Timeline of HIV/AIDS

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This is a timeline of HIV/AIDS.

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Time period Development summary More details
1960s–1970s These are known as the “silent” decades as it is likely that HIV already circulated sometime during the 1960s but was unknown or not reported. The spread would start in 1970’s when the medical community becomes aware.[1]
1990s Sub Saharan Africa is the hub of the HIV epidemic of the decade.[2]

Full timeline

Year Month and date Event type Details
1920s According to scientists, the origin of AIDS pandemic may be traced to this decade in the city of Kinshasa, in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo.[3]
1930 A complex computer model of the evolution of HIV-1 suggests that the first transfer of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) to humans occur around that year.[2]
1940s HIV-2 transferral from monkeys to humans in Guinea-Bissau is calculated at some point in the decade.[2]
1960s Experts suggest that about 2,000 people in Africa may have been infected with HIV during this decade. Stored blood samples from an American malaria research project carried out in the Congo in 1959 prove one such example of early HIV infection.[2]
1970s The first epidemic of HIV/AIDS is believed to have occurred in Kinshasa. The emerging epidemic in the Congolese capital is signalled by a surge in opportunistic infections, such as cryptococcal meningitis, Kaposi’s sarcoma, tuberculosis and specific forms of pneumonia. It is speculated that HIV is brought to the city by an infected individual who travelled from Cameroon by river down into the Congo. On arrival in Kinshasa, the virus entered a wide urban sexual network and spread quickly, giving riseto the world’s first heterosexually-spread HIV epidemic.[2]
1981 December The first cases of PCP are reported in people who inject drugs.[4]
1982 The disease is given several names such as lymphadenopathy (as it causes swelling of lymph glands), gay compromise syndrome and for the popular press, “gay plague”. However, many of the patients are haemophiliacs.[1]
1982 June A group of cases among gay men in Southern California suggest that the cause of the immune deficiency is sexual and the syndrome is initially called gay-related immune deficiency (GRID). Later that month, the disease is reported in haemophiliacs and Haitians leading many to believe it has originated in Haiti.[4][5]
1982 December The CDC uses the term 'AIDS' (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) for the first time, describing it as "a disease at least moderately predictive of a defect in cell mediated immunity, occurring in a person with no known case for diminished resistance to that disease."[4]
1983 Blood specimens show a 16 percent infection rate among tested gay men in Johannesburg. The small-scale epidemic is largely confined to white gay men and remains virtually unheard of in the general population in the mid–decade. The homosexual epidemic would stop growing by the end of the 1980s.[2]
1983 Reports of HIV in females suggest sexual transmission.[1]
1983 January AIDS is reported among the female partners of men who had the disease suggesting it could be passed on via heterosexual sex.[4]
1983 May doctors at the Pasteur Institute in France reported the discovery of a new retrovirus called Lymphadenopathy-Associated Virus (or LAV) that could be the cause of AIDS.[4]
1983 June The first reports of AIDS in children hints that it could be passed via casual contact but later it is concluded that they have probably directly acquired AIDS from their mothers before, during or shortly after birth.[4]
1983 September The CDC identifies all major routes of transmission and rules out transmission by casual contact, food, water, air or surfaces.[4]
1983 November The World Health Organization (WHO) holds its first meeting to assess the global AIDS situation and begins international surveillance.[4]
1983 December The number of AIDS cases in the United States rise to 3,064 with 1,292 deaths.[4]
1983–1987 President Mobutu of the Congo bans the subject of AIDS from the press for four years. Around the same time, Zimbabwean doctors are instructed not to mention AIDS on death certificates.[2]
1984 The first patient with AIDS is reported in Thailand.[6]
1984 April The National Cancer Institute announces they have found the cause of AIDS, the retrovirus HTLV-III. In a joint conference with the Pasteur Institute they announce that LAV and HTLV-III are identical and the likely cause of the disease.[4]
1984 July The CDC states that avoiding injecting drug use and sharing needles "should also be effective in preventing transmission of the virus.[4]
1984 October Bath houses and private sex clubs in San Francisco are closed due to high-risk sexual activity. New York and Los Angeles would follow suit within a year.[4]
1984 December There have been 7,699 AIDS cases and 3,665 AIDS deaths in the USA with 762 cases reported in Europe. (Cumulative or only in 1984?).[4]
c.1985 The Western African nation of Guinea-Bissau has the world’s highest level of HIV-2, with 26% of paid blood donors, 8.6% of pregnant women and 36.7% of sex workers testing positive. The virus spreads into rural areas of southern Senegal and Gambia but HIV-2 is not infectious enough to generate an epidemic beyond this region.[2]
1985 March The United States FDA licenses the first commercial blood test, ELISA, to detect antibodies to the virus. Blood banks begin to screen the USA blood supply.[4]
1985 April The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the World Health Organization host the first International AIDS Conference in Atlanta.[4]
1985 October 2 American actor Rock Hudson dies from AIDS, and leaves $250,000 to set up the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR). Hudson is considered the hirst high profile AIDS fatality in the United States.[4]
1985 December Every region in the world has reported at least one case of AIDS, with 20,303 cases in total.[4]
1985 Virology LAV and HTLV-3 are shown to be the same virus.[1]
1986 Prevention A prevention program is launched in Uganda. By this time the country is in the midst of a major epidemic, with a prevalence rate of 26% in its capital city.[4]
1986 May Virology The International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses says that the virus that causes AIDS will officially be called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) instead of HTLV-III/LAV.[4]
1987 Prevention The Ugandan AIDS control program formulates a five-year plan with the assistance of the World Health Organization. The plan is later made a model for Africa and receives more than £20 million in donor funding.[2]
1987 February Program launch The World Health Organization launches The Global Program on AIDS to raise awareness; generate evidence-based policies; provide technical and financial support to countries; conduct research; promote participation by NGOs; and promote the rights of people living with HIV.[4]
1987 March Drug The FDA approves the first antiretroviral drug, zidovudine (AZT), as treatment for HIV.[4]
