Timeline of healthcare in Ethiopia

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This is a timeline of healthcare in Ethiopia, focusing especially on modern science-based medicine healthcare. Major events such as policies and organizations are described.

Big picture

Year/period Key developments
Prior to 1896 Local traditional African medicine is present in Ethiopia for most of its history.
1896–onward Western medicine is consolidated after first hospital is built by Europeans.[1]
1948–onward The Ministry of Health is established.[1]
Present Today, the major health problems of Ethiopia remain largely preventable communicable diseases and nutritional disorders. The rate of morbidity and mortality remain high and the health status is relatively poor. Physician brain drain is an actual major issue.[1]

Full timeline

Evolution of life expectancy in Ethiopia for the period 1950–2005.[2]
Year/period Type of event Event Location
1896 Organization The Russian Red Cross builds the first hospital in Ethiopia.[1]
1939 Report First case of onchocerciasis in Ethiopia is reported.[3]
1942 Report First case of visceral leishmaniasis in Ethiopia is identified.[3]
1948 Organization The Ministry of Health is established.[1]
1954 Organization University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences is founded.[4] Gondar
1956 Campaign An organized leprosy control program is established in Ethiopia within the Ministry of Health.[3]
1964 Policy Pharmacy Regulation No.288/1964 is introduced. This legislation forms the legal basis for official establishment of drug regulation in Ethiopia, enabling the regulation of the practice of pharmacists, druggists and pharmacy technicians; manufacturing, distribution, and sale of medicines.[5]
1966 Organization The Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) is established as a nongovernmental non profitable organization. This marks the beginning of systematic provision of family planning in the country.[6]
1969 Report First case of dracunculiasis is reported in Ethiopia.[3]
1974 The Hamlin Fistula Hospital is founded is founded by Australian obstetrician Catherine Hamlin. It is the first hospital dedicated to the treatment of fistula in the world and the only place where fistula injuries could be treated in Ethiopia.[7] Addis Ababa
1983 Campaign Multiple Drug Therapy (MDT) is massively implemented in Ethiopia, leading to relatively rapid reduction in prevalence of leprosy.[3]
1988–1989 Report The national schistosomiasis survey reports an overall prevalence of 25% over the total population in Ethiopia.[3]
1989 Organization Ethiopiaid is established as a registered charity that generates public funding for local charity partners in Ethiopia.[8]
1989 Organization ActionAid Ethiopia (AAI-E) is founded as a charity organization. It assists in HIV/AIDS and primary health care (PHC), food security and emergency responses, among other interventions.[9]
1993 Campaign The Ethiopian Ministry of Health establishes the National Dracunculiasis Eradication Program, and launches a village-by-village nationwide search during which 1,120 cases are found in 99 villages in the southwest part of the country.[3]
1993 Policy The Ethiopia population policy is adopted with the objectives of reducing the total fertility rate, reducing morbidity and Mortality, as well as raising the contraceptive prevalence rate to a national average of 44% by 2015.[6]
1994 Campaign Leprosy is combined with tuberculosis under a joint control program.[3]
1996 Organization Awassa Health Science College is founded.[10] Hawassa
1998 Campaign Community-based lymphoedema management for podoconiosis is started.[3] Wolayita Zone
1999 Campaign The first national plan to fight onchocerciasis is developed.[3]
1999 Policy Drug Administration and Control Proclamation No.176/1999” is introduced as new regulation, repealing most parts of the regulation 288/1964. The new law establishes an independent Drug Administration and Control Authority (DACA) with further mandate of setting standards of competence for licensing institutions/facilities.[5]
1999 Achievement Ethiopia reaches the leprosy elimination target of 1 case/10,000 population.[3]
2000 Campaign Ethiopia implements the WHO-approved SAFE strategy for trachoma control: surgeries, antibiotics, face and hand washing and environmental hygiene.[3]
2000 Organization The National Onchocerciasis Task Force is established by Ethiopia's Ministry of Health. Its mission encompasses mobilizing and educating onchocerciasis-endemic communities; coordinating Mectizan tablet procurement (donated by Merck) and distribution; and coordinating all partners in the program.[3]
