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Timeline of mobile telephony

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| 1960s || Researchers develop the technology systems (like frequency reuse and [[w:Handover|handoff]]) that would lead to modern cellular networks.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> In the United States, Bell Labs prepares a detailed plan for implementing the cellular system.<ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> Soviet engineer {{w|Leonid Kupriyanovich}} develops very small mobile phones.
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| 1970s || {{w|1G}} is developed by {{w|AT&T}} and {{w|Bell Labs}} early in the decade.<ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g">{{cite web|title=Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g|url=https://www.coursera.org/learn/wireless-communications/lecture/1us1e/1-2-first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g|website=coursera.org|accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> {{w|Nippon Telephone and Telegraph}} (NTT) in {{w|Japan}} and {{w|Ericsson}} in {{w|Sweden}} begin testing cellular technology and start designing equipment that would facilitate commercial service provision in their respective home markets.<ref name="Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications">{{cite book|title=Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications|edition=Information Gatekeepers Inc|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=gpiukAVsQNkC&pg=SA2-PA3&lpg=SA2-PA3&dq=%22sweden%22+%221970s%22+%22telephone%22&source=bl&ots=w-_VIbYWYD&sig=E1rDsXquXCK7GTVGQhau9GBNUy8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj5oaeo1NDXAhWLjZAKHRViC-oQ6AEIWzAO#v=onepage&q=%22sweden%22%20%221970s%22%20%22telephone%22&f=false|accessdate=21 November 2017}}</ref> The first mobile call is made.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/>
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| 1980s || {{w|1G}} is deployed.<ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g"/><ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> Mobile phone technology starts to be released commercially.<ref name="History of Mobile / Cell Phone">{{cite web|title=History of Mobile / Cell Phone|url=http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/cellulartelecomms/history/mobile-cell-phone.php|website=radio-electronics.com|accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> Adding text messaging functionality to mobile devices begins.
| 1973 || Technology || 10 years before a cell phone was first released onto the market, [[w:Martin Cooper (inventor)|Martin Cooper]], a {{w|Motorola}} researcher and executive, makes the first analog mobile phone call using a heavy prototype model. The communication is carried out between Cooper and {{w|Joel S. Engel}} of {{w|Bell Labs}}.<ref>{{cite news|last=Shiels |first=Maggie |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2963619.stm |title=BBC interview with Martin Cooper | work=BBC News | date=April 21, 2003}}</ref><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/>|| {{w|United States}}
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| 1979 (December) || Network launch || {{w|1G}}, the first generation of {{w|wireless}} {{w|telephone}} {{w|technology}}, is launched in {{w|Japan}} by {{w|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} (NTT). It becomes the world's first mobile phone network to be launched.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> Initially deployed in the metropolitan area of Tokyo, within five years, the NTT network expand to cover the whole population of Japan and becomes the first nationwide 1G network.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets">{{cite book|last1=Hilbert|first1=Jeffrey L.|title=Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=4C_SCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA244&lpg=PA244&dq=%221979%22+%221G%22+%22NTT%22+%22Japan%22&source=bl&ots=dsRRCNnxIe&sig=TQKZnLlJBulcFC3asRluSLTqsp8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiS5qe-86XVAhVBEZAKHRxLCT8Q6AEIYzAN#v=onepage&q=%221979%22%20%221G%22%20%22NTT%22%20%22Japan%22&f=false|accessdate=26 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/><ref name="Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications"/> || {{w|Japan}}
