Timeline of student visa policy in the United States
This timeline covers the student visa policy of the United States.
It is a complement to the timeline of immigration enforcement in the United States and timeline of immigrant processing and visa policy in the United States.
Get more details from F visa#History (written by author of this timeline so no need for additional attribution).
|Year||Month and date (if available)||Event type||Affected agencies (past, and present equivalents)||Details|
|1855||The Carriage of Passengers Act of 1855 recognizes students as a category of temporary immigrant.|
|1882||The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 significantly restricts the immigration of Chinese sklled and unskilled laborers, but carves out an exception for students.|
|1913||The U.S. Bureau of Education records indicate that 4,222 international students were enrolled in 275 U.S. universities, colleges, and technical schools; most of them were sent by foreign governments for education and training that would be useful when the students returned home.|
|1918||All noncitizens are required to obtain visas prior to entry to the United States.|
|1919||The Institute of International Education is formed to protect and promote the interests of international students and exchange visitors.|
|1921||Lobbying by the IIE to the classification of students as nonimmigrants and the creation of a separate nonimmigrant visa for students, thereby exempting students from the numerical quotas placed in the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924.|
|1924||The United States Congress requires consular officers to make a determination of admissibility prior to issuing a visa.|
|1989||April 11||Executive Order 12711 is issued by President George H. W. Bush. It defers deportation of Chinese nationals and their direct dependents who were in the US between 5 June 1989 and 11 April 1990, waives the 2-year home country residency requirement, and gives them employment authorization through 1 January 1994. In particular, this Act affects students, who constitute a large fraction of Chinese nationals temporarily present in the United States.|
|1992||October 9||The Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992 is signed into law by President George H. W. Bush. It formalizes the protections created by Executive Order 12711.|
|1993||February 26||The 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurs. It is discovered that Eyad Ismoil, one of the terrorists, is in the United States on an expired student visa.|
- "Brief of Amicus Curiae Law Professors in Support of Respondent (Kerry v. Din)" (PDF). American Bar Association.
- "A Brief History of IIE". Retrieved February 10, 2016.