Timeline of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

From Timelines
Jump to: navigation, search

The present is a timeline of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, attempting to describe major events concerning the organization.

Big picture

Year/period Key developments
< 2002 Prior to the Global Fund foundation, AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria together are calculated to cause several millions of deaths per year.[1]
2002–2013 The Global Fund is born, starting operations via a ‘rounds-based model’ whereby proposals from eligible geographical locations are developed and submitted during designated funding windows, with guidance from the Global Fund and its partners.[2]
2013 < The Global Fund adopts new strategy, eliminating rounds-base models and determining funding allocations for each eligible country based on calculations of country income and national disease burden.[2]
Recent years The Global Fund is today the world's largest financier of anti-AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria programs. As of September 2016, the organization has disbursed US$30 billion to countries and communities in need.[3]

Visual data

Global Fund pledges by country by year due (US$). Table 1.
Global Fund pledges by country by year due (US$). Table 2.
Global Fund pledges by country by year due (US$). Table 3.
Global Fund pledges by country by year due (US$). Table 4.
Global Fund pledges by organization, by year due (US$).
Board approvals during rounds-based model years. In millions of US dollars.
United States Contributions to the Global Fund, fiscal years 2001–2013, in millions of US dollars.
Global Fund operating expenses per year. Period (2002-2015).

