Timeline of FTX
This page is about a topic potentially related to FTX, Alameda Research, Sam Bankman-Fried, or the FTX Future Fund. Other content on this wiki has been compensated by the Future Fund Regranting Program that used funds from the FTX Future Fund. These funds likely came from the FTX Foundation that was funded partly or wholly by money made by FTX, Alameda Research, or Sam Bankman-Fried. As such, there is a theoretical possibility of conflict of interest.
View all pages with possible conflicts of interest due to funding from Future Fund Regranting Program | View pages work on which was to be funded by the Future Fund Regranting Program
This is a timeline of FTX, a bankrupt company that formerly operated a cryptocurrency exchange and crypto hedge fund.
The following are some interesting questions that can be answered by reading this timeline:
|Time period||Development summary||More details|
The table below shows rounded out figures illustrating the evolution of FTX throughout the years.
|Year||Annual revenue (USD)||Net income (USD)||Users||Peak trading volume (USD)||Annual crypto exchange volume (USD)|
|2019||Tiger Global Management, Insight Partners, SoftBank Investment Advisors, Temasek, Telstra Ventures, Teachers Venture Growth, Steadview Capital Management, Redline DAO, Paradigm, New Enterprise Associates, Lightspeed Ventures, 500 Global, Binance Labs, Consensus Lab, FBG Capital, Galois Capital, Greylock Capital Management, Lemniscap, Race Capital, IVP, HOF Capital.|
|2020||Bitscale Capital, BR Capital, Evangelion Capital, Exnetwork Capital, Genblock Capital, Insignius Capital, Pantera Capital.|
|2021||BlackRock, Tom Brady, Gisele Bundchen, Samsung NEXT Ventures, Sequoia Capital, Coinbase Ventures, Base10 Partners, Astronaut Capital, AGE Crypto, Vetamer Capital, Senator Investment Group, Sea Capital, Paradigm, Meritech Capital Partners, ICONIQ Growth, Third Point Ventures, Thoma Bravo, Kevin O'Leary, Willoughby Capital, Digital Currency Group, Third Point, Tribe Capital, Bond Capital, Standard Investments, Circle , Ribbit Capital, Multicoin Capital, Mayfield, 6ixth Event, Abstract Ventures, Alan Howard, Altimeter Capital Management, Bond, Schoeneck & King, DHVC, Israel Englander, Mark VC.|
|2022||Temasek, SoftBank Vision Fund 2, Ontario Teachers Pension Plan, K5 Global, MiH Ventures, Mint Ventures, NKB Ventures, Signum Capital, Alchemy Ventures, Lux Capital, Fenrir, Claritas Capital, Hard Yaka, Early Capital Group, Chapter One Ventures, One Block Capital, Chainfund Capital, A'Z Angels, Allied Investors Group, ArkStream Capital.|
|Year||Month and date||Entity||Event type||Details|
|1992||March 6||SBF biography||Sam Bankman-Fried is born in Stanford, California, to Barbara Fried and Joseph Bankman, both law professors from Stanford University. SBF would be raised the midst of a strong philosophy of utilitarianism.|
|2014||SBF biography||SBF graduates at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a bachelor's degree in physics and a minor in mathematics.|
|2015||Gary Wang graduates with a Bachelor's degree in math and computer science.|
|2017||June||Nishad Singh graduates from University of California, Berkeley.|
|2017||September||SBF quits Jane Street Capital and moves to Berkeley, California.|
|2017||November||Alameda Research is founded in Berkeley, California by SBF and Gary Wang as a crypto hedge fund.|
|2018||January||SBF organizes an arbitrage operation, moving up to $25 million a day, to take advantage of the higher price of bitcoin in Japan compared to the price in the United States. This arbitrage opportunity allows Alameda Research to win $20 million in a single day.|
|2019||April||Dotcom Silo is founded in Hong Kong by SBF, Gary Wang, and Nishad Singh.|
|2019||May||FTX||FTX Trading Ltd is incorporated in Antigua and Barbuda. It is founded by SBF as a centralized crypto exchange that specializes in derivatives and leveraged products. FTX is an abbreviation of "Futures Exchange". This exchange that initially worked within the structure of Alameda Research.|
|2019||July||FTX||FTT token is launched.|
|2019||August 7||FTX has raises $8m in its seed funding round, attracting major investors including Proof-of-Capital, Consensus Lab, FBG and Galois Capital.|
|2019||October||FTX launches an index of eight popular China-related cryptocurrencies, as well as futures contracts based on the index. The Dragon Perpetual Futures Index (DRGN-PERP) tracks a basket of coins including BTM, IOST, NEO, NULS, ONT, QTUM, TRX, and VET, based on a weighted average of their respective prices. FTX offers traders exposure to the coins through perpetual futures contracts, which can be leveraged up to 101 times. By this time FTX, which is based in Antigua and Barbuda, has a history of offering unconventional indices, including the Shitcoin Perpetual Futures Index in August. The launch of DRGN-PERP follows Chinese President Xi Jinping's recent call for the adoption of blockchain technology across a range of sectors, which caused a surge in interest in Chinese blockchain and tech stocks.|
