Timeline of Tata Group
This is a timeline of Tata Group, an Indian multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered in Mumbai.
The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:
- How did Tata evolve from a small trading firm to a multinational conglomerate?
- What are important company acquisitions throughout the history of Tata?
- How did the leadership of the group change over time?
- How did the political scenario affect the group over time starting from British India to current Liberal India?
- How did Tata Group diversify into different domains?
- Which are philanthropic enterprises related to Tata Group?
|Time period||Political environment||Development summary|
|1868–1947||British India||After a voyage to England and having discovered significant opportunities for Indian participation in a British-dominated textiles industry, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata funds Tata as a private trading company. The firm enters the textile business in the first years achieving great success. However, business diversification begins already in the 19th century. In 1898, Hotel Taj in Mumbai becomes the first hotel of such standard in India, and lays the foundation of Taj Group of hotels. Jamsetji dies in 1904. His successor, Dorabji Tata, establishes the Tata Iron and Steel company, and keeps expanding the group towards other sectors, like energy and consumer goods.|
|1947–1991||Independent India||After having won its independence from Britain, the Indian Government introduces legislation against monopoly industries and high tax dividends. As a result, Tata diversifies its activities into unrelated businesses in order to invest its revenues in different sectors rather than pay high taxes. This period also marks the beginning of attempts of nationalizations of companies. Tata Airlines is nationalized in 1953, while unsuccessful attempts to nationalize Tata Steel occur in 1971 and 1979. On the other hand, many British companies are sold to Indians. In 1976, Tata Finlay takes over the production and marketing operations of James Finlay.|
|1991 onwards||Liberal India||India liberalizes its economy, and Tata intinsifies its diversification strategy. By this time, the group is considered to be successful in leveraging its well-reorganized and admired brand name across a variety of unrelated business, and the liberalization of the economy creates new business sectors and oportunities leading Tata to diversify even further. Since the 2000s, Tata accelerates its international expansion strategy. By the early 2010s, Tata operates in over 80 foreign markets around the world.|
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Details||Domain||Subsidiary|
|1839||March 3||Prelude||Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata is born in a rural town of Navsari in Gujarat to a family of Parsee Zoroastrian priests.|
|1859||Prelude||20 year old Jamsetji joins his father's small firm, in which Jamsetji gains knowledge about commodities, markets, trading, and banking.|
|1868||Founding||After a maiden voyage to England and having begun to understand what he saw as significant opportunities for Indian participation in a British-dominated textiles industry, 29-year-old Jamsetji starts the business as a private trading company with a capital of ₹21,000.||Trading|
|1869||Early development||Jamsetji moves into textiles, acquiring in Chinchpokli a bankrupt oil mill in the industrial heart of Bombay. Later on the property would be converted into the cotton mill and renamed as Alexandra Mill.||Textiles|
|1871||Early development||Jamsetji sells Alexandra Mill for a significant profit to a local cotton merchant.||Textiles|
|1874||Early development||Jamsetji establishes a textile mill in Nagpur, choosing this city over Bombay, the Indian textile hub. The Empress Mills experiment would prove to be very successful.||Textiles|
|1877||Early development||Jamsetji establishes Empress Mills, the oldest and the largest composite textile mill in India.||Textiles|
|1886||Policy||Empress Mills pioneers employee welfare initiatives, long before they are enacted by law.|
|1892||Trust launch||Jamsetji establishes the JN Tata Endowment Fund with the purpose to help Indian students pursue higher studies abroad.||Education|
|1898||Early development||Jamsetji opens the Hotel Taj in Mumbai, the first hotel of such standard in India, with German fans and English butlers. This lays the foundation of a multimillionaire venture known to be as Taj Group of hotels.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|1902||Subsidiary launch||The Indian Hotels Company is incorporated to commission the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower, the first luxury hotel in India.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|1903||December 16||Subsidiary launch||The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel opens as the first luxury hotel in India. It becomes also the first Taj Hotel, which would develop as a chain of luxury hotels.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|1904||Leadership||Jamsetji passes away in Germany. His older son, Dorabji Tata, takes over as chairman of the Tata Group.|
|1907||August 26||Subsidiary launch||Fulfilling the dream of Jamshedji, Dorabji Tata establishes the Tata Iron and Steel company (TISCO) (later known as Tata Steel) in Sakchi, and builds a hospital for the village.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|1907||Subsidiary launch||Tata Limited is established in London as the Tata Group's representative in Europe. It offers comprehensive and highly specialized services that cover a diverse type of industry and activity.||Tata Limited|
|1909||May||Institute launch||The Indian Institute of Science (known as Tata Institute) is established through the vision of Jamsetji Tata, 5 years after his death.||Education|
|1910||Subsidiary launch||Tata Group diversifies into electricity, establishing Western India's first hydropower plant.||Electric power|
