Timeline of OpenAI
This is a timeline of OpenAI.
|Time period||Development summary||More details|
|Year||Month and date||Event type||Details|
|2015||December 11||OpenAI is announced to the public. (The news articles from this period make it sound like OpenAI launched sometime after this date.)|
|2016||April 27||The public beta of OpenAI Gym, an open source toolkit that provides environments to test AI bots, is released.|
|2016||June 21||Publication||"Concrete Problems in AI Safety" is submitted to the arXiv.|
|2016||July 8||"Adversarial Examples in the Physical World" is published. One of the authors is Ian Goodfellow, who is at OpenAI at the time.|
|2016||November 15||A partnership between OpenAI and Microsoft's artificial intelligence division is announced. As part of the partnership, Microsoft provides a price reduction on computing resources to OpenAI through Microsoft Azure.|
|2016||December||OpenAI's Universe, "a software platform for measuring and training an AI's general intelligence across the world's supply of games, websites and other applications", is released.|
|2017||March||Grant||The Open Philanthropy Project awards a grant of $30 million to OpenAI for general support.|
|2017||April 6||"Learning to Generate Reviews and Discovering Sentiment" is published.|
|2017||June 12||"Deep reinforcement learning from human preferences" is first uploaded to the arXiv. The paper is a collaboration between researchers at OpenAI and Google DeepMind.|
|2017||August 12||OpenAI's Dota 2 bot beats Danil "Dendi" Ishutin, a professional human player, (and possibly others?) in one-on-one battles.|
|2017||September 13||"Learning with Opponent-Learning Awareness" is first uploaded to the arXiv.|
|2017||October 11||RoboSumo, a game that simulates sumo wrestling for AI to learn to play, is released.|
|2017||December||The 2017 AI Index is published. OpenAI contributed to the report.|
|2018||February 20||Publication||The report "The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation" is published. The report forecasts malicious use of artificial intelligence in the short term and makes recommendations on how to mitigate these risks from AI. The report is authored by individuals at Future of Humanity Institute, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, OpenAI, Electronic Frontier Foundation, Center for a New American Security, and other institutions.|
|2018||February 20||OpenAI announces changes in donors and advisors. New donors are: Jed McCaleb, Gabe Newell, Michael Seibel, Jaan Tallinn, and Ashton Eaton and Brianne Theisen-Eaton. Reid Hoffman is "significantly increasing his contribution". Pieter Abbeel (previously at OpenAI), Julia Galef, and Maran Nelson become advisors. Elon Musk departs the board but remains as a donor and advisor.|
|2018||March 3||OpenAI will host a hackathon.|
Meta information on the timeline
How the timeline was built
The initial version of the timeline was written by Issa Rice.
Funding information for this timeline is available.
What the timeline is still missing
Timeline update strategy
- John Markoff (December 11, 2015). "Artificial-Intelligence Research Center Is Founded by Silicon Valley Investors". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
The organization, to be named OpenAI, will be established as a nonprofit, and will be based in San Francisco.
- "Introducing OpenAI". OpenAI Blog. December 11, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- Drew Olanoff (December 11, 2015). "Artificial Intelligence Nonprofit OpenAI Launches With Backing From Elon Musk And Sam Altman". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "OpenAI Gym Beta". OpenAI Blog. March 20, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Inside OpenAI, Elon Musk's Wild Plan to Set Artificial Intelligence Free". WIRED. April 27, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
This morning, OpenAI will release its first batch of AI software, a toolkit for building artificially intelligent systems by way of a technology called "reinforcement learning"
- Shead, Sam (April 28, 2016). "Elon Musk's $1 billion AI company launches a 'gym' where developers train their computers". Business Insider. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- "[1606.06565] Concrete Problems in AI Safety". June 21, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- Metz, Cade (July 29, 2016). "How To Fool AI Into Seeing Something That Isn't There". WIRED. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- Statt, Nick (November 15, 2016). "Microsoft is partnering with Elon Musk's OpenAI to protect humanity's best interests". The Verge. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Metz, Cade. "The Next Big Front in the Battle of the Clouds Is AI Chips. And Microsoft Just Scored a Win". WIRED. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
According to Altman and Harry Shum, head of Microsoft new AI and research group, OpenAI's use of Azure is part of a larger partnership between the two companies. In the future, Altman and Shum tell WIRED, the two companies may also collaborate on research. "We're exploring a couple of specific projects," Altman says. "I'm assuming something will happen there." That too will require some serious hardware.
- "universe". GitHub. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- John Mannes (December 5, 2016). "OpenAI's Universe is the fun parent every artificial intelligence deserves". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Elon Musk's Lab Wants to Teach Computers to Use Apps Just Like Humans Do". WIRED. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Open Philanthropy Project donations made (filtered to cause areas matching AI risk)". Retrieved July 27, 2017.
- John Mannes (April 7, 2017). "OpenAI sets benchmark for sentiment analysis using an efficient mLSTM". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "[1706.03741] Deep reinforcement learning from human preferences". Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- gwern (June 3, 2017). "June 2017 news - Gwern.net". Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Two Giants of AI Team Up to Head Off the Robot Apocalypse". WIRED. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
A new paper from the two organizations on a machine learning system that uses pointers from humans to learn a new task, rather than figuring out its own—potentially unpredictable—approach, follows through on that. Amodei says the project shows it's possible to do practical work right now on making machine learning systems less able to produce nasty surprises.
- Jordan Crook (August 12, 2017). "OpenAI bot remains undefeated against world's greatest Dota 2 players". TechCrunch. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Did Elon Musk's AI champ destroy humans at video games? It's complicated". The Verge. August 14, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Elon Musk's $1 billion AI startup made a surprise appearance at a $24 million video game tournament — and crushed a pro gamer". Business Insider. August 11, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- "[1709.04326] Learning with Opponent-Learning Awareness". Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- gwern (August 16, 2017). "September 2017 news - Gwern.net". Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "AI Sumo Wrestlers Could Make Future Robots More Nimble". WIRED. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- Appolonia, Alexandra; Gmoser, Justin (October 20, 2017). "Elon Musk's artificial intelligence company created virtual robots that can sumo wrestle and play soccer". Business Insider. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- Vincent, James (December 1, 2017). "Artificial intelligence isn't as clever as we think, but that doesn't stop it being a threat". The Verge. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "[1802.07228] The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation". Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- "Preparing for Malicious Uses of AI". OpenAI Blog. February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- Malicious AI Report. "The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence". Malicious AI Report. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- "Elon Musk leaves board of AI safety group to avoid conflict of interest with Tesla". The Verge. February 21, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Simonite, Tom. "Why Artificial Intelligence Researchers Should Be More Paranoid". WIRED. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "OpenAI Supporters". OpenAI Blog. February 21, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "OpenAI Hackathon". OpenAI Blog. February 24, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.