Timeline of immigration detention in the United States
This timeline covers immigration detention in the United States.
It is a complement to the timeline of immigration enforcement in the United States and timeline of immigrant processing and visa policy in the United States.
See also List of detention sites in the United States fr a list of detention centers.
|Year||Month and date (if available)||Event type||Affected agencies (past, and present equivalents)||Details|
|1892||Immigration inspection station||Ellis Island becomes an immigration inspection station, handling immigrants arriving via the Atlantic. Immigrants could be temporarily detained upon arrival for closer examination, or to hold till they are deported.|
|1902||Immigration inspection station||The Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital is opened. It is both a general hospital and a contagious disease hospital. It also serves as a detention facility for new immigrants deemed unfit to enter the United States or held back for further examination.|
|1910||Immigration inspection station||Angel Island Immigration Station, an immigrant inspection facility with a detention center, opens for operations. It handles immigrants arriving via the Pacific.|
|2003||March 1||Organizational restructuring||Immigration and Naturalization Services and U.S. Department of Homeland Security||The Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) (that was under the Department of Justice) is disbanded. Its functions are divided into three sub-agencies of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security: United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and Customs and Border Protection (CBP).|
|2003||Detention center||The Willacy County Regional Detention Center opens for operations in Raymondville, Texas, operated by Template:WManagement and Training Corporation under contract with the United States Marshal Service.|
|2004||Detention center||The Stewart Detention Center opens for operations in Lumpkin, Georgia.|
|2004||Detention center||The Northwest Detention Center opens for operations in Tacoma, Washington, operated by Correctional Services Corporation on contract with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.|
|2005||May||Detention center||The South Texas Detention Facility, a privately operated prison, opens for operation in Pearsall, Texas as the Pearsall Immigration Detention Center. The prison houses people for the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement as well as United States Marshal Service.|