Timeline of medical websites

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This is a timeline of medical websites.

Big picture

Time period Development summary
1990s The first medical websites emerge in the 1990s.[1] Late in the decade, researchers already begin to note that huge numbers of people use the Internet to seek health information, despite various problems with the quality of information or inefficiencies in accessing it.[2]
2000s Standards for quality content on healthcare web pages are formulated. In countries with high internet penetration, people flock to medical websites in skyrocketing numbers.[1]
2010s As of 2014 Wikipedia was described as "the leading single source of healthcare information for patients and healthcare professionals".

Full timeline

Year Month and date Event type Details Country
1992–1993 Website The University of Iowa launches the Virtual Naval Hospital as a gopher site, with three textbooks. In the next year, the site switches to the web (vh.org), becoming the 250th website worldwide and the first medical website.[3][4]
1993 Website better health.com is launched.[5]
1994 February Website American private corporation MedHelp is founded.[6] It is a pioneer in the world of online health and medical information, with their site connecting people with the leading medical experts and others who have similar experiences.[7][8]
1995 May 1 Website Cyberspace Hospital (ch.nus.sg) is launched by the National University of Singapore.[9]
1995 May 2 Website garmin.com is launched. It specializes in health products and shopping.[10]
1995 May 4 Website walgreens.com is launched by American pharmacy store chain Walgreen Company. Over 95% of sessions are initiated from United States. As of May 2018, it has an average traffic of 1.41 Million sessions per day.[11] United States
1995 May Website Medscape (medscape.com) launches as a website that provides access to medical information for clinicians and the general public.[12]
1995 Website trauma.org is launched with the purpose of providing accurate, current information in the field of trauma.[13]
1995 October 17 Website medicinenet.com launches as a medical website. It provides detailed information about diseases, conditions, medications and general health.[14][15] United States
1996 January 30 Website cvs.com is launched by American company CVS Pharmacy.[16] United States
1996 Website Hardin MD is first launched as a source to find the best lists, or directories, of information in health and medicine.[17]
1997 Website Orphanet (orpha.net) is established in France by the INSERM (French National Institute for Health and Medical Research), with the purpose to provide high-quality information on rare diseases, and ensure equal access to knowledge for all stakeholders.[18]
1997 Website The American Medical Association launches ama-assn.org, a site providing easily understood information for consumers and including the capability to search online for physicians, hospitals and medical subjects.[5] United States
1997 February 8 Website mayoclinic.org is launched by American nonprofit academic medical center Mayo Clinic. As of 2018, the website has a traffic of 1.42 million sessions per day.[19] United States
1997 July 28 Website iherb.com is launched. Most sessions are initiated from Russia, Japan, the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Israel.[20]
1998 April 6 Website webmd.com is launched by WebMD, an American online publisher of news and information pertaining to human health and well-being.[21] United States
1998 April 6 Website Russian site apteka.ru is launched. It specializes in pharmacy.[22] Russia
1998 August 11 Website babycenter.com launches.[23] The website informs on conception, pregnancy, birth, and early childhood for parents and parents-to-be.[24] United States
1998 September Website americasdoctor.com is launched.[5] The site provides information to consumers in response to health information inquiries.[25] United States
c.1999 Study Researchers begin to note that huge numbers of people are using the Internet to seek health information, despite various problems with the quality of information or inefficiencies in accessing it.[26]
1999 April 9 Website Medscape General Medicine (aka MedGenMed) and medgenmed.com are launched as an experiment in electronic publishing. It is the world's first, and remains the only, purely electronic, peer-reviewed, primary source general medical journal.[27] United States
2000 January Website medicarenewswatch.com launches as a proprietary internet website featuring cost comparisons for over 200 Medicare health plans in 100 cities.[28]
2000 January 27 Website surgerydoor.co.uk launches, becoming one of the first Internet health portals in the United Kingdom, offering electronic versions of official NHS information, and the country's biggest online health multi-store UK-specific health website.[29] United Kingdom
2000 May 3 Website doctissimo.fr is launched. The site is mostly visited from France (72.5% of visits), Belgium, Algeria, and Canada.[30] France
2000 July 6 Website benzo.org.uk is launched, dedicated to sufferers of iatrogenic benzodiazepine tranquilliser addiction.[31] United Kingdom
2000 July 7 Website medicitalia.it launches in Italy.[32] Italy
2000 December Website globalRPh.com launches. The site is based on a hospital-wide intranet that is located at the VA Medical Center in Detroit Michigan.[33]
2000 Policy The American Medical Association (AMA) establishes a set of principles guiding the standards that healthcare web pages should fulfil, with the final goal of guaranteeing the quality of the information contained in them. This includes content, publicity and sponsors, privacy and confidentiality and electronic commerce.[34] United States
2001 June Website www.toubibonline.com launches as the first medical website from the Middle East, offering medical advice in English, French and Arabic, and including medical news, a Q&A section and a drug-search tool.[35]