2001 Organization Project Harar is established as a charity organization working in Ethiopia to help children affected by facial disfigurements.[11]
2004 Campaign The Enhanced Outreach Strategy (EOS) program is launched under the mission of deworming 2–5 year old children every six months. The strategy is implemented in every district in the country except Addis Ababa. By 2009 the program has reached more than 11 million children in 624 districts.[3]
2005–2006 Report Survey conducted suggests that Ethiopia is the most trachoma-affected country in the world.[3]
2006 Report The total number of physicians in the public sector in Ethiopia reaches an all-time low of 638.[1]
2006 Campaign A leishmaniasis control program that includes mandatory notification is established.[3]
2006 Campaign Ethiopia’s Reproductive Health Strategy (2006–2015) is launched. It identifies six priority areas: social and cultural determinants of women’s reproductive health; fertility and family planning; maternal and newborn health; HIV/AIDS; reproductive health of young people; and reproductive organ cancers.[12]
2009 Campaign The Ethiopian Ministry of Health launches a lymphatic filariasis elimination program. The program reaches 84% of its target by providing annual Mass drug administration of a single dose of ivermectin and albendazole to a target of almost 100,000 people.[3] Gambela Region
2010 Campaign More than 14.7 million people receive azithromycin through the Carter Center, using what is known as the MalTra-Week Strategy (combining malaria case detection and treatment with mass azithromycin distribution).[3]
2010 Policy The Ethiopian Drug Administration and Control Authority DACA is restructured as Food, Medicine and Health Care Administration and Control Authority (EFMHACA) by Proclamation No. 661/2009, bearing additional responsibilities like regulation of food, health care personnel and settings.[5]
2011 Report Individual latrine coverage (ownership and utilization) reaches 45% for rural households in Ethiopia.[3]
2013 Policy Ethiopia includes podoconiosis in its national neglected tropical diseases (NTD) master plan, given that the greatest burden of podoconiosis globally is assumed to occur in Ethiopia.[13]
2016 Report Life expectancy in the Ethiopia is estimated at 58 years, being ranked 203rd out of 228 political subdivisions.[14]
2017 The World Bank approves US$445 million to enhance water supply and sanitation in Ethiopia.[15]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Ethiopia's Physician Brain-Drain Problem; What to Do?". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  2. "Life Expectancy". Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 Deribe, K; Meribo, K; Gebre, T; Hailu, A; Ali, A; Aseffa, A; Davey, G (2012). "The burden of neglected tropical diseases in Ethiopia, and opportunities for integrated control and elimination". Parasit Vectors. 5: 240. PMC 3551690Freely accessible. PMID 23095679. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-5-240. 
  4. "Training for the future: Building sustainable health systems, one doctor at a time". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  5. 6.0 6.1 "Assessment of Client Satisfaction on Family Planning Services Utilization in Wonji Hospital, Ethiopia, 2016". omicsonline.org. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  6. "International Day to End Obstetric Fistula". ethiopiaid.org.uk. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  7. "Ethiopiaid". Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  8. "ActionAid". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  9. "ETIOLOGY OF BACTERIAL MENINGITIS IN ETHIOPIA, 2007 – 2011: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY" (PDF). Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  10. "Project Harar". Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  11. "thiopia's Reproductive Health Strategy (" (PDF). Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  12. Deribe, K; Cano, J; Newport, MJ; Golding, N; Pullan, RL; Sime, H; Gebretsadik, A; Assefa, A; Kebede, A; Hailu, A; Rebollo, MP; Shafi, O; Bockarie, MJ; Aseffa, A; Hay, SI; Reithinger, R; Enquselassie, F; Davey, G; Brooker, SJ (2015). "Mapping and Modelling the Geographical Distribution and Environmental Limits of Podoconiosis in Ethiopia". PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 9: e0003946. PMC 4519246Freely accessible. PMID 26222887. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003946. 
  13. "Life Expectancy". Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  14. "World Bank Approves $445 Million to Enhance Water Supply and Sanitation in Ethiopia". worldbank.org. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 

Category:Health in Ethiopia Category:Health-related timelines