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Timeline of wild animal suffering

13,980 bytes added, 22 July
added new entries to the full timeline, mainly after mid-2018; updated how the timeline was built, added a suggestion for smthg else to add
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| 2010 || || Publication || Philosopher Oscar Horta's article "Debunking the idyllic view of natural processes" is published.<ref>{{cite journal|last=Horta|first=Oscar|title=Debunking the Idyllic View of Natural Processes: Population Dynamics and Suffering in the Wild|journal=Télos|year=2010|volume=17|issue=1|pages=73–88|url=https://www.stafforini.com/docs/Horta%20-%20Debunking%20the%20idyllic%20view%20of%20natural%20processes.pdf|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20180716083940/https://www.stafforini.com/docs/Horta%20-%20Debunking%20the%20idyllic%20view%20of%20natural%20processes.pdf|archivedate=2018-07-16|deadurl=no}}</ref>
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| 2012 || August || Project || Animal Charity Evaluator is funded, initialy, during the first year, under the name Effective Animal Activism (EAA). It's funded by Eitan Fischer as part of the 80,000 Hours organization. Animal Charity Evaluator recognizes RWAS as a high-priority cause area.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160210143030/http://www.animalcharityevaluators.org/about/transparency/history/|title=History {{!}} Animal Charity Evaluators|date=2016-02-10|website=web.archive.org|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150918173629/http://www.animalcharityevaluators.org/blog/change-at-eaa/|title=Change at EAA {{!}} Animal Charity Evaluators|date=2015-09-18|website=web.archive.org|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://animalcharityevaluators.org/advocacy-interventions/prioritizing-causes/causes-we-consider/|title=Consideration of Cause Areas|website=Animal Charity Evaluators|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2012 || {{dts|October 30}} || Publication || Brian Tomasik publishes "Medicine vs. Deep Ecology", which responds to the argument that we should not intervene in nature because ecosystems are complex systems.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://reducing-suffering.org/medicine-vs-deep-ecology/|last1=Tomasik|first1=Brian|title= Medicine vs. Deep Ecology |date=30 October 2012|website=Essays on Reducing Suffering|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20180721225125/http://reducing-suffering.org/medicine-vs-deep-ecology/|archivedate=2018-07-21|deadurl=no}}</ref>
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| 2017 || {{dts|June 1}} || Project || The domain name was-research.org is registered.<ref>https://whois.domaintools.com/was-research.org</ref>
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| 2017 || 43618 || Project || Sentience Institute is founded.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170605193039/https://www.sentienceinstitute.org/foundational-questions-summaries|title=Sentience Institute|date=2017-06-05|website=web.archive.org|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>"
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| 2017 || 43618 || Publication || Sentience Institute publishes ""Summary of Evidence for Foundational Questions in Effective Animal Advocacy"" which contains a lot of information on RWAS outreach.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170605193039/https://www.sentienceinstitute.org/foundational-questions-summaries|title=Sentience Institute|date=2017-06-05|website=web.archive.org|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2017 || {{dts|June 10}} || Publication || Utility Farm publishes "Keep (Known) Space Neutral" by Abraham Rowe.<ref>https://www.utility.farm/words/2017/6/10/keep-known-space-neutral</ref>
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| 2017 || {{dts|December 27}} || Publication || Animal Ethics announces the winner of its second Essay Prize, "Life-fates: meaningful categories to estimate animal suffering in the wild" by Brazilian scientists Wladimir J. Alonso and Cynthia Schuck-Paim.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/2nd-animal-ethics-essay-prize-announcement/|website=Animal Ethics|date=27 December 2017|title=2nd Animal Ethics Essay Prize Announcement|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20180721062246/https://www.animal-ethics.org/2nd-animal-ethics-essay-prize-announcement/|archivedate=2018-07-21|deadurl=no}}</ref>
