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Timeline of mobile telephony

6,557 bytes added, 06:17, 12 December 2019
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| 1980s || {{w|1G}} is deployed.<ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g"/><ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> Mobile phone technology starts to be released commercially.<ref name="History of Mobile / Cell Phone">{{cite web|title=History of Mobile / Cell Phone|url=http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/cellulartelecomms/history/mobile-cell-phone.php|website=radio-electronics.com|accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> Adding text messaging functionality to mobile devices begins.
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| 1990s || Mobile telephony revolutionizes telecommunications during the decade.<ref name="The Case of Cellular Mobile Telephony">{{cite web|title=The Case of Cellular Mobile Telephony|url=https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-57548-8_4|website=springer.com|accessdate=21 August 2017}}</ref> {{w|2G}} Second–generation wireless telephone technology becomes available, <ref name="Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets"/> bringing the first digital systems to be deployed.<ref name="History of Mobile / Cell Phone"/><ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g"/> {{w|Mobile phone operator}}s start offering {{w|prepay mobile phone}}s. European and American networks start to split apart and compete against one another.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> The {{w|IBM Simon}} is introduced, being possibly the world’s first smartphone.<ref name="A BIG CHANGE FOR HUMANITY"/>
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| 2000s || [[w:Apple Inc.|Apple]] introduces the {{w|iPhone}}. [[w:Android (operating system)|Android]] operating system launches. {{w|3G}} technology starts deployment.<ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g"/> Between 2000 and 2003, the mobile phone experiences two of the biggest changes in its physical configuration: The introduction of QWERTY keyboard by {{w|BlackBerry}} as a popular standard, and the arrival of LCD {{w|touchscreen}}s.<ref>{{cite book |title=Technical Innovation in American History: An Encyclopedia of Science and Technology [3 volumes] |edition=Rosanne Welch, Peg A. Lamphier |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=aWGHDwAAQBAJ&pg=RA2-PA219&lpg=RA2-PA219&dq=%22prepaid+mobile+phones%22+%221990s%22&source=bl&ots=hcZC-gr1MZ&sig=ACfU3U1l9aOFhwH7hg0SMd3gT6FWyajTDQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiy14z9paPkAhV3IbkGHSgYDb4Q6AEwFXoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22prepaid%20mobile%20phones%22%20%221990s%22&f=false}}</ref>
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| 2010s || A massive development in {{w|smartphone}} technology takes place. {{w|4G}} technology starts deployment.<ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g"/> Mobile telephony keeps extending into developing and {{w|least developed countries}}. {{w|5G}} technology is still in development phase as no standard for its deployment has been concreted.<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-R/study-groups/rsg5/rwp5d/imt-2020/Pages/default.aspx|title=ITU towards “IMT for 2020 and beyond” - IMT-2020 standards for 5G|last=|first=|date=|website=International Telecommunications Union|language=en-US|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=19 August 2017}}</ref>
! Year !! Event type !! Details !!
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| 1876 (March 10) || Antecedent Prelude || [[w:Scottish people|Scottish]]-born {{w|Alexander Graham Bell}}, the inventor of the {{w|telephone}}, makes the first phone call.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone">{{cite web|title=1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone|url=https://mcs-testequipment.com/story/1876-to-2015-the-history-of-the-mobile-phone/|website=mcs-testequipment.com|accessdate=24 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1894 || Prelude || Italian inventor {{w|Guglielmo Marconi}} transmits signals over the distance of 2 kms.<ref name="Invention Story of Cell Phones">{{cite web|title=Invention Story of Cell Phones|url=https://www.engineersgarage.com/invention-stories/mobile-phone-history|website=engineersgarage.com|accessdate=27 July 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1906 || Antecedent Prelude || Canadian-born inventor {{w|Reginald Fessenden}} manages to broadcast music through {{w|radio}}.<ref name="Invention Story of Cell Phones"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1908 || Antecedent Prelude || A man claims to have invented a wireless telephone. Being considered so crazy for this time, he is accused of fraud. The charges are later dropped.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
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| 1921 || Antecedent Prelude || The Detroit Police Department introduce mobile radios in their police cars, giving rise to the car–to–car radios. However, the system doesn't work very well at the time.<ref name="cell phone Timeline"/><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1924 || Network launch technology || Wireless phones are tested on trains running between {{w|Berlin}} and {{w|Hamburg}}.<ref name="physicslover">{{cite web |title=History of mobile phones and the first mobile phone |url=https://www.physicslover.in/2018/04/history-of-mobile-phones-and-first.html |website=physicslover.in |accessdate=25 June 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
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| 1926 || || The first successful mobile telephony service is offered to first class passengers in trains of the Deutsche Reichsbahn on the route between {{w|Berlin}} and {{w|Hamburg}}.<ref name="History of mobile phones and the first mobile phone"/> || {{w|Germany}}
| 1940 || Technology || {{w|Second World War}}: Hand-held radio receivers become widely available, opening up communications in battlefields around the world.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
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| 1945 || Network launch technology || The first service created just for mobile phones launches in {{w|Saint Louis}}, but the service doesn't work well and it does not last.<ref name="cell phone Timeline"/><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1946 (June) || Network launch technology || American company {{w|Bell Labs}} begins to offer mobile telephone services on vehicles in {{w|Saint Louis}}. A few weeks later, {{w|AT&T}} matches Bell Labs, offering its {{w|Mobile Telephone Service}} ({{w|0G equivalent}}), at the time a wide range of mostly incompatible mobile telephone services with limited coverage areas and a small number of available channels.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1946 || Network launch technology || Interconnection of mobile {{w|transmitter}}s and receivers with the {{w|Public switched telephone network}} (PSTN) begins in the United States, with the introduction of {{w|Mobile Telephone Service}} (MTS) by the [[w:AT&T| American Telephone and Telegraph Company]].<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1947 || Technology || Engineers at {{w|Bell Labs}} seek ways to implement cell service in vehicles, theorizing that hexagonal cells would work best for them. The first car phone service is attempted. A car phone service opens between {{w|Boston}} and {{w|New York}}, but this service soon fails.<ref name="cell phone Timeline"/> The same year, base stations for mobile phones come into being when engineers from Bell Labs develop the first stations.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/>|| {{w|United States}}
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| 1947 || Network technology || {{w|Bell Labs}} is the first company to propose a cellular radio telephone network.<ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1948 || Service coverage || The {{w|Mobile Telephone Service}}, initially only available in {{w|Saint Louis}}, becomes now available in about 100 towns in the United States. Using this service, an estimated 5,000 customers place approximately 30,000 calls each week. Each call has to be manually connected by an operator. The system also functions similar to a Walkie-Talkie: a button must be pushed down talk, then released to listen. The Mobile Telephone Service requires about 36kg of equipment in the vehicle. Expensive, it costs approximately US$ 15 per month (same buying power as $154.76 in 2017) plus an additional $0.30 to $0.40 per local call. <ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1952 || Network launch technology || A-Netz network is launched as a Mobile Radio Network in {{w|West Germany}}.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/><ref>{{cite book|last1=Berg|first1=Christian|title=Smartphones und Tablets. Ihre Auswirkungen auf den privaten Alltag|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=p5OtoGHRXFsC&pg=PA6&dq=%22A-Netz%22+%221952%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwip2oXUiKvVAhUDHZAKHYH8DWkQ6AEIKzAB#v=onepage&q=%22A-Netz%22%20%221952%22&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|West Germany}}
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| 1956 || Service launch || The first ever partly automatic car phone system, Mobile System A (MTA), is introduced in Sweden. <ref name="Evolution of Mobile Phones from 1956 - 2007">{{cite web|title=Evolution of Mobile Phones from 1956 - 2007|url=http://www.techeblog.com/index.php/tech-gadget/evolution-of-mobile-phones-from-1956-2007|website=techeblog.com|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Car phone|url=https://ar.pinterest.com/pin/561472278517029808/|website=pinterest.com|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="cell phone Timeline"/> || {{w|Sweden}}
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| 1960 1957–1961 || Network launch Product development || [[Soviet engineer {{w:Ericson|Ericsson Company]] releases the first fully automated Leonid Kupriyanovich}} develops a number of mobile phones that look surprisingly similar to modern mobile telephonedevices. Introduced in Sweden, One of these devices weighs just 70 grams and can fit into the system, known in [[w:Swedish language|Swedish]] as [[w:MTD (mobile network)|Mobiltelefonisystem A]] (MTA), allows for automated connection from a rotary handset (that’s palm of the circular dialing knob to me and you) mounted within a car, but requires an operator to forward callshand.<ref name="Invention Story History of Mobile Cell Phones"/><ref name="A Brief History Of Mobile Phones">{{cite web|title=A Brief History Of Mobile Phones|url=http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/history-mobile-phones/|website=makeuseof.com|accessdate=24 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="A Brief History Of Mobile PhonesThe First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> || {{w|Sweden}}
