Timeline of the Red Cross

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Year Event type Details
1859 "The Red Cross idea was born in 1859, when Henry Dunant, a young Swiss man, came upon the scene of a bloody battle in Solferino, Italy, between the armies of imperial Austria and the Franco-Sardinian alliance. Some 40,000 men lay dead or dying on the battlefield and the wounded were lacking medical attention"[1]
1863 "The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement started in 1863 and was inspired by Swiss businessman Henry Dunant."[2]
1863 The red cross on a white background as the uniform distinctive emblem is adopted.[3]
1864 "International Red Cross founded" "The Geneva Convention of 1864 for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick of Armies in the Field is adopted by 12 nations meeting in Geneva. The agreement, advocated by Swiss humanitarian Jean-Henri Dunant, called for nonpartisan care to the sick and wounded in times of war and provided for the neutrality of medical personnel. It also proposed the use of an international emblem to mark medical personnel and supplies. In honor of Dunant’s nationality, a red cross on a white background–the Swiss flag in reverse–was chosen. "[4]
1870 "On 4 August 1870, a public meeting was held in London and a resolution passed": "a National Society be formed in this country for aiding sick and wounded soldiers in time of war and that the said Society be formed upon the rules laid down by the Geneva Convention of 1864."[2]
1876 – 1878 "During the war between Russia and Turkey, the Ottoman Empire declared that it would use the red crescent on a white background in place of the red cross. While respecting the red cross symbol, the Ottoman authorities believed that the red cross was, by its very nature, offensive to Muslim soldiers. The red crescent was temporarily accepted for the duration of this conflict."[3]
1881 "In Washington, D.C., humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters in congruence with the International Red Cross."[5][4]
1901 "Dunant was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize"[4]
1905 "In 1905, the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War was renamed as the British Red Cross."[2]
1907 A permanent structure of local Branches is adopted and extends the presence of the British Red Cross to communities around the country.[2]
1917 "After three years of war, during which there had been no Nobel Peace Prize awarded, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awards the 1917 prize to the International Committee of the Red Cross."[6]
1919 The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is founded in Paris in the aftermath of World War I.[1]
1922 – 1923 The Red Lion and Sun Society of Iran is established as emblem. In 1923 it is admitted to the Red Cross and Red Crescent movement.[7]
1941 "In January 1941, the U.S. government requested that the American Red Cross begin a blood-donor program to provide ready and ample supplies of blood plasma and serum albumin for transfusions for wounded soldiers. More than 13 million donations (each about a pint) were collected."[8]
1942 "On this day in 1942, the international humanitarian agency, the Red Cross, reveals that Japan has refused free passage of ships carrying food, medicine, and other necessities for American POWs held by Japan."[8]
1983 ". An international medical conference initiated by Davison resulted in the birth of the League of Red Cross Societies, which was renamed in October 1983 to the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies"[1]
1991 " An international medical conference initiated by Davison resulted in the birth of the League of Red Cross Societies, which was renamed in October 1983 to the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and then in November 1991 to become the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies."[1]
2006 "In June 2006, an International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent met in Geneva to amend the statutes of the Movement to take into account the creation of the new emblem." [3]

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "The Formation of the IFRC". ifrc.org. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "The beginning of the Red Cross". redcross.org.uk. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "The history of the emblems". icrc.org. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "International Red Cross founded". history.com. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  5. "American Red Cross founded". history.com. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  6. "Red Cross is awarded Nobel Peace Prize". history.com. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 4 April 2019. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Red Cross announces Japan refuses passage of supplies for U.S. POWs". history.com. Retrieved 4 April 2019.