|1911||The first batch of students is admitted to the Indian Institute of Science.||Education|
|1912||Funding||Sir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata funds research into the causes of widespread poverty in India at the University of London.||Research|
|1917||Subsidiary launch||Tata Group diversifies into consumer goods with the opening of Tata Oil Mills Co (TOMCO), known for popular soap brands, Hamam and Moti. It would be sold to Hindustan Lever in 1984.||Consumer goods||Tata Oil Mills Company|
|1917||Subsidiary launch||Tata Sons is registered as a private limited company. It is the holding company of the Tata Group and holds the bulk of shareholding in the Tata group of companies including their land holdings across India, tea estates and steel plants.||Tata Sons|
|1918||Trust launch||The Sir Ratan Tata Trust is established in accordance with directives of Sir Ratan Tata's will. The trust operates in five areas: basic and advanced (postgraduate) education, primary and preventive health, rural livelihoods and communities, arts and culture, and public initiatives.||Philanthropy|
|1919||Leadership||Sir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata dies, and the first of the Tata Trusts, the Sir Ratanji Tata Trust & Allied Trusts, is set up in accordance with his will.|
|1919||September 18||Subsidiary launch||Tata Power is founded by Dorabji Tata. Today, the core business of the company is to generate, transmit and distribute electricity.||Electric power||Tata Power|
|1920||Funding||India sends its first Olympic team to the games in Antwerp, largely due to Dorabji Tata efforts. In 1924, he finances the Indian team headed to the Paris Summer Olympics.||Sport|
|1922||Subsidiary launch||Tata Coffee is founded. Today it is one of the largest integrated Coffee cultivation and processing companies in the world.||Coffee||Tata Coffee|
|1929||Leadership||24-year-old Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata receives the first pilot licence in India.|
|1932||Trust launch||The Lady Meherbai D. Tata Education Trust is established by Sir Dorabji Tata in memory of his wife. The trust helps female graduates study social work outside India.||Philanthropy|
|1932||Leadership||J. R. D. Tata pilots the first flight of the subcontinent from Karachi to Mumbai. Tata Airlines (later, Air India) is founded.|
|1932||June||Leadership||Dorabji Tata dies on June 3. Nowroji Saklatwala (son of Bapuji Saklatwala and Virbaiji Tata) becomes the third chairman of the Tata Group.|
|1932||Trust launch||Sir Dorabji Tata Trust is established when Sir Dorabji Tata commits all his wealth to it. This trust would be known for promoting six pioneering institutions: the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, the Tata Memorial Centre for Cancer Research and Treatment, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, and the National Centre for the Performing Arts.||Philanthropy|
|1936||Institute launch||The Sir Dorabji Tata Graduate School of Social Work (later known as Tata Institute of Social Sciences) is established.||Education|
|1938||Leadership||Sir Nowroji Saklatwala passes away in France. J. R. D. Tata assumes leading position in the group. At 34, he is the youngest Chairman in Tata Group's history.|
|1939||Growth||As of date, Tata Iron and Steel Company operates the largest steel plant in the British Empire.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|1939||Subsidiary launch||J. R. D. Tata establishes Tata Chemicals in Mithapur, Gujarat.||Chemicals||Tata Chemicals|
|1941||February 28||Facility launch||The Tata Memorial Hospital is founded in Pune. It pioneers cancer treatment in India, and offers access to cancer care for all.||Healthcare|
|1944||Renaming||The Sir Dorabji Tata Graduate School of Social Work is renamed as Tata Institute of Social Sciences.||Education|
|1944||Trust launch||The J.R.D. Tata Trust is established. It gives research grants and scholarships, provides relied in the wake of natural calamities, and backs social welfare projects among other philanthropic activities. By way of institutional donations, it supports the advancement of learning.||Philanthropy|
|1945||Subsidiary launch||Tata Group establishes the Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) to manufacture engineering and locomotive products. It would be later renamed Tata Motors. "The group's rapid business expansion continues with the establishment of Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company. By 2003, it is rechristened Tata Motors."||Locomotives||Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company|
|1945||June 1||Institute launch||The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research is founded.||Research|
|1946||Leadership||Naval Tata is named President of the Indian Hockey Association. Under his leadership, India would achieve Olympic medals, with golds in 1948, 1952 & 1956.|
|1952||Brand release||Tata Group expands into cosmetics, and launches India's first cosmetics brand, Lakme. It would be sold to Hindustan Unilever, along with Tata Oil Mills Company, in 1984.||Cosmetics||Lakmé Cosmetics|
|1952||Institute launch||The Indian Cancer Research Centre is established as a pioneer research institute for basic research. It would later be called the Cancer Research Institute (CRI).||Research|
|1953||Nationalization||Tata Airlines is nationalized and becomes Air India when the Indian Government passes the Air Corporations Act and purchases a majority stake in the carrier from Tata Sons.||Air transport services||Tata Airlines|
|1954||Product release||Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd begins manufacturing medium commercial vehicles along with Daimler Benz.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|1954||September 6||Subsidiary launch||Voltas is incorporated as a collaboration between Tata Sons and Volkart Brothers. It would be soon associated with multiple prestigious projects, making it a leading engineering solutions provider and airconditioning brand.||Home appliances, engineering||Voltas|
