Timeline of water transport

From Timelines
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a timeline of water transport, focusing on the evolution of watercraft.

Big picture

Time period Development summary
Prehistory The earliest seaworthy boats may have been developed as early as 45,000 years ago, at the time of the first migration of humans into Australia.
Ancient history The Ancient Egyptians already have knowledge of sail construction.[1] Sails are also used in boats in Mesopotamia. The Canal of the Pharaohs and the Lighthouse of Alexandria are early pieces of infrastructure for water navigation.
17th century The first submarine is built in this century.
18th century The Industrial Revolution brings steam power to the vessels, with the first steamboats built in the late century. At around the same time, the construction of acueducts and canals accelerate in Western Europe.
19th century The first steam–powered transatlantic, the first ship to transport a cargo of oil, and the first purpose-built icebreaker are made in this century. Antarctica becomes the last continent to be discovered by means of watercraft.
20th century The first aircraft carrier is used in warfare in 1918. Nuclear-powered vessels appear in the 1950s. The container revolution in shipping begins in the late 1960s. By 1983, 90% of countries would have container ports, compared to 1% in 1966.[2]
21th century There are more than 6,000 container vessels currently in service.[3] Cruising has become an important part of the tourism industry.

Full timeline

Year Category Event Geographical location
45000 BC Notable voyage The first humans arrive in Australia, presumably by boats and land bridge.[4] Australia
6000 BC Watercraf type Egyptians already travel in reed boats.[5] Egypt
4500 BC Technology Mesopotamians add sails to their boats.[5] Irak
3500 BC Watercraft type Oar-powered ships sail Eastern Mediterranean seas.[5]
2000 BC? Infrastructure The Canal of the Pharaohs is built in Egypt.[6] Egypt
1575 BC – 1520 BC Watercraft type Dover Bronze Age Boat, the oldest known plank vessel, is built.[7][8][9] United Kingdom
542 BC Watercraft First written record of a trireme.[10]
247 BC Infrastructure The Lighthouse of Alexandria is completed.[11][12][13] Egypt
214 BC Infrastructure The Lingqu Canal is built. It is the earliest canal recorded in history.[14][15][16] China
c.200 AC Watercraft type Junks are developed in China.[17] China
984 AC Infrastructure Pound locks are used in China.[18][19][20] China
c.1000 AC Leif Ericson reaches North America. This is the first recorded crossing of the Atlantic Ocean.
1088 Technology Chinese polymath Shen Kuo first describes a magnetic compass in his Dream Pool Essays.[21][22][23] China
1159 The Hanseatic League is founded in the Baltic Sea port of Lübeck as a maritime league.[24][25][26] Germany
c.1190 English scholar Alexander Neckam writes the first European description of a magnetic compass.
13th century Technology Portolan charts are introduced in the Mediterranean.[27][28][29]
1620 Watercraft type Dutch engineer Cornelis Drebbel builds the world's first submarine.[30][31][32] Netherlands
1757 Technology London astronomer John Bird makes the first sextant.[33][34][35] United Kingdom
1783 Watercraft French engineer Claude de Jouffroy constructs the first recorded steamboat.[36][37][38]
1787 Watercraft type American inventor John Fitch designs the first steamboat in the United States.[39][40][41] United States
1790 Infrastructure Canal Mania –a period of intense canal building, begins in England and Wales.[42][43][44] United Kingdom
1797 Infrastructure The Lune Aqueduct is completed.[45] United Kingdom
1799 Infrastructure The Edstone Aqueduct is completed.[45] United Kingdom
1803 Watercraft type Scottish engineer William Symington's Charlotte Dundas, generally considered to be the world's first practical steamboat, makes its first voyage.[46][47][48]
1804 Watercraft type American inventor Oliver Evans builds an early amphibious vehicle.[49][50][51] United States
1805 Infrastructure The Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is completed in Wales.[45] United Kingdom
