Difference between revisions of "Timeline of vegetarianism and veganism"

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| 2000 || || Organization || Ethical Vegetarian Alternative is founded to raise awareness about the benefits of eating less or no meat.<ref>{{cite book |title=Sustainable Food Planning: Evolving Theory and Practice |edition=André Viljoen, Johannes S. C. Wiskerke |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=1zVbsBqrd3cC&pg=PA192&lpg=PA192&dq=2000+Organization+Ethical+Vegetarian+Alternative&source=bl&ots=GC52-D0RX4&sig=ACfU3U0KP_GL1fSp6uD9AMGmvyqAfXUoiw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjqmqiPw43lAhXgILkGHbqpDaoQ6AEwD3oECAgQAg#v=onepage&q=2000%20Organization%20Ethical%20Vegetarian%20Alternative&f=false}}</ref> || {{w|Belgium}}
 
| 2000 || || Organization || Ethical Vegetarian Alternative is founded to raise awareness about the benefits of eating less or no meat.<ref>{{cite book |title=Sustainable Food Planning: Evolving Theory and Practice |edition=André Viljoen, Johannes S. C. Wiskerke |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=1zVbsBqrd3cC&pg=PA192&lpg=PA192&dq=2000+Organization+Ethical+Vegetarian+Alternative&source=bl&ots=GC52-D0RX4&sig=ACfU3U0KP_GL1fSp6uD9AMGmvyqAfXUoiw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjqmqiPw43lAhXgILkGHbqpDaoQ6AEwD3oECAgQAg#v=onepage&q=2000%20Organization%20Ethical%20Vegetarian%20Alternative&f=false}}</ref> || {{w|Belgium}}
 
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| 2000 || || Organization || {{w|Tibetan Volunteers for Animals}} ||
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| 2000 || || Organization || {{w|Tibetan Volunteers for Animals}}<ref>{{cite web |title=Tibetan Volunteers for Animals: Campaign in Nepal |url=http://www.phayul.com/2005/05/22/9856/ |website=phayul.com |accessdate=9 April 2020}}</ref> ||
 
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| 2000 || Vegetarianism || Literature || Colin Spencer publishes ''Vegetarianism: A History''.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vegetarianism: A History |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Vegetarianism.html?id=QKBiVemexusC&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com |accessdate=9 April 2020}}</ref> ||
 
| 2000 || Vegetarianism || Literature || Colin Spencer publishes ''Vegetarianism: A History''.<ref>{{cite web |title=Vegetarianism: A History |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books/about/Vegetarianism.html?id=QKBiVemexusC&source=kp_book_description&redir_esc=y |website=books.google.com |accessdate=9 April 2020}}</ref> ||

Revision as of 10:49, 9 April 2020

This is a timeline of veganism and vegetarianism.

Big picture

Time period Development summary More details
1944 Vegan movement
Time period Development summary
18th century "Historian Dr Catherine Oliver suggests that 18th Century philosopher Jeremy Bentham is the earliest notable proponent of likening animal suffering to that of humans: “The question is not ‘can they reason?’ Nor, ‘can they talk?’ But, ‘can they suffer?’ Dr Oliver told The Independent that veganism today is being increasingly situated “not as a diet but as a social justice issue”."[1]
19th century Vegetarianism establishes itself as a significant movement in England and the United States.[2]
20th century
21st century The vegan diet becomes increasingly mainstream in the 2010s.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10] especially in the latter half.[6][11]

