Timeline of student visa policy in the United States

From Timelines
Jump to: navigation, search

This timeline covers the student visa policy of the United States.

It is a complement to the timeline of immigration enforcement in the United States and timeline of immigrant processing and visa policy in the United States.

Get more details from F visa#History (written by author of this timeline so no need for additional attribution).

Full timeline

Year Month and date (if available) Event type Affected agencies (past, and present equivalents) Details
1855 The Carriage of Passengers Act of 1855 recognizes students as a category of temporary immigrant.[1]
1882 The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 significantly restricts the immigration of Chinese sklled and unskilled laborers, but carves out an exception for students.[1]
1913 The U.S. Bureau of Education records indicate that 4,222 international students were enrolled in 275 U.S. universities, colleges, and technical schools; most of them were sent by foreign governments for education and training that would be useful when the students returned home.[1]
1918 All noncitizens are required to obtain visas prior to entry to the United States.[2]
1919 The Institute of International Education is formed to protect and promote the interests of international students and exchange visitors.[1]
1921 Lobbying by the IIE to the classification of students as nonimmigrants and the creation of a separate nonimmigrant visa for students, thereby exempting students from the numerical quotas placed in the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924.[1][3]
1924 The United States Congress requires consular officers to make a determination of admissibility prior to issuing a visa.[2]
1989 April 11 Executive Order 12711 is issued by President George H. W. Bush. It defers deportation of Chinese nationals and their direct dependents who were in the US between 5 June 1989 and 11 April 1990, waives the 2-year home country residency requirement, and gives them employment authorization through 1 January 1994. In particular, this Act affects students, who constitute a large fraction of Chinese nationals temporarily present in the United States.
1992 October 9 The Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992 is signed into law by President George H. W. Bush. It formalizes the protections created by Executive Order 12711.
1993 February 26 The 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurs. It is discovered that Eyad Ismoil, one of the terrorists, is in the United States on an expired student visa.