|2019||November||Series A. funding round. As part of a strategic partnership, Binance invests an undisclosed amount of money in FTX. SBF states that “the investment will help accelerate the growth of FTX with support and strategic advisory from Binance while FTX maintains its independent operations.”|
|2019||December||Legal||A United States district court in California dismisses a lawsuit brought against FTX for market manipulation and the sale of unlicensed securities. The lawsuit, filed by entity Bitcoin Manipulation Abatement LLC, sought $150 million in damages from FTX. The complaint also alleged that FTX ran an unlicensed money transmitting business with its OTC desk and accused the exchange of attempting to attack Binance. The court finds that the plaintiff failed to meet the requirements of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and dismisses the case with prejudice.|
|2020||January||West Realm Shires Inc. (also known as FTX US) is founded by SBF, Gary Wang, and Nishad Singh.|
|2020||February||Product||FTX launches a futures contract, called TRUMP-2020 (TRUMP), which allows users to monetize their predictions of the outcome of the 2020 United States presidential election. The TRUMP futures contract would expire at $1 if Donald Trump is re-elected, and at $0 if he is not. The contract would be settled based on projections from major media outlets if a candidate is deemed the winner before all states have released their official vote counts. At this time, trading on FTX is not available in the United States and the TRUMP futures contract cannot be traded by residents of the US, EU, UK, Hong Kong, Singapore, and other prohibited jurisdictions.|
|2020||February||FTX becomes the fifth largest exchange by volume, according to data from Alameda Research. The exchange is just below BitMEX, with $1.1 billion in reported and adjusted trading volume. Huobi Global ranks first, with $6.9 billion in adjusted volume, while OKEx, Binance, and BitMEX have $6.5, $4.2, and $3.7 billion in volume, respectively. FTX attributes its success to its screening methodology, which it claims filters out fake volume from other exchanges to provide a more accurate depiction of true trading volume.|
|2020||March 2||An attempt to manipulate the price of FTT on Binance through a pump-and-dump scheme is found. Pump-and-dump schemes involve artificially inflating the price of a cryptocurrency through coordinated buying, then selling off the coins at a higher price once the price has been driven up. These types of schemes are not uncommon in the cryptocurrency world and can be difficult to detect and prevent.|
|2020||March 30||Binance announces that it will delist all 25 of the FTX leveraged tokens due to a lack of understanding of how they work among many of its users. FTX leveraged tokens are ERC-20 tokens that allow traders to gain exposure to FTX's perpetual futures with up to 3x leverage. For every future on FTX, there are three leveraged tokens available: BULL for long positions, BEAR for short positions, and HEDGE for hedging against market direction. Binance will delist BULL, BEAR, ETHBULL, ETHBEAR, EOSBULL, EOSBEAR, BNBBULL, BNBBEAR, XRPBULL and XRPBEAR assets, and their trading pairs against USDT and BUSD. Binance invested "tens of millions" of dollars in FTX in December 2019.|
|2020||April 22||Product||FTX launches oil futures contracts following the historic drop in the price of oil in the United States. The contracts would expire at the spot West Texas Intermediate (WTI) prices, plus $100 to protect against any negative settlement rate. However, FTX notes that "if the spot price of oil goes below minus $100, FTX OIL contracts can theoretically expire negative." To trade the crude oil futures on FTX, traders must clear level 1 Know Your Customer (KYC) checks, and are restricted if they are based in certain countries including the US, Canada, and the European Union.|
|2020||May 26||Coinbase Custody announces that it will provide primary custodian services for FTT. Coinbase Custody was chosen after its storage solution passed FTX's review and scrutiny, and it has affirmed its commitment to serving a range of institutional clients including exchanges, brokerages, and hedge funds. At this time, FTX is one of the largest exchange clients of Coinbase Custody. The announcement comes as FTX launched its new trading platform for US users, offering liquidity, leverage, and competitive fees on six coins: BTC, ETH, BCH, LTC, PAXG, and USDT.|