2001 September Website Drugs.com (drugs.com) is founded as an online pharmaceutical encyclopedia which provides drug information for consumers and healthcare professionals primarily in the United States.[36]
2002 November 18 Website Chinese website xywy.com is launched. Its traffic is estimated at 2.69 million sessions per day. The vast majority of visits come from China.[37] China
2004 August 25 Website healthline.com is launched by health information provider Healthline.[38] United States
2005 November Website Ganfyd (ganfyd.org) launches as a medical wiki community and online medical wiki encyclopedia, created by a group of doctors in the United Kingdom.[39]
2006 March 24 Website The Tuberculosis Survival Project (TBSP) website findtbresources.cdc.gov is launched on World Tuberculosis Day with the purpose of raising awareness, providing information about tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and offering support.[40]
2007 June Website NHS Choices launches in the United Kingdom as a web-based NHS information service.[41] United Kingdom
2007 Year round Study According to poll, eighty-four percent of American adult Internet users, or about 160 million people, looked for health or medical information online in the year, up from eighty percent in 2006.[42]
2008 January 31 Website Polish site abczdrowie.pl is launched. It specializes in education and resources.[43] Poland
2008 Website eHealthMe.com launches. The site provides patients and healthcare professionals with tools to study approximately 40 million drug outcomes, following the release of those drugs onto the market.[44]
2009 Web-based platform The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) is launched as a web-based platform designed to support reporting of waterborne, foodborne, enteric person-to-person, and animal contact-associated disease outbreaks to CDC.[45]
2009 February 9 Website Anatomography (lifesciencedb.jp) launches as an interactive website which supports generating anatomical diagrams and animations of the human body. The website is maintained by the DBCLS (Database Center for Life Science), a non-profit research institute located at the University of Tokyo.[46]
2009 December Website healthychildren.org is launched by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).[47]
2010 September Website Clinicbook launches as an online healthcare directory and medical appointment booking service.
2010 October Website theNNT launches as an evidence-based medicine website that collects statistical information about drugs, particularly the number needed to treat measure.[48]
2010 October 7 Website Sharecare launches as a health and wellness engagement platform with the purpose of providing consumers with personalized information, programs and resources to improve their health.[49]
2011 January Chemotherapy Advisor (cancertherapyadvisor.com) launches as an online resource and quarterly medical news publication for oncology healthcare professionals.
2012 April Website myhealth1st.com launches in Australia as a medical booking website.[50] Australia
2012 Medical journal BioMed Central (biomedcentral.com) launches. It provides open access to hundreds of peer-reviewed medical journals.[51]
2013 March The NHS Health Apps library launches, containing about 200 apps, which have been reviewed by the British National Health Service and clinicians to ensure that they are safe and trusted.[52] United Kingdom
2013 June The Lancet Global Health launches as a new open access, online title from The Lancet.[53] United Kingdom
2013 September The American College of Physicians launches the ACP Smart Medicine, a web-based clinical decision support tool developed specifically for internal medicine physicians containing 500 modules that provide guidance and information on a broad range of diseases and conditions.[54] United States
2014 Wikipedia is described as "the leading single source of healthcare information for patients and healthcare professionals".[55]
2014 Study According to study "The flow of information has fundamentally changed, and physicians have less control over health information relayed to patients. Not surprisingly, this paradigm shift has elicited varied and sometimes conflicting views about the value of the Internet as a tool to improve health care".[56]
2014 The National Health Service in the United Kingdom proposes to sell datasets of personal health information, which includes NHS numbers, date of birth, postcode, ethnicity and gender. Advocates say that sharing data would make medical advances easier and ultimately save lives because it would allow researchers to investigate drug side effects or the performance of hospital surgical units by tracking the impact on patients.[57][58] United Kingdom
2015 February Website The Flemish Minister of Welfare, Public Health and Family launches Belgian site gezondzwangerworden.be, a website on preconception care.[59]
2015 March Website YourCareEverywhere.com launches as a health and wellness website.averaged over three million visits per month in 2016. The website drove 37 million visitors in total during 2016.[60]
2015 March 24 Website Open Humans (openhumans.org) launches as an online portal that encourages people in the United States to share their DNA and other medical data with researchers.[61]
2015 November 4 Website Stat (statnews.com) launches as a health-oriented news website.[62]
2016 January 19 Website The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention launches a new website that provides forecasts of flu activity made by external research groups.[63]
2016 August 8 Website The Understanding Health Research site (understandinghealthresearch.org) launches with the purpose of helping people understand published health research and distinguish between “good” and “bad” studies.[64]
2017 April The NHS Apps Library beta launches in the United Kingdom to help patients make better choices about the digital health and care tools they use.[65] United Kingdom

