Timeline of Intel
This is a timeline of Intel, one of the world's largest and highest valued semiconductor chip makers.
|Time period||Key developments at Intel|
|1970–1980||Intel manufactures a variety of semiconductors—from DRAM to processors. It goes IPO in 1971.|
|1981–1986||Intel's share of DRAM decreases due to competition with Japan, while its share of processor manufacturing increases (and goes through a "valley of death" in 1985–1986). Andrew Grove presides over its difficult decision to transition away from primarily making DRAM memory chips into primarily making processors. Intel also contracts with IBM to establish Intel chips as the standard for the personal computer, paving way for Intel's dominance over the market.|
|1987–1998||Andrew Grove becomes CEO of Intel in 1987. This era is dominated by a boom in personal computer sales. The Intel-IBM alliance is fragile, but Intel benefits by setting the standard for "IBM Clones" like Compaq. Intel also encounters increasing competition from AMD. By 1998, Intel rolls out 3 major semiconductor lines for the personal computer market. From 1987 to 1998, Intel's stock price rose 31.6 percent a year and revenues grew from $1.9 billion to $25.1 billion.|
|1998–2005||Craig Barrett becomes Intel CEO. The Internet was beginning to usher in massive changes in e-commerce and consumer behavior. Intel launches Centrino mobile technology, which helps usher in the wireless era.|
|2005–2011||With Moore's Law starting to slow down in 2005, Intel starts releasing multicore processors. By the end of this period, Intel also gains significant traction in its competition against Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).|
|2012–2015||Smartphone purchases significantly increase, but by the end of this period, PC sales start to decline (even though Intel still retains dominance in the PC share of the semiconductor market). Intel's smartphone processors still fail to gain significant traction. Intel also starts to manufacture processors for the Internet of Things market.|
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Details|
|1968||July 18||Company||Intel is founded by Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, both who left Fairchild Semiconductor.|
|1969||May 1||Competition||Advanced Micro Devices is founded by Jerry Sanders. This company would become the second-largest supplier and only significant rival to Intel in the market for x86-based microprocessors.|
|1970||October||Products||Intel comes out with its 3rd product, the Intel 1103, which put Intel on the map.|
|1971||October 13||Company||Intel goes IPO at a price of $23.50 a share. At 350,000 shares, this sums to a total of $8.225M.|
|1971||November 15||Product||Intel launches its first microprocessor, the 4004.|
|1972||April||Product||Intel announces the first 8-bit microprocessor, the 8008.|
|1974||April||Product||Intel launches the Intel 8080 microprocessor, the first general-purpose microprocessor, featuring 4,500 transistors. This finally kickstarts computer development.|
|1976||Product||Intel launches the Intel MCS-48 series of microcontrollers, the world's first microcontrollers (which combine a CPU with memory, peripherals, and input-output functions).|
|1978||June||Product||Intel introduces the 8086 16-bit microprocessor, which becomes the industry standard (for the x86 instruction set).|
|1979||November||Product||Intel launches "Operation Crush", a campaign to establish the 8086 as the standard for the 16-bit microprocessor market (which was competing with the technically superior Motorola 68000). This finally convinces IBM to adopt the 8086 in its upcoming personal computer.|
|1980||Product||Intel and Xerox introduce the cooperative Ethernet project.|
|1982||February 1||Product||Intel launches the 16-bit Intel 286 microprocessor, which features 134,000 transistors and is built into many PCs.|
|1983||Product||Intel launches CHMOS technology, which increases chip performance while decreasing power consumption.|
|1984||Product||Intel announces the world's first CHMOS DRAMs, which have densities as high as 256K.|
|1985||Product||Intel enters the parallel supercomputer business and introduces the iPSC/1.|
|1985||October||Product||Intel launches (and sole-sources) the 80386 processor, a 32-bit chip that incorporates 275K transistors and can run multiple software programs at once.|
|1986||September||Partnerships||Compaq buys the 386 for its Deskpro personal computer. Compaq was one of several IBM clones that would adopt Intel processors, which shifted control of the computing industry from IBM to Intel.|
|1986||Legal||The US-Japan Semiconductor Trade Agreement is signed, opening up Japanese markets to US semiconductor markets.|
|1989||April 10||Product||Intel introduces the 80486 microprocessor, which it sole-sources for 4 years. This offers backwards compatibility.|
|1989||October||Marketing||Intel launches the "Red X" marketing campaign by discrediting its original 16-bit and 8-bit products, in order to encourage more people to adopt 32-bit computing.|