|1956||Financial||Tata Sons is termed as a deemed public holding company after the Companies Act 1956, with articles remaining unchanged.|
|1957||Nationalization||The Ministry of Health takes over the Tata Memorial Hospital.||Healthcare|
|1958||Subsidiary launch||Tata Refractories Limited is founded.||Refractories||Tata Refractories Limited|
|1958||Trust launch||The M.K. Tata Trust is established by Minocher K. Tata, with the purpose to advance learning in all fields by means of research grants and scholarships, and to provide medical and other relief in the aftermath of natural calamities.||Philanthropy|
|1961||Joint venture||Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery is founded as a joint venture company between Tata Motors Ltd and Hitachi Construction Machinery of Japan.||Construction||Tata Hitachi Construction Machinery|
|1962||Subsidiary launch||Tata Tea is incorporated as Tata Finlay Ltd with technical and financial collaboration with James Finlay & Co. Ltd. from Glasgow, a leading Scottish trading company in the British Empire.||Tea||Tata Tea|
|1964||Accreditation||The Tata Institute of Social Sciences is declared Deemed university under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act (UGC), 1956.||Education|
|1964||Subsidiary launch||Tata Global Beverages is set up through a joint venture with James Finlay and the Tata Group for manufacturing tea and coffee.||Non-alcoholic beverages||Tata Global Beverages|
|1966||Institute launch||The Tata Management Training Centre is founded by J. R. D. Tata.||Education|
|1968||Subsidiary launch||Tata Consultancy Services is established as India's first software services company. It would grow to a global enterprise with a presence in 46 countries.|
|1969||Cultural center launch||The National Centre for the Performing Arts is founded by J. R. D. Tata and Dr. Jamshed Bhabha, who envisioned a world-class performing arts centre to preserve India's heritage.||Performing arts|
|1971||Nationalization||A first unsuccessful attempt to nationalize Tata Steel is made.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|1972||Subsidiary launch||Tata Precision Industries is established. Promoted by Tata Motors, Tata International AG and the Development Bank of Singapore, it specialises in high-precision machining, precision fine blanking, engineering plastic moulded parts and tool design.||Engineering, machinery||Tata Precision Industries|
|1972||Subsidiary launch||Tata Incorporated is established as representative office of the Tata Group in the Americas. It specializes in global trading as well as information and financial flows related to its lines of business. It is headquartered in New York City.||Trading||Tata Incorporated|
|1974||Trust launch||The Namsetji Tata Trust is established to mark the centenary year of the Tata enterprise. It bestows grants in areas where innovative efforts are being made.||Philanthropy|
|1974||Education||The Tata Energy Research Institute is founded in New Delhi. It specializes in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development. It would be renamed Energy and Resources Institute in 2003.|
|1976||Acquisition||Tata Finlay takes over the production and marketing operations of James Finlay.||Tata Finlay|
|1979||Nationalization||A second unsuccessful attempt to nationalize Tata Steel is made.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|1979||Subsidiary launch||Tata Projects Limited is established as an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) company in the engineering sector of the Tata Group.||Engineering||Tata Projects Limited|
|1981||Facility launch||The Tata Research Development and Design Centre is established in Pune. It undertakes research in software engineering, process engineering, and systems research.||Software||Tata Consultancy Services|
|1982||Acquisition||Tata Group subsidiary Taj Hotels acquires Taj Sheba Hotel in Sana'a, Yemen, its first international hotel.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|1982||Acquisition||Taj Hotels accelerates its international expansion with the acquisition of St. James Court in London.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|1983||Product release||Tata Chemicals launces Tata Salt as India's first packaged iodized salt brand.||Chemicals||Tata Chemicals|
|1982||Acquisition||James Finlay sells their shareholding in the Tata Finlay, to Tata Group, passing the ownership of the company completely into the hands of the group, which renames it Tata Tea.||Tea||Tata Tea|
|1984||Joint venture||Titan Industries is established as a joint venture between the Tata Group and Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation, and starts producing watches..||Consumer goods||Titan Company|
|1984||Subsidiary launch||Tata Housing Development Company is established.||Real Estate||Tata Housing Development Company|
|1984||Acquisition||Tata Group cosmetics brand Lakme is sold to Hindustan Unilever, along with Tata Oil Mills Co (TOMCO).||Cosmetics|
|1985||Product release||Tata Group is granted a license to manufacture passenger cars.|
|1989||Subsidiary launch||Tata Technologies Limited is founded. A subsidiary of Tata Motors, it provides services in engineering and design, product lifecycle management, manufacturing, product development, and IT service management to automotive and aerospace original equipment manufacturers and their suppliers.||Engineering||Tata Technologies Limited|
|1989||Subsidiary launch||Tata Power Solar is founded as a joint venture between Tata Power and British Petroleum Solar (BP Solar). It is one of the largest manufacturers of solar modules in India.||Solar energy||Tata Power Solar|
|1989||Subsidiary launch||Tata Elxsi is incorporated. It is the product design arm of Tata Group, and focuses on delivering outsourced product design and R&D services and solutions to customers worldwide.||Technology services, product engineering, industrial design||Tata Elxsi|
