accelerator.[90] Spain
2014 Organization 43 North launches as a startup competition and accelerator program. It is based in Buffalo, New York.[91][92] United States
2014 Organization Fast Forward is founded as an accelerator. Based in the San Francisco Bay Area, it provides investment, space, and guidance to help scale early-stage tech nonprofits.[93] United States
2014 October 27 Literature Jobe David Leonard publishes Startup Incubators and Business Accelerators: The Easy Way to Create a Startup Incubation and Business Acceleration Center.[94]
2014 September 4 Organization The Yield Lab is founded. Based in Saint Louis, Missouri, it provides agriculture technology companies with funding, training, mentorship, and networking opportunities.[95] United States
2015 March Ranking Forbes publishes list of the ten best accelerators in the United States. The top 20 accelerator programs are listed as follows: AngelPad, MuckerLab, Techstars, University of Chicago New Venture Challenge, The Alchemist Accelerator, StartX, Amplify.LA, 500 Startups, Capital Innovators, DreamIt Ventures, Surge Accelerator, MassChallenge, The Brandery, Gener8tor, ZeroTo510, AlphaLab, Blue Startups, Entrepreneurs Roundtable Accelerator, Betaspring, and The Iron Yard.[96] United States
2015 March 16 Literature Michael Docherty publishes Collective Disruption: How Corporations and Startups Can Co-Create Transformative New Businesses.[97]
2015 Organization Phandeeyar is founded in Myanmar as an initiative aimed at fostering tech start-ups and projects initiated by localtechnology professionals.[98] Myanmar
2015 Organization NEXT is founded in the Netherlands. Based in Amsterdam, it is an early stage investment fund with hands-on mentoring.[99] Netherlands
2015 Organization Kickstart Accelerator is founded in Switzerland. It is one of the largest zero equity, multi-corporate accelerators in Europe.[100] Switzerland
2015 Organization Spring Accelerator is founded in Nairobi. It supports businesses and services whose products & service can "transform the lives of adolescent girls".[101] Kenya
2016 March Ranking Forbes publishes its list of best startup accelerators, listing them in three categories. Platinum tier: 500 Startups, The Alchemist Accelerator, Amplify LA, Angelpad, Chicago New Venture Challenge, MuckerLab, StartX, Techstars, Y Combinator. Gold tier: Brandery, Capital Innovators, Dreamit, Gener8tor, Healthbox, Mass Challenge, Surge. Silver tier: Alphalab, Betaspring, Health Wildcatters, Iron Yard, Lighthouse Labs, Plug and Play, and Zero to 510.[102]
2016 September Organization Startup incubator and accelerator F10 launches in Switzerland.[103] Switzerland
2016 August 15 Organization Oswald Labs is founded. It is an accessibility technology company that buildd products for the differently abled. Based in New Delhi, it also runs a startup accelerator program.[104][105] India
2016 Organization Eleven Ventures is founded. Ir offers coaching, digital infrastructure, and global network.[106][57] Bulgaria
2016 Organization K-Startup Grand Challenge launches. Held every year in Seoul, it offers startups from all over the world a global platform to break into the Asian market using Korea as a launchpad.[107] South Korea
2016 Organization Nordea Accelerator is founded in Finland as startup accelerator. It is based in Helsinki.[57][108] Finland
2016 Statistics In their 2016 Global Accelerator Report, global SaaS platform Gust estimates that in the year accelerators worldwide invested US$207 million in 11,305 start-ups via 579 accelerator programs, broken down as follows: Total investment by accelerators in 2016: Asia & Oceania US$17.6 million, Middle East & Africa US$7.6 million, Latin America US$24.2 million, Europe US$50.1 million, USA & Canada US$107.3 million. Total number of companies receiving investment from accelerators in 2016: Middle East & Africa 1.172, USA & Canada 3.269, Europe 3.701, Latin America 1.795, Asia & Oceania 1.368.[109][5]
2017 June 7 Ranking Forbes publishes list of the best startup accelerators Of 2017, in four categories. Platinum Plus: AngelPad, Y Combinator. Platinum: The Alchemist Accelerator, Amplify LA, Mucker Lab, StartX, Techstars, U. Chigago New Venture, Challenge. Gold: 500 Startups, gener8tor, HAX, Healthbox, IndieBio, MassChallenge, R/GA, SkyDeck. Silver: Brandery, Capital Innovators, DreamIt Ventures, PlugAndPlay, REach, Yield Lab, Zero to 510. Bronze: Accelerprise, AlphaLab, FoodX, Health Wildcatters, Lighthouse Labs, Up Tech, XLR8UH.[110]
2018 July 18 Literature Ryan Kushner publishes Accelerate This!: A Super Not Boring Guide to Startup Accelerators and Clean Energy Entrepreneurship.[111]
2018 August 7 Ranking Forbes publishes list of world top startup accelerators based on successful exits. I decreasing order: 1) Y Combinator (192 exits), 2) Mountain View-based 500 Startups (162), 3) Boulder, Colorado-based Techstars (134), 4) Sunnyvale-based Plug and Play (60), 5) Boston-based MassChallenge (39), 6) Princeton, NJ-based SOSV, 7) London-based Startupbootcamp (21), Moscow-based Internet Initiatives Development Fund IIDF (21), 9) British Wayra (18), and 10) Start-Up Chile (16 exits).[112]
2019 September 30 Program launch South Korean multinational Lotte Corporation announces its startup accelerator arm Lotte Accelerator, with a fund worth US$52.3 million.[113] South Korea

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References

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