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| 1963 1959 || Network launch technology || [[w:Altai (mobile telephone system)|Altai]] mobile telephone system (системы "Алтай") The Post Office Radiophone Service is introduced as a pre-cellular launched in {{w|0GManchester}} radiotelephone service in the Soviet Union. The system requires callers to connect through an operator. However, that operator could connect users to any subscriber across all of Great Britain.<ref>{{cite web|titlename=Мобильная связь в СССР (7 фото)"History of Mobile Cell Phones |url=http://www.vasi.net/community/kartinki/2009The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/05/15/mobilnaja_svjaz_v_sssr_7_foto.html|website=vasi.net|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Soviet UnionUnited Kingdom}}
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| 1957–1961 1960 || Product development Network technology || Soviet engineer {{[[w:Ericson|Leonid Kupriyanovich}} develops a number of Ericsson Company]] releases the first fully automated mobile phones that look surprisingly similar to modern mobile devicestelephone. One of these devices weighs just 70 grams and can fit into Introduced in Sweden, the palm of system, known in [[w:Swedish language|Swedish]] as [[w:MTD (mobile network)|Mobiltelefonisystem A]] (MTA), allows for automated connection from a rotary handset (that’s the handcircular dialing knob to me and you) mounted within a car, but requires an operator to forward calls.<ref name="Invention Story of Cell Phones"/><ref name="A Brief History of Of Mobile Phones">{{cite web|title=A Brief History Of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Timeurl=http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/history-mobile-phones/|website=makeuseof.com|accessdate=24 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="A Brief History Of Mobile Phones"/> ||{{w|Sweden}}
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| 1959 1962 || Network launch technology || The Post Office Radiophone Service is launched in {{w|ManchesterAT&T}}. The system requires callers to connect through an operator. However, that operator could connect users to any subscriber across all of Great Britaindevelops a prototype for the first generation cellular mobile communications technology.<ref name="History Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present TimeCommunications Technology"/> || {{w|United KingdomStates}}
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| 1962 || Network technology || Swedish [[w:MTD (mobile network)|Mobiltelefonisystem A]] (MTA) is replaced by [[w:MTD (mobile network)|Mobiltelefonisystem B]] (MTB), which uses {{w|AT&Ttransistor}} develops a prototype for the first generation cellular ized mobile communications technologysets. This system would last until 1983.<ref name="Evolution and Standardization of A Brief History Of Mobile Communications TechnologyPhones"/> || {{w|United StatesSweden}}
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| 1962 1963 || Network launch technology || Swedish [[w:MTD Altai (mobile networktelephone system)|Mobiltelefonisystem AAltai]] mobile telephone system (MTAсистемы "Алтай") is replaced by [[w:MTD (mobile network)|Mobiltelefonisystem B]] (MTB), which uses introduced as a pre-cellular {{w|transistor0G}}ized mobile sets. This system would last until 1983radiotelephone service in the Soviet Union.<ref name>{{cite web|title="A Brief History Of Mobile Phones"Мобильная связь в СССР (7 фото)|url=http://www.vasi.net/community/kartinki/2009/05/15/mobilnaja_svjaz_v_sssr_7_foto.html|website=vasi.net|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|SwedenSoviet Union}}
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| 1964 || Pre-cellular [[w:Very High Frequency|VHF]]/[[w:Ultra High Frequency|UHF]] {{w|radio}} system launch || {{w|Improved Mobile Telephone Service}} (IMTS) is introduced by {{w|AT&T}} as a replacement to {{w|Mobile Telephone Service}} (MTS) and improved on most MTS systems by offering direct-dial rather than connections through a live operator.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica">{{cite web|title=Mobile telephone|url=https://www.britannica.com/technology/mobile-telephone#ref1079050|website=britannica.com|accessdate=25 July 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1965 || Network technology || {{w|AT&T}} introduces the first major improvement to mobile telephony, creating the Improved Mobile Telephone Service, which allows more simultaneous calls in a given geographic area, introducing customer dialing, and reducing the size and weight of the equipment.<ref name="A BIG CHANGE FOR HUMANITY">{{cite web |title=A BIG CHANGE FOR HUMANITY |url=https://phoneevolution.wordpress.com/ |website=phoneevolution.wordpress.com |accessdate=27 August 2019}}</ref> |||-| 1968 || System standard development Network technology || {{w|Bell Labs}} starts developing the {{w|Advanced Mobile Phone System}} (AMPS) standard.<ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1969 || Network technology || [[w:Penn Central Transportation Company|Penn Central Railroad]] equips commuter trains along the New York-[[w:Washington, D.C.|Washington]] route with special pay phones that allow passengers to place telephone calls while the train is moving.<ref name=GS2006>Gordon A. Gow, Richard K. Smith ''Mobile and wireless communications: an introduction'', McGraw-Hill International, 2006 {{ISBN|0-335-21761-3}} page 23</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1969 || Organization || The Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) Group is established in {{w|Scandinavia}} and {{w|Finland}} with the purpose to develop a mobile phone system that, unlike the systems being introduced in the {{w|United States}}, focuses on accessibility.<ref name="physicslover"/> || {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Sweden}}, {{w|Norway}}, {{w|Finland}}
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| 1969 || Program launch PNetwork technology || Engineers from the Nordic countries meet and set up the first mobile phone system international standard, the Nordic Mobile Telephony (NMT).<ref name="Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise">{{cite book|last1=Boutellier|first1=Roman|last2=Heinzen|first2=Mareike|title=Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=Gti4BAAAQBAJ&pg=PA62&lpg=PA62&dq=%22+mobile+phones%22+%22saint+louis%22+%221945%22&source=bl&ots=2eWiBDNLRy&sig=lINddVyZmQ57aDoDvXHPs_seaHI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiWvYCJgKvVAhWKIpAKHQZmBnAQ6AEIOTAD#v=onepage&q=%22%20mobile%20phones%22%20%22saint%20louis%22%20%221945%22&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Scandinavia}}|-| 1971 || Terminology || The term ''cell'' comes into play when {{w|AT&T}} proposes splitting phone service into different areas across the cities. These areas are called ''cells''.<ref name="cell phone Timeline">{{cite web|title=cell phone Timeline|url=http://www.softschools.com/timelines/cell_phone_timeline/28/|website=softschools.com|accessdate=24 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> || {{w|United States}}
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| 1971 || New term Network technology || The term ''cell'' comes into play when {{w|AT&TAutoradiopuhelin}} (ARP) network is launched in {{w|Finland}} proposes splitting . It is one of the first successful public commercial mobile phone service into different areas across the cities. These areas are called ''cells''networks.<ref name="cell phone TimelineEvolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology">{{cite webbook|title=cell phone TimelineEvolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology|edition=Seo, DongBack|url=httphttps://wwwbooks.softschoolsgoogle.com.ar/timelines/cell_phone_timeline/28/|websitebooks?id=O9aeBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA60&lpg=PA60&dq=%22Autoradiopuhelin%22+%221971%22&source=bl&ots=X6YAFDB728&sig=2-x4IlQA8QBaUzospfoxTxTEz6Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj0-9y5k6vVAhUCPpAKHRQPCJ4Q6AEIXzAM#v=onepage&q=%22Autoradiopuhelin%22%20%221971%22&f=softschools.comfalse|accessdate=24 28 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> || {{w|United StatesFinland}}
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| 1971 1972 || Network launch technology || {{w|AutoradiopuhelinB-Netz}} {{w|mobile radio}} (ARP) network is launched in {{w|FinlandWest Germany}}. It is one of the first successful public commercial mobile phone networks.<ref name="Evolution and Standardization History of Mobile Communications TechnologyCell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time">{{cite book|title=Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology|edition=Seo, DongBack|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=O9aeBQAAQBAJ&pg=PA60&lpg=PA60&dq=%22Autoradiopuhelin%22+%221971%22&source=bl&ots=X6YAFDB728&sig=2-x4IlQA8QBaUzospfoxTxTEz6Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj0-9y5k6vVAhUCPpAKHRQPCJ4Q6AEIXzAM#v=onepage&q=%22Autoradiopuhelin%22%20%221971%22&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|FinlandGermany}}
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| 1972 1973 || Network launch Technology milestone || 10 years before a cell phone is first released onto the market, [[w:Martin Cooper (inventor)|Martin Cooper]], a {{w|B-NetzMotorola}} researcher and executive, makes the first analog mobile phone call using a heavy prototype model. The communication is carried out between Cooper and {{w|mobile radioJoel S. Engel}} network is launched in of {{w|West GermanyBell Labs}}.<ref>{{cite news|last=Shiels |first=Maggie |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2963619.stm |title=BBC interview with Martin Cooper | work=BBC News | date=April 21, 2003}}</ref><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> || {{w|GermanyUnited States}}
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| 1973 || Technology Handset release || 10 years before a cell phone was first released onto the market, [[w:Martin Cooper (inventor)|Martin Cooper]], a {{w|Motorola}} researcher and executive, makes becomes the first company to mass produce the the first analog handheld mobile phone call using a heavy prototype model. The communication is carried out between Cooper and {{w|Joel S. Engel}} of {{w|Bell Labs}}.<refname="History of mobile phones and the first mobile phone">{{cite newsweb |lasttitle=Shiels |History of mobile phones and the first=Maggie mobile phone |url=httphttps://newswww.bbcuswitch.co.ukcom/1mobiles/higuides/ukhistory-of-mobile-phones/2963619.stm |titlewebsite=BBC interview with Martin Cooper | work=BBC News uswitch.com | dateaccessdate=April 21, 200325 June 2019}}</ref><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/>|| {{w|United States}}