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| 1981–1986 || Network launch || The {{w|Nordic Mobile Telephone}} (NMT) system opens in {{w|Sweden}} and {{w|Norway}}. NMT is the first mobile phone network to feature international {{w|roaming}}. The system is introduced in {{w|Denmark}} and {{w|Finland}} in 1982, and in {{w|Iceland}} in 1986.<ref>{{cite web|title=Mobiltelefonens historie i Norge|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070213045903/http://telemuseum.no/mambo/content/view/29/1/|website=archive.org|accessdate=27 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology"/> || {{w|Scandinavia}}, {{w|Finland}}
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| 1982 || Policy || The European standard for protorypes is established.<ref name="Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise"/> ||
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| 1982 || || {{w|Ericsson}} constructs the first European cellular systems for use by service providers in {{w|Scandinavia}}.<ref name="Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications"/>
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| 1983 || Network launch || The {{w|Advanced Mobile Phone System}} (AMPS) is officially introduced in {{w|North America}}.<ref name="Testing the First Cell Phone Network">{{cite web|author=AT&T Tech Channel |url=http://techchannel.att.com/play-video.cfm/2011/6/13/AT&T-Archives-AMPS:-coming-of-age |title=AT&T Archives : Testing the First Public Cell Phone Network |publisher=Techchannel.att.com |date=2011-06-13 |accessdate=2013-09-28 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131029194138/http://techchannel.att.com/play-video.cfm/2011/6/13/AT%26T-Archives-AMPS%3A-coming-of-age |archivedate=2013-10-29 }}</ref><ref name="Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology"/><ref name = "MilestonesPast">[http://www.milestonespast.com/exbringing.htm MilestonesPast].</ref> The system would further expand into {{w|Canada}} in 1985, later in {{w|Mexico}}, {{w|Colombia}}, {{w|Korea}}, {{w|Australia}}, {{w|China}}, {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Indonesia}}, {{w|Laos}}, {{w|Malaysia}}, {{w|New Zealand}}, {{w|Pakistan}}, the {{w|Philippines}}, {{w|Singapore}}, {{w|Taiwan}}, {{w|Thailand}}, {{w|Vietnam}} and finally all {{w|Latin America}}n countries.<ref name="The Worldwide History of Telecommunications">{{cite book|last1=Huurdeman|first1=Anton A.|title=The Worldwide History of Telecommunications|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=SnjGRDVIUL4C&pg=PA524&lpg=PA524&dq=total+access+communication+system+(TACS)+%221983%22+united+kingdom&source=bl&ots=qK9OeKa6Sb&sig=WvNgVd75Yw8B8llImI-gwLpE5vU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiChO3noafVAhVGj5AKHX0MDlYQ6AEITDAJ#v=onepage&q=total%20access%20communication%20system%20(TACS)%20%221983%22%20united%20kingdom&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1992 || Network launch || The {{w|European Telecommunications Standards Institute}} (ETSI) adopts a terrestrial Aeronautical Public Correspondence (APC) system known as the terrestrial flight telephone system (TFTS).<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
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| 1992 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Andorra}}, {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Finland}}, {{w|France}}, {{w|Gabon}}, {{w|Germany}}, {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Portugal}}, {{w|Sweden}}, and the {{w|United Kingdom}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?">{{cite web|title=Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?|url=https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/84651/1/rp2004-13.pdf|website=econstor.eu|accessdate=27 October 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Andorra}}, {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Finland}}, {{w|France}}, {{w|Gabon}}, {{w|Germany}}, {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Portugal}}, {{w|Sweden}}, {{w|United Kingdom}}