1807 Watercraft type American engineer Robert Fulton develops its North River Steamboat, the first commercially successful steamboat.[52][53][54] United States
1807 Technology French inventor Nicéphore Niépce patents his Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine.[55][56][57] France
1819 Technology The SS Savannah makes the first transatlantic crossing by a steamship, from Savannah, Georgia to London.[58][59][60] United States, United Kingdom
1820 Notable voyage Russian officer Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen discovers mainland Antarctica.[61][62][63]
1821 Infrastructure The Avon Aqueduct is completed in Scotland.[45] United Kingdom
1859 Watercraft type The first ironclad warship, the Gloire, is launched.[64][65][66] France
1861 Watercraft type The Elizabeth Watt is generally credited for being the first ship to transport a cargo of oil across the Atlantic.[67]
1861 Watercraft type The USS Ice Boat (1861) launches as the first purpose-built icebreaker.[68][69] United States
1864 Technology Ictineo II, by Spanish engineer Narcís Monturiol, becomes the first submarine powered by an internal-combustion engine.[70][71][72] Spain
1869 Infrastructure The Suez Canal opens.[73][74][75] Egypt
1893 Infrastructure The Corinth Canal opens.[76][77][78] Greece
1895 Infrastructure The Kiel Canal opens.[79][80][81] Germany
1896 Infrastructure The Briare aqueduct opens.[45] France
1897 Watercraft type The Turbinia is launched. It is the first vessel to be powered by a steam turbine.[82][83][84] United Kingdom
1911 Watercraft type Glenn Curtiss builds an early hydroplane.[85][86][87] United States
1911 Technology The MS Selandia becomes the first important ocean-going vessel to be diesel powered.[88][89][90] Denmark
1914 Infrastructure The Panama Canal opens.[91][92][93] Panama
1915 Watercraft type Austrian naval officer Dagobert Müller von Thomamühl creates the first air cushion torpedo speedboat.[94] Austria
1918 Watercraft type The HMS Furious (47) becomes the first aircraft carrier used in warfare.[95][96][97] United Kingdom
1955 Watercraft type USS Nautilus (SSN-571) launches as the world's first nuclear-powered vessel.[98][99][100] United States
1957 Watercraft type Malcom McLean's Gateway City, the first ever ship specifically designed to carry containers, makes its first voyage from New Jersey to Miami.[3] United States
1959 Notable voyage The USS Skate (SSN-578) surfaces at the North Pole.[101][102][103]
1961 Infrastructure The Ringvaart Aqueduct is built in the Netherlands.[45] Netherlands
1966 Notable voyage Sea-Land’s Fairland sails from the United States to the Netherlands with 236 containers on-board, in the first international container ship voyage.[3] United States, Netherlands
1966 Infrastructure Around 1% of countries have container ports.[3]
1977 Notable voyage Soviet icebreaker Arktika makes the first surface voyage to the North Pole.[104][105][106]
1983 Infrastructure 90% of countries have container ports, up from 1% in 1966.[3]
1985 Watercraft type The Sea Shadow (IX-529), an early stealth ship, is launched.[107] United States
1994 Technology The Global Positioning System (GPS) becomes operational.[108][109][110]
2003 Infrastructure The Magdeburg Water Bridge opens.[45] Germany
2003 Infrastructure The Krabbersgat Naviduct opens in the Netherlands.[45] Netherlands
2006 Watercraft type MS Freedom of the Seas is introduced and becomes the largest cruise liner at the time. It can accommodate 3,634 passengers and 1,300 crew on fifteen passenger decks.[111]
2011 Cruising accounts for US$29.4 billion with over 19 million passengers carried worldwide in the year.[112]
2012 Watercraft type Canadian filmmaker and deep-sea explorer James Cameron reaches the Challenger Deep solo with the Deepsea Challenger.[113][114][115]
2018 Watercraft type MS Symphony of the Seas, the world's largest cruise ship by gross tonnage at 228,021 GT, sets sail from Barcelona.[116] Spain

Meta information on the timeline

How the timeline was built

The initial version of the timeline was written by User:Sebastian.