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| 1973 || Mobile phone service || {{w|Motorola}} becomes the first company to mass produce the the first handheld mobile phoneA cellular telephone switching plan is described by Fluhr and Nussbaum.<ref name=>"History of mobile phones and the first mobile phoneSwitching Plan for a Cellular Mobile Telephone System">{{cite web |title=History of mobile phones and the first mobile phone |url=https://www, Z.uswitchFluhr and E.com/mobiles/guides/history-of-mobile-phones/ |website=uswitchNussbaum, IEEE Transactions on Communications volume 21, #11 p.com |accessdate=25 June 2019}}1281 (1973)</ref> ||
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| 1979 (December) 1977 || Network launch |technology | {{w|1G}}, the first generation of {{w|wireless}} {{w|A cellular telephone}} {{w|technology}}, data signaling system is launched in {{w|Japan}} described by Hachenburg et al.<ref>{{wcite journal|Nippon Telegraph and Telephone}} (NTT)doi=10. It becomes the world's first mobile phone network to be launched1109/T-VT.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> Initially deployed in the metropolitan area of Tokyo, within five years, the NTT network expand to cover the whole population of Japan and becomes the first nationwide 1G network1977.<ref name23660 |title="Mobile Data signaling functions for a cellular mobile telephone britannica"/><ref namesystem|year="Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets">{{cite book1977|last1=HilbertHachenburg|first1=Jeffrey LV.|titlelast2=Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile HandsetsHolm|urlfirst2=https://booksB.googleD.com.ar/books?id|last3=4C_SCgAAQBAJ&pgSmith|first3=PA244&lpgJ.I.|journal=PA244&dqIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology|volume=%221979%22+%221G%22+%22NTT%22+%22Japan%22&source=bl&ots=dsRRCNnxIe&sig=TQKZnLlJBulcFC3asRluSLTqsp8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiS5qe-86XVAhVBEZAKHRxLCT8Q6AEIYzAN#v=onepage&q=%221979%22%20%221G%22%20%22NTT%22%20%22Japan%22&f=false26|accessdatepages=26 July 201782–88}}</ref><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/><ref name="Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications"/> || {{w|Japan}}
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| 1981–1986 1979 (December) || Network launch technology || The {{w|Nordic Mobile Telephone1G}} (NMT) system opens in , the first generation of {{w|Swedenwireless}} and {{w|Norwaytelephone}}. NMT is the first mobile phone network to feature international {{w|roamingtechnology}}. The system , is introduced launched in {{w|DenmarkJapan}} and by {{w|FinlandNippon Telegraph and Telephone}} (NTT). It becomes the world's first mobile phone network to be launched.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> Initially deployed in 1982the metropolitan area of Tokyo, within five years, the NTT network expand to cover the whole population of Japan and in {{w|Iceland}} in 1986becomes the first nationwide 1G network.<refname="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets">{{cite webbook|last1=Hilbert|first1=Jeffrey L.|title=Mobiltelefonens historie i NorgeTunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets|url=https://webbooks.archivegoogle.org/web/20070213045903/http://telemuseumcom.noar/mambo/content/view/29/1/|websitebooks?id=4C_SCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA244&lpg=PA244&dq=%221979%22+%221G%22+%22NTT%22+%22Japan%22&source=bl&ots=dsRRCNnxIe&sig=TQKZnLlJBulcFC3asRluSLTqsp8&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiS5qe-86XVAhVBEZAKHRxLCT8Q6AEIYzAN#v=onepage&q=%221979%22%20%221G%22%20%22NTT%22%20%22Japan%22&f=archive.orgfalse|accessdate=27 26 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell PhoneTo Present Time"/><ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="Evolution and Standardization Global Competitiveness of Mobile U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications Technology"/> || {{w|Scandinavia}}, {{w|FinlandJapan}}
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| 1981–1986 || Network technology || The {{w|Nordic Mobile Telephone}} (NMT) system opens in {{w|Sweden}} and {{w|Norway}}. NMT is the first mobile phone network to feature international {{w|roaming}}. The system is introduced in {{w|Denmark}} and {{w|Finland}} in 1982, and in {{w|Iceland}} in 1986.<ref>{{cite web|title=Mobiltelefonens historie i Norge|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070213045903/http://telemuseum.no/mambo/content/view/29/1/|website=archive.org|accessdate=27 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology"/> || {{w|Scandinavia}}, {{w|Finland}}|-| 1981 || Network launch technology || The Saudi mobile phone network becomes operational.<ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> || {{w|Saudi Arabia}}
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| 1982 || Policy || The European standard for protorypes is established.<ref name="Growth Through Innovation: Managing the Technology-Driven Enterprise"/> ||
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| 1982 || Network technology || {{w|Ericsson}} constructs the first European cellular systems for use by service providers in {{w|Scandinavia}}.<ref name="Global Competitiveness of U.S. Advanced-Technology Industries: Cellular Communications"/> ||
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| 1983 || Network launch technology || The {{w|Advanced Mobile Phone System}} (AMPS) is officially introduced in {{w|North America}}.<ref name="Testing the First Cell Phone Network">{{cite web|author=AT&T Tech Channel |url=http://techchannel.att.com/play-video.cfm/2011/6/13/AT&T-Archives-AMPS:-coming-of-age |title=AT&T Archives : Testing the First Public Cell Phone Network |publisher=Techchannel.att.com |date=2011-06-13 |accessdate=2013-09-28 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131029194138/http://techchannel.att.com/play-video.cfm/2011/6/13/AT%26T-Archives-AMPS%3A-coming-of-age |archivedate=2013-10-29 }}</ref><ref name="Evolution and Standardization of Mobile Communications Technology"/><ref name = "MilestonesPast">[http://www.milestonespast.com/exbringing.htm MilestonesPast].</ref> The system would further expand into {{w|Canada}} in 1985, later in {{w|Mexico}}, {{w|Colombia}}, {{w|Korea}}, {{w|Australia}}, {{w|China}}, {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Indonesia}}, {{w|Laos}}, {{w|Malaysia}}, {{w|New Zealand}}, {{w|Pakistan}}, the {{w|Philippines}}, {{w|Singapore}}, {{w|Taiwan}}, {{w|Thailand}}, {{w|Vietnam}} and finally all {{w|Latin America}}n countries.<ref name="The Worldwide History of Telecommunications">{{cite book|last1=Huurdeman|first1=Anton A.|title=The Worldwide History of Telecommunications|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=SnjGRDVIUL4C&pg=PA524&lpg=PA524&dq=total+access+communication+system+(TACS)+%221983%22+united+kingdom&source=bl&ots=qK9OeKa6Sb&sig=WvNgVd75Yw8B8llImI-gwLpE5vU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiChO3noafVAhVGj5AKHX0MDlYQ6AEITDAJ#v=onepage&q=total%20access%20communication%20system%20(TACS)%20%221983%22%20united%20kingdom&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> ||
|-
| 1983 (March 6) || Product Handset release || The [[w:Motorola DynaTAC|Motorola DynaTAC 8000X]] becomes the first mobile for sale in the United States. It costs US$ 4000 (equivalent to $9,894.75 in 2017). {{w|1G}} network launches in the country, with Chicago-based {{w|Ameritech}} using the {{w|Motorola DynaTAC}} mobile phone.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time">{{cite web|title=History of Mobile Cell Phones, The First Cell Phone To Present Time|url=https://bebusinessed.com/history/history-cell-phones/|website=bebusinessed.com|accessdate=26 July 2017}}</ref> American engineer [[w:Martin Cooper (inventor)|Martin Cooper]] is credited with developing the device.<ref name="A Photographic History of the Cell Phone"/> || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 1983 || Network launch technology || The {{w|Total Access Communication System}} (TACS) ({{w|1G}}) is released in the {{w|United Kingdom}} as a variant of the {{w|Advanced Mobile Phone System}} (AMPS).<ref name="The Worldwide History of Telecommunications">{{cite book|last1=Huurdeman|first1=Anton A.|title=The Worldwide History of Telecommunications|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=SnjGRDVIUL4C&pg=PA524&lpg=PA524&dq=total+access+communication+system+(TACS)+%221983%22+united+kingdom&source=bl&ots=qK9OeKa6Sb&sig=WvNgVd75Yw8B8llImI-gwLpE5vU&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiChO3noafVAhVGj5AKHX0MDlYQ6AEITDAJ#v=onepage&q=total%20access%20communication%20system%20(TACS)%20%221983%22%20united%20kingdom&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/><ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer">{{cite book|last1=O'Regan|first1=Gerard|title=Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=6u16DAAAQBAJ&pg=PA156&lpg=PA156&dq=total+access+communication+system+(TACS)+%221983%22+united+kingdom&source=bl&ots=jhOz9a9bEO&sig=nCxQ9zSMVhYT1S2heKDRmdcCdeM&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiChO3noafVAhVGj5AKHX0MDlYQ6AEIQTAG#v=onepage&q=total%20access%20communication%20system%20(TACS)%20%221983%22%20united%20kingdom&f=false|accessdate=26 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 1983 || Network launch technology || [[w:AMR radiotelephone network (Czechoslovakia)|AMR radiotelephone network]] (''Automatizovaný Městský Radiotelefon'' in {{w|Czech language}}) enters full mode as the very first analog {{w|mobile radio telephone}} in {{w|Czechoslovakia}}.<ref>{{cite web|title=First Czechoslovak radiotelephone networks: AMR|url=https://medium.com/@tangero/first-czechoslovak-radiotelephone-networks-amr-c00df4acf8d8|website=medium.com|accessdate=19 August 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Czechoslovakia}}
|-
| 1984 || Network launch technology || Airborne cellular systems: The {{w|North American terrestrial system}} (NATS) is introduced in the United States by [[w:GTE|GTE Corporation]].<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 1985 || Coverage Network technology || The {{w|Nordic Mobile Telephone}} grows to 110,000 subscribers in {{w|Scandinavia}} and {{w|Finland}}, 63,300 in {{w|Norway}} alone, which makes it the world's largest mobile network at the time.<ref>{{cite web|last=Nordsveen|first=Arve M|title=Mobiltelefonens historie i Norge|url=http://telemuseum.no/mambo/content/view/29/1/|publisher=Norsk Telemuseum|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070213045903/http://telemuseum.no/mambo/content/view/29/1/|archivedate=13 February 2007|language=Norwegian|date=28 November 2005}}</ref> || {{w|Scandinavia}}
|-