Timeline

Year/period Month and date Type of event Event Location
1993 Antecedent The World Health Organization declares tuberculosis a "global public health emergency".[4]
2000 January Antecedent The United Nations Security Council calls an unprecedented session on the threat to Sub-Saharan Africa of HIV/AIDS, and prompts the United States government to appoint a National Science Council on the security threat posed by Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases.[4]
2000 July Antecedent Discussions on the creation of a Fund are held at the 26th G8 summit.[4] Japan (Okinawa)
2000 December Antecedent United States president Bill Clinton publicly declares AIDS an international security threat at a World AIDS Day commemoration.[4]
2001 Background HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria together account for 11.4% of all disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) globally and 31.5% in Africa.[4]
2001 April Antecedent The foundation of the Global Fund is made concrete by Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan's call to action.[4]
2001 May 3 Contribution Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan announces that he would donate his US$100,000 award money from the Philadelphia Liberty Medal to the new Global Fund, thus making the first private contribution.[5]
2001 June Antecedent The foundation of the Global Fund is supported by the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on HIV/AIDS (UNGASS).[4]
2001 June Contribution The Massive Effort Campaign mobilizes the first larger corporate contribution to the Global Fund from Credit Suisse/Winterthur Group for US$1 million.[6]
2001 June 19 Contribution The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation announces that it would commit $100 million to the Global Fund over a multi-year period, and uses the occasion to call on other organizations and governments around the world to support the new fund.[7]
2001 July Antecedent The foundation of the Global Fund is supported by the 27th G8 summit.[4] Italy (Genoa)
2002 January Foundation The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is established as a private Swiss foundation to increase spending for the prevention and treatment for the three diseases.[8][1][9] The Board meets for the first time, at which point the Fund adopts its by-laws and begins operations.[10] Switzerland (Geneva)
2002 February Administration The Global Fund launches its Round 1 Call for Proposals.[1]
2002 April Administration The Global Fund announces its first round of grants, through which $616 million for 36 countries would be dispersed over two years.[8][4][1]
2002 July Administration In his speech to the XIV International AIDS Conference in Barcelona, Global Fund executive director Richard Feachem states that the first round of grants "will double the current number of people receiving Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) in the developing world and in Africa HAART recipients will increase six fold as a result of these commitments".[4]
2002 October Report Until date, governments, corporations, foundations, and individuals have pledged approximately $2.1 billion to the Global Fund.[11]
2002 December Administration The Global Fund disburses its first US$1 million.[1]
2003 Administration The Global Fund adopts a three-year replenishment model to guarantee countries of sustained and predictable financial support for their programs.[12]
2003 January Administration The Global Fund Fourth Board Meeting approves the second round of grant proposals (US$900 million in grants to 72 countries).[8][1]
2003 August Report The total disbursements by the Global Fund to countries surpass US$100 million.[1]
2003 October Administration The Sixth Board Meeting by the Global Fund is held. The Board approves third round of grant proposals (more than US$600 million for 61 countries).[8][1] Thailand (Chiang Mai)
2003 December Report Disbursements at the end of 2003 by the Global Fund totals US$232 million.[1]
2004 March Administration The Global Funds holds its Seventh Board Meeting. Round 4 Call for Proposals is launched.[1] Switzerland (Geneva)
2004 June Administration The Global Funds holds its Eighth Board Meeting. The Board approves fourth round of grant proposals (US$968 million for 69 grants in 50 countries).[8][1] Switzerland (Geneva)
2005 March Report The Global Fund reports that across all grants, it has provided antiretroviral treatment to 130,000 people with AIDS, tested 1,000,000 people voluntarily for HIV, supported 385,000 tuberculosis patients with directly observed short-course therapy, given more than 300,000 people new, more effective treatments for malaria, and supplied more than 1.35 million families with insecticide-treated mosquito nets.[8]
2005 April 25 Administration The Global Fund approves 33 grants to enter phase 2.[8]
2005 July Administration The Board of the Global Fund establishes the Office of the Inspector General, which operates as an independent unit of the Global Fund, reporting directly to the Board.[13]
2005 August Withdraw The Global Fund withdraws from Burma due to new local government restrictions to project sites and more complicated regulations regarding the procurement of medical supplies.[14] Burma
2005 September Administration The Global Fund holds its Eleventh Board Meeting. The Round 5 proposals are approved for US$382 million for 26 grants in 20 countries.[1] Switzerland (Geneva)
2005 December Administration The Global Fund holds its Twelfth Board Meeting. The Board votes to fully fund Round 5, allocating new grants for US$719 million.[1] Morocco (Marrakesh)
2007 March Administration Following a competitive selection process, French physician Michel Kazatchkine is selected as the Fund’s new executive director.[10]
2007 September Administration The Global Fund concludes its Second Replenishment with a total amount of US$9.7 billion pledged for the period 2008–2010.[1]
2007 November Administration The Global Fund holds its Sixteenth Board Meeting. The Board approves 73 grants in Round 7 of funding for a total of US$1.1 billion, for 136 countries.[1] China (Kunming)
2008 Policy The Global Fund introduces the possibility for countries to apply for a separate funding stream to support “proven and effective interventions . . . that address the three diseases in ways that will contribute to strengthening health systems”.[13]
2008 Administration The Global Fund starts to promote the inclusion of Operational/implementation research (OR/IR) activities in disease control programs it supports.[15]
2008 November Administration The Global Fund holds its Eighteenth Board Meeting. The Board approves 94 Round 8 grants for a total value of US$2.75 billion (the highest amount ever approved). The Round 9 Call for Proposals is launched.[1] India (New Delhi)
2009 Program launch The Global Fund launches the First Learning Wave of National Strategy Applications in an "effort to contribute to broader health systems strengthening".[13]
2009 November Administration The Global Fund holds its Twentieth Board Meeting. The Board approves Round 9 grants for a total value of US$2.4 billion.[1] Ethiopia (Addis Abeba)
2010 Administration Round 10 releases a series of information notes on harm reduction, making clear that the Global Fund “supports evidence-based interventions aimed at ensuring that key populations have access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support … [including] the comprehensive package for the prevention, treatment and care of HIV among people who inject drugs”.[2]
2010 March Program launch The preparatory meeting for the Third Replenishment is held. Global Fund launches its Born HIV Free campaign, with aims at contributing to the effort for preventing children to be born with HIV.[16][1] Netherlands (The Hague)
2010 October Contribution The United States president Barack Obama administration announces a three-year (FY11-FY13), $4 billion pledge to the Global Fund. It would be the first time the United States make a multi-year pledge to the Global Fund.[17]
2011 January Controversy American news agency Associated Press (AP) publishes an article calling attention to several instances of fraud and corruption at the Global Fund. The article focuses on allegations of corruption and fraud in 4 of the 145 countries that receive Global Fund grants: Mali, Djibouti, Mauritania, and Zambia.[18] The Fund would respond in April with its own report, reiterating the Fund’s “zero-tolerance” approach to corruption, and publicizing the “$44 million in fraudulent, unsupported, or ineligible expenditures” which it attempts to recoup.[10]
2011 May Administration The Board approves the new Eligibility Counterpart Financing and Prioritization Policy, which affects the way Global Fund resources are provided. Fund resources are divided into two accounts: the General Funding Pool (intended for countries with large disease burdens and limited domestic resources) and the Targeted Funding Pool.[18]
2011 June 23 Collaboration The Global Fund announces having signed an agreement with the International Aid Transparency Initiative, a multilateral effort (including donors, countries, and civil society organizations) to publicly disclose aid data in a standardized, timely approach.[18]
2012 Report Data released from analysis from Round 1 (2002) to Round 9 (2009) shows that the Global Fund has invested or approved US$ 430 million for activities that specifically targets people who inject drugs.[2]
2013 Program launch The Global Fund’s Regional Artemisinin-resistance Initiative (RAI) is launched in response to the emergence of drug-resistant malaria in the Greater Mekong region, first noted in Cambodia and Thailand and later Myanmar, Laos and Viet Nam. RAI would purchase and distribute insecticide-treated nets, diagnostic tests, and drugs.[19] Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Viet Nam
2013 February Administration The Global Fund announces a new funding model, under which funding allocations would be determined for each eligible country based on calculations of country income and national disease burden.[2]
2013 March Administration The Global Fund starts transitioning into its new funding model by inviting select early applicants and interim applicants to submit concept notes for funding.[1]
2013 June Administration The Global Fund's Twenty-ninth Board Meeting is held. Among other decisions, a new Inspector General is appointed. Also, the Board awards grants to the first three countries to receive funding under the new funding model.[1] Sri Lanka (Colombo)
2013 December Contribution The United States president Barack Obama administration at the White House hosts the Global Fund’s Fourth Replenishment, and launches the 2014–2016 replenishment cycle with a total amount of US$12 billion pledged.[1] United States (Washington D.C.)
2014 Administration The Global Fund starts new funding model.[2]
2014 Background Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people during the year and 9.6 million people are estimated to have fallen ill with the disease.[20]
2014 March Administration Board Members at meeting finalize key elements of the new funding model, set aside money for various special initiatives and appoint committee members at the Thirty-First Board Meeting.[1] Indonesia (Jakarta)
2014 March Contribution The United Kingdom charity Comic Relief announces that it has raised £2 million for the Global Fund.[1]
2015 Backround 214 million cases of malaria are reported during the year resulting in 438,000 deaths. Also, 1.1 million people would die of AIDS-related illnesses in 2015.[20]
2015 Administration The proportion of the Global Fund’s investments focused on girls and women increases to 60%, from 46% in 2010.[21]
2016 September 1 Report The Global Fund announces having supported programs that saved 20 million lives.[22]
2016 September Administration The Global Fund holds the Pledging conference for its Fifth Replenishment, hosted by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Donor countries, foundations, and private donors pledge US$12.9 billion for the 2017–2019 period. [1] Canada (Montreal)
2017 Program launch The Global Fund, along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launch the use of Mobile Clinics to Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculosis in Remote Areas in Sudan.[23] Sudan