Funding information for this timeline is available.

What the timeline is still missing

Timeline update strategy

See also

External links

References

  1. Hatshepsut oversaw the preparations and funding of an expedition of five ships, each measuring seventy feet long, and with several sails. Various others exist, also.
  2. Stratton, Michael; Trinder, Barrie Stuart. Twentieth Century Industrial Archaeology. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "A Complete History Of The Shipping Container". containerhomeplans.org. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  4. Fagan, Brian; Durrani, Nadia. People of the Earth: An Introduction to World Prehistory. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 McFaul, Thomas R.; Brunsting, Al. God Is Here to Stay: Science, Evolution, and Belief in God. 
  6. Burchell, S. C. The Suez Canal. 
  7. Arnold, Béat; Clark, Peter. The Dover Bronze Age Boat in Context: Society and Water Transport in Prehistoric Europe. 
  8. Van de Noort, Robert. North Sea Archaeologies: A Maritime Biography, 10,000 BC - AD 1500. 
  9. Turney, Chris; Canti, Matthew; Branch, Nick; Clark, Peter. Environmental Archaeology: Theoretical and Practical Approaches. 
  10. Treister, Michail Yu. The Role of Metals in Ancient Greek History. 
  11. Kamath, Anjali. Seven Wonders Of Worlds. 
  12. Splinter, Robert. Illustrated Encyclopedia of Applied and Engineering Physics, Three-Volume Set. 
  13. Cline, Teresa. On a Tall Budget and Short Attention Span (Full Color). 
  14. Sweeting, Marjorie M. Karst in China: Its Geomorphology and Environment. 
  15. Developing Gratitude in Children and Adolescents (Jonathan R. H. Tudge, Lia Beatriz de Lucca Freitas ed.). 
  16. Xu, Gang. Tourism and Local Development in China: Case Studies of Guilin, Suzhou and Beidaihe. 
  17. "Chinese junks". historyanswers.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  18. Temple, Robert K. G. China: Land of Discovery [and Invention]. 
  19. Menzies, Gavin. 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance. 
  20. Landry, Elaine; Dartford, Mark; Morris, Trevor. The New Illustrated Science and Invention Encyclopedia: The New how it Works, Volume 11. 
  21. Stein, Stephen K. The Sea in World History: Exploration, Travel, and Trade [2 volumes]. 
  22. DK. Science Year by Year: A Visual History, From Stone Tools to Space Travel. 
  23. Whitehouse, David. Journey to the Centre of the Earth: The Remarkable Voyage of Scientific Discovery into the Heart of Our World. 
  24. Ciment, James. How They Lived: An Annotated Tour of Daily Life through History in Primary Sources [2 volumes]: An Annotated Tour of Daily Life through History in Primary Sources. 
  25. A Companion to the Hanseatic League. 
  26. Henningsen, Bernd; Etzold, Tobias; Hanne, Krister. The Baltic Sea Region: A Comprehensive Guide: History, Politics, Culture and Economy of a European Role Model. 
  27. "Portolan Chart of the Mediterranean Sea". bl.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  28. "Portolan chart". britannica.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  29. "Portolan Charts". beinecke.library.yale.edu. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  30. Thornton, W.M. Submarine Insignia and Submarine Services of the World. 
  31. The Submarine. United States Navy. 
  32. Broadwater, Robert P. Civil War Special Forces: The Elite and Distinct Fighting Units of the Union and Confederate Armies: The Elite and Distinct Fighting Units of the Union and Confederate Armies. 
  33. Pickthall, Barry. A History of Sailing in 100 Objects. 
  34. Campbell, Douglas E.; Chant, Stephen J. Patent Log: Innovative Patents that Advanced the United States Navy. 
  35. Stein, Stephen K. The Sea in World History: Exploration, Travel, and Trade [2 volumes]. 
  36. Mapp, Alf J. Three Golden Ages: Discovering the Creative Secrets of Renaissance Florence, Elizabethan England, and America's Founding. 