Full timeline

Year Category Event type Details Location
3300 BC–1300 BC The practice of veganism is already identified in the Indus Valley Civilization in the Indian subcontinent[12][13][14] particularly in northern and western ancient India.[15] India
877 BC–777 BC Early Jain called Parshvanatha teaches followers about ahimsa (non-violence), one of the cornerstone beliefs meaning non-violence to living forms.[1] India
520 BC Vegetarianism Policy Persian emperor Cyrus the Great is born. A vegetarian himself, Cyrus would order his soldiers also strictly to adhere to this diet.[16]
500 BC Vegetarianism Advocacy Greek philosopher Pythagoras advocates the idea that all animals have immortal souls which would be reincarnated after death. Pythagoras promotes benevolence among all species and follows what could be described as a vegetarian diet.[17][1] Greece
484BC–425BC Vegetarianism Advocacy Greek historian Herodotus lives. He condemns the killing and eating of animals.[16] Greece
206 BC–220 AD Vegetarianism Custom Han Dynasty. Vegetarianism is introduced by buddhist missionaries from India.[18] China
106BC–423BC Vegetarianism Advocacy Roman statesman Cicero states:"Man is destined to a better occupation than that of pursuing and cutting the throat of dumb creatures." And, " Nothing cruel is useful or expedient."[16]
5 BC–65 AD Vegetarianism Advocacy Roman Stoic philosopher Seneca lives. An ardent vegetarian, Seneca creates a vegetarian cult in the Court.[16]
40 AD–120 AD Vegetarianism Advocacy Greek philosopher Plutarch lives. His essay on flesh eating contains ethical arguments for vegetarianism.[16]
520 Vegetarianism Advocacy Buddhist monk Boddhidharma introduces Zen in China. Boddhidharma teaches vegetarianism.[18] India
973–1057 Veganism Adoption Arab poet al-Maʿarri is recognized as one of the earliest known vegans.[19]
1398 Vegetarianism Advocacy Indian mystic poet Kabir calls to compassion, condemning meat-eating and killing of animals no matter if it is permitted in the "Koran" or any other Scripture for "sacrificial" purposes.[20][21] India
1806 Veganism Concept development The earliest concepts of veganism start to take shape, with Dr William Lambe and Percy Bysshe Shelley amongst the first Europeans to publicly object to eggs and dairy on ethical grounds.[17]
1809 Vegetarianism Organization The Bible Christian Church, a Christian vegetarian sect, is founded by William Cowherd.[22] United Kingdom
1813 Vegetarianism Literature (book) English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes A Vindication of Natural Diet, advocating "abstinence from animal food and spirituous liquors". United Kingdom
1815 Vegetarianism Advocacy London physician William Lambe claims that his "water and vegetable diet" could cure anything from tuberculosis to acne.[23] United Kingdom
1839 Vegetarianism Concept development "The term "vegetarian" has been in use since around 1839 to refer to what was previously described as a vegetable regimen or diet."[24]
1847 Vegetarianism Organization Vegetarian Society United Kingdom
1850 Vegetarianism Organization The American Vegetarian Association in founded in New York.[25] United States
1882 Vegetarianism Organization The French Vegetarian Society is founded.[26] France
1883 Vegetarianism Literature (book) English humanitarian Howard Williams publishes The Ethics of Diet, which is considered the first book on vegetarian history.[27]
1884 Vegetarianism Organization The Hungarian Vegetarian Society is founded.[28] Hungary
1892 Organization ProVeg Germany is founded.[29] Germany
1894 Vegetarianism Organization The Dutch Vegetarian League is founded.[30] Netherlands
1896 Vegetarianism Organization A Vegetarian Society is formed in Stockholm.[31] Sweden
1899 Vegetarianism Organization A Vegetarian Society is established in Milan.[32] Italy
1901 Vegetarianism Organization The Russian Vegetarian Society is formed.[33] Russia
1905 Vegetarianism Organization The Spanish Vegetarian Society is formed.[34] Spain
1906 Vegetarianism Organization The Greek Vegetarian Society is formed.[35] Greece
1908 Vegetarianism Organization The International Vegetarian Union is launched at an International Vegetarian Congress in Dresden, Germany.[36][37] Germany
1908 Vegetarianism Organization The World Esperantist Vegetarian Association is founded.[38]
1918 Veganism The world's first raw vegan restaurant is opened in Los Angeles, California by John and Vera Richter.[39] United States
1925 Veganism Literature (book) Vera Richter publishes Mrs. Richter's Cook-Less Book, the first raw vegan cookbook.[39] United States
1935 Vegetarianism The Vegetarian Society states: "The lacto-vegetarians, on the whole, do not defend the practice of consuming the dairy products except on the ground of expediency."[40]
1943 Vegetarianism Organization The New Zealand Vegetarian Society is founded.[41] New Zeland
1944 Veganism Organization The Vegan Society is founded.[42]
1944 Veganism The Vegan Society co-founder Donald Watson coins the term "vegan" using it to mean "non-dairy vegetarian".[43][44][45][1][46]
1945 Vegetarianism Organization Toronto Vegetarian Association (TVA) Canada
1945 Veganism Vegans explicitly abstain from "eggs, honey; and animals' milk, butter and cheese".[45]
1951 Veganism The Vegan Society defines veganism as "the doctrine that man should live without exploiting animals".[47] Interest in veganism increased in the 2010s,"[48][6][6]
1952 Organization The Italian Vegetarian Association is founded.[49] Italy
1957 Vegetarianism World Vegetarian Congress 1957
1960 Veganism Organization The American Vegan Society is founded.[50] United States
1974 Vegetarianism Organization Hare Krishna Food for Life is founded as a nonprofit with the purpose "to bring peace and prosperity to the world through the liberal distribution of sanctified vegetarian meals".[51] India
1974 Vegetarianism Literature (magazine) American magazine Vegetarian Times launches. United States
1975 Vegetarianism Organization The Jewish Vegetarian Society of America is founded.[52]
1975 Veganism Literature Peter Singer publishes Animal Liberation.
1978 Veganism Organization The Dutch Society for Veganism is founded.[53] Netherlands
1984 Veganism Organization Movement for Compassionate Living (MCL) is founded. It promotes veganism. United Kingdom
