Timeline of pediatrics

From Timelines
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a timeline of pediatrics.

Big picture

Time period Development summary
17th – 18th centuries "Among the increasing number of authors who wrote about diseases in children during the 17th and 18th centuries, 2 deserve mention. Thomas Sydenham (1624–1689), the English Hippocrates, wrote on scarlet fever, measles, smallpox, epilepsy, rickets, teething fever, scorbutus (scurvy), and the chorea we know as St. Vitus Dance. Edward Jenner (1749–1823) inoculated an 8-year-old boy with cowpox matter into one arm and 6 weeks later inoculated smallpox matter into the other arm (Figure ​(Figure11). The boy did not get smallpox, heralding one of the greatest medical benefits of all time: the prevention of disease by immunization"[1]
20th century In the 1970s, an increasing number of collaborative arrangements for both training and research between pediatricians and psychologists is noted.[2]

Full timeline

Year Event type Details Location
1552 BC The Ebers Papyrus iscusses, among other topics, breastfeeding, a cure for worms, and treatment of eye diseases.[1] Egypt
c.400 BC Greek physician Hippocrates writes about cephalhematoma, hydrocephalus, clubfoot, worms, diarrhea, scrofula, asthma, and mumps.[1]
c.100 AD Greek physician Soranus of Ephesus describes the fingernail test for breast milk quality (If the droplet clings to the nail, it contains sufficient fat. If not, it is watery).[1]
c.200 AD Greek physician Galen writes about ear discharge, pneumonia, and intestinal prolapse and describes a disorder that corresponds to rickets.[1]
990 AD Scientific development Persian polymath Avicenna discusses tetanus, worms, convulsions, meningitis, and umbilical abscess.[1]
1583 "Hieronymus wrote the first important printed book about children in 1583, entitled De Morbus Pusiorum."[1]
1802 Organization (hospital) L'Hôpital des Enfants Malades opens in Paris, on the site of a previous orphanage. It is considered the first generally accepted pediatric hospital in the Western World.[3] France
1813 – 1852 American physician Eli Ives gives lectures to medical students at Yale University about diseases in children and other medical topics.[4] United States
1825 Two early textbooks in pediatrics are published, Treatise on the Physical and Medical Treatment of Children by Dr. William Potts Dewees and Practical Observations on Diseases of Children by Dr. George Logan.[4] United States
1830 The Charité hospital in Berlin establishes a separate Paediatric Pavillion.[3] Germany
1852 Organization (hospital) The Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, opens in London as the first paediatric hospital is the English-speaking world.[3] United Kingdom
1855 Organization (hospital) The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia is founded as the first pediatric hospital in the United States.[3] United States
1869 Organization (hospital) Boston Children's Hospital is founded.[3] United States
1886 German agricultural chemist Franz von Soxhlet proposes pasteurization be applied to milk and other beverages.[5][6][7][4] Germany
1888 Organization The American Pediatric Society is established.[4] United States
1911 Journal The American Journal of Diseases in Children is released.[4] United States
1930 Organization The American Academy of Pediatrics is formed.[8][9][10][4] United States
1932 Journal The Journal of Pediatrics is started for the American Academy of Pediatrics.[11] United States
1933 Organization The American Board of Pediatrics, a certifying board of the American Board of Medical Specialties, is founded.[4] United States
1940 Organization The American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics is established.[12] United States
1941 Literature Drs William E. Ladd and Robert E. Gross publish Abdominal Surgery of Infancy and Childhood, the first modern pediatric surgery textbook.[4]
1941 Australian ophthalmologist Norman McAlister Gregg correctly identifies the link between congenital cataracts in infants and maternal rubella early in pregnancy.[13][14][4][15] Australia
1943 Field development Helen Taussig and Alfred Blalock develop a palliative surgical treatment for babies with Tetralogy of Fallot.[4]
1946 Literature Benjamin Spock publishes the first edition of Baby and Child Care.[4]
1948 Literature The journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics is first published.[4]
1951 The American Board of Pediatrics issues a statement concerning the importance of training in child growth and development for pediatricians.[2] United States
1952 Field development American obstetrical anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar develops the Apgar Score, which is used to test a baby's response to resuscitation right after they are born.[4][16][17][18] United States
1953 Organization The Boston Association for Childbirth Education is founded.[19] United States
1956 Organization La Leche League
1958 Organization Society for Pediatric Radiology
1960 Academic Pediatric Association United States
1963 Medical development American microbiologist Robert Guthrie develops the Guthrie test to screen newborns for phenylketonuria (PKU).[4][20][21] United States
1963 Organization Indian Academy of Pediatrics India
1964 Organization Australian Breastfeeding Association Australia
1965 Developmental psychologist Jerome Kagan publishes The New Marriage: Pediatrics and Psychology, a highly influencial statement concerning the necessity for pediatric concern with developmental issues.[2]
1970 American aviator Forrest Bird invents the Baby Bird, the first mass-produced, low-cost, pediatric ventilator, after having invented some of the first portable mechanical ventilators in the 1950s and 60s.[4] United States
1970 Organization American Pediatric Surgical Association United States
1980 Literature The Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics is first issued.[22]
1982 Organization The Society of Behavioral Pediatrics is established.[22]
1986 Organization Murdoch Children's Research Institute is founded in Australia Australia
1991 Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative
1991 World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action
1992 Organization Bangladesh Institute of Child and Mother Health Bangladesh
2002 Organization American College of Pediatricians United States
2003 Program The Pan American Health Organization sets a goal of eradicating rubella from the Western Hemisphere.[13]
2006 Organization Children's Cancer and Leukaemia Group
2006 International Breast Milk Project
2009 "Cerarix, a vaccine against HPV, is approved in 2009, and joins Gardasil (another HPV vaccine) on the vaccine schedule to protect kids from an ever growing list of vaccine-preventable diseases, including chickenpox (Varivax), pneumococcal disease (Prevnar 13), rotavirus (Rotateq and Rotarix), meningococcal disease (Menactra), and hepatitis A, for which vaccines have been approved since the hepatitis B vaccine was added to the immunization schedule in 1994."[4]