1987 July The World Health Organization confirms that HIV could be passed from mother to child during breastfeeding.[4]
1987 October AIDS becomes the first illness debated in the United Nations General Assembly.[4]
1988 The second highest prevalence rate of HIV in all of Africa is found on the Tanzam road linking Tanzania and Zambia. The disease moves further south through Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Botswana.[2]
1988 December 1 The World Health Organization declares 1st December as the first World AIDS Day.[4]
1989 March Epidemiology 145 countries report 142,000 AIDS cases. However, the WHO estimates there war up to 400,000 cases worldwide.[4]
1989 June The CDC releases the first guidelines to prevent Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) - an opportunistic infection that is a major cause of death among people with AIDS.[4]
1989 Epidemiology By the end of the decade, the southern African countries of Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana are on the verge of overtaking East Africa as the focus of the global HIV epidemic.[2]
1990 June The 6th International AIDS Conference in San Francisco protests against the United States's immigration policy which stopped people with HIV from entering the country. NGOs boycot the conference.[4]
1990 July The United States government enacts the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) which prohibits discrimination against those with disabilities including people living with HIV.[4]
1990 October The Food and Drug Administration} approves the use of zidovudine (AZT) to treat children with AIDS.[4]
1991 November British singer Freddie Mercury announces he has AIDS and dies a day later.[4]
1993 March The United States Congress votes overwhelmingly to retain the ban on entry into the country for people living with HIV.[4]
1993 The CDC adds pulmonary tuberculosis, recurrent pneumonia and invasive cervical cancer to the list of AIDS indicators.[4]
1993 December Epidemiology There are an estimated 9 million people infected in the sub-Saharan region out of a global total of 14 million.[2] An estimated 2.5 million AIDS cases are reported globally in the year.[4]
1994 It is discovered that the antiretroviral drug zidovudine (AZT) could reduce mother-to-child transmission by two-thirds.[2]
1994 August Drug the United States Public Health Service recommends the use of AZT to prevent the mother-to-child transmission of HIV.[4]
1994 December Diagnosis The FDA approves an oral HIV test - the first non-blood HIV test.[4]
1995 June Drug The FDA approves the first protease inhibitor beginning a new era of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART). Once incorporated into clinical practice HAART would bring about an immediate decline of between 60% and 80% in rates of AIDS-related deaths and hospitalisation in those countries which could afford it.[4]
1995 December Epidemiology There are an estimated 4.7 million new HIV infections worldwide - 2.5 million in southeast Asia and 1.9 million in sub-Saharan Africa.[4]
1996 January Organization The Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) is launched to advocate for global action on the epidemic and coordinate the response to HIV and AIDS across the United Nations.[4]
1996 December Epidemiology By the end of the year, the estimated number of people living with HIV is 23 million worldwide.[4]
1997 September Drug The FDA approves Combivir, a combination of two antiretroviral drugs, taken as a single daily tablet, making it easier for people living with HIV to take their medication.[4]
1997 Epidemiology UNAIDS estimates that 30 million people have HIV worldwide equating to 16,000 new infections a day.[4]
1998 Epidemiology Sub-Saharan Africa is home to 70% of people who became infected with HIV during the year, with an estimated one in seven of these new infections occurring in South Africa.[2]
1998 Glaxo Wellcome cut the price of zidovudine AZT by 75%.[2]
1999 Botswana launches Africa’s first program to combat mother-to-child transmission.[2]
1999 Epidemiology The World Health Organization announces that AIDS is the fourth biggest cause of death worldwide and number one killer in Africa. An estimated 33 million people are estimated to live with HIV and 14 million people have died from AIDS since the start of the epidemic.[4]
1999 The Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi declares AIDS a national disaster.[2]
2000 July UNAIDS negotiates with five pharmaceutical companies to reduce antiretroviral drug prices for developing countries.[4]
2000 September Program launch The United Nations adopt the Millennium Development Goals which includes a specific goal to reverse the spread of HIV, malaria and tuberculosis.[4]
2001 June The United Nations (UN) General Assembly calls for the creation of a "global fund" to support efforts by countries and organizations to combat the spread of HIV through prevention, treatment and care including buying medication.[4][2]
2001 November The World Trade Organization (WTO) announces the Doha Declaration which allows developing countries to manufacture generic medications to combat public health crises like HIV.[4]
2001 Epidemiology There are more than 20 million people (based on current estimates) living with AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa, but only 8,000 people have access to drug treatment.[2]
2002 January The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria begins operations. In April the Global Fund approves its first round of grants totalling US$600 million.[4]
2002 July UNAIDS reports that AIDS is already by far the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa.[4]
2002 November The FDA approves the first rapid HIV test with 99.6% accuracy and a result in 20 minutes.[4]
2003 January United States President George W. Bush announces the creation of the United States President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), a $15 billion, five-year plan to combat AIDS, primarily in countries with a high number of HIV infections.[4]
2003 December The World Health Organization announces the “3 by 5” initiative to bring HIV treatment to 3 million people by 2005.[4]
2006 Male circumcision is found to reduce the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission by 60%.[4]
2007 May The World Health Organization and UNAIDS issue new guidance recommending “provider-initiated” HIV testing in healthcare settings. This is aimed to widen knowledge of HIV status and greatly increase access to HIV treatment and prevention.[4]
2010 January The travel ban preventing HIV-positive people from entering the United States is lifted.[4]
2010 July The CAPRISA 004 microbicide trial is hailed a success after results show that the microbicide gel reduces the risk of HIV infection in women by 40%.[4]
2011 August Drug The FDA approves Complera, the second all-in-one fixed dose combination tablet, expanding the treatment options available for people living with HIV.[4]
2011 December Treatment Antiretroviral therapy reaches 8 million people by the end of the year, a twenty-fold increase since 2003. For the first time, a majority (54%) of people eligible for antiretroviral therapy in