|1990||Subsidiary launch||Tata Steel starts expansion plan and establishes its subsidiary Tata Inc. in New York City.||Steel industry|
|1990||Trust launch||The R.D. Tata Trust is established to promote the advancement of knowledge by means of institutional grants.||Philanthrophy|
|1991||January||Facility launch||J.R.D. Tata launches Tata Central Archives (TCA) in Bombay. In 2001, the archives move to Pune. Housed in the lush green precincts of Tata Management Training Centre, TCA formal innauguration would happen on February 13, 2001.|
|1991||Leadership||J.R.D. Tata’s nephew Ratan Tata assumes as new chairman of the Tata Group. Upon assumption, Ratan would aggressively seek to expand the group, increasingly focussing on globalizing its businesses.|
|1991||Product release||After its success with commercial vehicles, TELCO (later Tata Motors) launches Tata Sierra, a three-door sport utility vehicle.|
|1991||Trust launch||The J.R.D. and Thelma J. Tata Trust is established by J.R.D. Tata with his and his wife's personal wealth, with the purpose to uplift women and children.||Philanthropy|
|1992||Joint venture||Tata Motors forms a 50/50 joint venture with Cummins Engine Company USA, called Tata Cummings Limited (TCL), to bring diesel technology solutions to India.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|1993||November 28||Leadership||J.R.D. Tata dies in Geneva.|
|1993||Subsidiary launch||Tata Petrodyne Limited is incorporated and originally promoted by Tata Industries with the objective of leading the group's incursion into the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry.||Oil and gas industry||Tata Petrodyne|
|1993||November 11||Subsidiary launch||TajAir is established as Megapode Airlines. It is an air charter company owned by the Tata Group.|
|1994||Brand||Tata Group subsidiary Titan Company launches jewellery brand Tanishq, revolutionizing the Indian jewellery market.|
|1994||Subsidiary launch||Tata-TIDCO joint venture Titan Company launches Tanishq, a jewellery brand which would grow to over 274 stores in more than 160 Indian cities.|
|1995||Subsidiary launch||Tata AutoComp Systems is incorporated as a supplier of automobile components and engineering services.||Automobile components||Tata AutoComp Systems|
|1996||Subsidiary launch||Tata Teleservices is founded.||Telecommunications||Tata Teleservices|
|1997||Education||Tata Central Archives (TCA) becomes a division of Tata Services.|
|1998||Product release||TELCO launches Tata Indica, India's first indigenously designed and manufactured car, and Tata Safari, India's first SUV.|
|1998||Subsidiary launch||Trent starts operating as the retail hand of the Tata group.||Retail||Trent|
|1998||Subsidiary launch||Tata AutoComp Systems Limited (TACO) is founded. Based in Pune, Maharashtra, It is a provider of telematics solutions and Mobile Resource Management (MRM) services in India.||Automotive industry, industrial Manufacturing||Tata AutoComp Systems|
|1999||Brand||Tata Tea launches Agni as an economy brand.||Tea||Tata Tea|
|2000||February||Acquisition||Tata Tea acquires British firm Tetley Tea for US$407 million It is the first major acquisition of an international brand by an Indian business group.||Tea||Tata Tea|
|2001||Education||Tata Central Archives (TCA) is formally inaugurated by Ratan Tata.|
|2001||Partnership||Tata Group partners with American International Group to create the insurance company Tata AIG.||Insurance||Tata AIG|
|2001||January||Subsidiary||TATA AIG starts operations.||Insurance||Tata AIG|
|2002||Acquisition||Tata Group acquires a controlling stake in Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL), establishing Tata Communications.||Telecommunications||Tata Communications|
|2002||Acquisition||Daewoo Commercial Vehicle is acquired by Tata Motors.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2003||Renaming||Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) is renamed Tata Motors.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2003||Financial||Tata Consultancy Services becomes the first Indian software company to cross one billion dollars in revenues.||Information technology||Tata Consultancy Services|
|2003||Subsidiary launch||Tata Power Trading Company Limited is incorporated. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Tata Power Company Limited.||Electricity||Tata Power Trading Company|
|2004||February||Acquisition||Tata Motors acquires the commercial vehicle unit of South Korea’s Daewoo Group for US$102 million. In the same year, the company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2004||May||Acquisition||Tata Consultancy Services acquires Phoenix Global Solutions, a unit of The Phoenix Companies, to improve its expertise in the insurance sector.||Insurance||Tata Consultancy Services|
|2004||August||Acquisition||Tata Steel acquires Singaporean NatSteel Ltd. for $286 million.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|2004||Financial||Tata Consultancy Services goes public in the largest IPO in India, raising nearly US$1.2 billion.||Information technology||Tata Consultancy Services|
|2004||Subsidiary launch||Tata Business Support Services is founded.||Business process outsourcing||Tata Business Support Services|
|2004||November||Acquisition||Tata Communications acquires Tyco Global Network for US$130 million.||Telecommunications||Tata Communications|
|2004||Facility launch||Tata Motors establishes some franchise/joint venture assemblies in Kenya, Bangladesh, Ukraine, Russia, And Senegal.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2005||February||Acquisition||Tata Steel completes acquisition of Singapore-based NatSteel.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|2005||February||Acquisition||Tata Motors acquires control of Spanish bus and coach manufacturer Hispano Carrocera, after purchasing a 21% stake in the company. By 2009, full acquisition would be completed by acquiring the remaining 79%. "Feb 2005 - The board of Tata Motors Ltd. approves the purchase of 21 percent of Spanish bus maker Hispano Carrocera S.A. in a deal worth 12 million euros ($16 million) with an option to acquire a 100 percent holding later."||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2005||July||Acquisition||Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited acquires Teleglobe International Holdings for US$239 million.||Telecommunications||Tata Communications|