| 1985 || Technology milestone || The first mobile call in the {{w|United Kingdom}} is made.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 1985 || Network launch technology || The [[w:C-Netz|Radio Telephone Network C]] (C-Netz), is introduced in {{w|Germany}} as a [[w:1G|first generation]] [[w:analog signal|analog]] {{w|cellular phone}} system.<ref>{{cite web|title=Das C Netz in der Mobilfunk Geschichte|url=http://www.mobilfunk-geschichte.de/c-netz.html|website=mobilfunk-geschichte.de|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
|-
| 1985 || Study || A study group of the Geneva-based {{w|International Telecommunication Union}} (ITU) begins to consider specifications for Future Public Land Mobile Telephone Systems (FPLMTS). These specifications would eventually become the basis for a set of “third-generation” ({{w|3G}}) cellular standards, known collectively as {{w|IMT-2000}}.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
|-
| 1987 || Network technology || "The Technical specifications for the {{w|Global System for Mobile Communications}} (GSM ) standard are approved. Based on digital technology, it focused focuses on interoperability across national boundaries and consequent different frequency bands, call quality and low costs."<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 1988 || Program launch || A group of government-owned public telephone bodies within the European Community announce the creation of a digital [[w:GSM|Global System for Mobile Communications]] (originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), referred to as GSM, the first such system that would permit any cellular user in one European country to operate in another European country with the same equipment. GSM would soon become ubiquitous throughout the continent.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
|-
| 1989 || Product Handset release || [[w:Motorola MicroTAC|Motorola MicroTAC 9800X]] is released. It becomes the first phone to feature a flip–down, and also the smallest and lightest phone available at the time.<ref>[http://articles.latimes.com/1989-04-26/business/fi-1843_1_cellular-service-tac-personal-telephone-pocket-size-cellular-phone Motorola Has a Pocket-Size Cellular Phone] Los Angeles, April 26, 1989</ref><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 1990 || Technology Network technology || The old [[w:Advanced Mobile Phone System|AMPS]] networks are replaced by {{w|Digital AMPS}} (D-AMPS).<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
|-
| 1990 || Expansion || There are 12.5 millions subscriptions to mobile telephony worldwide.<ref name="L’Histoire du Wi-Fi">{{cite web |title=L’Histoire du Wi-Fi |url=https://www.ucopia.com/fr/actualites/lhistoire-du-wi-fi/ |website=ucopia.com |accessdate=30 May 2018}}</ref> ||
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| 1991 || Technology Network technology || Second-generation ({{w|2G}}) cellular telecom networks are commercially launched on the {{w|GSM}} standard in {{w|Finland}} by {{w|Radiolinja}} (now part of {{w|Elisa Oyj}}).<ref name="Radiolinja's History">{{cite web|url=http://www.elisa.com/english/index.cfm?t=6&o=6532.50 |title=Radiolinja's History |date=20 April 2004 |accessdate=23 December 2009 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20061023212724/http://www.elisa.com/english/index.cfm?t=6 |archivedate=23 October 2006 }}</ref> The first wireless Internet access becomes available as part of this generation.<ref name="Tunable RF Components and Circuits: Applications in Mobile Handsets"/>. Developed to serve voice communication, {{w|2G}} is first digital transmission system in mobile communication in history.<ref name="Wireless communications first-to-second-generation-1g-to-2g"/> Also, the first GSM call is made by the Finnish prime minister in the country.<ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> || {{w|Finland}}
|-
| 1992 || Product Handset release || "The {{w|Nokia 1011 The }} launches. It is the world’s first mass produced phone that used using the new GSM digital standard, the Nokia 1011 was ‘available in any colour, as long as it’s black’. Specs included It includes a monochrome {{w|LCD }} screen, extendable antenna and a memory capable of storing 99 phone numbers."<ref name="physicslover"/>||
|-
| 1992 (December 3) || Technology milestone || Software architect {{w|Neil Papworth}} sends the first text message saying "Merry Christmas" to Richard Jarvis, a director at {{w|Vodafone}}.<ref>{{cite web|title=The First Text Message Ever Was Sent 21 Years Ago Today|url=http://www.businessinsider.com/the-first-text-message-ever-2013-12|website=businessinsider.com|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 1992 || Network launch technology || The {{w|European Telecommunications Standards Institute}} (ETSI) adopts a terrestrial Aeronautical Public Correspondence (APC) system known as the terrestrial flight telephone system (TFTS).<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
|-
| 1992 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Andorra}}, {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Finland}}, {{w|France}}, {{w|Gabon}}, {{w|Germany}}, {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Portugal}}, {{w|Sweden}}, and the {{w|United Kingdom}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?">{{cite web|title=Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?|url=https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/84651/1/rp2004-13.pdf|website=econstor.eu|accessdate=27 October 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Andorra}}, {{w|Denmark}}, {{w|Finland}}, {{w|France}}, {{w|Gabon}}, {{w|Germany}}, {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Portugal}}, {{w|Sweden}}, {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 1993 || Technology milestone || An early {{w|SMS}} text message is sent in Finland.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> || {{w|Finland}}
|-
| 1993 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Australia}}, {{w|Austria}}, {{w|Greece}}. {{w|Ireland}}, {{w|Italy}}, {{w|Japan}}, {{w|Luxembourg}}, {{w|New Zealand}}, {{w|Norway}}, {{w|Singapore}}, {{w|Switzerland}}, {{w|United States}} and {{w|Nicaragua}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Australia}}, {{w|Austria}}, {{w|Greece}}. {{w|Ireland}}, {{w|Italy}}, {{w|Japan}}, {{w|Luxembourg}}, {{w|New Zealand}}, {{w|Norway}}, {{w|Singapore}}, {{w|Switzerland}}, {{w|United States}}, {{w|Nicaragua}}
|-
| 1994 (August 16) || Product Handset release || The {{w|IBM Simon}} is released, featuring a {{w|touchscreen}} and is the first phone to feature [[w:mobile app|apps]]. It costs US$ 899.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> The IBM Simon is considered by many to be the world’s first smartphone.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/>|| {{w|United States}}
|-
| 1994 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Belgium}}, the {{w|Channel Islands}}, {{w|Hungary}}, {{w|Iceland}}, {{w|Israel}}, {{w|Kuwait}}, {{w|Malaysia}}, {{w|Netherlands}}, {{w|Qatar}}, {{w|South Africa}}, {{w|Turkey}}, {{w|United Arab Emirates}}, {{w|Cameroon}}, {{w|China}}, {{w|Fiji}}, {{w|Indonesia}}, {{w|Iran}}, {{w|Madagascar}}, {{w|Morocco}}, {{w|Pakistan}}, {{w|Philippines}}, {{w|Russia}}, {{w|Taiwan}}, {{w|Thailand}} and {{w|Vietnam}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Belgium}}, the {{w|Channel Islands}}, {{w|Hungary}}, {{w|Iceland}}, {{w|Israel}}, {{w|Kuwait}}, {{w|Malaysia}}, {{w|Netherlands}}, {{w|Qatar}}, {{w|South Africa}}, {{w|Turkey}}, {{w|United Arab Emirates}}, {{w|Cameroon}}, {{w|China}}, {{w|Fiji}}, {{w|Indonesia}}, {{w|Iran}}, {{w|Madagascar}}, {{w|Morocco}}, {{w|Pakistan}}, {{w|Philippines}}, {{w|Russia}}, {{w|Taiwan}}, {{w|Thailand}}, {{w|Vietnam}}
| 1995 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Bahrain}}, {{w|Canada}}, {{w|Costa Rica}}, {{w|Croatia}}, {{w|Cyprus}}, {{w|Estonia}}, {{w|French Polynesia}}, {{w|Lebanon}}, {{w|Macao}}, {{w|New Caledonia}}, {{w|Puerto Rico}}, {{w|Seychelles}}, {{w|Spain}}, {{w|Bulgaria}}, {{w|Colombia}}, {{w|Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Georgia}}, {{w|Gibraltar}}, {{w|India}}, {{w|Jordan}}, {{w|Kyrgyzistan}}, {{w|Lao}}, {{w|Latvia}}, {{w|Lithuania}}, {{w|Malawi}}, {{w|Myanmar}}, {{w|Namibia}}, {{w|Reunion}}, {{w|Sri Lanka}}, {{w|Suriname}}, {{w|Tanzania}}, {{w|Tonga}}, {{w|Uganda}} and {{w|Uzbekistan}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Bahrain}}, {{w|Canada}}, {{w|Costa Rica}}, {{w|Croatia}}, {{w|Cyprus}}, {{w|Estonia}}, {{w|French Polynesia}}, {{w|Lebanon}}, {{w|Macao}}, {{w|New Caledonia}}, {{w|Puerto Rico}}, {{w|Seychelles}}, {{w|Spain}}, {{w|Bulgaria}}, {{w|Colombia}}, {{w|Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Georgia}}, {{w|Gibraltar}}, {{w|India}}, {{w|Jordan}}, {{w|Kyrgyzistan}}, {{w|Lao}}, {{w|Latvia}}, {{w|Lithuania}}, {{w|Malawi}}, {{w|Myanmar}}, {{w|Namibia}}, {{w|Reunion}}, {{w|Sri Lanka}}, {{w|Suriname}}, {{w|Tanzania}}, {{w|Tonga}}, {{w|Uganda}}, {{w|Uzbekistan}}
|-
| 1995–1999 || Network technology || Europe and Asia become the first regions to deploy mobile connectivity in their underground assets.<ref name="Internet connectivity in underground rail systems">{{cite web |title=Internet connectivity in underground rail systems |url=https://www.uitp.org/sites/default/files/documents/Publications/internet_in_metros_2014.pdf |website=uitp.org |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Europe}}, {{w|Asia}}
|-
| 1996 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Nokia Communicator}}is released. It is the first mobile phone to enable [[w:internet access|internet connectivity]] and wireless {{w|email}} creating a new category of multi-use devices called {{w|smartphone}}s.<ref>{{cite web|title=Nokia 9000 Communicator|url=http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/det/5779/Nokia-9000-Communicator/|website=computinghistory.org.uk|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 1996 || Product release Mobile operating system || {{w|Palm OS}} is launched as a discontinued {{w|mobile operating system}}, designed for ease of use with a {{w|touchscreen}}-based {{w|graphical user interface}}. ||
|-
| 1996 (January) || Product Handset release || The {{w|Motorola StarTAC}} is released as a [[w:Flip (form)|clamshell]] {{w|mobile phone}}. Manufactured by {{w|Motorola}} is the first ever clamshell/flip mobile phone.<ref name = "fifty">{{cite news | last = Tynan | first = Dan | title = The 50 Greatest Gadgets of the Past 50 Years | work = [[w:PC World (magazine)|PC World]] | page = 2 | date = 2005-12-24 | url = http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,123950-page,2/article.html | accessdate = 25 July 2017}}</ref><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> || United States
|-