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| 1993 || Technology || The first {{w|SMS}} text message is sent in Finland.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> || {{w|Finland}}
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| 1993 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Australia}}, {{w|Austria}}, {{w|Greece}}. {{w|Ireland}}, {{w|Italy}}, {{w|Japan}}, {{w|Luxembourg}}, {{w|New Zealand}}, {{w|Norway}}, {{w|Singapore}}, {{w|Switzerland}}, {{w|United States}} and {{w|Nicaragua}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Australia}}, {{w|Austria}}, {{w|Greece}}. {{w|Ireland}}, {{w|Italy}}, {{w|Japan}}, {{w|Luxembourg}}, {{w|New Zealand}}, {{w|Norway}}, {{w|Singapore}}, {{w|Switzerland}}, {{w|United States}}, {{w|Nicaragua}}
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| 1994 (August 16) || Product release || The {{w|IBM Simon}} is released, featuring a {{w|touchscreen}} and is the first phone to feature [[w:mobile app|apps]]. It costs US$ 899.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> The IBM Simon is considered by many to be the world’s first smartphone.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/>|| {{w|United States}}
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| 1994 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Belgium}}, the {{w|Channel Islands}}, {{w|Hungary}}, {{w|Iceland}}, {{w|Israel}}, {{w|Kuwait}}, {{w|Malaysia}}, {{w|Netherlands}}, {{w|Qatar}}, {{w|South Africa}}, {{w|Turkey}}, {{w|United Arab Emirates}}, {{w|Cameroon}}, {{w|China}}, {{w|Fiji}}, {{w|Indonesia}}, {{w|Iran}}, {{w|Madagascar}}, {{w|Morocco}}, {{w|Pakistan}}, {{w|Philippines}}, {{w|Russia}}, {{w|Taiwan}}, {{w|Thailand}} and {{w|Vietnam}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Belgium}}, the {{w|Channel Islands}}, {{w|Hungary}}, {{w|Iceland}}, {{w|Israel}}, {{w|Kuwait}}, {{w|Malaysia}}, {{w|Netherlands}}, {{w|Qatar}}, {{w|South Africa}}, {{w|Turkey}}, {{w|United Arab Emirates}}, {{w|Cameroon}}, {{w|China}}, {{w|Fiji}}, {{w|Indonesia}}, {{w|Iran}}, {{w|Madagascar}}, {{w|Morocco}}, {{w|Pakistan}}, {{w|Philippines}}, {{w|Russia}}, {{w|Taiwan}}, {{w|Thailand}}, {{w|Vietnam}}
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| 1995 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Bahrain}}, {{w|Canada}}, {{w|Costa Rica}}, {{w|Croatia}}, {{w|Cyprus}}, {{w|Estonia}}, {{w|French Polynesia}}, {{w|Lebanon}}, {{w|Macao}}, {{w|New Caledonia}}, {{w|Puerto Rico}}, {{w|Seychelles}}, {{w|Spain}}, {{w|Bulgaria}}, {{w|Colombia}}, {{w|Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Georgia}}, {{w|Gibraltar}}, {{w|India}}, {{w|Jordan}}, {{w|Kyrgyzistan}}, {{w|Lao}}, {{w|Latvia}}, {{w|Lithuania}}, {{w|Malawi}}, {{w|Myanmar}}, {{w|Namibia}}, {{w|Reunion}}, {{w|Sri Lanka}}, {{w|Suriname}}, {{w|Tanzania}}, {{w|Tonga}}, {{w|Uganda}} and {{w|Uzbekistan}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Bahrain}}, {{w|Canada}}, {{w|Costa Rica}}, {{w|Croatia}}, {{w|Cyprus}}, {{w|Estonia}}, {{w|French Polynesia}}, {{w|Lebanon}}, {{w|Macao}}, {{w|New Caledonia}}, {{w|Puerto Rico}}, {{w|Seychelles}}, {{w|Spain}}, {{w|Bulgaria}}, {{w|Colombia}}, {{w|Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Georgia}}, {{w|Gibraltar}}, {{w|India}}, {{w|Jordan}}, {{w|Kyrgyzistan}}, {{w|Lao}}, {{w|Latvia}}, {{w|Lithuania}}, {{w|Malawi}}, {{w|Myanmar}}, {{w|Namibia}}, {{w|Reunion}}, {{w|Sri Lanka}}, {{w|Suriname}}, {{w|Tanzania}}, {{w|Tonga}}, {{w|Uganda}}, {{w|Uzbekistan}}
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| 1996 || Product release || The {{w|Nokia Communicator}}is released. It is the first mobile phone to enable [[w:internet access|internet connectivity]] and wireless {{w|email}} creating a new category of multi-use devices called {{w|smartphone}}s.<ref>{{cite web|title=Nokia 9000 Communicator|url=http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/det/5779/Nokia-9000-Communicator/|website=computinghistory.org.uk|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1996 || Product release || The {{w|Nokia 8110}} is launched. Its distinctive styling is the first example of a 'slider' [[w:Mobile_phone_form_factors|form factor]].<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