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| 2017 || September || Project || effectivethesis.com is launched. They create a section recommending theses on RWAS which is provided from suggestions by [https://was-research.org/ Wild-Animal Suffering Research] and [https://efektivni-altruismus.cz/ Efektivni Altruismus].<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.facebook.com/effectivethesis/photos/a.1966475556967110/1966475560300443/?type=3|title=Effective Thesis|website=www.facebook.com|language=en|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2017 || || Funding || ""[ACE's Animal Advocacy Research Fund awards] funding to Persis Eskander (Wild-Animal Suffering Research) for this project. This research will examine the agricultural practices that harm vertebrate wild animals.""<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://researchfund.animalcharityevaluators.org/funded-projects/examining-the-harm-caused-by-crop-cultivation-to-vertebrate-wild-animals-in-the-united-states/|title=Examining the harm caused by crop cultivation to vertebrate wild animals in the United States|date=2018-11-30|website=Animal Advocacy Research Fund|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2018 || {{dts|January 19}} || Publication || Wild-Animal Suffering Research publishes the blog post "Invertebrate Sentience: Urgent But Understudied" by Georgia Ray.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Ray |first1=Georgia |title=Invertebrate Sentience: Urgent But Understudied |url=https://was-research.org/blog/invertebrate-sentience-urgent-understudied/ |website=Wild-Animal Suffering Research |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20180622133420/https://was-research.org/blog/invertebrate-sentience-urgent-understudied/ |archivedate=2018-06-22 |deadurl=no |date=19 January 2018}}</ref>
| 2018 || {{dts|June 10}} || Presentation || EA Global 2018 takes place in San Francisco. Persis Eskander of WASR gives a talk about "Crucial Considerations in Wild-Animal Suffering".<ref>{{cite web |title=Crucial Considerations in Wild-Animal Suffering |url=https://sf.eaglobal.org/agenda/session/249916 |website=EA Global San Francisco 2018 |archiveurl=https://archive.is/I7vSM |archivedate=2018-07-12 |date=June 9, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.effectivealtruism.org/articles/ea-global-2018-crucial-considerations-was/|title=Crucial Considerations in Wild Animal Suffering|website=Effective Altruism|access-date=2019-07-20}}</ref> Ozy Brennan (WASR), Persis Eskander (WASR), Kieran Greig (ACE), and Abraham Rowe (Utility Farm) participate in a panel on "Strategic Movement Building for Wild-Animal Suffering".<ref>{{cite web |title=Strategic Movement Building for Wild-Animal Suffering |url=https://sf.eaglobal.org/agenda/session/249944 |website=EA Global San Francisco 2018 |archiveurl= https://archive.is/yfXkV |archivedate=2018-06-10 |date=June 10, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{Citation|title=Building support for wild animal suffering - EA Global|url=https://www.eaglobal.org/talks/building-support-for-wild-animal-suffering/|access-date=2019-07-20}}</ref> There is also a meetup for people interested in the topic.<ref>{{cite web |title=Meetup: Wild Animal Suffering |url= https://sf.eaglobal.org/agenda/session/250302 |website=EA Global San Francisco 2018 |archiveurl= https://archive.is/YuJSZ |archivedate=2018-06-10 |date=June 10, 2018}}</ref>
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|| 2018 || {{dts|June}} || Funding || Lewis Bollard allocates $70K to Animal Ethics, $40K to Utility Farm, and $30K to Wild-Animal Suffering Research via the EA Funds. Ze notes that all three organizations have converged around the strategy of building an academic field of wild-animal suffering, but have different approaches.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Bollard|first1=Lewis|title=June 2018: Animal Welfare Fund Update|url=https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nTS2AEOLkuQEmEQ5ePa7opt9eoN_utvWvXPbFGJL90s|website=Effective Altruism Funds|publisher=Centre for Effective Altruism|language=en|date=June 2018|archiveurl=https://archive.is/6YMLA<!--http://www.webcitation.org/713qg9zKB-->|archivedate=2018-07-20|quote=Potential interventions to aid wild animals remain limited, and may be unwise, so I think it makes sense to build an academic field that can better research this problem and potential approaches to addressing it. The three primary groups in this space have all converged around the academic field-building strategy, though they have different approaches. Given the magnitude of the problem, my uncertainty over which approach is likely to be most effective, and my sense that all three groups are well-run, I’m proposing funding all three.|deadurl=no}}</ref>|-| 2018 || September 4 || Publication || Persis Eskander from Wild-Animal Suffering Research publishes "An Introduction to Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://was-research.org/paper/an-introduction-to-human-appropriation-of-net-primary-productivity/|title=An Introduction to Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity|last=Esk|first=Persis|last2=er|date=2018-09-04|website=Wild-Animal Suffering Research|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>|-| 2018 || September 9 || Publication || Ozy Brennan from Wild-Animal Suffering Research publishes "Intervention Report: Feeding Wildlife As A Means of Promoting Welfare".