Timeline of migration-related nongovernmental organizations in the United States
This page provides a timeline of major organizations not affiliated with the United States government, that deal with migration-related matters for the United States. Non-US organizations whose research and advocacy focus include the United States are also included. Some of them have a more global focus. The list includes:
- Think tanks for research or advocacy, on any side of the issue (for migration, against migration, for more selective migration, etc.)
- Research or advocacy centers in existing universities or think tanks
- Legal resource groups (that provide legal information and services to migrants, potential migrants, and those related to them)
- Grassroots/community organizing efforts
- Mailing lists, websites, and other forums where people congregate to discuss these issues
|Year||Month and date (if available)||Event type||Organization type||Details|
|1920||Launch||Legal advocacy||The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), a nonprofit focused on civil liberties advocacy, launches. Although the ACLU does not advocate for any particular immigration policy, it engages in civil liberties litigation against many immigration enforcement approaches.|
|1946||October 14||Launch||Professional association||The American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) launches.|
|1964||Launch||Research think tank||The Center for Migration Studies of New York launches.|
|1979||January 2||Launch||Restrictionist think tank||The Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) launches. John Tanton plays a key founding role.|
|1979||Launch||Pro-immigrant advocacy think tank||The National Immigration Law Center (NILC), an organization dedicated to defending and advancing the rights of low-income immigrants in the United States, launches.|
|1980 or 1982||Launch||Legal defense and assistance||The University of California, Davis Immigration Law Clinic is founded. It is the first clinic of its kind in the United States.|
|1982||Launch||Pro-immigrant advocacy think tank||The National Immigration Forum launches.|
|1983||Launch||Anti-immigrant advocacy group||The American Immigration Control Foundation (AICF), an advocacy group for low immigration levels, launches.|
|1985||Launch||Restrictionist think tank||The Center for Immigration Studies (CIS), a think tank with the tagline "low-immigration, pro-immigrant", is founded.|
|1986||Launch||Immigrant rights||Border Angels is founded. The organization focuses on migrant rights, migrant advocacy, and preventing migrant deaths along the border.|
|1986||Launch||Anti-immigration litigation||The Immigration Reform Law Institute (IRLI) launches as a litigation arm of the Federation for American Immigration Reform FAIR).|
|1987||Launch||Pro-immigrant advocacy think tank||The American Immigration Council (AIC), a nonprofit that does immigration research and promotes pro-immigration and pro-immigrant policies in the United States, launches.|
|1992||January (incorporation), November 9 (opening)||Launch||Immigrant language education||The Immigrant Learning Center (ILC) is launched by Diane Portnoy and opens its doors in Malden, Massachusetts.|
|1994||Launch||Restrictionist think tank||The California Coalition for Immigration Reform (CCIR) launches. The group advocates for immigration reduction. The CCIR would be a co-sponsor of California Proposition 187.|
|1996||December||Launch||Restrictionist think tank||NumbersUSA is founded by Roy Beck, initially with a launch of the website NumbersUSA.com.|
|1999||March||Launch||Academic research center||The Center for Comparative Immigration Studies (CCIS), a center that focuses on global migration, including migration to and from North America, Europe, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific region, launches at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) under Dr. Wayne A. Cornelius.|
|1999||Launch||Restrictionist website||VDARE, a website covering United States politics and culture, and with a focus on advocating for reduced immigration to the United States, is launched.|
|2000||May 1||Launch||Newsletter||Immigration Daily, a daily newsletter focusing on immigration law and related issues, has its first issue.|
|2001||Launch||Research think tank||The Migration Policy Institute (MPI), a think tank focused on analysis of migration worldwide, is founded in Washington, D.C. by Demetrios G. Papademetriou and Kathleen Newland.|
|2003||Launch||Outreach initiative||The Immigrant Learning Center (ILC) launches a Public Education Institute, whose goal is to "educate the public about the positive impact immigrants have on the country, the economy and our communities."|
|2004||August||Launch||Border monitoring||The Minuteman Project launches. It is a group of private individuals in the United States to extrajudicially monitor the United States – Mexico border's flow of illegal aliens.|
|2005||Launch||Advocacy group and discussion forum||Immigration Voice, a group to advocate for immigration policies more friendly to high-skilled immigrants, launches. The website also hosts a wiki and discussion forum to help people understand immigration law.|
|2006||Launch||Academic research center||The International Migration Institute is founded at Oxford University.|
|2008||Launch||Legal defense and assistance||The International Refugee Asistance Project (IRAP) launches as a project by five students at Yale Law School.|
|2008||July 18||Launch||Pro-immigrant advocacy think tank||ImmigrationWorks USA, a nonprofit that represents the interests of businesses who would like to hire foreign workers more freely, is launched. The organization is relatively unique in focusing on less restricted low-skilled migration, as opposed to other organizations that either focus on high-skill migration or on the interests of migrants and temporary workers already present in the United States.|
|2011||June 22||Launch||Immigrant experience discussion||Jose Antonio Vargas launches Define American, a nonprofit organization intended to open up dialogue about the criteria people use to determine who is an American.|
|2012||April 11||Launch||Academic research center||The Institute for Immigration Research (IIR) is launched at George Mason University (GMU) as a joint venture between GMU and the Immigrant Learning Center.|
|2013||April 11||Launch||Pro-immigrant advocacy group||FWD.us, a pro-immigrant advocacy group focused on high-skilled immigration, dealing with the current unauthorized population, border security, and better enforcement, launches. It is headed by Joe Green, and Facebook principal founder and CEO Mark Zuckerberg is its public face.|
|2015||July||Launch||Grassroots movement||Cosecha (English website: movimientocosecha.com, Spanish website: lahuelga.com) launches publicly. It is a non-violent movement for the "permanent protection, dignity and respect" of unauthorized aliens in the United States.|
- Timeline of immigration enforcement in the United States
- Timeline of immigrant processing and visa policy in the United States
- Timeline of Chinese immigration to the United States
- "About the ACLU". Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "About AILA". American Immigration Lawyers Association. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- "About". March 28, 2017.
- "What We Do". National Immigration Law Center. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Magagnini, Stephen (July 31, 2017). "Meet the law professor who's been on the frontlines of the Trump immigration battles". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
- "State senator recognizes immigrant services efforts from UC Davis law school". Daily Democrat. April 21, 2017. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- "About". National Immigration Forum. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "About". American Immigration Control Foundation.
- "About the Center for Immigration Studies". Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "ABOUT US". Border Angels. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "About Us". Immigration Reform Law Institute. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "About the American Immigration Council: Honoring our Immigrant Past, Shaping our Immigrant Future". American Immigration Council. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "History". Immigrant Learning Center. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
- "About Us. Moderates, conservatives & liberals working for immigration numbers that serve America's finest goals". NumbersUSA. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "About CCIS". Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Sanneh, Kalefa (July 24, 2013). "A Sermon on Race from National Review". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- "Immigration Daily". May 1, 2000. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "Mission". Migration Policy Institute. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "About Immigration Voice". Immigration Voice. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "History of IMI". Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- "Our History". Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- "ImmigrationWorks USA". District of Columbia Department of Consumer and Regulatory Affairs. Government of the District of Columbia. Accessed on April 19, 2016.
- "My Life as an Undocumented Immigrant". New York Times. June 22, 2011. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Portnoy, Diane. "Institute for Immigration Research Launched at George Mason University" (PDF). Immigrant Learning Center. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
- Zuckerberg, Mark (2013-04-11). "Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg: Immigration and the knowledge economy". Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- "Information". Cosecha. Retrieved March 28, 2017.