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| 1996 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Argentina}}, {{w|Brazil}}, {{w|Brunei}}, {{w|Czechia}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Guam}}, {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Libya}}, {{w|Mauritius}}, {{w|Oman}}, {{w|Panama}}, {{w|Poland}}, {{w|Saudi Arabia}}, {{w|Slovenia}}, {{w|Venezuela}}, {{w|Albania}}, {{w|Armenia}}, {{w|Azerbaijan}}, {{w|Bosnia Herzegovina}}, {{w|Burkina Faso}}, {{w|Cambodia}}, {{w|Cote D'Ivoire}}, {{w|Ecuador}}, {{w|Egypt}}, {{w|Ghana}}, {{w|Guadalupe}}, {{w|Guernsey}}, {{w|Kenya}}, {{w|Lesotho}}, {{w|Macedonia}}, {{w|Mongolia}}, {{w|Senegal}}, {{w|Sudan}}, {{w|Ukraine}}, {{w|Yugoslavia}}, and {{w|Zimbabwe}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Argentina}}, {{w|Brazil}}, {{w|Brunei}}, {{w|Czechia}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Guam}}, {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Libya}}, {{w|Mauritius}}, {{w|Oman}}, {{w|Panama}}, {{w|Poland}}, {{w|Saudi Arabia}}, {{w|Slovenia}}, {{w|Venezuela}}, {{w|Albania}}, {{w|Armenia}}, {{w|Azerbaijan}}, {{w|Bosnia Herzegovina}}, {{w|Burkina Faso}}, {{w|Cambodia}}, {{w|Cote D'Ivoire}}, {{w|Ecuador}}, {{w|Egypt}}, {{w|Ghana}}, {{w|Guadalupe}}, {{w|Guernsey}}, {{w|Kenya}}, {{w|Lesotho}}, {{w|Macedonia}}, {{w|Mongolia}}, {{w|Senegal}}, {{w|Sudan}}, {{w|Ukraine}}, {{w|Yugoslavia}}, {{w|Zimbabwe}},
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| 1997 || Product release || Dutch technology company {{w|Philips}} introduces "The Synergy", an early attempt at a digital {{w|smartphone}}. The unit provides wireless access to {{w|e-mail}}, {{w|internet}} and {{w|fax}}es.<ref name="A Photographic History of the Cell Phone"/><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone">{{cite web|title=Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone|url=https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/week-3-timeline-of-the-cell-phone|website=timetoast.com|accessdate=27 July 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1997 (December) || Product release || {{w|Nokia 6110}} is launched. Hugely popular, It is the first phone from Nokia to have the popular [[w:Snake (video game)|Snake]] game pre-installed. <ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
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| 1997 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Barbados}}, {{w|Bermuda}}, {{w|Chile}}, {{w|Malta}}, {{w|Slovakia}}, {{w|Uruguay}}, {{w|Virgin Islands}}, {{w|Bangladesh}}, {{w|Bolivia}}, {{w|Cape Verde}}, {{w|Guinea}}, {{w|Martinique}}, {{w|Mozambique}}, {{w|Romania}}, {{w|Togo}} and {{w|Zambia}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Barbados}}, {{w|Bermuda}}, {{w|Chile}}, {{w|Malta}}, {{w|Slovakia}}, {{w|Uruguay}}, {{w|Virgin Islands}}, {{w|Bangladesh}}, {{w|Bolivia}}, {{w|Cape Verde}}, {{w|Guinea}}, {{w|Martinique}}, {{w|Mozambique}}, {{w|Romania}}, {{w|Togo}}, {{w|Zambia}}
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| 1997–1998 || Network launch || The [[w:Iridium satellite constellation|Iridium system]] is introduced as the first LEO system intended for commercial service. It is designed by {{w|Motorola}}, and owned by [[w:Iridium Communications|Iridium LLC]]. The Iridium concept employs a constellation of 66 satellites orbiting in six planes around Earth, and are launched from May 1997 to May 1998. Commercial service begins in November 1998.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
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| 1998 || || Mobile payments are trialled in {{w|Finland}} and {{w|Sweden}}.<ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone">{{cite book|last1=Agar|first1=Jon|title=Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?hl=en&lr=&id=sBNfZNqcOzoC&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=history+of+mobile+payments&ots=oZ_vuTNp6E&sig=EsGo7Hy49p5TN8HEeIJwYcWdP2I&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false|accessdate=25 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Sweden}}