|1990||June 3||Team||Robert Noyce suddenly dies from a heart attack.|
|1990||November||Competition||Intel loses its suit against AMD. This loss allows AMD to create clones of the 386 processor.|
|1991||Spring||Product||Intel decides that it will stick with CISC architecture, and cuts off support for RISC architecture, which was internally developed by Les Kohn.|
|1991||Company||Intel starts the Intel Inside marketing campaign.|
|1992||Competition||Intel becomes the top-ranked seller for semiconductor sales. It has retained its top ranking ever since.|
|1993||March||Product||Intel launches the Pentium processor, which has 3.1 million transistors, initial speeds of 60 mHz, features an integrated floating-point unit, and is built on a 0.8 micron bi-CMOS process.|
|1994||December||Product||Intel suffers a public relations disaster when the CNN publicized the story that there was a flaw in the way that the Pentium chip did division. Intel argued that the flaw was irrelevant, but then IBM halted shipments of Pentium-based computers, forcing Intel to reverse course and offer a no-questions-asked return policy.|
|1995||November 1||Product||Intel launches the Pentium Pro processor, a high-performance chip targeted for 32-bit workstations.|
|1996||October 22||Product||Intel launches the Pentium MMX product line.|
|1997||May 7||Product||Intel launches the Pentium II line of processors, which is Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture (P6).|
|1998||April 1||Company||Intel wins sponsorship rights to the Westinghouse Science Talent Search.|
|1998||June 29||Product||Intel rolls out the Intel Pentium II Xeon processor, Intel's new high-end solution for the workstation and server markets.|
|1998||August 24||Product||Intel launches the first processor for the budget PC market segment, the Intel Celeron processor.|
|1999||February 26||Product||Intel launches the Pentium III generation of microprocessors, which features the addition of the SSE instruction set (to accelerate floating point and parallel calculations).|
|1999||October||Company||The DJIA adds Intel to its list.|
|2000||Company||Intel launches Intel Research.|
|2000||November||Product||Intel introduces the Pentium 4 processor, with an initial speed of 1.5 GHz.|
|2001||May||Legal, Competition||Intel and Advanced Micro Devices make a patent cross-license agreement between the companies.|
|2003||March||Product||Intel introduces Centrino processor technology for laptop PCs, which made wireless compatibility a standard for laptop computers.|
|2004||February||Product||Intel announces that it will implement its first 64-bit processor, and releases the Nocona on June 2004.|
|2005||June||Legal, Competition||AMD files lawsuit against Intel, claiming that Intel engaged in unfair competition by offering rebates to Japanese PC manufacturers who agreed to eliminate or limit purchases of microprocessors made by AMD or a smaller manufacturer, Transmeta. On November 2009, Intel agrees to pay AMD $1.25 billion in a settlement.|
|2006||December||Product||Intel launches the Core 2 Duo processor, which marks its transition into dual core processors.|
|2007||November||Competition||Qualcomm launches the furst Snapdragon System on a chip semiconductor product, which included the first 1 GHz processor for mobile phones. By 2011, Snapdragon achieves 50% market share of the smartphone processor market.|
|2008||March 2||Product||Intel announces the Intel Atom, a line of low-power, low-cost and low-performance x86 and x86-64 microprocessors that can be used for smartphones and tablets.|
|2008||August 10||Product||Intel announces the Nehalem microprocessor, which represents the new Core i7 brand of high-end microprocessors to replace the Core 2 Duo microprocessors.|
|2009||November||Legal||Intel pays Advanced Micro Devices $1.25 billion in a settlement over AMD's assertion that Intel rewarded computer makers that used only Intel chips and punished those who bought from AMD.|
|2011||January||Product||Intel announces the Sandy Bridge series of i7 microprocessors to replace Nehalem. Sandy Bridge microprocessors start out as quad-core.|
|2011||May||Product||Intel announces that it will put the first 3D transistors. into high-volume production (the structure it invented is called "Tri-Gate").|
|2013||June||Product||Intel releases the next-generation lineup of desktop and mobile processors in the Core i3, i5, and i7 family - known as Haswell.|
|2013||September 10||Product||Intel announces the Intel Quark, a tiny chip that can power Internet of Things and wearable devices.|
|2015||July||Competition||Thomas Sohmers, a 2013 Thiel Fellow, announces that his Rex Systems has scored $1.25 million in venture funding to develop an alternative way to architect chips that use 1/20th of the power that Intel's chips use. He plans by starting at the high-end supercomputers market.|
|2016||May 3||Product||Intel announces withdrawal from smartphone market.  |
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