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://was-research.org/paper/intervention-report-feeding-wildlife-as-a-means-of-promoting-welfare/|title=Intervention Report: Feeding Wildlife As A Means of Promoting Welfare|last=Brennan|first=Ozy|date=2018-09-09|website=Wild-Animal Suffering Research|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>|-| 2018 || October 18 || Publication || Animal Ethics publishes "Research projects in welfare biology".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/research-projects-in-welfare-biology/|title=Research projects in welfare biology|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2018-10-18|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref> |-| 2018 || October 28 || Publication || Denis Drescher publishes "Wild Animal Suffering Research Ideas 2019".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://claviger.net/was-research-ideas-2019.html|title=Wild Animal Suffering Research Ideas 2019|last=Drescher|first=Denis|date=2018-10-28|website=Considerations and Comparisons|language=en|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>|-| 2018 || December 19 || Publication || Animal Ethics publishes "Welfare biology research: Vaccination of animals in the wild"<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/welfare-biology-research-vaccination-of-animals-in-the-wild/|title=Welfare biology research: Vaccination of animals in the wild|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2018-12-19|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>|-| 2018 || December 20 || Publication || Ozy Brennan from Wild-Animal Suffering Research publishes "Intervention Report: Wildlife Contraception".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://was-research.org/paper/intervention-report-wildlife-contraception/|title=Intervention Report: Wildlife Contraception|last=Brennan|first=Ozy|date=2018-12-20|website=Wild-Animal Suffering Research|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>|-| 2018 || December 22 || Publication || Rethink Priorities publishes "Detecting Morally Significant Pain in Nonhumans: Some Philosophical Difficulties".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.rethinkpriorities.org/blog/2019/2/23/detecting-morally-significant-pain-in-nonhumans-some-philosophical-difficulties|title=Detecting Morally Significant Pain in Nonhumans: Some Philosophical Difficulties|website=Rethink Priorities|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>|-| 2018 || (winter) || Publication || Oscar Horta publishes "Concern for Wild Animal Suffering and Environmental Ethics: What Are the Limits of the Disagreement?".<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Horta|first=Oscar|date=2018|title=CONCERN FOR WILD ANIMAL SUFFERING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS: WHAT ARE THE LIMITS OF THE DISAGREEMENT?|url=http://www.erudit.org/en/journals/ateliers/2018-v13-n1-ateliers04192/1055119ar/|journal=Les ateliers de l'éthique / The Ethics Forum|language=en|volume=13|issue=1|pages=85–100|doi=https://doi.org/10.7202/1055119ar|issn=1718-9977}}</ref>
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| 2018 || {{dts|December 30}} || Funding || The EA Animal Welfare Fund management team (Lewis Bollard, Natalie Cargill, Toni Adleberg, and Jamie Spurgeon) grants $20,000 from the EA Animal Welfare Fund to Utility Farm. Also, they grant $75,000 to Rethink Priorities, whose research agenda within animal welfare includes assessment of work on wild animal welfare.<ref>{{cite web|url = https://app.effectivealtruism.org/funds/animal-welfare/payouts/2uyvubn8KUCoqOQS6A4ayW|title = Payout Report: Animal Welfare Fund. December 2018 - Animal Welfare Fund Grants|quote = Researching tractable interventions to improve wild animal welfare. Within the animal advocacy movement, there seems to be an increasing interest in helping wild animals, but research on effective interventions is severely lacking. Utility Farm is a research organization that takes a practical approach, prioritizing the research of potentially tractable interventions. For example, they published a report on humane insecticides and they are currently research interventions to reduce the suffering of birds and small mammals caused by feral and free-ranging cats. We believe that research on wild animal welfare is both important and relatively neglected, so we are happy to support it where we can.|date = December 30, 2018|accessdate = March 29, 2019|publisher = Effective Altruism Funds}}</ref>
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| 2019 || {{dts|January 25}} || Project || Wild-Animal Suffering Research and Utility Farm merge to form the Wild Animal Initiative.<ref>{{cite web|url = https://www.wildanimalinitiative.org/blog/announcing-wai|title = Announcing WIld Animal Initiative|date = January 25, 2019|accessdate = March 29, 2019}} Cross-posted to https://was-research.org/blog/announcing-wild-animal-initiative/ on the Wild-Animal Suffering Research blog and to https://forum.effectivealtruism.org/posts/jzikTHMSpckYg9ZPp/announcing-wild-animal-initiative on the Effective Altruism Forum. See also the associated discussion on Reddit at https://www.reddit.com/r/EffectiveAltruism/comments/ajr27e/announcing_wild_animal_initiative_wildanimal/</ref>