1984 Vegetarianism Literature Daniel Dombrowski publishes The Philosophy of Vegetarianism.
1984 Organization Movement for Compassionate Living is founded.[54]
1984 Veganism Literature Brenda Davis publishes diet book Becoming Vegan.
1987 Vegetarianism Literature Rudolph Ballentine publishes Transition to Vegetarianism: An Evolutionary Step.
1988 Vegetarianism Organization European Vegetarian Union is founded. Netherlands
1989 Veganism Literature (magazine) Arkangel is first published. It promotes vegan lifestyle. United Kingdom
1989 Veganism Literature (magazine) No Compromise launches as a bi-annual animal rights magazine. It promotes a vegan lifestyle. United States
1993 Veganism Organization Vegan Outreach is founded.[55] United States
1993 Vegetarianism and veganism Organization Swissveg is founded.[56] Switzerland
1994 Veganism Organization Vegan Prisoners Support Group is founded. United Kingdom
1994 Vegetarianism Organization The Association Végétarienne de France is founded.[57] France
1994 Veganism Advocacy The World Vegan Day is first celebrated.[58]
1995 Veganism Organization Vegan Awareness Foundation is founded.[59] United States
1998 Veganism Literature Erik Marcus publishes Vegan: The New Ethics of Eating
1998 Vegetarianism A Vegetarian Diet Pyramid is created by Oldways Preservation Trust with scientific research from Cornell and Harvard University and specific reference to the healthy patterns of eating demonstrated by the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid.[60] United States
1999 Vegetarianism Organization The Vegetarian Society (Singapore) is established.[61] Singapore
1999 Vegetarianism Organization The Christian Vegetarian Association is founded.[62] United States
1999 Vegetarianism Literature (book) Richard A. Young publishes Is God a Vegetarian? Christianity, Vegetarianism, and Animal Rights.
1999 Literature Lisa Portmess and Kerry S. Walters publish Ethical Vegetarianism: From Pythagoras to Peter Singer
1999 Vegetarianism, veganism Online community HappyCow launches as an online service that lists sources of vegan, vegetarian and healthy food. United States
2000 Organization Ethical Vegetarian Alternative is founded to raise awareness about the benefits of eating less or no meat.[63] Belgium
2000 Organization Tibetan Volunteers for Animals[64]
2000 Vegetarianism Literature Colin Spencer publishes Vegetarianism: A History.[65]
2000 Veganism Literature (magazine) American magazine VegNews launches. It publishes content about and relating to veganism.[66] United States
2000 Vegetarianism and veganism online community VeggieBoards launches. It is one of the largest and most active internet forums for vegetarians and vegans.
2002 Activism Meet Your Meat. "This documentary explores the treatment of animals in modern animal agriculture (also known as industrial agriculture or factory farming)."[67]
2003 Organization Meatless Monday is founded.[68]
2004 Vegetarianism Festival Vegfest Brasil [69] Brazil
2004–2018 "Search data from Google Trends shows an impressive worldwide increase in the interest in veganism from 2004 to 2018. Top regions include Israel, Australia, Canada, Austria, and New Zealand."[70]
2006 Vegetarianism Festival The Vegetarian Festival in Tokyo starts.[71] Japan
2009 Veganism Organization Vegan Ireland: The Vegan Society of Ireland is founded as a non-profit. It promotes veganism and animal rights.[72] Ireland
2009 Vegetarianism Literature Lierre Keith publishes The Vegetarian Myth. "Part memoir, nutritional primer, and political manifesto, this controversial examination exposes the destructive history of agriculturecausing the devastation of prairies and forests, driving countless species extinct, altering the climate, and destroying the topsoiland asserts that, in order to save the planet, food must come from within living communities"[73] United States
2009 Vegetarianism and veganism Literature Amy Shand publishes That's why We Don't Eat Animals: A Book about Vegans, Vegetarians, and All Living Things, a non-fiction book for children.
2010 Vegetarianism Environmental vegetarianism. A report from the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) International Panel of Sustainable Resource Management states:
Impacts from agriculture are expected to increase substantially due to population growth and increasing consumption of animal products. Unlike fossil fuels, it is difficult to look for alternatives: people have to eat. A substantial reduction of impacts would only be possible with a substantial worldwide diet change, away from animal products.[74]
||
2012 Organization Vegan Australia is founded. It campaigns nationally for veganism.[75] Australia
2013 Live and Let Live.
2013 Veganism Festival Hong Kong Vegfest starts Hong Kong
2013 Vegetarianism Literature (book) Adam D. Shprintzen publishes The Vegetarian Crusade: The Rise of an American Reform Movement, 1817-1921. United States
2013 Veganism Literature (book) Amy Shand publishes V Is for Vegan: The ABCs of Being Kind.
2014 "There’s been a 600% increase in people identifying as vegans in the U.S in the last three years. According to a report by research firm GlobalData, only 1% of U.S. consumers claimed to be vegan in 2014. And in 2017, that number rose to 6%."[70]
2014 Organization Peepal Farm is founded.[76] India
2014 Veganism Literature (book) Brenda Davis and Vesanto Melina publish diet book Becoming Vegan: The Complete Reference to Plant-Base Nutrition, Comprehensive Edition.
2016 "But in 2016, German companies launched more vegan food products than in any other country."[70]
2017 "There’s been a 600% increase in people identifying as vegans in the U.S in the last three years. According to a report by research firm GlobalData, only 1% of U.S. consumers claimed to be vegan in 2014. And in 2017, that number rose to 6%."[70]
2017 Vegetarianism Advocacy Environmental vegetarianism. 15,364 world scientists sign a Warning to Humanity calling for, among other things, drastically diminishing our per capita consumption of meat.[77]
2017 Veganism Literature Tobias Leenaert publishes How to Create a Vegan World: A Pragmatic Approach
2019 Vegetarianism Advocacy Environmental vegetarianism. A significant reduction in meat consumption is advocated by, among others, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in their special report.[78]