|2020||July 28||FTX introduces zero-confirmation transfers via Fireblocks. The latter, a digital asset security and transfer platform, has launched its Deposit Acceleration Program, which aims to provide the fastest on-chain settlement times for the crypto buy-side. The program aims to bring new institutional trading volume to exchanges and accelerate on-chain trading operations for digital asset businesses. The first exchange to join the program is FTX. The program enables Fireblocks customers to deploy assets onto the FTX exchange in real-time with zero confirmations.|
|2020||August||Acquisition||FTX acquires cryptocurrency portfolio tracking app Blockfolio, for $150 million. FTX plans to collaborate with Blockfolio on a retail trading application. Blockfolio's portfolio tracker provides users with a broad overview of the direction of the cryptocurrency market by taking price feeds of major cryptocurrencies from hundreds of exchanges. It is through this app that FTX would acquire most of its mobile users.|
|2020||September 6||Chef Nomi, the creator of SushiSwap, a decentralized finance (DeFi) protocol, transfers control of the project to Sam Bankman-Fried. Nomi faced criticism from the SushiSwap community after withdrawing $13 million from the project's liquidity pool on Uniswap. SBF tweeted his disapproval and called for Nomi to step down.|
|2020||September 9||FTX announces it will host the initial exchange offering (IEO) for the Upbots utility token, UBXT. Upbots is a Swiss trading platform that aims to provide a one-stop dashboard for both professional and amateur traders. It connects to centralized exchanges through APIs and decentralized exchanges through a partnership with DEX.AG, and also offers charting and risk management tools. The main business model for Upbots is a marketplace for trading signals, bots, and social copy trading, with users paying a subscription fee or commission based on their earnings. UBXT tokens can be used to subscribe to online learning courses and for parts of the platform, and can also be staked for discounts on subscription fees.|
|2020||October 28||Partnership||FTX partners with crypto trading platform Hxro to launch TixWix, a trading product that allows users to play live odds on the crypto market. TixWix simplifies the process of trading crypto options by allowing traders to take positions based on live market odds. For example, if the market prices in a 33% chance that Bitcoin will finish the year above a certain price, a trader can take a position that will pay out 3x if correct. TixWix combines Hxro's front-end user experience with FTX's liquidity and backend technology, and is planned to be available in Asia-Pacific, EMEA, Oceania, and LatAm regions.|
|2020||October 29||Product||FTX launches tokenized equity trading on its platform through partnerships with German financial firm CM Equity AG and Swiss-based Digital Assets AG. This allows FTX users to trade and redeem equities that trade on the US stock market, including Facebook, Netflix, Tesla, Amazon, and the SPDR S&P 500 exchange-traded fund. The tokenized equity trading is open 24/7, unlike traditional equities markets, and allows users to trade fractions of the tokenized equities they purchase, similar to the trading app Robinhood. However, FTX's tokenized equity trading is not available in the United States and other restricted regions. The launch is significant for the blockchain and digital currency industry as it represents a step towards the digitization of traditional assets and securities on the blockchain.|
|2020||November 3||Alameda Research||Alameda Research invests $3 million in 3Commas, a trading platform for retail investors. 3Commas was launched in 2017 in Estonia. By this time, the platform has 100,000 active traders and offers a range of pre-determined trading strategies through its bots, which allow users to leave their assets on autopilot and receive notifications when trades are completed.|
|2020||November 5||Politics||Sam Bankman-Fried donates $5.2 million to Joe Biden's presidential campaign. This contribution is part of a larger group of donations totaling $79.5 million from the top 100 CEO donors to Biden's campaign. Michael Bloomberg, co-founder of the financial and media company bearing his name, is the largest CEO contributor to the campaign, with a donation of $56 million.|
|2020||November 16||Product||UpBots, a platform for traders, launches a staking program for its native token, UBXT. The program is exclusively provided by FTX and allows users to stake their UBXT tokens for a minimum of 10,000 tokens and a maximum of 1 million tokens. While their tokens are staked, users would receive an annual percentage return of 25% and have access to three trading algorithm bots, as well as other features included in UpBots' MVP. Token-based rewards are distributed on an hourly basis, with half of the annual percentage return being unlocked and the other half added to the locked amount. UpBots aims to become an all-in-one trading ecosystem, providing automated trading bots, customizable algorithms, a cross-platform cryptocurrency wallet, and support for CEX and DEX exchanges. It also allows users to develop their own algorithms and trading bots, which can be rented out to other traders.|