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| 1998 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Bahamas}}, {{w|Botswana}}, {{w|Cayman Islands}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Faroe Islands}}, {{w|Greenland}}, {{w|Mexico}}, {{w|Trinidad and Tobago}}, {{w|Dominican Republic}}, {{w|El Salvador}}, {{w|French Guiana}}, {{w|Guyana}}, {{w|Moldova}}, {{w|Paraguay}}, {{w|Peru}}, {{w|Rwanda}}, {{w|Swaziland}} and {{w|Tunisia}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Bahamas}}, {{w|Botswana}}, {{w|Cayman Islands}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Faroe Islands}}, {{w|Greenland}}, {{w|Mexico}}, {{w|Trinidad and Tobago}}, {{w|Dominican Republic}}, {{w|El Salvador}}, {{w|French Guiana}}, {{w|Guyana}}, {{w|Moldova}}, {{w|Paraguay}}, {{w|Peru}}, {{w|Rwanda}}, {{w|Swaziland}}, {{w|Tunisia}}
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| 1999 || || {{w|Wireless Application Protocol}} (WAP) {{w|technical standard}} is made available for mobile devices.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
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| 1999 || Product release || {{w|Nokia}} {{w|Series 40}} {{w|mobile operating system}} is introduced with the release of {{w|Nokia 7110}} device.<ref>{{cite web|title=Nokia Series 40: over 1.5 billion served|url=https://www.engadget.com/2012/01/25/nokia-s40-sales-reach-1-5-billion/|website=engadget.com|accessdate=19 August 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1999 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Algeria}}, {{w|Angola}}, {{w|Belarus}}, {{w|Central African Republic}}, {{w|Democratic Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Cuba}}, Ethiopia}}, {{w|Guatemala}}, {{w|Haiti}}, {{w|Jamaica}}, {{w|Kazakhstan}}, {{w|Maldives}}, {{w|Nepal}}, {{w|Syria}}, {{w|West Bank}} and {{w|Gaza}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Algeria}}, {{w|Angola}}, {{w|Belarus}}, {{w|Central African Republic}}, {{w|Democratic Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Cuba}}, Ethiopia}}, {{w|Guatemala}}, {{w|Haiti}}, {{w|Jamaica}}, {{w|Kazakhstan}}, {{w|Maldives}}, {{w|Nepal}}, {{w|Syria}}, {{w|West Bank}}, {{w|Gaza}}
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| 1999–2002 || || {{w|Globalstar}} is released as a LEO system, consisting in 48 satellites that are launched about the same time as the Iridium constellation. Globalstar begins offering service in October 1999, though it would go into bankruptcy in 2002. A further reorganized Globalstar LP would continue to provide service thereafter.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
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| 2000 (November) || Product release || Japanese multinational {{w|Sharp Corporation}} releases the {{w|J-SH04}} mobile phone, the first ever phone with a built-in [[w:camera phone|camera]] (110,000-pixel CMOS) and [[w:color|color display]] (256-color display).<ref>{{cite web|title=Sharp J-SH04: World’s First Ever Phone With Integrated Camera|url=http://gadgetizor.com/sharp-j-sh04-worlds-first-ever-phone-with-integrated-camera-pictures-2001/5482/|publisher=Digitizor Media & Web, Inc.|accessdate=26 August 2012}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
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| 2000 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Grenada}}, {{w|Santa Lucia}}, {{w|Anguilla}}, {{w|Benin}}, {{w|Burundi}}, {{w|Chad}}, {{w|Equatorial Guinea}}, {{w|Honduras}}, {{w|Mali}}, {{w|Marshall Islands}}, {{w|Mauritania}}, {{w|Sierra Leone}}, {{w|Tajikistan}} and {{w|Turkmenistan}}. || {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Grenada}}, {{w|Santa Lucia}}, {{w|Anguilla}}, {{w|Benin}}, {{w|Burundi}}, {{w|Chad}}, {{w|Equatorial Guinea}}, {{w|Honduras}}, {{w|Mali}}, {{w|Marshall Islands}}, {{w|Mauritania}}, {{w|Sierra Leone}}, {{w|Tajikistan}}, {{w|Turkmenistan}}
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| 2001 (October) || Product release || {{w|Nokia 5510}} is released, featuring a full {{w|QWERTY}} {{w|keyboard}}.<ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> ||
===What the timeline is still missing===
 
[https://uros.com/insights/how-scandinavia-created-mobile-telephony-part1.html]
[https://www.uswitch.com/mobiles/guides/history-of-mobile-phones/]
===Timeline update strategy===
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