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| 2019 || February 5 || Publication || Johan Lindsjö, Katarina Cvek, Elin M. F. Spangenberg, Johan N. G. Olsson, and Margareta Stéen publishes "The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare".<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Lindsjö|first=Johan|last2=Cvek|first2=Katarina|last3=Spangenberg|first3=Elin M. F.|last4=Olsson|first4=Johan N. G.|last5=Stéen|first5=Margareta|date=2019-02-05|title=The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare|url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6371958/|journal=Frontiers in Veterinary Science|volume=6|doi=10.3389/fvets.2019.00013|issn=2297-1769|pmc=6371958|pmid=30805350}}</ref>
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| 2019 || February 27 || Publication || Animal Ethics publishes "Welfare biology research: Sexual competition"<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/welfare-biology-research-sexual-competition/|title=Welfare biology research: Sexual competition|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2019-02-27|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || April 12 || Funding || Animal Ethics is funding a novel research project examining causes of harm and mortality to wild animals in Greece.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/animal-ethics-funding-project-examining-causes-of-harm-and-mortality-to-wild-animals-in-greece/|title=Animal Ethics is funding a novel research project examining causes of harm and mortality to wild animals in Greece|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2019-04-12|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || April 15 || Publication || Robert Wiblin interviews Persis Eskander on the 80,000 Hours podcast about "Animals in the wild often suffer a great deal. What, if anything, should we do about that?".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://80000hours.org/podcast/episodes/persis-eskander-wild-animal-welfare/|title=Animals in the wild often suffer a great deal. What, if anything, should we do about that?|website=80,000 Hours|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || April 21 || Funding || ACE's Effective Animal Advocacy Fund grants US$44,000 to Animal Ethics.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/animal-charity-evaluators-effective-animal-advocacy-fund-grant-wild-animal-suffering/|title=Animal Charity Evaluators’ Effective Animal Advocacy Fund will support Animal Ethics’s wild animal suffering work|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2019-04-21|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://animalcharityevaluators.org/donation-advice/effective-animal-advocacy-fund/|title=Effective Animal Advocacy Fund|website=Animal Charity Evaluators|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || {{dts|March 6}} || Funding || The EA Animal Welfare Fund management team (Lewis Bollard, Natalie Cargill, Toni Adleberg, and Jamie Spurgeon) grants $50,000 from the EA Animal Welfare Fund to Wild Animal Initiative. Also, they grant $80,000 to Rethink Priorities, whose research agenda includes research into wild animal welfare.<ref>{{cite web|url = https://app.effectivealtruism.org/funds/animal-welfare/payouts/7ysr1iPZTjf4fBAPfP3xuB|title = Payout Report: Animal Welfare Fund. March 2019 - Animal Welfare Fund Grants|date = March 6, 2019|accessdate = March 29, 2019|publisher = Effective Altruism Funds|quote = Research on tractable interventions to help wild animals. Two recipients of previous grants from the Animal Welfare Fund — Wild-Animal Suffering Research and Utility Farm — have recently merged to form a new group: Wild Animal Initiative. Under the direction of Abraham Rowe, Wild Animal Initiative will focus on research prioritization, academic outreach, and research on potential near-term interventions. Over the next year, they plan to expand their research and communications staff. They are also looking into funding early-career academics to do research that is aligned with their goals. We think that wild animal suffering is a relatively large-scale and neglected problem, so we are happy to support one of the few organizations currently working in that space.}}</ref>
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| 2019 || June 7 || Publication || Rethink Priorities publishes "Life history classification", "Insect herbivores, life history and wild animal welfare" <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.rethinkpriorities.org/blog/2019/6/7/life-history-classification|title=Life history classification|website=Rethink Priorities|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || June 9 || Publication || Rethink Priorities publishes a series of articles on invertebrate sentience.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.rethinkpriorities.org/publications|title=Publications|website=Rethink Priorities|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || June 14 || Publication || Rethink Priorities publishes "What Do Unconscious Processes in Humans Tell Us About Sentience?".