|2020||December 14||The Digital Assets and Registered Exchanges Act (‘DARE’ or the ‘Act’) comes into effect in The Bahamas.|
|2020||Year round||FTX||According to financial statements, FTX manages to generate an operating profit of $14.4 million on revenue of $89.9 million in the year, its first full year in business.|
|2021||January 20||Alameda Research||Cape Town-based cryptocurrency exchange Ovex receives investment from Alameda Research. Founded in 2019, Ovex specializes in over-the-counter trading and arbitrage, offering South Africa's largest selection of digital asset markets. The company aims to improve the efficiency of the cryptocurrency market in South Africa and increase financial inclusivity. It has a monthly trading volume of $270m and a valuation of over ZAR1bn ($68m).|
|2021||January 28||FTX||FTX partners with blockchain company Circle, with the purpose to allow its users to make near-instant Automated Clearing House (ACH) payments in the United States using USDC stablecoins, which are pegged to the US dollar and issued by Circle. The payments would be available on the Ethereum and Solana blockchains. Circle and FTX also collaborate with financial data transfer network Plaid to enable quick customer bank account verification. This partnership allows cryptocurrency users to access traditional banking more easily and enables FTX customers to make a bank transfer and convert it into USDC for trading or other purposes without waiting for standard ACH transactions.|
|2021||January 29||FTX||FTX creates a new index called the Wall Street Bets Index, which follows the prices of several assets including GameStop (GME), AMC Entertainment (AMC), and Dogecoin (DOGE). The index trades as a futures contract with expiration on March 26, 2021 and is "cash settled vs the index of tokenized share markets on FTX." The index is made up of seven assets, each with a weight of 16.5% except for FTT, which has a weight of 1%. Its creation follows the recent rise in the price of these assets, which has been attributed to the Reddit group r/Wallstreetbets and their efforts to pump the prices of certain stocks.|
|2021||February 1||FTX adds tokenized stocks and futures for silver to its platform in response to the high demand for the precious metal.|
|2021||February 24||Alameda Research leads a $40 million investment round in Oxygen, a decentralized finance (DeFi) platform built on the Solana blockchain. Oxygen aims to make DeFi more accessible and user-friendly, similar to how Robinhood has made stocks more accessible to the general public.|
|2021||March 4||Sam Bankman-Fried||The Hurun Research Institute in China publishes a list of the top three "blockchain billionaires," with Brian Armstrong, CEO of Coinbase, in the top spot. Sam Bankman-Fried is newly added to the list and is in second place with a reported wealth of around $10 billion. Changpeng Zhao, CEO of Binance, is in third place on the list.|
|2021||March 26||FTX wins the naming rights to the American Airlines Arena, home to the Miami Heat NBA team. The deal, worth $135 million over 19 years, is approved by the Miami-Dade Board of County Commissioners. The naming rights deal follows the City of Miami's efforts to rebrand itself as a hub for the cryptocurrency industry. The city has announced that its employees can be paid in bitcoin and its mayor has stated that Miami is "positioning ourselves as a city as one of the most tech-friendly cities in America".|
|2021||March||FTX||FTX signs a $135 million sponsorship deal for naming rights of the Miami Heat’s home court.|
|2021||June||FTX||FTX takes over the rights of what was formerly known as the American Airlines Arena.|
|2021||July||FTX||FTX raises 900 million dollars, reaching a valuation of more than $18 billion. More than 60 investors enter, including Softbank, Sequoia Capital and other companies.|
|2021||July||FTX||FTX Digital Markets is formed in Bahamas, and is duly registered as a digital asset business under The Bahamas' Digital Assets and Registered Exchanges Act, 2020 (the "DARE Act").|
|2021||July||Acquisition||FTX signs a deal with an option to buy digital asset lender BlockFi for up to $240 million.|
|2021||July||FTX receives $1 Billion in Series B financing. Investors include Sequoia, Paradigm, and Thoma Bravo. Binance divests its entire equity stake.|
|2021||August||As of date, SBF still owns 90% of Alameda Research.|
|2021||September||FTX moves its headquarters from Hong Kong to The Bahamas.|
|2021||September||FTX signs a sponsorship deal with Mercedes’ Formula 1 team.|
|2021||September||Golden State Warriors and three-time NBA champion Stephen Curry becomes a global ambassador for FTX. He also receives an equity stake in FTX Trading Limited as part of the agreement. FTX US and its NFT marketplace become the Warriors’ official cryptocurrency platform.|
