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Timeline of recycling

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| 19th Century || Scrap metal is purchased by sold by railroads.<ref name="Scrap Recycling – recognized as one of the world’s first green industries…"/> "Dustmen" collect ash from coal fires, in order to use it as soil conditioner and for brick–making. The practice is still alive today.<ref name="Know all about: reduce, reuse, recycle"/>
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| 20th Century || In the 1930s, many people survive the {{w|Great Depression}} by peddling scraps of metal, rags and other items.<ref name="A Brief Timeline of the History of Recycling"/> Goods such as {{w|nylon}}, {{w|rubber}} and many metals are rationed and recycled during {{w|World War II}}.<ref name="A Brief Timeline of the History of Recycling"/>. Further in the 1940s ad 1950s, recycling becomes less important as landfilling becomes a cheap way to dispose trash. The 1960s see the rise of the {{w|environmental movement}}, which provoques public awareness and rises environmental consciousness. In the 1970s, a strong worldwide growth in support for energy conservation is triggered partly by the energy shortages and rising prices resulting from the emergence of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC),<ref name="Conservation and Environmentalism: An Encyclopedia"/> thus recycling becomes more popular again and drop-off recycling centers are established.<ref name="History of Recycling"/> In the 1980s, major cities in the United States begin establishing {{w|curbside collection}} programs for plastics and other recyclables.<ref name="The History of Plastics Recycling"/> In the 1990s, municipal recycling programs are established throughout the United States and Europe.<ref name="Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste: The Social Science of Garbage"/> {{w|Extended producer responsibility}} programs merge worldwide.
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