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

Feedback and comments

Feedback for the timeline can be provided at the following places:

  • FIXME

What the timeline is still missing

  • Google trends
  • Wikipedia views
  • Books on vegetarianism
  • Books on veganism
  • Statistics
  • VegNews (see template vegetarianism and veganism)

Timeline update strategy

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "WHO WERE THE WORLD'S VERY EARLIEST VEGANS?". independent.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2019. 
  2. James Gregory, Of Victorians and Vegetarians, I. B. Tauris, 2007.
  3. "Vegan Diets Become More Popular, More Mainstream". CBS News. Associated Press. 5 January 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2020. 
  4. Nijjar, Raman (4 June 2011). "From pro athletes to CEOs and doughnut cravers, the rise of the vegan diet". CBC News. Retrieved 9 April 2020. 
  5. Molloy, Antonia (31 December 2013). "No meat, no dairy, no problem: is 2014 the year vegans become mainstream?". The Independent. Retrieved 9 April 2020. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Tancock, Kat (13 January 2015). "Vegan cuisine moves into the mainstream – and it's actually delicious". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 9 April 2020. 
  7. {{Cite news|last=Crawford|first=Elizabeth|date=17 March 2015|title=Vegan is going mainstream, trend data suggests|url=https://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Article/2015/03/17/Vegan-is-going-mainstream-trend-data-suggests%7Curl-status=live%7Cwebsite=FoodNavigator-USA%7Cpublisher=William Reed Business Media|access-date=9 April 2020}
  8. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Citation/CS1/Suggestions' not found.
  9. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Citation/CS1/Suggestions' not found.
  10. Nick Pendergrast, "Environmental Concerns and the Mainstreaming of Veganism", in T. Raphaely (ed.), Impact of Meat Consumption on Health and Environmental Sustainability, IGI Global, 2015, 106.
  11. Hancox, Dan (1 April 2018). "The unstoppable rise of veganism: how a fringe movement went mainstream". Retrieved 2 April 2018. 
  12. Bajpai, Shiva (2011). The History of India – From Ancient to Modern Times. Himalayan Academy Publications (Hawaii, USA). ISBN 978-1-934145-38-8. 
  13. Spencer, Colin (1996). The Heretic's Feast: A History of Vegetarianism. Fourth Estate Classic House. pp. 33–68, 69–84. ISBN 978-0874517606. 
  14. Tähtinen, Unto. Ahimsa: Non-violence in Indian tradition. London: [1976], Rider and Company (1976). 
  15. Singh, Upinder (2008). A History of Ancient and Early medieval India : from the Stone Age to the 12th century. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 137. ISBN 9788131711200. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 "VEGETARIANISM 8th CENTURY b.c. TO 5th CENTURY A.D.". ivu.org. Retrieved 7 October 2019. 
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  23. James C. Whorton, Crusaders for Fitness: The History of American Health Reformers, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014, 69–70: "Word of these cures of pimples, consumption, and virtually all ailments in between was widely distributed by his several publications ..."Template:Pb Percy Bysshe Shelley, A Vindication of Natural Diet, London: F. Pitman, 1884 [1813]; William Lambe, Joel Shew, Water and Vegetable Diet, New York: Fowler's and Wells, 1854 [London, 1815].
  24. Rod Preece, Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2008, 12.
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  77. Ripple WJ, Wolf C, Newsome TM, Galetti M, Alamgir M, Crist E, Mahmoud MI, Laurance WF (13 November 2017). "World Scientists' Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice". BioScience. 67 (12): 1026–1028. Bibcode:1985BioSc..35..499W. doi:10.1093/biosci/bix125. 
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