| 1996 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Nokia 8110}} is launched. Its distinctive styling is the first example of a 'slider' [[w:Mobile_phone_form_factors|form factor]].<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 1996 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Argentina}}, {{w|Brazil}}, {{w|Brunei}}, {{w|Czechia}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Guam}}, {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Libya}}, {{w|Mauritius}}, {{w|Oman}}, {{w|Panama}}, {{w|Poland}}, {{w|Saudi Arabia}}, {{w|Slovenia}}, {{w|Venezuela}}, {{w|Albania}}, {{w|Armenia}}, {{w|Azerbaijan}}, {{w|Bosnia Herzegovina}}, {{w|Burkina Faso}}, {{w|Cambodia}}, {{w|Cote D'Ivoire}}, {{w|Ecuador}}, {{w|Egypt}}, {{w|Ghana}}, {{w|Guadalupe}}, {{w|Guernsey}}, {{w|Kenya}}, {{w|Lesotho}}, {{w|Macedonia}}, {{w|Mongolia}}, {{w|Senegal}}, {{w|Sudan}}, {{w|Ukraine}}, {{w|Yugoslavia}}, and {{w|Zimbabwe}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Argentina}}, {{w|Brazil}}, {{w|Brunei}}, {{w|Czechia}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Guam}}, {{w|South Korea}}, {{w|Libya}}, {{w|Mauritius}}, {{w|Oman}}, {{w|Panama}}, {{w|Poland}}, {{w|Saudi Arabia}}, {{w|Slovenia}}, {{w|Venezuela}}, {{w|Albania}}, {{w|Armenia}}, {{w|Azerbaijan}}, {{w|Bosnia Herzegovina}}, {{w|Burkina Faso}}, {{w|Cambodia}}, {{w|Cote D'Ivoire}}, {{w|Ecuador}}, {{w|Egypt}}, {{w|Ghana}}, {{w|Guadalupe}}, {{w|Guernsey}}, {{w|Kenya}}, {{w|Lesotho}}, {{w|Macedonia}}, {{w|Mongolia}}, {{w|Senegal}}, {{w|Sudan}}, {{w|Ukraine}}, {{w|Yugoslavia}}, {{w|Zimbabwe}},
| 1996 || Mobile phone service || [[w:MTN Group|MTN]] becomes the first mobile operator to introduce a prepaid cellular service in {{w|Africa}}, popularizing “pay as you go” in emerging markets.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.mtn-investor.com/mtn_ar08/book1/ocv_chair.html|title=MTN Group - Annual Report 2008 - Chairman’s statement|website=www.mtn-investor.com|access-date=24 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Africa}}
|-
| 1996 (September) || Mobile phone service || The first Prepaid card is called "Mimo", launched by TMN, the mobile phone operator of {{w|Portugal Telecom}}.<ref>{{cite web|title=Portugal Telecom FAQ|url=http://www.telecom.pt/InternetResource/PTSite/UK/Canais/Investidores/FAQS/Gerais/#Answer_1|accessdate=25 October 2015|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150203064243/http://www.telecom.pt/InternetResource/PTSite/UK/Canais/Investidores/FAQS/Gerais/#Answer_1|archive-date=February 3, 2015|dead-url=yes|df=mdy-all}}</ref> || {{w|Portugal}}|-| 1996 || Mobile phone service || [[w:MTN Group|MTN]] becomes the first mobile operator to introduce a Prepaid cellular service in Africa, popularizing “pay as you go” in emerging markets.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.mtn-investor.com/mtn_ar08/book1/ocv_chair.html|title=MTN Group - Annual Report 2008 - Chairman’s statement|website=www.mtn-investor.com|access-date=6 November 2018}}</ref> || {{w|Africa}}|-| 1997 || Product Handset release || Dutch technology company {{w|Philips}} introduces "The Synergy", an early attempt at a digital {{w|smartphone}}. The unit provides wireless access to {{w|e-mail}}, {{w|internet}} and {{w|fax}}es.<ref name="A Photographic History of the Cell Phone"/><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone">{{cite web|title=Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone|url=https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/week-3-timeline-of-the-cell-phone|website=timetoast.com|accessdate=27 July 2017}}</ref> ||
|-
| 1997 || Product Handset release || Little known German-made {{w|Hagenuk GlobalHandy}} becomes the first phone that has no visible external antenna.<ref name="physicslover"/><ref>{{cite web |title=Hagenuk GlobalHandy |url=https://www.mobilephonehistory.co.uk/other/hagenuk_globalhandy.php |website=mobilephonehistory.co.uk |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
|-
| 1997 || Mobile payment || {{w|Coca Cola}} first introduces mobile purchasing, setting up vending machines that allow their customers to purchase drinks via text message.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Martins |first1=Flavio |title=The History of the Mobile Payment Experience |url=http://winthecustomer.com/technology-changing-the-mobile-payment-customer-experience/ |website=winthecustomer.com |accessdate=24 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
| 1997 (October) || Mobile phone service || {{w|Vodafone UK}} launches 'Pay as you Talk', packaging a {{w|GSM}} phone with a prepay tariff. || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 1997 (December) || Product Handset release || {{w|Nokia 6110}} is launched. Hugely popular, It is the first phone from Nokia to have the popular [[w:Snake (video game)|Snake]] game pre-installed. <ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
|-
| 1997 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Barbados}}, {{w|Bermuda}}, {{w|Chile}}, {{w|Malta}}, {{w|Slovakia}}, {{w|Uruguay}}, {{w|Virgin Islands}}, {{w|Bangladesh}}, {{w|Bolivia}}, {{w|Cape Verde}}, {{w|Guinea}}, {{w|Martinique}}, {{w|Mozambique}}, {{w|Romania}}, {{w|Togo}} and {{w|Zambia}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Barbados}}, {{w|Bermuda}}, {{w|Chile}}, {{w|Malta}}, {{w|Slovakia}}, {{w|Uruguay}}, {{w|Virgin Islands}}, {{w|Bangladesh}}, {{w|Bolivia}}, {{w|Cape Verde}}, {{w|Guinea}}, {{w|Martinique}}, {{w|Mozambique}}, {{w|Romania}}, {{w|Togo}}, {{w|Zambia}}
|-
| 1997–1998 || Network launch technology || The [[w:Iridium satellite constellation|Iridium system]] is introduced as the first LEO system intended for commercial service. It is designed by {{w|Motorola}}, and owned by [[w:Iridium Communications|Iridium LLC]]. The Iridium concept employs a constellation of 66 satellites orbiting in six planes around Earth, and are launched from May 1997 to May 1998. Commercial service begins in November 1998.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
|-
| 1998 || Mobile payment || Mobile payments are trialled in {{w|Finland}} and {{w|Sweden}}.<ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone">{{cite book|last1=Agar|first1=Jon|title=Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?hl=en&lr=&id=sBNfZNqcOzoC&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=history+of+mobile+payments&ots=oZ_vuTNp6E&sig=EsGo7Hy49p5TN8HEeIJwYcWdP2I&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false|accessdate=25 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}, {{w|Sweden}}
|-
| 1998 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Bahamas}}, {{w|Botswana}}, {{w|Cayman Islands}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Faroe Islands}}, {{w|Greenland}}, {{w|Mexico}}, {{w|Trinidad and Tobago}}, {{w|Dominican Republic}}, {{w|El Salvador}}, {{w|French Guiana}}, {{w|Guyana}}, {{w|Moldova}}, {{w|Paraguay}}, {{w|Peru}}, {{w|Rwanda}}, {{w|Swaziland}} and {{w|Tunisia}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Bahamas}}, {{w|Botswana}}, {{w|Cayman Islands}}, {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Faroe Islands}}, {{w|Greenland}}, {{w|Mexico}}, {{w|Trinidad and Tobago}}, {{w|Dominican Republic}}, {{w|El Salvador}}, {{w|French Guiana}}, {{w|Guyana}}, {{w|Moldova}}, {{w|Paraguay}}, {{w|Peru}}, {{w|Rwanda}}, {{w|Swaziland}}, {{w|Tunisia}}
| 1998 || || The first downloadable mobile {{w|ringtone}} service is created and delivered in {{w|Finland}} when {{w|Radiolinja}} starts their service called Harmonium, invented by Vesa-Matti Pananen.<ref name="physicslover"/><ref>[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,901040816-678568,00.html Time Magazine Europe: The Sweet Sound Of Success]</ref> || {{w|Finland}}
|-
| 1998 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Siemens S10}} is launched as the first mobile phone with a colour screen.<ref name="physicslover"/> || {{w|Germany}}
|-
| 1998 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Nokia 5110}} "Sponsor of London Fashion Week in 1999, it was is released. It becomes an instant success and kickstarted the vogue for customising your handset."<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 1999 || Network technology || {{w|Wireless Application Protocol}} (WAP) {{w|technical standard}} is made available for mobile devices.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 1999 || Product release Mobile operating system || {{w|Nokia}} {{w|Series 40}} {{w|mobile operating system}} is introduced with the release of {{w|Nokia 7110}} device.<ref>{{cite web|title=Nokia Series 40: over 1.5 billion served|url=https://www.engadget.com/2012/01/25/nokia-s40-sales-reach-1-5-billion/|website=engadget.com|accessdate=19 August 2017}}</ref> ||
|-
| 1999 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Algeria}}, {{w|Angola}}, {{w|Belarus}}, {{w|Central African Republic}}, {{w|Democratic Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Cuba}}, {{w|Ethiopia}}, {{w|Guatemala}}, {{w|Haiti}}, {{w|Jamaica}}, {{w|Kazakhstan}}, {{w|Maldives}}, {{w|Nepal}}, {{w|Syria}}, {{w|West Bank}} and {{w|Gaza}}.<ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Algeria}}, {{w|Angola}}, {{w|Belarus}}, {{w|Central African Republic}}, {{w|Democratic Republic of Congo}}, {{w|Cuba}}, Ethiopia}}, {{w|Guatemala}}, {{w|Haiti}}, {{w|Jamaica}}, {{w|Kazakhstan}}, {{w|Maldives}}, {{w|Nepal}}, {{w|Syria}}, {{w|West Bank}}, {{w|Gaza}}
| 1999 || || {{w|Shigetaka Kurita}} in Japan invents the {{w|emojis}}.<ref name="physicslover"/> || {{w|Japan}}
|-
| 1999 || Product Handset release || The BlackBerry 850 launches as the first BlackBerry phone. It would become famous for its super-easy email service.<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 1999 || Product Handset release || "The {{w|Motorola Timeport" "This was }} is released. It is the first tri-band GSM phone, meaning it worked works "everywhere around the world"."<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 1999 || {{w|Mobile payment}} || Movie tickets become available for purchase through {{w|mobile payment}}.<ref name="The History of Mobile Pay">{{cite web |title=The History of Mobile Pay |url=https://emspayments.com/history-of-mobile-pay/ |website=emspayments.com |accessdate=24 July 2019}}</ref> ||
|-
| 1999–2002 || Network technology || {{w|Globalstar}} is released as a LEO system, consisting in 48 satellites that are launched about the same time as the Iridium constellation. Globalstar begins offering service in October 1999, though it would go into bankruptcy in 2002. A further reorganized Globalstar LP would continue to provide service thereafter.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
|-