  37. Owen Philip, Cynthia. Robert Fulton: A Biography. 
  38. Headrick, Daniel R. Power over Peoples: Technology, Environments, and Western Imperialism, 1400 to the Present. 
  39. McCloy, Shelby T. French Inventions of the Eighteenth Century. 
  40. Grayson, Robert. The U.S. Industrial Revolution. 
  41. Barth, Linda J. New Jersey Originals: Technological Marvels, Odd Inventions, Trailblazing Characters and More. 
  42. Samuelson, James. The Civilization of Our Day: A Series of Original Essays on Some of Its More Important Phases at the Close of the Nineteenth Century. 
  43. Scientific American: Supplement, Volume 61. Munn and Company. 
  44. Burton, Anthony. Richard Trevithick: Giant of Steam. 
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 45.5 45.6 45.7 "10 Of the World's Most Amazing Water Bridges". interestingengineering.com. Retrieved 9 July 2018. 
  46. Growing Up with Science. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 
  47. Lienhard, John H. How Invention Begins: Echoes of Old Voices in the Rise of New Machines. 
  48. Wolmar, Christian. The Great Railway Revolution: The Epic Story of the American Railroad. 
  49. Shallat, Todd A. Structures in the Stream: Water, Science, and the Rise of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. 
  50. Jefferson, Thomas. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, Retirement Series, Volume 7: 28 November 1813 to 30 September 1814. 
  51. Clark, Daniel-Kinnear; Colburn, Zerah. Recent Practice in the Locomotive Engine ... Comprising the Latest English Improvements, and a Treatise on the Locomotive Engines of the United States. 
  52. Schwarz, George R. The Steamboat Phoenix and the Archaeology of Early Steam Navigation in North America. 
  53. Adams, Arthur G. The Hudson Through the Years. 
  54. Ward, John D. An Account of the Steamboat Controversy Between the Citizens of New York and New Jersey, from 1811 to 1824: Originating in the Asserted Claim of New York to the Exclusive Jurisdiction Over All the Waters Between the Two States. 
  55. Hannavy, John. Encyclopedia of nineteenth-century photography: A-I, index. 
  56. Winterton, Wayne. Stories from History’S Dust Bin, Volume 1. 
  57. Hughes, Stefan. Catchers of the Light: The Forgotten Lives of the Men and Women Who First Photographed the Heavens. 
  58. McDonogh, Gary W. Black and Catholic in Savannah, Georgia. 
  59. Blume, Kenneth J. Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Maritime Industry. 
  60. Beney, Peter. The Majesty of Savannah. 
  61. World Exploration From Ancient Times. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. 
  62. Cantrill, David J.; Poole, Imogen. The Vegetation of Antarctica Through Geological Time. 
  63. Kramme, Michael. Exploring Antarctica, Grades 5 - 8. 
  64. Broadwater, John D. USS Monitor: A Historic Ship Completes Its Final Voyage. 
  65. Stein, Stephen K. The Sea in World History: Exploration, Travel, and Trade [2 volumes]. 
  66. American Pageant Complete. CTI Reviews. 
  67. "Historical Development of the Pipeline as a Mode of Transportation" (PDF). gammathetaupsilon.org. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  68. "NavSource Online: "Old Navy" Ship Photo Archive". navsource.org. Retrieved 21 June 2018. 
  69. "Phila. Ice Boat. Navy Yard. Washington DC May 23/61.". americancivilwarphotos.com. Retrieved 21 June 2018. 
  70. Verne, Jules. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. 
  71. Cairns, Lynne. Secret Fleets: Fremantle's World War II Submarine Base. 
  72. Chaffin, Tom. The H. L. Hunley: The Secret Hope of the Confederacy. 
  73. Raugh, Harold E. The Victorians at War, 1815-1914: An Encyclopedia of British Military History. 
  74. Burns, Maria G. Port Management and Operations. 
  75. Graf, Arndt; Huat, Chua Beng. Port Cities in Asia and Europe. 