|2005||Renaming||TISCO changes its name to Tata Steel.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|2005||Subsidiary||The Tata Motors European Technical Centre PLC (TMETC) is founded as a UK-based center for automotive design and engineering. Based in Coventry, England, it is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Tata Motors Ltd. TMETC provides research and development principally for Tata Motors but also for selected partners in the automotive industry.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2005||October||Acquisition||Tata Tea announces acquisition of U.S. specialty tea brand Good Earth.||Non-alcoholic beverages||Tata Tea|
|2005||October||Acquisition||Tata Consultancy Services announces acquisition of Sydney-based Financial Network Services (FNS) for US$26 million.||Information technology||Tata Consultancy Services|
|2005||December||Acquisition||Tata Steel acquires Millennium Steel from Thailand, for US$165 million.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|2005||December||Acquisition||Tata Chemicals agrees to acquire 63.5 percent stake in UK-based soda ash maker Brunner Mond Chemicals and renames it Tata Chemicals Europe.||Chemicals||Tata Chemicals Europe|
|2006||Joint venture launch||Tata Group launches direct broadcast satellite television provider Tata Sky as a joint venture with The Walt Disney Company.||Television||Tata Sky|
|2006||May||Acquisition||Tata Tea (GB) signs an agreement to acquire the assets of Jemca, the largest tea company in the Czech Republic from food processing company, Alima Znackova Potravina.||Tea production||Tata Tea|
|2006||May||Facility launch||Tata Motors announces Nano car plant at Singur in West Bengal. The plant is announced on 997 acres of multi-crop farmland forcibly acquired through eminend tomain by the ruling party under the colonial Land Acquisition Act 1894. Protests would raise among the local population who depend on agriculture for their livelihood, and also among environmental activists protesting against degradation of fertile land.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2006||June||Acquisition||Tata Tea acquires Eight O'Clock Coffee for US$220 million from private equity firm Gryphon Investors.||Coffee||Tata Tea|
|2006||July||Controversy||The Singur Tata Nano controversy begins. Indian politician Mamata Banerjee opposes the Nano car plant at Singur on fertile land.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2006||August 10||Subsidiary launch||Direct broadcast satellite television provider Tata Sky is founded.|
|2006||August||Acquisition||Tata Tea announces plans to buy 30 percent of Energy Brands, the maker of fast-growing brand Glaceau vitamin water, for US$677 million.||Non-alcoholic beverages||Tata Tea|
|2006||October||Acquisition||Tata Tea acquires a 33 percent stake in South African Joekels Tea Packers for US$60 million.||Non-alcoholic beverages||Tata Tea|
|2006||November||Acquisition||Taj Hotels acquires the Ritz Carlton Boston, for US$170 million.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|2006||December||Controversy||Singur Tata Nano controversy. Protests against the acquisition of land for the Nano car plant at Singur take place. Mamata Banerjee holds 26-day hunger strike against the land acquisition.||Automotive industry}}||Tata Motors|
|2007||January||Acquisition||Tata Steel acquires London-based steelmaking company Corus Group for US$12 billion.||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|2007||April||Acquisition||Tata Group subsidiary Taj Hotels acquires Campton Place, San Francisco for US$58 million. Campton Place is subsequently renamed Taj Campton Place.||Lodging||Taj Hotels|
|2007||Acquisition||Tata Steel completes the biggest corporate takeover by an Indian company with the acquisition of the giant Anglo-Dutch steel manufacturer Corus Group. "Tata Steel acquires Corus (now, Tata Steel Europe). It is Europe's second largest steel producer serving construction, automotive, packaging & engineering industries." "and becomes the fifth largest steel producer"||Steel industry||Tata Steel|
|2007||September||Subsidiary launch||Tata Capital is established as a financial and investment service provider.||Financial Services||Tata Capital|
|2007||Subsidiary launch||Tata Advanced Systems is founded. It is the lead systems integration company for delivering weapons from the Tata Group to the Indian security forces.||Defence and Aerospace||Tata Advanced Systems|
|2008||January 10||Product release||Tata Motors officially launches the Tata Nano, a tiny, rear-engine, pod-shaped vehicle that eventually sells at a base price (excluding options, tax, and transportation fees) equivalent to US$1,500 to US$3,000.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2008||February||Acquisition||Tata Chemicals acquires acquires General Chemical Industrial Products, a U.S.-based soda ash firm, for US$1 billion.||Chemicals||Tata Chemicals|
|2008||February 13||Acquisition||Tata Group completely acquires Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) and renames it as Tata Communications Limited. VSNL is credited to have brought internet into India.||Telecommunications||Tata Communications Limited|
|2008||Joint venture launch||Tata Motors and Brazilian bus maker Marcopolo S.A. found Tata Marcopolo, giving Tata Motors access to the Brazilian marketplace.||Automotive industry||Tata Marcopolo|