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.rethinkpriorities.org/blog/2019/6/14/what-do-unconscious-processes-in-humans-tell-us-about-sentience|title=What Do Unconscious Processes in Humans Tell Us About Sentience?|website=Rethink Priorities|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || July 1 || Publication || Animal Ethics publishes a new article about how fireworks harm nonhuman animals of all sizes.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/fireworks-harm-nonhuman-animals/|title=A new article about how fireworks harm nonhuman animals of all sizes|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2019-07-01|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || April || Project || Wild Animal Initiative launches Wildness, a podcast on wild animal ethics. <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.wildanimalinitiative.org/wildness|title=Wildness Podcast|website=Wild Animal Initiative|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || January || Project || Wild Animal Initiative launches The Compassionate Cat Grant aiming "to gather information on cat predation education at the rescue organization level and draw conclusions regarding the effect of advocacy efforts on the welfare of wild animals".<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://catgrants.org/|title=The Compassionate Cat Grant|website=The Compassionate Cat Grant|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || May || Funding || Animal Ethics posts a call for grant applications for research at the intersection of ecology and wild animal welfare science for people doing their a master or postdoc degree.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/call-for-applications-grants-ecology-wild-animal-welfare/|title=Call for grant applications: Research in the intersection of ecology and wild animal welfare science at master’s level|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2019-05-27|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.animal-ethics.org/call-for-grant-applications-postdoc-research-in-the-intersection-of-ecology-and-wild-animal-welfare/|title=Call for grant applications: Postdoc research in the intersection of ecology and wild animal welfare science|last=Ethics|first=Animal|date=2019-05-21|website=Animal Ethics|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || || Funding || [ACE's Animal Advocacy Research Fund awards] awards funding "to Oscar Horta and Maria Salazar (Animal Ethics) for this study. The purpose of this research project is to explore how to establish an expert field of research on wild animal welfare."<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://researchfund.animalcharityevaluators.org/funded-projects/establishing-a-field-of-research-for-wild-animal-suffering/|title=Establishing a field of research for wild animal suffering|date=2019-02-07|website=Animal Advocacy Research Fund|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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| 2019 || || Funding || "[ACE's Animal Advocacy Research Fund awards] funding to Oscar Horta (Animal Ethics) for this project. The purpose of this project is to gain insight into the lines of research on wild animal suffering most likely to be accepted by and appealing to biologists and animal welfare scientists and students."<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://researchfund.animalcharityevaluators.org/funded-projects/surveying-attitudes-toward-interventions-reducing-wild-animal-suffering-among-scientists-and-students/|title=Surveying attitudes toward interventions reducing wild animal suffering among scientists and students|date=2019-02-07|website=Animal Advocacy Research Fund|language=en-US|access-date=2019-07-22}}</ref>
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The initial version of the timeline was written by [[User:Louis]].
In July 2019, Mati has documented new reviewed the whole timeline and added notable events since mid-2018 in this . It took about 6 hours. Formatting of sources was outsourced [more info to come]. The work was livestream here: [https://www.facebook.com/2352397188177026/videos/2087048751596777], [https://docswww.googlefacebook.com/spreadsheets2352397188177026/videos/471651436984542/], [https://dwww.facebook.com/1nsf-eS4H3JfmzkGlym2ZIxD-bECNWVaI2CllHRlhnQY2352397188177026/videos/ Google Sheet2885328608204798] and will add it on the wiki later in July 2019
===What the timeline is still missing===
* Relevant pieces of [https://www.reddit.com/r/wildanimalsuffering/comments/bebq37/searching_was_art/ WAS art] (?)
* Popularity of RWAS (?) (ie. Google Trends, WAS FB group members, etc.)
* Table of total money went to charity working on RWAS (see Google Sheet [Total Money](https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1nsf-eS4H3JfmzkGlym2ZIxD-bECNWVaI2CllHRlhnQY/edit#gid=565074843) and [Grants](https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1nsf-eS4H3JfmzkGlym2ZIxD-bECNWVaI2CllHRlhnQY/edit#gid=1854885362) -- edit access public).
 
===Timeline update strategy===
 
 
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