| 1999 || {{w|Mobile payment}} || The first mobile commercial payment system to mimic banks and credit cards is launched in the Philippines, simultaneously by mobile operators {{w|Globe Telecom}} and {{w|Smart Communications}}.<ref name="cellular phone prezi">{{cite web|title=cellular phone|url=https://prezi.com/nfutwp_lsz5h/cellular-phone/|website=prezi.com|accessdate=25 July 2017}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2000 || Network launch technology || {{w|Global System for Mobile Communications}} (GSM) networks evolve into {{w|General Packet Radio Service}} (GPRS) (2.5G) and become available. The first GPRS-compatible handsets become available for sale.<ref name="Building a Dedicated GSM">{{cite book |last1=El Khoury |first1=Franjieh |last2=Zgheib |first2=Antoine |title=Building a Dedicated GSM GPS Module Tracking System for Fleet Management: Hardware and Software |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=Es5JDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA2030&lpg=PA2030&dq=In+2000+the+first+commercial+GPRS+services+were+launched&source=bl&ots=9azzvOlB73&sig=ACfU3U3ia2MWT52M7tZKpCPixNdJlH3I1g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjQl7XEt9DjAhXxK7kGHdiOAg4Q6AEwAHoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=In%202000%20the%20first%20commercial%20GPRS%20services%20were%20launched&f=false}}</ref><ref name="Introduction to the History of Computing: A Computing History Primer"/> ||
|-
| 2000 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Nokia 9210 Communicator}} is launched as the first serious attempt at an internet-enabled mobile phone.<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 2000 (June) || Product Handset release || South Korean [[w:Multinational corporation|multinational]] [[w:Conglomerate (company)|conglomerate]] {{w|Samsung}} releases {{w|SCH-V200}}, which integrates {{w|digital camera}} and {{w|mobile phone}} in a unit that can take up to 20 pictures at 640 x 480 (350,000 {{w|pixel}} [[w:Charge-coupled device|CCD]], 1 MB internal storage).<ref name="">{{cite web|title=Samsung integrate digital camera and phone|url=https://www.dpreview.com/articles/1013905500/samsungdigiphone|website=dpreview.com|accessdate=27 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
|-
| 2000 (November) || Product Handset release || Japanese multinational {{w|Sharp Corporation}} releases the {{w|J-SH04}} mobile phone, the first ever phone with a built-in [[w:camera phone|camera]] (110,000-pixel CMOS) and [[w:color|color display]] (256-color display).<ref>{{cite web|title=Sharp J-SH04: World’s First Ever Phone With Integrated Camera|url=http://gadgetizor.com/sharp-j-sh04-worlds-first-ever-phone-with-integrated-camera-pictures-2001/5482/|publisher=Digitizor Media & Web, Inc.|accessdate=26 August 2012}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
|-
| 2000 || Digital mobile telephony introduction || Digital mobile telephony is commercially introduced in {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Grenada}}, {{w|Santa Lucia}}, {{w|Anguilla}}, {{w|Benin}}, {{w|Burundi}}, {{w|Chad}}, {{w|Equatorial Guinea}}, {{w|Honduras}}, {{w|Mali}}, {{w|Marshall Islands}}, {{w|Mauritania}}, {{w|Sierra Leone}}, {{w|Tajikistan}} and {{w|Turkmenistan}}. <ref name="Diffusion of Digital Mobile Telephony: Are Developing Countries Different?"/> || {{w|Dominica}}, {{w|Grenada}}, {{w|Santa Lucia}}, {{w|Anguilla}}, {{w|Benin}}, {{w|Burundi}}, {{w|Chad}}, {{w|Equatorial Guinea}}, {{w|Honduras}}, {{w|Mali}}, {{w|Marshall Islands}}, {{w|Mauritania}}, {{w|Sierra Leone}}, {{w|Tajikistan}}, {{w|Turkmenistan}}
|-
| 2000 || {{w|Mobile phones on aircraft}} || A study by the [[w:Civil Aviation Authority (United Kingdom)|British Civil Aviation Authority]]<ref>[[w:Civil Aviation Authority (United Kingdom)|Civil Aviation Authority]] (May 2, 2000). ''[http://www.caa.co.uk/docs/389/srg_acp_00021-01-030303.pdf Interference Levels In Aircraft at Radio Frequencies used by Portable Telephones] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070616083454/http://www.caa.co.uk/docs/389/srg_acp_00021-01-030303.pdf |date=2007-06-16 }}'' (PDF)</ref> finds that a mobile phone, when used near the cockpit or other avionics equipment location, will exceed safety levels for older equipment (compliant with 1984 standards). Such equipment is still in use, even in new aircraft. Therefore, the report concludes, the current policy, which restricts the use of mobile phones on all aircraft while the engines are running, should remain in force. <ref>{{cite web |title=Interference Levels In Aircraft at Radio Frequencies used by Portable Telephones |website=web.archive.org |accessdate=19 October 2019 |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070616083454/http://www.caa.co.uk/docs/389/srg_acp_00021-01-030303.pdf}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 2001 (October) || Product Handset release || {{w|Nokia 5510}} is released, featuring a full {{w|QWERTY}} {{w|keyboard}}.<ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> ||
|-
| 2001 (October)|| Network launch technology || The third generation of {{w|wireless}} mobile telecommunications technology {{w|3G}} ({{w|FOMA}} [[w:WCDMA|W-CDMA]] services on the 2GHz) is launched in Japan, with a system offered by {{w|NTT DoCoMo}}.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> For the first time, mobile devices are fast enough to support {{w|online video}} and music streaming.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> Developed to serve data communication, 3G can send 10 times more data than {{w|2G}}.<ref name="Third generation system. wireless-communications">{{cite web|title=Third generation system. wireless-communications|url=https://www.coursera.org/learn/wireless-communications/lecture/llFM4/1-3-third-generation-system-3g|website=coursera.org|accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Japan}}
|-
| 2001 || Mobile payment || Mobile commerce reaches $2.4 billion worldwide.<ref name="The History of Mobile Pay"/> ||
| 2001 || Technology || The popularity of {{w|voice over IP}} grows with startlingly rapid progress, with the number of installed voice-over-IP networks, the number of players in the voice-over-IP arena, the dollars spent on voice-over-IP products, the number of channels shipped and even the capacity of voice-over-IP products, all having doubled within a year.<ref>{{cite book |title=Network World 29 Jan 2001 |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=dBsEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA61&lpg=PA61&dq=%22Voice+over+IP%22+%22in+1970..2015%22&source=bl&ots=GNFd6MjzMu&sig=ACfU3U1B-0AvlbBUFxrFpmlwWV5-A3GUGw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjC49aw587jAhUJpFkKHczuB_oQ6AEwCXoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Voice%20over%20IP%22%20%22in%201970..2015%22&f=false}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2002 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Handspring (company)|Handspring]]'s {{w|Treo 180}} is released. It is the first smartphone that fully integrates the {{w|smart Palm OS}} on a GSM mobile phonehaving telephony, SMS messaging and Internet access built into the OS. The 180 model has a thumb-type keyboard and the [[w:Treo 180g|180g]] version has a [[w:Graffiti (Palm OS)|Graffiti]] handwriting recognition area, instead.<ref>{{cite web|title=Handspring Treo Communicator 180 |publisher=mobiletechreview.com |accessdate=2016-02-01 |url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160617023521/http://www.mobiletechreview.com/handspring_treo.htm |archive-date=June 17, 2016 |url-status=dead |df=mdy-all }} is invented.</ref><ref name="cell phone Timeline"/><ref name="Week 3- Timeline of the cell-phone"/> ||
|-
| 2002 (June) || Organization || The {{w|Open Mobile Alliance}} (OMA) is formed as a {{w|standards body}} with aims at developing {{w|open standard}}s for the {{w|mobile phone}} industry.<ref>{{cite web|title=The Open Mobile Alliance: Delivering Service Enablers for Next-Generation Applications|url=http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1817021|website=acm.org|accessdate=30 July 2017}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2002 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Sanyo SCP–5300}} is released. It allows users to view photos on a screen for the first time, instead of plugging it into a computer.<ref name="cell phone Timeline"/><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2002 || Research || Finnish scientists claim that the electromagnetic radiation affect brain tissue.<ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
| 2002 || Mobile payment || Mobile payment is introduced in {{w|China}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=To Pay or Not to Pay: The Dilemmas of an Emerging Business Ecosystem – The Case of Mobile Payments |url=http://www.doria.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/127342/guo_jie.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y |website=doria.fi |accessdate=24 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|China}}
|-
| 2003 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Nokia 1100}} is released. It would become the biggest–selling phone of all time.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2003 || Product Handset release || A Blackberry phone, integrating a phone with fully functioning email, web browsing and the Blackberry Messenger, is launched.<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 2003 || Mobile payment || An estimated 95 million users worldwide make purchases with their mobile phones.<ref name="The History of Mobile Pay"/> ||
| 2004 || Research || German–led European laboratory study using mouse models announces that mobile radiation could cause genetic damage.<ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2004 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Motorola Razr V3}} is released. It would be the last great flip phone. Very thin at only 14mm.<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 2005 || Product Handset release || The {{w|Casio GZ'One}} is released as the first waterproof phone.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2005 || || {{w|Mobile operating system}} || [[w:Android (operating system)|Android]] is acquired by {{w|Google}}. This step shows that Google is serious about developing mobile technology.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 2005 || Policy || The Cell Phone Recycle Act is passed in {{w|California}}.<ref name="cell phone Timeline"/> || {{w|United States}}
| 2005 || Policy || The Finnish government decides that the fastest way to warn citizens of disasters is the mobile phone network.<ref name="Geophysical Hazards: Minimizing Risk, Maximizing Awareness">{{cite book|last1=Beer|first1=Tom|title=Geophysical Hazards: Minimizing Risk, Maximizing Awareness|url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=3zL__qAVI8cC&pg=PA11&lpg=PA11&dq=%222005%22+%22finnish%22+%22disasters%22+%22mobile+phone%22&source=bl&ots=YXO-R62Axh&sig=ypvZuOOzCYD98utPFopAkHP4wMI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwinlqfq5azVAhULG5AKHeR9CfgQ6AEIKDAB#v=onepage&q=%222005%22%20%22finnish%22%20%22disasters%22%20%22mobile%20phone%22&f=false|accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Finland}}
|-
| 2005 || Mobile payment Handset release || "{{w|Nokia }} launches the first {{w|Near-field communication}} (NFC)-enabled phone."<ref name="The History of Mobile Pay"/> ||
|-