|2008||March||Acquisition||Tata Motors acquires Jaguar Cars and Land Rover from the Ford Motor Company for $2.3 billion.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2008||April||Acquisition||Telco Construction Equipment Company Limited]] (TELCON), a joint venture between Tata Motors and Japanese Hitachi Construction Machinery, acquires Comoplesa Lebrero SA, from Spain.|
|2008||May||Acquisition||Tata Group acquires one-third stake of Italian Piaggio Aerospace.||Aerospace|
|2008||June||Acquisition||Tata Communications acquires 50% of China Enterprise Communications.||Telecommunications||Tata Communications|
|2008||August 24||Controversy||Singur Tata Nano controversy: Mamata Banerjee starts indefinite dharna (a non-violent sit-in protest) at Singur outside the car plant.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2008||September 2||Controversy||Singur Tata Nano controversy: Tata Motors suspends work on w:tata nano:Nano Plant at Singur.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2008||October||Acquisition||TATA Motors acquires 50.3% majority stake in Norway's Miljo Grenland Innovasjon.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2008||October||Controversy||Singur Tata Nano controversy: Tata Motors decides to move out its w:tata nano:Nano Plant at Singur, and announces new plant at Sanand in Gujarat.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2008||November||Acquisition||NTT Docomo acquires 26.5% stake in Tata Teleservices and offers services under the Tata Docomo brand.||Telecommunications||Tata Teleservices|
|2009||Product release||The first Tata Nano circulates the streets in India.||Automotive industry||Tata Motors|
|2009||Mid-year||Foreign investment||NTT Docomo invests US$2.7 billion in Tata Teleservices wireless business on the understanding that if certain targets aren’t met in the next five years, the Tata would either discover a purchaser for the Japanese organization’s 26.5% stake at equitable esteem, or pay 50% portion of the first venture, whichever was higher. Expectations would not be met, with Tata faring badly in the next five years and unable to earn half of the profits expected. The partnership would end in a lawsuit.||Telecommunications||Tata Teleservices|
|2010||April||Acquisition||Tata Group acquires Hewitt Robins International, a British manufacturer of bulk material handling vibratory equipments including screens and crushers.||Industrial machinery|
|2010||Joint venture launch||Tata Tea announces joint venture with PepsiCo for health drinks.||Non-alcoholic beverages||Tata Tea|
|2011||May 16||Facility launch||Ratan Tata innaugurates in Kolkata the Tata Medical Center, a comprehensive cancer care and treatment facility designed especially to serve the poor in the region.||Healthcare|
|2011||Recognition||Tata is recognized as one of the 50 global brands.|
|2012||January 30||Joint venture launch||Tata Global Beverages and Starbucks announce the creation of a 50:50 joint venture called Tata Starbucks Limited, which would own and operate Starbucks outlets branded as Starbucks Coffee "A Tata Alliance" in India. The stores, starting operations in the same year, launch initially in Delhi and Mumbai||Coffeehouse||Tata Starbucks|
|2012||Leadership||Ratan Tata retires. Cyrus Mistry assumes position of chairman of Tata Group.|
|2012||October 19||Joint venture launch||Tata Starbucks Limited launches as a 50/50 joint venture between Starbucks Coffee Company and Tata Global Beverages Limited; and opens the first Starbucks store in India.||Coffeehouse||Tata Starbucks|
|2013||July||Acquisition||Tata Consultancy Services acquires French enterprise solutions provider Alti SA.||Information technology||Tata Consultancy Services|
|2014||June 12||Joint venture launch||Bengaluru-headquartered airline AirAsia India starts operations as a joint venture between Tata and Malaysia's AirAsia Berhad.||Air transport services||AirAsia India|
|2014||April||Legal||NTT Docomo decides to exit the Tata Docomo venture but the Tatas oppose initially which leads to a legal battle between the two groups. On June 24, DOCOMO wins the ruling that orders Tata Sons to pay it US$1.3 billion to buy its stake in the mobile phone joint venture, Tata Teleservices. ||Telecommunications||Tata Docomo|
|2014||December||Acquisition||Tata Power acquires Indian company Energy Products Limited.||Electricity generation||Tata Power|
|2015||January 9||Joint venture launch||Vistara is founded as a joint venture between Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines.||Air transport services||Vistara|
|2016||May 26||Subsidiary launch||E-commerce marketplace Tata Cliq launches.||Online shopping||Tata Cliq|
|2016||June||Acquisition||Tata Power acquires Indian power company Welspun Renewables Energy.||Electricity generation||Tata Power|
|2016||October||Leadership||Cyrus Mistry is abruptly dismissed as chairman of Tata Group over disagreements with members of the Tata family regarding business strategy. Ratan Tata returns to the position on an interim basis.|
|2017||January||Leadership||Natarjan Chandrasekaran becomes new chairman of the Tata Group.|
|2017||June 12||Football club launch||Indian professional football club Jamshedpur FC is created. It is owned by Tata Steel.||Sport|
|2017||Recognition||Tata Chemicals is ranked 1st in 2017 Responsible Business Rankings developed by IIM Udaipur.||Chemicals||Tata Chemicals|
|2018||Joint venture launch||Tata Steel and Thyssenkrupp sign deal to launch a joint venture with the plan to merge their steel businesses in Europe. In 2019, the plan would be rejected by EU antitrust regulators.||Steel Industry||Tata Steel|
|2018||May||Acquisition||Tata Steel acquires Bhushan Steel Limited and renames it Tata Steel BSL.||Steel Industry||Tata Steel|
|2018||Financial||Tata Consultancy Services becomes the first Indian Information technology to reach US$100 billion market capitalization.||Information technology||Tata Consultancy Services|
Meta information on the timeline
How the timeline was built
The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.