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

The initial version of the timeline was written by FIXME.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

Feedback and comments

Feedback for the timeline can be provided at the following places:


What the timeline is still missing

[1], [2]

Timeline update strategy

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Luecke, Percy E. "The history of pediatrics at Baylor University Medical Center". PMC 1200641Freely accessible. PMID 16200089. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Theory and Research in Behavioral Pediatrics, Volume 2 (Hiram E. Fitzgerald, Barry M Lester, Michael W. Yogman ed.). 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "History of Pediatrics". pediatrics.com. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 "Milestones in the History of Pediatrics". verywellhealth.com. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  5. The Oxford Companion to Cheese. 
  6. Nollet, Leo M.L.; Toldra, Fidel. Handbook of Dairy Foods Analysis. 
  7. Do, Choon H.; Pavlath, Attila E. Chemistry: Our Past, Present, and Future. 
  8. Mullner, Ross M. Encyclopedia of Health Services Research: Ed. by Ross M. Mullner. 
  9. Oski's Pediatrics: Principles & Practice (Julia A. McMillan, Ralph D. Feigin, Catherine DeAngelis, M. Douglas Jones ed.). 
  10. "AAP Facts". aap.org. Retrieved 5 September 2018. 
  11. Cole, Jim; Stankus, Tony. Journals of the Century. 
  12. "American Osteopathic Board of Pediatrics". tripmondo.com. Retrieved 20 September 2018. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 DUDGEON, J. A. "Maternal Rubella and Its Effect on the Foetus" (PDF). adc.bmj.com. Retrieved 1 September 2018. 
  14. Lambert, Scott R. "Congenital rubella syndrome: the end is in sight". PMC 2095420Freely accessible. PMID 17947261. doi:10.1136/bjo.2007.117960. 
  15. Forrest, Jill M; Turnbull, Fiona M; Sholler, Gary F; Hawker, Richard E; Martin, Frank J; Burgess, Margaret A; Doran, Trevor T. "Gregg's congenital rubella patients 60 years later". 
  16. "The Virginia Apgar Papers". profiles.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  17. "Dr. Virginia Apgar". cfmedicine.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  18. "Virginia Apgar". britannica.com. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  19. "Visible Woman, 1959, and Boston Association for Childbirth Education newsletter, 1968". schlesinger75radcliffe.org. Retrieved 20 September 2018. 
  20. "Phenylketonuria and the Guthrie Test". pediatrics.aappublications.org. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  21. "Guthrie test". embryology.med.unsw.edu.au. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 Carey, William B. Developmental-behavioral Pediatrics.