| Mid-2000s || Network technology || Underground systems in the Americas start deploying mobile connectivity in their underground assets.<ref name="Internet connectivity in underground rail systems"/> || {{w|Americas}}
|-
| 2006 || Study || British researcher at the {{w|University of Staffordshire}} links mental wellbeing issues, such as [[w:Stress (biology)|stress]], to mobile use.<ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone"/> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 2006 (June) || Network launch technology || The world's first commercial {{w|mobile WiMAX}} service is opened by [[w:KT (telecommunication company)|KT]] in {{w|Seoul}}. <ref name="kt">{{cite web |url=http://www.biztechreport.com/story/1619-super-fast-4g-wireless-service-launching-south-korea |title=Super-Fast 4G Wireless Service Launching in South Korea |last=Shukla |first=Anuradha |date=October 10, 2011 |work=Asia-Pacific Business and Technology Report |accessdate=28 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|South Korea}}
|-
| 2006 (August) || {{w|Mobile phones on aircraft}} || Irish airline {{w|Ryanair}} announces that it would introduce a facility to allow passengers to use their mobile phones in-flight.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.rte.ie/news/2006/0830/ryanair-business.html |title=RTÉ Business: Ryanair signs OnAir deal for in-flight mobiles |publisher=Rte.ie |date=2006-08-30 |accessdate=23 July 2019}}</ref> ||
| 2006 || Mobile payment || {{w|Mobile payment}} is introduced in India.<ref>{{cite web |title=Globsyn Management lobsyn Management lobsyn Management Conference 2018 |url=https://www.globsyn.edu.in/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/3rd%20Globsyn%20Management%20Conference.pdf |website=globsyn.edu.in |accessdate=24 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|India}}
|-
| 2007 || Product Handset release || {{w|Steve Jobs}} unveils the Apple {{w|Iphone}}, which is released. It has finger–input touchscreen, no keyboard, intuitive interface and apps<ref name="cell phone Timeline"/><ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref name="Constant Touch: A Global History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2007 || Policy || {{w|Google}} opens [[w:Android (operating system)|Android operating system]] for free development and use, making its own services default for search, video and email.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2007 || Network launch technology || The first {{w|4G}} network is launched in {{w|South Korea}}.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> || {{w|South Korea}}
|-
| 2007 || Technology || {{w|T-Mobile US}} rolls out a service, T-Mobile HotSpot@Home, that allows a single handset to switch seamlessly from cellular to Wi-Fi access in the home and at the 8,900 T-Mobile Hotspot locations in the United States.<ref>{{cite book |title=Plunkett's Telecommunications Industry Almanac 2009 |edition=Jack W. Plunkett |url=https://books.google.com.ar/books?id=6PUiN5cE7-QC&pg=PT49&lpg=PT49&dq=%22mobile+hotspot%22+%22in+1990..2010%22&source=bl&ots=V03D_VFM35&sig=ACfU3U3QW8mAEihjO-TvCm_bonlTRfs50w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwipkKHmleDjAhWFA9QKHcdrCQAQ6AEwAXoECAMQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22mobile%20hotspot%22%20%22in%201990..2010%22&f=false}}</ref>|| {{w|United States}}|-| 2007 (June 29) || Handset/{{w|mobile operating system}} release || {{w|Apple Inc.}} launches the [[w:iPhone (1st generation)|first-generation iPhone]], along with its mobile operating system {{w|iOS}}.<ref>{{cite web |title=June 29, 2007: Apple Introduces the iPhone (First Apple Cell Phone) |url=https://www.historyandheadlines.com/june-29-2007-apple-introduces-iphone-first-apple-cell-phone/ |website=historyandheadlines.com |accessdate=19 October 2019}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2007 || Coverage || The total number of mobile phone subscribers in the world is estimated at 3.3 billion, equivalent of over half the planet's population.<ref name="Geophysical Hazards: Minimizing Risk, Maximizing Awareness"/> 295 million {{w|3G}} users are estimated around the world. This number accounts for 9% of the total worldwide number of mobile users.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
|-
| 2007 || Network technology || {{w|Hong Kong}} and {{w|Buenos Aires}} become the first cities to install {{w|Wi-Fi}} in their subway systems.<ref>{{cite web |title=Why It's So Damn Hard to Put Internet in the Subway |url=https://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/infrastructure/a17020/subway-internet-installation/ |website=popularmechanics.com |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Hong Kong}}, {{w|Argentina}}
|-
| 2008 || Policy || The {{w|International Telecommunication Union}} (ITU) sets forward a list of requirements for what it calls {{w|IMT Advanced}}, or {{w|4G}}. These requirements include data rates of 1 gigabit per second for a stationary user and 100 megabits per second for a moving user.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> ||
| 2008 || Network shutdown || The whole {{w|Advanced Mobile Phone System}} (AMPS) service is shut down across {{w|North America}}. This would be considered the end of an era.<ref name="History of Mobile Cell Phones | The First Cell Phone To Present Time"/> ||
|-
| 2008 || Product Handset release || {{w|HTC}} corporation releases the {{w|HTC Dream}} the first commercially released device to use the {{w|Linux}}-based [[w:Android (operating system)|Android]] operating system.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2008 (july 10) || Product Handset release || The {{w|App Store (iOS)}} is launched, featuring 552 apps, 135 of which are free.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> ||
|-
| 2008 || Product shutdown || {{w|Microsoft}} deprecates {{w|windows mobile}}, saying that it can't compete with {{w|iPhone}} and [[w:Android (operating system)|Android]]. The development of {{w|Windows Phone}} begins.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/> || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 2008 || Technology || Several mobile phone providers in the {{w|United States}} start to include {{w|IPv6}} capabilities in their phones.<ref>{{cite web |title=IPv6 on Your Mobile Phone |url=https://www.networkworld.com/article/2233853/cisco-subnet-ipv6-on-your-mobile-phone.html |website=networkworld.com |accessdate=6 August 2019}}</ref>IPv6 is the most recent version of the {{w|Internet Protocol}} (IP), the communications protocol that provides an identification and location system for computers on networks and routes traffic across the {{w|Internet}}. || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 2009 (January) || Service Mobile application || {{w|Whatsapp}} is launched.<ref name="1876 to 2015 – the History of the Mobile Phone"/><ref>{{cite web|title=Whatsapp Success Story|url=https://successstory.com/products/whatsapp|website=successstory.com|accessdate=26 July 2017}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2009 || Network launch technology || Swedish telephone company [[w:Telia Company|TeliaSonera]] introduces the first {{w|4G}} [[w:LTE (telecommunication)|LTE]] network in {{w|Stockholm}}.<ref name="Mobile telephone britannica"/> || {{w|Sweden}}
|-
| 2009 || Mobile payment || The mobile payment market reaches US$69 billion in sales.<ref name="The History of Mobile Pay"/> ||
|-
| 2010 || Product Handset release || {{w|Samsung Galaxy S}} smartphone is launched. Usurping former [[w:Android (operating system)|Android]] giant {{w|HTC}}, the Samsung Galaxy S range is still the most popular Android brand.<ref name="physicslover"/> ||
|-
| 2010 (June 7) || Technology || Apple announces {{w|FaceTime}} in conjunction with {{w|iPhone 4}}. A {{w|videotelephony product}}, FaceTime uses the device's front-facing camera to show the caller to the receiver, and vice versa. FaceTime works anywhere there is Wi-Fi.<ref>{{cite web |title=Apple Presents iPhone 4 |url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FaceTime |website=apple.com |accessdate=23 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 2011 || Mobile as a modem || The Verizon iPhone is released. It includes the 'Personal Hotspot" feature which allows a user to use the iPhone as a wireless [[w:hotspot (Wi-Fi)|hotspot]], with up to five devices connecting at one time.<ref name="vsw verizon iP4 record 1">{{cite press release|title=Verizon Wireless Has Record Sales On First Day Of iPhone 4|url=http://news.vzw.com/news/2011/02/pr2011-02-04.html|publisher={{w|Verizon Wireless}}|accessdate=February 4, 2011|date=February 4, 2011}}</ref><ref name="wp verizon iP4 release 1">{{cite news|url=http://voices.washingtonpost.com/fasterforward/2011/01/liveblog_the_verizon_iphone.html|work=The Washington Post|title=Liveblog: The Verizon iPhone|date=|accessdate=}}</ref><ref name="npr verizon iP4 release 1">{{cite web|last=Memmott|first=Mark|url=https://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2011/01/11/132833078/its-official-verizon-has-iphone-4|title=It's Official: Verizon Has The iPhone 4: The Two-Way|publisher=NPR|date=January 11, 2011|accessdate=31 July 2019}}</ref><ref name="wsj verizon iP4 release 1">{{cite news|url=https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748703791904576075681886276172|work=The Wall Street Journal|first=Shayndi|last=Raice|title=Verizon Unwraps iPhone|date=January 12, 2011}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
|-
| 2011 || Network technology || As of date, 90% of the world's population live in areas with {{w|2G}} coverage, while 45% live in areas with {{w|2G}} and {{w|3G}} coverage, and 5% live in areas with {{w|4G}} coverage. By 2017 more than 90% of the world's population is expected to have 2G coverage, 85% is expected to have 3G coverage, and 50% will have 4G coverage.<ref name=ITU-ITCFacts>[http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/facts/2011/material/ICTFactsFigures2011.pdf "The World in 2011: ITC Facts and Figures"], International Telecommunications Unions (ITU), Geneva, 2011</ref> ||
|-
| 2012 || Organization || The British Government announces the establishment of a {{w|5G}} Innovation Centre at the {{w|University of Surrey}}.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.surrey.ac.uk/ccsr/business/5GIC/|title=5G Innovation Centre|work=University of Surrey - Guildford|accessdate= 29 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