Funding information for this timeline is available.
Feedback and comments
Feedback for the timeline can be provided at the following places:
What the timeline is still missing
Timeline update strategy
- Tata Group Homepage
- Taj Hotels
- Tata Coffee
- Tata Motors
- Tata Steel
- Tata Global Beverages
- Tata Consultancy Services
- Titan Company
- Tata Petrodyne
- Tata Housing
- Tata AIG
- Tata Cliq
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 India as a Model for Global Development (Mahmoud Masaeli, Monica Prabhakar ed.).
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Frynas, Jedrzej George; Mellahi, Kamel. Global Strategic Management.
- ↑ Paul, E. Jaiwant. The Story of Tea.
- ↑ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 "Tata Group". britannica.com. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
- ↑ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 5.35 5.36 5.37 5.38 5.39 5.40 5.41 5.42 5.43 5.44 5.45 5.46 5.47 5.48 "Our Timeline: The Complete Story, Tata group". tata.com. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 "A brief history of the Tata Group". blog.ipleaders.in. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ "Empress of India: Oldest mill sold for Rs 35 crore". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 Tyagi, Rachna. "Tata Group history is also the history of Indian industry". theweek.in. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 9.2 Rao, P. L. International Human Resource Management: Text and Cases.
- ↑ "History". iisc.ac.in. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ Subramanian, N. "Trusting the family: a short history of Tata sons ownership" (PDF). Business Standard. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 "The Tata Trusts". ngosindia.com. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
- ↑ "The Power of Dreams". tata.com. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- ↑ "Fact sheet – General Background". Tata Power. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Coffee". tatacoffee.com. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Coffee". tatacoffee.com. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- ↑ "Company profile". tatachemicals.com. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 18.2 "History". tmc.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 "History". tiss.edu. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "History & Archives". tifr.res.in. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tatas history". Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- ↑ "Air India: Air India was at its peak during the JRD Tata times: Jitendra Bhargava, Former ED, Air India – The Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 21 June 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
- ↑ "Nano says tata to truckmaker image". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "TRL KROSAKI Refractories Limited". linkedin.com. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- ↑ "Construction%20Opportunities%20-%20Tata%20Hitachi%excavators". constructionopportunities.in. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
- ↑ 26.0 26.1 26.2 "Tata Global Beverages Ltd.". business-standard.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Global Beverages Overview". glassdoor.sg. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ 28.0 28.1 28.2 "Tata Global Beverages Ltd.". ndtv.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "The Tata Management Training Centre (TMTC)". academyofindianmarketing.org. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Most Admired Companies: Tata Projects". constructionworld.in. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Research Development and Design Centre". iitk.ac.in. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- ↑ The Global Innovation Index 2016: Winning the Global Innovation (Cornell University ed.).
- ↑ Tan, Chung. Rise of the Asian Giants.
- ↑ "Records of Tata-Finlay Limited". archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "About Us". titancompany.in. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Titan Company Ltd". business-standard.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Titan Company Ltd.". business-standard.com. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
- ↑ "TATA HOUSING". tatahousing.in. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ Barnes, Tom. "in+1985+tata"&source=bl&ots=gGft-5jFM_&sig=ACfU3U2BqNP66g7stiMsuVhQC5lNVkwpuA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi1sK7SsqblAhXdGLkGHdHXAOIQ6AEwA3oECAgQAg#v=onepage&q="in%201985%20tata"&f=false Making Cars in the New India: Industry, Precarity and Informality.