|2021||September||SBF in Bahamas announces FTX DM registration with SCB.|
|2021||October||FTX||FTX receives $420 million in Series B-1 funding, reaching a valuation of $25 billion. Investors include the OTPPB, Tiger Global, and BlackRock.|
|2022||January 14||FTX||FTX announces a $2 billion venture fund named FTX Ventures.|
|2022||January||FTX||FTX receives $500 million in Series C funding round. Investors include Paradigm, SoftBank and Temasek.|
|2022||January 26||FTX.US||FTX US receives $400 million in Series A funding round, reaching a valuation of $8 billion. Investors include Multicoin, Paradigm, Sequoia, SoftBank and Temasek.|
|2022||January 31||FTX||FTX raises $400 million at a valuation of $32 billion. Investors include SoftBank.|
|2022||February||FTX||It is reported that FTX is creating a gaming division that would help developers add cryptocurrency, NFTs, and other blockchain-related assets into video games.|
|2022||March 10||Charity||FTX announces the launch of the FTX Foundation, a charitable organization that would partner with organizations such as Effective Altruism, GiveWell, The Humane League, and OpenAI. FTX pledges to allocate 1% of its revenue from fees to the foundation. The foundation would allow the FTX community to vote on which issues, such as the pandemic, climate change, or global poverty, it should address. Sam Bankman-Fried states that the foundation is created in order to have a more official way to make a positive impact on the world through charitable donations.|
|2022||April||FTX||The Golden State Warriors drops its second NFT collection on the FTX NFT marketplace, commemorating its 2022 NBA playoffs performance.|
|2022||May||FTX.US||WRS moves headquarters to Chicago.|
|2022||May||Sam Bankman-Fried||SBF testifies to the United States Congress during a hearing titled “Changing Market Roles.”|
|2022||June 6||FTX|| SBF tweets: |
Zig Zag and hiring:Later that month, FTX would lay off around 20 people, mostly in the Bahamas, according to people familiar with the matter, as "FTX required some to sign nondisclosure agreements."
|2022||June||Alameda Research||Alameda Research lends cryptocurrency brokerage company Voyager Digital $500 million to keep their operations afloat in the midst of crypto winter.|
|2022||June||Sam Bankman-Fried||SBF signs the Giving Pledge.|
|2022||July 6||Voyager Digital declares bankruptcy, announcing it and its U.S. affiliates having commenced voluntary Chapter 11 proceedings in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York. In its bankruptcy presentation, Voyager shows Alameda Research owes them $377 million.|
|2022||August 19||FTX||The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) issues a cease-and-desist order to FTX for making "false and misleading representations" about deposits being covered by FDIC insurance following FTX president Brett Harrison's tweet implying otherwise. Following the regulatory action, Harrison would delete the tweet and SBF would clarify in a tweet that FTX deposits are not insured by the FDIC.|
|2022||August 24||Alameda Research||Resignation|| Alameda Research co-CEO Sam Trabucco announces his resignation on Twitter, leaving co-CEO Caroline Ellison as the sole CEO, and announces he will remain in the capacity of adviser. Trabucco tweets: |
I guess that's about it. My time at Alameda has been the most formative of my life. I've learned how to think, I've found out how far I can push myself, and I've been gifted the incredible experience of being in the trenches with lifelong friends -- and *winning*.
|2022||September||FTX.US||WRS starts moving headquarters to Miami.|
|2022||September 21||FTX||FTX negotiates with potential investors to raise up to US$1 billion in new funding that would keep the company’s valuation at roughly $32 billion. Investors include Singapore’s Temasek Holdings, SoftBank Vision Fund 2 and Tiger Global Management.|
|2022||October||FTX||It is reported that FTX was under investigation in Texas for allegedly selling unregistered securities.|
|2022||November 2||Alameda Research||Crypto website CoinDesk publishes an article with details from a leaked copy of Alameda Research financials.|
|2022||November 10||FTX Foundation (Future Fund)||The team running the FTX Future Fund, a charitable group bankrolled by Bankman-Fried, announces having resigned.|
|2022||November 11||Alameda Research, FTX||SBF announces on Twitter that he has voluntarily declared the bankruptcy of Alameda and FTX.|
Meta information on the timeline
How the timeline was built
The initial version of the timeline was written by FIXME.
Funding information for this timeline is available.
Feedback and comments
Feedback for the timeline can be provided at the following places:
What the timeline is still missing
- Now-deleted Sequoia profile of FTX covers a lot of details about how it was founded
Timeline update strategy
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