Timeline of pediatrics
This is a timeline of pediatrics.
|Time period||Development summary|
|17th – 18th centuries||"Among the increasing number of authors who wrote about diseases in children during the 17th and 18th centuries, 2 deserve mention. Thomas Sydenham (1624–1689), the English Hippocrates, wrote on scarlet fever, measles, smallpox, epilepsy, rickets, teething fever, scorbutus (scurvy), and the chorea we know as St. Vitus Dance. Edward Jenner (1749–1823) inoculated an 8-year-old boy with cowpox matter into one arm and 6 weeks later inoculated smallpox matter into the other arm (Figure (Figure11). The boy did not get smallpox, heralding one of the greatest medical benefits of all time: the prevention of disease by immunization"|
|20th century||In the 1970s, an increasing number of collaborative arrangements for both training and research between pediatricians and psychologists is noted.|
|1552 BC||The Ebers Papyrus iscusses, among other topics, breastfeeding, a cure for worms, and treatment of eye diseases.||Egypt|
|c.400 BC||Greek physician Hippocrates writes about cephalhematoma, hydrocephalus, clubfoot, worms, diarrhea, scrofula, asthma, and mumps.|
|c.100 AD||Greek physician Soranus of Ephesus describes the fingernail test for breast milk quality (If the droplet clings to the nail, it contains sufficient fat. If not, it is watery).|
|c.200 AD||Greek physician Galen writes about ear discharge, pneumonia, and intestinal prolapse and describes a disorder that corresponds to rickets.|
|990 AD||Scientific development||Persian polymath Avicenna discusses tetanus, worms, convulsions, meningitis, and umbilical abscess.|
|1583||"Hieronymus wrote the first important printed book about children in 1583, entitled De Morbus Pusiorum."|
|1802||Organization (hospital)||L'Hôpital des Enfants Malades opens in Paris, on the site of a previous orphanage. It is considered the first generally accepted pediatric hospital in the Western World.||France|
|1813 – 1852||American physician Eli Ives gives lectures to medical students at Yale University about diseases in children and other medical topics.||United States|
|1825||Two early textbooks in pediatrics are published, Treatise on the Physical and Medical Treatment of Children by Dr. William Potts Dewees and Practical Observations on Diseases of Children by Dr. George Logan.||United States|
|1830||The Charité hospital in Berlin establishes a separate Paediatric Pavillion.||Germany|
|1852||Organization (hospital)||The Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, opens in London as the first paediatric hospital is the English-speaking world.||United Kingdom|
|1855||Organization (hospital)||The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is founded as the first pediatric hospital in the United States.||United States|
|1869||Organization (hospital)||Boston Children's Hospital is founded.||United States|
|1886||German agricultural chemist Franz von Soxhlet proposes pasteurization be applied to milk and other beverages.||Germany|
|1888||Organization||The American Pediatric Society is established.||United States|
|1911||Journal||The American Journal of Diseases in Children is released.||United States|
|1930||Organization||The American Academy of Pediatrics is formed.||United States|
|1932||Journal||The Journal of Pediatrics is started for the American Academy of Pediatrics.||United States|
|1933||Organization||The American Board of Pediatrics, a certifying board of the American Board of Medical Specialties, is founded.||United States|
|1940||Organization||The American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics is established.||United States|
|1941||Literature||Drs William E. Ladd and Robert E. Gross publish Abdominal Surgery of Infancy and Childhood, the first modern pediatric surgery textbook.|
|1941||Australian ophthalmologist Norman McAlister Gregg correctly identifies the link between congenital cataracts in infants and maternal rubella early in pregnancy.||Australia|
|1943||Field development||Helen Taussig and Alfred Blalock develop a palliative surgical treatment for babies with Tetralogy of Fallot.|
|1946||Literature||Benjamin Spock publishes the first edition of Baby and Child Care.|
|1948||Literature||The journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics is first published.|
|1951||The American Board of Pediatrics issues a statement concerning the importance of training in child growth and development for pediatricians.||United States|
|1952||Field development||American obstetrical anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar develops the Apgar Score, which is used to test a baby's response to resuscitation right after they are born.||United States|
|1953||Organization||The Boston Association for Childbirth Education is founded.||United States|
|1956||Organization||La Leche League|
|1958||Organization||Society for Pediatric Radiology|
|1960||Academic Pediatric Association||United States|
|1963||Medical development||American microbiologist Robert Guthrie develops the Guthrie test to screen newborns for phenylketonuria (PKU).||United States|
|1963||Organization||Indian Academy of Pediatrics||India|
|1964||Organization||Australian Breastfeeding Association||Australia|
|1965||Developmental psychologist Jerome Kagan publishes The New Marriage: Pediatrics and Psychology, a highly influencial statement concerning the necessity for pediatric concern with developmental issues.|
|1970||American aviator Forrest Bird invents the Baby Bird, the first mass-produced, low-cost, pediatric ventilator, after having invented some of the first portable mechanical ventilators in the 1950s and 60s.||United States|
|1970||Organization||American Pediatric Surgical Association||United States|
|1980||Literature||The Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics is first issued.|
|1982||Organization||The Society of Behavioral Pediatrics is established.|
|1986||Organization||Murdoch Children's Research Institute is founded in Australia||Australia|
|1991||Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative|
|1991||World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action|
|1992||Organization||Bangladesh Institute of Child and Mother Health||Bangladesh|
|2002||Organization||American College of Pediatricians||United States|
|2003||Program||The Pan American Health Organization sets a goal of eradicating rubella from the Western Hemisphere.|
|2006||Organization||Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group|
|2006||International Breast Milk Project|
|2009||"Cerarix, a vaccine against HPV, is approved in 2009, and joins Gardasil (another HPV vaccine) on the vaccine schedule to protect kids from an ever growing list of vaccine-preventable diseases, including chickenpox (Varivax), pneumococcal disease (Prevnar 13), rotavirus (Rotateq and Rotarix), meningococcal disease (Menactra), and hepatitis A, for which vaccines have been approved since the hepatitis B vaccine was added to the immunization schedule in 1994."|
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- "The Virginia Apgar Papers". profiles.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Dr. Virginia Apgar". cfmedicine.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Virginia Apgar". britannica.com. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Visible Woman, 1959, and Boston Association for Childbirth Education newsletter, 1968". schlesinger75radcliffe.org. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- "Phenylketonuria and the Guthrie Test". pediatrics.aappublications.org. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- "Guthrie test". embryology.med.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
- Carey, William B. Developmental-behavioral Pediatrics.