- ↑ "Tata Technologies". glassdoor.com.ar. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Power Solar doubles module manufacturing capacity to 400MW". livemint.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "TATA ELXSI LTD. (TATAELXSI) - COMPANY HISTORY". business-standard.com. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- ↑ "Buy Tata Elxsi, target Rs 1,240: Manav Chopra". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- ↑ 44.0 44.1 44.2 "Treasures from the Past". tata.com. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ "The err in Sierra". business-standard.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ Nobrega, William; Sinha, Ashish. Riding the Indian Tiger: Understanding India -- the World's Fastest Growing Market.
- ↑ "TPL". tatapetrodyne.in. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "A truly Exclusive air charter service". tajhotels.com. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tanishq". titancompany.in. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata AutoComp Systems". tataautocomp.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Sons may soon shut down Tata Teleservices". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Consumer and Retail". tata.com. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata AutoComp". crunchbase.com. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- ↑ "Tata AutoComp Systems". craft.co. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- ↑ "TATA AUTOCOMP Mobility Telematics". crunchbase.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ Krishnamacharyulu, C. S. G. Rural Marketing: Text and Cases.
- ↑ "Tatas' shopping spree: 27 in 6 years!". Rediff. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- ↑ "AIG". tataaig.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle". tractors.fandom.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Power Trading". tatapowertrading.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ 61.00 61.01 61.02 61.03 61.04 61.05 61.06 61.07 61.08 61.09 61.10 61.11 61.12 "Tata group's major takeovers abroad". uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Steel to buy NatSteel". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Business Support Services Ltd". bizofit.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "VSNL acquires Tyco cable network for $130 mn". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ 65.0 65.1 The Challenge of BRIC Multinationals (Rob van Tulder, Alain Verbeke, Jorge Carneiro, Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez ed.).
- ↑ "Tatas make Rs 1,313-cr bid for Singapore's NatSteel". The Hindu. 17 August 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- ↑ "Tata Steel completes NatSteel acquisition". The Hindu. 16 February 2005. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Steel sews up NatSteel buyout". Business Standard. 17 February 2005. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- ↑ "Tata Motors buys 79% in Spain's bus and coach maker Hispano - The Economic Times". Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Excellence in automotive design and product engineering". tmetc.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Acquisition of Millennium Steel Company, Thailand". tatasteel.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ 72.0 72.1 72.2 72.3 72.4 72.5 "Singur land acquisition issue: A timeline". thehindu.com. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- ↑ "Singur Tata Nano controversy: How agriculture paid the costliest price for the world's cheapest car". newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- ↑ 74.0 74.1 Studies in Indian Economy, Volume 2 (Ed. K.R. Gupta ed.).
- ↑ "Tata Sky DTH Toll Free Number". customerservicecn.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Ritz-Carlton Boston sold to Taj Hotels for $170M, to be renamed". bizjournals.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Singur farmers appeal to Mamata to end strike". thehindu.com. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- ↑ "Singur and political posturing". thehindu.com. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- ↑ "I agree Taj Hotels Agrees to Acquire the Campton Place, San Francisco for $58 Million, Continuing Its U.S. and Worldwide Expansion". businesswire.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "TATA Capital Financial Services Limited". tokyocentury.co.jp. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Advanced Systems". crunchbase.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Advanced Systems". web.archive.org. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Chemical acquires U.S. soda ash firm". theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "VSNL Presentation (Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited)". slideshare.net. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ Block, Daniel. "How Reliance Jio is monopolising the telecom sector". The Caravan. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Ford Sells Land Rover and Jaguar to Tata". nytimes.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata buys one-third stake in Piaggio Aero". reuters.com. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Communications to acquire 50% of China Enterprise Communications". telegeography.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "TATA Motors acquires stake in Miljo Grenland Innovasjon". steelguru.com. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- ↑ "TATA Motors acquires stake in Miljo Grenland Innovasjon". steelguru.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ 91.0 91.1 "NTT says Tata-Docomo row resolved, to invest $160 million in Netmagic". livemint.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "TRF acquires Hewitt Robins International". machinist.in. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Medical Center (TMC)". tata.com. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- ↑ "Starbucks in equal joint venture with Tata Global; to open cafe in India soon". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Starbucks Opens Spectacular Flagship Store in Mumbai, Honoring the Dynamic Culture of India". stories.starbucks.com. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
- ↑ "TCS acquires France's Alti SA for over Rs 530-cr". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
- ↑ "AirAsia India to double its fleet; plans to start international services by October". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Power ends pact to acquire Ideal Energy power assets". thehindu.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata SIA Airlines". tata.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata CLiQ to launch e-wallet in 4-5 months". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Power acquires Welspun Energy's renewable assets for Rs 10,000 crore". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Jamshedpur FC". theawayend.co. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- ↑ "Are businesses becoming more responsible?". livemint.com. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
- ↑ "EU regulators block Thyssenkrupp, Tata Steel joint venture". reuters.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Tata Steel, Thyssenkrupp set to abandon JV plans in Europe". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
- ↑ "Bhushan Steel Limited is Tata Steel BSL Limited now". tatasteel.com. Retrieved 21 September 2019.