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 "theglobalfund.org". Global Fund Overview. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 "The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria's investments in harm reduction through the rounds-based funding model (2002–2014)". doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.08.001. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  3. "Global Fund collects almost USD 13 bn for AIDS, malaria and TB". business-standard.com. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 "Global plagues and the Global Fund: Challenges in the fight against HIV, TB and malaria". biomedcentral.com. doi:10.1186/1472-698X-3-2. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  5. "Annan gives prize money to AIDS Fund". nature.com. doi:10.1038/88998. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  6. From U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Winterthur Insurance provides the first major corporate contribution to the Global Fund". Thebody.com. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  7. "Gates Announces $100 Commitment to the Global Fund". Gates Foundation. 2001-06-19. Retrieved 2017-05-06. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Global health the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria is responding to challenges but needs better information and documentation for performancebased funding : report to congressional committees. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  9. "The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria: 10 years on.". nih.gov. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "he Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria" (PDF). cgdev.org. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  11. "Global Fund To Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria". state.gov. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  12. "The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". gbchealth.org. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria & Health Systems Strengtheni ng: An Organizational and Policy Analysis" (PDF). berkeley.edu. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  14. Dittmer, Lowell. Burma Or Myanmar?: The Struggle for National Identity. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  15. "Operational and implementation research within Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria grants: a situation analysis in six countries". biomedcentral.com. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  16. "'BORN HIV FREE' campaign launched by The Global Fund". unaids.org. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  17. "The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". kff.org. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "CRS Report for Congress Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S. Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013" (PDF). fas.org. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  19. "New Global Fund Grant Aims for Malaria Elimination in the Mekong". reliefweb.int. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". international.gc.ca. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  21. "Reaching vulnerable populations: lessons from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria". who.int. Retrieved 6 May 2017. 
  22. "20. Million. Lives.". theglobalfund.org. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  23. "UNDP & GFATM launch the use of Mobile Clinics to Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculosis in Remote Areas in Sudan". reliefweb.int. Retrieved 12 May 2017.