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How the timeline was built

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See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 "SIMPLE DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT AND PRESCRIPTIONS NOW A CLICK AWAY". njtopdocs.com. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  2. Risk, A.; Petersen, C. (2002). "Health Information on the Internet". JAMA. 287 (20): 2713–2715. PMID 12020308. doi:10.1001/jama.287.20.2713. 
  3. Creating the Digital Medical Library. Primary Research Group. 
  4. D'Alessandro, Michael P.; D'Alessandro, Donna M.; Bakalar, Richard S.; Ashley, Denis E.; Mary J. C. Hendrix,. "The Virtual Naval Hospital: the digital library as knowledge management tool for nomadic patrons*". PMC 545115Freely accessible. PMID 15685269. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "MEDICAL WEB SITES". tucsoncitizen.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  6. "Interview with MedHelp CEO, John de Souza (transcript)". healthbusinessgroup.com. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  7. "DELETE MEDHELP ACCOUNT". deactivate-account.com. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  8. Dewan, Naakesh A.; Luo, John S.; Lorenzi, Nancy M. Mental Health Practice in a Digital World: A Clinicians Guide. 
  9. "Cyberspace Hospital". isoc.org. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  10. "garmin.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  11. "walgreens.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  12. "Medscape". ipfs.io. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  13. Sadat, Umar. "Educational and Training Resources for Doctors and Students". PMC 1963674Freely accessible. doi:10.1308/003588406X106351a. 
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  16. "cvs.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  17. "Hardin.MD". re3data.org. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  18. "The portal for rare diseases and orphan drugs". orpha.net. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  19. "mayoclinic.org: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  20. "iherb.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  21. "webmd.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  22. "apteka.ru: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 29 May 2018. 
  23. "babycenter.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
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  25. "AmericasDoctor.com". crunchbase.com. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
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  27. Lundberg, George D.; Silberg, Bill; Myers, Christina; Mariani, Sara; Hung, Mindy; Zatz, Steve; Holstein, Roger. "Medscape General Medicine: The Next Steps in an Ongoing Experiment in Medical Publishing". medscape.com. Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
  28. "About HealthMetrix Research". medicarenewswatch.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
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  30. "doctissimo.fr: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  31. "benzo.org.uk". benzo.org.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  32. "medicitalia.it". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  33. "Professionals". healthworldnet.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  34. "New tendencies in health and medical websites". upf.edu. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  35. "Middle East launches its first medical website". dailystar.com.lb. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  36. Siskind, Scott; Aydin, Roland C.; Matta, Punit; Cyron, Christian J. "Higher patient satisfaction with antidepressants correlates with earlier drug release dates across online user‐generated medical databases". Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
  37. "xywy.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  38. "healthline.com: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  39. "Ganfyd". alchetron.com. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  40. "TB Education & Training Resources Website E-Newsletter". findtbresources.cdc.gov. Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
  41. Crinson, Iain. Health Policy: A Critical Perspective. 
  42. "The Doctor as the Second Opinion and the Internet as the First". researchgate.net. Retrieved 11 May 2018. 
  43. "abczdrowie.pl: Web Analysis and traffic history for 9 years". rank2traffic.com. Retrieved 29 May 2018. 
  44. "MedBuddy from eHealthMe.Com Helps Patients Analyze Symptoms (Android App)". medgadget.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  45. "National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS, Water)". cdc.gov. Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
  46. "Visualización de modelos digitales tridimensionales en la enseñanza de anatomía: principales recursos y una experiencia docente en neuroanatomía". elsevier.es. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  47. "The Best Medical Websites". pacificmedicalacls.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  48. "Doctors Launch 'TheNNT.com' to Give Treatment Info". blogs.wsj.com. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
  49. "Web Site to Offer Health Advice, Some of It From Marketers". nytimes.com. Retrieved 7 May 2018. 
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  51. "BioMed Central journals see growth in impact". biomedcentral.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  52. "Health apps - are they all good news?". bbc.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
  53. "The Lancet Global Health". journals.elsevier.com. Retrieved 24 April 2018. 
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  55. Note - sketchy link requires registration. IMS Health (2014). "The use of Wikipedia in Health Care". Engaging patients through social media Is healthcare ready for empowered and digitally demanding patients?. IMS Health. pp. 16–26. Retrieved 22 January 2014.  Further cited in
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  57. Ramesh, Randeep (19 January 2014). "NHS patient data to be made available for sale to drug and insurance firms". theguardian.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
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  59. Delbaere, Ilse; Mokangi, Pascale; Roelens, Kristien; De Sutter, An; Gellynck, Xavier; Beeckman, Dimitri; van de Walle, Liselot; Vandenbulcke, Pieter; De Steur, Hans. "Systematic development of an evidence-based website on preconception care". doi:10.1080/03009734.2016.1216481. 
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  61. "Website recruits people to share health data for studies". nature.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  62. "Globe's owner unveils site focused on health, life-sciences". bostonglobe.com. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  63. "Flu Activity Forecasting Website Launched". cdc.gov. Retrieved 22 April 2018. 
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