| 2012 || Health || A study of low-frequency radiation on humans finds "no evidence for acute effects of short-term mobile phone radiation on cerebral blood flow".<ref name=nci>[https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/radiation/cell-phones-fact-sheet#q4 What has research shown about the possible cancer-causing effects of radiofrequency energy?], United States National Cancer Institute</ref><ref>{{cite journal |vauthors=Kwon MS, Vorobyev V, Kännälä S, etal | year = 2012 | title = No effects of short-term GSM mobile phone radiation on cerebral blood flow measured using positron emission tomography | url = | journal = Bioelectromagnetics | volume = 33 | issue = 3| pages = 247–56 | doi=10.1002/bem.20702| pmid = 21932437 }}</ref> However, several animal studies demonstrate damage to the blood-brain barrier from phone radiation.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Nittby|first=Henrietta|last2=Brun|first2=Arne|last3=Eberhardt|first3=Jacob|last4=Malmgren|first4=Lars|last5=Persson|first5=Bertil R. R.|last6=Salford|first6=Leif G.|date=August 2009|title=Increased blood-brain barrier permeability in mammalian brain 7 days after exposure to the radiation from a GSM-900 mobile phone|journal=Pathophysiology: The Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology|volume=16|issue=2–3|pages=103–112|doi=10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.01.001|issn=0928-4680|pmid=19345073}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Tang|first=Jun|last2=Zhang|first2=Yuan|last3=Yang|first3=Liming|last4=Chen|first4=Qianwei|last5=Tan|first5=Liang|last6=Zuo|first6=Shilun|last7=Feng|first7=Hua|last8=Chen|first8=Zhi|last9=Zhu|first9=Gang|date=2015-03-19|title=Exposure to 900 MHz electromagnetic fields activates the mkp-1/ERK pathway and causes blood-brain barrier damage and cognitive impairment in rats|journal=Brain Research|volume=1601|pages=92–101|doi=10.1016/j.brainres.2015.01.019|issn=1872-6240|pmid=25598203}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2012 || Statistics || At the end of the year there are roughly 1.5 billion mobile broadband subscriptions, growing at a 50% year-on-year rate.<ref name=Ericsson-Feb2013>[http://www.ericsson.com/res/docs/2013/ericsson-mobility-report-february-2013.pdf ''Ericsson Mobility Report: Interim Update''], Ericsson, February 2013</ref> ||
|-
| 2013 || Technology || [[w:Apple Inc.|Apple]] introduces {{w|FaceTime}} Audio. A version of {{w|FaceTime}} simply featuring audio-only, so only the user's voice is transmitted in the call.<ref name="FaceTime: What It Is & How to Use It">{{cite web |title=FaceTime: What It Is & How to Use It |url=https://www.lifewire.com/what-is-facetime-2000237 |website=lifewire.com |accessdate=23 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
| 2015 (April) || Technology || WhatsApp Call is introduced for {{w|Android}} and {{w|iOS}} as a new voice calling service, enabling users to make phone calls over the {{w|Internet}}.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Patkar |first1=Mihir |title=WhatsApp Voice Call: Everything You Need to Know |url=https://www.makeuseof.com/tag/whatsapp-voice-call-everything-you-need-to-know/ |website=makeuseof.com |accessdate=23 July 2019}}</ref> ||
|-
| 2015 (August) || Technology || {{w|Deutsche Telekom) }} starts to roll out {{w|IPv6}} (dual stack) in their mobile network.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/Telekom-startet-IPv6-Einfuehrung-im-Mobilfunknetz-2741029.html|title=Telekom startet IPv6-Einführung im Mobilfunknetz|date=2015-07-08|access-date=2019-01-27|last=Zivadinovic|first=Dusan|work=Heise Online|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190127225202/https://www.heise.de/newsticker/meldung/Telekom-startet-IPv6-Einfuehrung-im-Mobilfunknetz-2741029.html|archive-date=2019-01-27|dead-url=no|language=de}}</ref> || {{w|Germany}}
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| 2015 (September) || Program launch || {{w|Verizon Communications}} announces a roadmap to begin testing {{w|5G}} in field trials in the United States in 2016.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.verizon.com/about/news/verizon-sets-roadmap-5g-technology-us-field-trials-start-2016 | title=Verizon sets roadmap to 5G technology in U.S.; Field trials to start in 2016 | publisher=Verizon | date=8 September 2015 | accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> ||
| 2015 (October) || Technology || {{w|AT&T}} first introduces Wi-Fi calling, a feature that allows customers to place calls over {{w|Wi-Fi}} in instances where a cellular connection is poor.<ref>{{cite web |title=AT&T Expands Wi-Fi Calling to Cover International Calls to U.S. When Traveling |url=https://www.macrumors.com/2016/03/22/att-international-wi-fi-calling/|website=macrumors.com |accessdate=23 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}, {{w|Puerto Rico}}, {{w|Virgin Islands}}
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| 2015 || Mobile pay payment || {{w|Samsung Pay}} launches in {{w|South Korea}} as a mobile payment and digital wallet service that lets users make payments using compatible phones and other {{w|Samsung}}-produced devices.<ref>{{cite web |title=Samsung Pay Now Available in Six Continents, Accelerating Global Expansion |url=https://news.samsung.com/global/samsung-pay-now-available-in-six-continents-accelerating-global-expansion |website=news.samsung.com |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref><ref name="The History of Mobile Pay"/> || {{w|South Korea}}
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| 2015 (September 11) || Mobile payment || {{w|Android Pay}} is released as a {{w|digital wallet}} platform and online payment system developed by Google to power in-app and tap-to-pay purchases on mobile devices.<ref>{{cite web |title=Google officially launches new NFC payment service Android Pay |url=https://www.extremetech.com/mobile/214039-google-officially-launches-new-nfc-payment-service-android-pay |website=extremetech.com |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United States}}
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| 2016 (February) || || {{w|NTT DoCoMo}} and {{w|Ericsson}} succeed in World's first trial to achieve a cumulative 20Gbit/s with two simultaneously connected mobile devices in {{w|5G}} outdoor trial.<ref>{{cite news |url=https://www.nttdocomo.co.jp/english/info/media_center/pr/2016/0222_03.html|title=DOCOMO and Ericsson Succeed in World's first trial to achieve a cumulative 20Gbps with two simultaneously connected mobile devices in 5G Outdoor Trial|work={{w|NTT DoCoMo}}|date=February 22, 2016|accessdate=July 14, 2017}}</ref> ||
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| 2016 || Mobile application || "The {{w|Pokemon Go }} app launched launches worldwide. The , using a free augmented reality game uses by means of the smartphone camera and location to show Pokemon characters in the real world. The aim of the game is to travel to different locations to collect as many Pokemon as possible, leading countless gamers to walk into lamp-posts in their quest to catch ‘em allmassively adopted worldwide."<ref name="physicslover"/>|||-| 2017 (April) || Network technology || {{w|Huawei}} announces having jointly with {{w|Telenor}} conducted successful {{w|5G}} tests with speeds up to 70 Gbit/s in a controlled lab environment in {{w|Norway}}.<ref>{{cite web|title=Telenor and Huawei Jointly Announce First 5G Demo in Norway|url=http://www.huawei.com/en/news/2017/3/Huawei-Telenor-First-5G-Demo-Norway|website=huawei.com|accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|Norway}}|-| 2017 (April) || Technology || All {{w|Regional Internet Registries}} confirm that {{w|IPv4}} addresses are exhausted and cannot be allocated any more, implying all new organizations requesting a block of Internet addresses would be allocated {{w|IPv6}} addresses.<ref>{{cite web |title=IPv6 Is A Failure - Time To Move On |url=https://www.i-programmer.info/news/81-web-general/12160-ipv6-is-a-failure-time-to-move-on.html |website=i-programmer.info |accessdate=19 October 2019}}</ref> ||
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| 2017 (AprilJuly) || Network technology || {{w|HuaweiTelecom Italia Mobile}} announces having jointly signs a memorandum of understanding with the government of {{w|TelenorSan Marino}} conducted successful to upgrade its {{w|5G4G}} tests with speeds up network to 70 Gbit/s in a controlled lab environment in {{w|Norway5G}}. It would be the first nationwide 5G network in the world.<ref>{{cite web|title=Telenor and Huawei Jointly Announce First San Marino set to get Europe's first super-fast 5G Demo in Norwaymobile network|url=httphttps://www.huaweicnbc.com/en2017/news07/201717/3/Huaweireuters-america-san-marino-set-to-get-europes-first-Telenorsuper-Firstfast-5G5g-Demomobile-Norwaynetwork.html|website=huaweicnbc.com|accessdate=29 July 2017}}</ref> || {{w|NorwayItaly}}, {{w|San Marino}}
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| 2017 (July) || Mobile operating system || {{w|Telecom Italia MobileKaiOS}} signs launches as a memorandum of understanding with the government of {{w|San Marino}} to upgrade its {{w|4G}} network to Mobile operating system based on {{w|5GLinux}}. It would be the first nationwide 5G network in the world.<ref>{{cite web|title=San Marino set to get Europe's first super-fast 5G mobile networkMeet The Devices That Are Powered by KaiOS |url=https://www.cnbckaiostech.com/2017/07/17/reutersmeet-americathe-sandevices-marinothat-setare-topowered-getby-europes-first-super-fast-5g-mobile-network.htmlkaios/ |website=cnbckaiostech.com|accessdate=29 July 201719 October 2019}}</ref> || {{w|Italy}}, {{w|San Marino}}
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| 2019 (March) 2017 || Technology Network technology || As of date, more than 90% of the world's population is expected to have {{w|Vodafone Kabel Deutschland2G}} announces coverage, 85% is expected to start mobile have {{w|IPv63G}} roll out after delaying it for 2 yearscoverage, and 50% {{w|4G}} coverage.<refname=Ericsson-Nov2012>{{cite web|url=https[http://forumwww.vodafoneericsson.decom/res/t5docs/Mobilfunk2012/Einf%C3%BChrungericsson-vonmobility-IPv6report-imnovember-Vodafone-Mobilfunknetz/td-p/1743849|title=Einführung von IPv6 im Vodafone Mobilfunknetz|publisher={{w|Vodafone Germany}}|work=Vodafone Community|language=de}}2012.pdf ''Ericsson Mobility Report''], Ericsson, November 2012</ref>||
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| 2020 (March) || Network technology || The {{w|London Underground}} is expected to get {{w|4G}} access in its tunnels and stations by this time.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Porter |first1=Jon |title=4G is coming to the London Underground’s tunnels next year |url=https://www.theverge.com/2019/7/19/20700451/london-underground-4g-tunnels-cellular-reception-mobile-phones |website=theverge.com |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=4G on Jubilee line tunnel section from March 2020 |url=https://tfl.gov.uk/info-for/media/press-releases/2019/july/4g-on-jubilee-line-tunnel-section-from-march-2020 |website=tfl.gov.uk |accessdate=29 July 2019}}</ref> || {{w|United Kingdom}}
|-
|}
* [[Timeline of WhatsApp]]
* [[Timeline of Wi-Fi]]
* [[Timeline of NTT Docomo]]
* [[Timeline of Xiaomi]]
* [[Timeline of money transfer]]
* [[Timeline of IPv6 adoption]]
* [[Timeline of 5G]]
==External links==
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