low- and middle-income countries are receiving antiretroviral therapy.[7]

2012 July Drug The FDA approves PrEP for HIV-negative people to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV.[4]
2013 UNAIDS reports that AIDS-related deaths fell from a high of 2.3 (2.1–2.6) million in 2005 to 1.6 (1.4–1.9) million in 2012.[8]
2015 September The World Health Organization launches new treatment guidelines recommending that all people living with HIV should receive antiretroviral treatment, regardless of their CD4 count, and as soon as possible after their diagnosis.[4]
2016 Epidemiology The number of people in Russia living with HIV reaches one million. Newly released figures also show 64% of all new HIV diagnoses in Europe occurred in that country.[4]

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

What the timeline is still missing

graphs here [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

Timeline update strategy

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "History of AIDS". news-medical.net. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 "The History of AIDS in Africa". blackhistorymonth.org.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  3. Gallagher, James. "Aids: Origin of pandemic 'was 1920s Kinshasa'". bbc.com. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31 4.32 4.33 4.34 4.35 4.36 4.37 4.38 4.39 4.40 4.41 4.42 4.43 4.44 4.45 4.46 4.47 4.48 4.49 4.50 4.51 4.52 4.53 4.54 4.55 4.56 4.57 4.58 "HISTORY OF HIV AND AIDS OVERVIEW". avert.org. Retrieved 3 February 2018. 
  5. "Epidemiologic Notes and Reports Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia among Persons with Hemophilia A". cdc.gov. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  6. "The WORLD HEALTH REPORT 1999" (PDF). who.int. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  7. "The treatment gap in lowand middle-income countries" (PDF). unaids.org. Retrieved 4 February 2018. 
  8. "GLOBAL REPORT" (PDF). files.unaids.org. Retrieved 4 February 2018.