  76. De Wire, Elinor; Reyes-Pergioudakis, Dolores. The Lighthouses of Greece. 
  77. di Castri, F.; Hansen, A.J.; Debussche, M. Biological Invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin. 
  78. Tan, T. S. Characterisation and Engineering Properties of Natural Soils, Volume 2. 
  79. Yang, Haijiang. Jurisdiction of the Coastal State over Foreign Merchant Ships in Internal Waters and the Territorial Sea. 
  80. Aust, Anthony. Handbook of International Law. 
  81. Platzöder, Renate; Verlaan, Philomène A. The Baltic Sea: New Developments in National Policies and International Cooperation. 
  82. Blume, Kenneth J. Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Maritime Industry. 
  83. Newton, David E. Encyclopedia of Water. 
  84. DK. 1000 Inventions and Discoveries. 
  85. San Diego: a California City. San Diego Historical Society. 
  86. Flying Magazine May 1967. 
  87. Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 
  88. Schobert, Harold H. Energy and Society: An Introduction. 
  89. Ville, Simon. Shipbuilding in the United Kingdom in the Nineteenth Century: A Regional Approach. 
  90. Kaplan, Philip. Naval Air: Celebrating a Century of Naval Flying. 
  91. Aguirre, Robert. The Panama Canal. 
  92. the panama canal in transition. 
  93. LOIZILLON, GABRIEL J. THE BUNAU-VARILLA BROTHERS AND THE PANAMA CANAL. 
  94. "Müller (von) Thomamühl, Dagobert". austria-forum.org. Retrieved 21 June 2018. 
  95. Shipbuilding and Shipping Record, Volume 49, Part 2. 
  96. Friedman, Norman. British carrier aviation: the evolution of the ships and their aircraft. 
  97. Kaplan, Philip. Naval Air: Celebrating a Century of Naval Flying. 
  98. Castellano, Robert N. Alternative Energy Technologies: Opportunities and Markets. 
  99. Страутман, Лидия; Гумарова, Шолпан; Сабырбаева, Назигуль. Introduction to the World of Physics. Методическое пособие по переводу научно-технических текстов. 
  100. Skaarup, Harold A. New England Warplanes: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut. 
  101. Silverstone, Paul. The Navy of the Nuclear Age, 1947–2007. 
  102. US Military. 
  103. United States Submarine Veterans, Inc: The First 40 Years. United States Submarine Veterans. 
  104. Valsson, Trausti. How the World Will Change with Global Warming. 
  105. Nuttall, Mark. Encyclopedia of the Arctic. 
  106. Armstrong, Terence E.; Okhuizen, Edwin; Bulatov, V. N.; Nielsen, Jens Petter. Historical and Current Uses of the Northern Sea Route: ] pt. 4. the administration of the northern sea route (1917-1991). 
  107. Tucker, Spencer C. U.S. Conflicts in the 21st Century: Afghanistan War, Iraq War, and the War on Terror [3 volumes]: Afghanistan War, Iraq War, and the War on Terror. 
  108. Fossen, Thor I. Handbook of Marine Craft Hydrodynamics and Motion Control. 
  109. Neunzert, Gaby M. Subdividing the Land: Metes and Bounds and Rectangular Survey Systems. 
  110. Auerbach, Paul S. Wilderness Medicine E-Book: Expert Consult Premium Edition - Enhanced Online Features. 
  111. "Top 10 Most Expensive Cruise Ships Ever Built". worldmaritimenews.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  112. "Cruise Market Watch Announces 2011 Cruise Line Market Share and Revenue Projections". Cruise Market Watch. accessdate=11 July 2018.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  113. "James Cameron Headed to Ocean's Deepest Point Within Weeks". news.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  114. "James Cameron Makes First Ever Successful Solo Dive to Mariana Trench". press.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  115. "James Cameron plunges solo to deepest spot in world's oceans". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 11 July 2018. 
  116. "Symphony of the Seas: World's largest cruise ship sets sail". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 21 June 2018.